The role of woman in the civil warPresentation Transcript
By: Jillian Tubbs and Katherine Miller The Role of Woman in the Civil War The Role of Woman in the Civil War? The Roles of Women in the Civil War By: Jillian Tubbs By: Jillian Tubbs & Katherine Miller Florence Nightingale helping the wounded
A Group of Confederate Women During the Civil War
The Roles Civil War was known as a man's fight. The image women had during the war wasas nurses, spies, or ladies maintaining the home in the absence of their husband. They even took arms and charged into battle, like the men. The women lived in camps, suffered in prisons, and died for their causes.
The different roles of women during the Civil War
Women in the Civil War
Nurses Historians believe that somewhere between 3,000 and 8,000 women volunteered as nurses throughout the Civil War, most of them of them being from northern states. The nurses' job was to: make sure that all patients were fed the correct diet. Manage the physical needs of patients, including the distribution of blankets and clothing or supplies received. Care for the emotional and spiritual needs of the patients. This included activities from daily conversation with patients, to writing letters for them or reading to them. One nurse might have sang to the men of her hospital every evening, while another might have cheered them up by putting flowers by their beds or decorating the hospital. Patients were thankful for the efforts made by their nurses. The presence of females in the hospitals lightened the hearts and minds of the soldiers, many not having seen a woman for months at a time. For them, female nurses took on the roles of mothers, daughters, or sisters.
Clara Horlowe Barton helping a wounded soldier
Woman nurse helping the wounded soldiers
Spies Spies were an important source of information in the war. The best spies are the people that would never be suspected. Women best fit this description. They would dress as men and join the army, pose as dumb slaves, or just kept their ears open in social circles. Female spies provided critical information in the war. It was a woman spy who gave Union battle plans to the Confederate Army which allowed them to win the First Battle of Bull Run.
Bella Boyd was one of the most famous Confederate Spies during the war.
S. Emma E. Edmonds
Women Maintaining the Home When the men left for war, the women had to step in to fill their place. Women took up roles as factory workers, clerks and school teachers and to earn money to feed and clothe the family.
A group of women holding up the home front
Emilie Riley McKinley maintaining the home during the war
Soldiers Both the Union and Confederate armies forbid the use of women soldiers. Women soldiers of the Civil War therefore took on masculine names, disguised themselves as men, and hid the fact they were female. Because they passed as men, it was impossible to know with any certainty how many women soldiers served in the Civil War. Estimates place as many as 250 women in the ranks of the Confederate army.
Frances Clayton served as a man in Missouri artillery and cavalry units
African American Woman in the War The South used enslaved African Americans to help in the efforts of the war. African American men and women were forced to build fortifications, work as blacksmiths, nurses, boatmen, laundresses, work in factories, hospitals, and armories. In the meantime, the North was refusing to accept the services of black volunteers and freed slaves. When President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, the federal army officially accept black soldiers into its ranks. The African Americans rushed to enlist in the war.
Harriet Tubman during her Civil War service
African American women doing laundry
Conclusion The many different roles women played in the war were all very important. From being a soldier or spy to being a nurse or staying home keeping the income coming, all of the roles helped the war play out as it did. Woman are just as useful as men.