Introduction to Page Rank
Link Structure of Web
Random Surfer Model
Introduction to Page Rank
PageRank is an algorithm used by Google Search to rank
websites in their search engine results.
PageRank is a way of measuring the importance of website
A hyperlink to a page counts as a vote of support.
More votes implies more importance.
The PageRank of a page is defined recursively and depends
on the number and PageRank metric of all pages that link to it
A page that is linked to by many pages with high PageRank
receives a high rank itself.
Introduction to PageRank(cont..)
Importance of each vote
is taken into account
when a page's Page
Rank is calculated.
Page Rank is Google's
way of deciding a page's
It matters because it is
one of the factors that
determines a page's
ranking in the search
Page Rank Notation-
Link Structure of the Web
Backlinks and Forward links:
A and B are C’s backlinks
C is A and B’s forward link
tuitively, a webpage is important if it has a lot of backlinks.
The original Page Rank algorithm which was described
by Larry Page and Sergey Brin is,
− the PageRank value for a page u is dependent on the
PageRank values for each page v contained in the set Bu ,then
set containing all pages linking to page u is divided by the
number L(v) of links from page v.
The PageRank transferred from a given page to the
targets of its outbound links upon the next iteration is
divided equally among all outbound links.
Assume a small universe of four web pages: A, B, C and D. Links from a page to
itself, or multiple outbound links from one single page to another single page, are
ignored . The only links in the system were from pages B, C, and D to A, each link
would transfer 0.25 PageRank to A upon the next iteration, for a total of 0.75.
Suppose instead that page B had a link to pages C and A, page C had a link to page A,
and page D had links to all three pages. Thus, upon the next iteration, page B would
transfer half of its existing value, or 0.125, to page A and the other half, or 0.125, to page
C. Page C would transfer all of its existing value, 0.25, to the only page it links to, A. Since
D had three outbound links, it would transfer one third of its existing value, or approximately
0.083, to A. At the completion of this iteration, page A will have a PageRank of 0.458.
The damping factor is subtracted from 1 (and in some
variations of the algorithm, the result is divided by the
number of documents (N) in the collection) and this term
is then added to the product of the damping factor and
the sum of the incoming PageRank scores
− i=1,2..n are the pages under consideration , M(pi) is the set of
pages that link to Pi, L(pj)is the number of outbound links on
page , Pj and N is the total number of pages.
Random Surfer Model(cont..)
The Google Toolbar's PageRank feature
displays a visited page's PageRank as a whole
number between 0 and 10.
The most popular websites have a PageRank of
10. The least have a PageRank of 0.
Google has not disclosed the specific method
for determining a Toolbar PageRank value,
which is to be considered only a rough
indication of the value of a website.