The civil war topic power point


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The civil war topic power point

  1. 1. Selecting a Research Topic : The Multi-Genre Project
  2. 2.   Over the next month, you will be focusing your research on a single person or event from the Civil War Era.  Therefore, you must pick a topic that genuinely piques your interest.  You will spend a lot of energy becoming an expert on your topic in order to build historical empathy. What was it like to walk in their shoes? What influenced their actions? Or, how did the battle or event influence the outcome of the war? Why Topic Selection is So Important:
  3. 3.   After looking at the following slides, your task is to rank your top 3 choices for research topics.  You will need to defend your reasons for picking your topic to your teacher.  Ask Yourself:  What really captures my interests?  Will I be motivated to spend an extended amount of time studying this topic?  Is it something that is important to me?  Why is this topic fascinating to me? Defend Your Choice
  4. 4.  The nation was split between the north (UNION) and the south (CONFEDERATE) Border states were slave states that did not leave the union. People in these states fought on both sides. Civil War Map
  5. 5. - What started as a war to preserve the Union, and keep all the United States together changed over time into a war to end slavery. - These individuals fought, worked, gave speeches, wrote articles, nursed, spied and helped the on the side of the Union. - An abolitionist is a person who wanted to outlaw and end slavery. Not everyone in the north, however, held the same views on slavery.
  6. 6.  Clara Barton  Nicknamed, "the angel of the battlefield," Clara Barton began attending to wounded Union soldiers after the early losses at Bull Run  Her courage in the face of danger soon became legendary.  Barton began organizing donations and distributing necessary medicines and materials.  Years later, she went on to found the American Red Cross.
  7. 7.  Mary Ann Bickerdyke  Came to be known as “Mother Bickerdyke”  Hospital Administrator  Talents ranged from brewing coffee for her “boys” to assisting with amputations  Legendary for ability to scrounge together supplies
  8. 8.  Matthew Brady  Premier photographer of the Civil War  Father of photojournalism  Took thousands of pictures during the Civil War  His photos have helped us understand the war
  9. 9.  John Brown  Radical abolitionist  Fought in Bleeding Kansas  Led a group that murdered 5 people at Potowatamie Creek  Attacked Harpers Ferry to seize weapons to arm slaves.
  10. 10.  Ambrose Burnside  Union General  roller-coaster military career included early Civil War successes, promotion to major general, a bloody draw at the Battle of Antietam and taking over command from George McClellan.  Two spectacular failures--the "Burnside mud march" and the "Burnside mine"--led to his first retirement, his return, and final removal from command.  Later he served as Rhode Island's governor and U.S. Senator.
  11. 11.  Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain  Wounded 4 times  Promoted to Brigadier General by U.S. Grant  Earned Congressional Medal of Honor for heroism at the Battle of Gettysburg  Served as Governor of Maine
  12. 12.  Dorothea Lynde Dix  Wartime leader of Union nurses  After war became a worldwide leading advocate for better treatment of the mentally ill in prisons and asylums
  13. 13.  Frederick Douglass  Escaped slavery  Learned to read and write and published his own autobigraphy  Abolitionist  Pressed President Lincoln to enlist black soldiers in the Union Army
  14. 14.  David Farragut  Navy Admiral  Served with distinction for over 40 years  Famous for quote, “Damn the torpedoes!”  Led the Union to victory at the Battle of Mobile Bay
  15. 15.  Ulysses S. Grant  Nicknamed U.S. (Unconditional Surrender) Grant.  Rose from obscurity to be the top Union General by wars end.  Went on to be elected president in 1868.
  16. 16.  Joseph Hooker  West Point Graduate  Union General  Nicknamed “Fighting Joe” for his bravery at Williamsburg  Fell out of favor by 1864
  17. 17.  Abraham Lincoln  President of the Union during the Civil War  Signed the Emancipation Proclamation  Famous for Gettysburg Address following the battle of Gettysburg.
  18. 18.  Ely Parker  Seneca Indian with legal training  Wrote the terms for confederate surrender  Headed the nation as the leader of the Indian Affairs Bureau
  19. 19.  George McClellan  Union General  Brilliant soldier, excellent at training troops.  Hesitancy and differences with his commander and chief Abraham Lincoln, led to his dismissal as top general.
  20. 20.  Wendell Phillips  Abolitionist  Harvard graduate  Leading orator of the time period  After war continued to fight for human rights including Womans Rights and native American Rights
  21. 21.  William Lloyd Garrison  Abolitionist who founded the American Anti-Slavery Society  Wrote a newspaper called The Liberator
  22. 22.  Elisha Hunt Rhodes  Union Soldier  Joined Rhode Island volunteers in 1861  His diary of the war supplied a candid and fascinating impression of the slaughter and tragedy of the war
  23. 23.  Dred Scott  Famous for trying to get his freedom  1857 case ruled against him and stated that slaves are property and cannot become free if they move to a free state.  Court case further fanned the flames leading to the civil war
  24. 24.  Harriet Tubman  Famous conductor on the Underground Railroad  Led over 300 slaves to freedom  Nicknamed “the general” for her tough discipline  Would lead slaves at gunpoint to keep them silent as they fled
  25. 25.  William Tecumseh Sherman  Union General  Captured the southern city of Atlanta  Fought with the philosophy of Total War- burning and destroying civilian infrastructure  1864 “March to the Sea” decimated the South's ability to wage war
  26. 26.  Robert Smalls  Slave who was born in South Carolina  Freed himself and crew by commandeering the CSS Planter and sailing it north  Became a sea captain for the Union
  27. 27.  Annie Wittenmyer  Cared for wounded soldiers during the Civil War  Helped create the Iowa Soldiers’ Orphans’ Home  First president of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union
  28. 28.  Pauline Cushman  Union Actress and Spy  Became known as Miss Major Cushman by wars end for her service to the Union cause.
  29. 29.  Emma Edmonds  Dressed as a man to enlist in the Union Army  After contracting malaria, she returned to the civil war as a nurse and spy
  30. 30.  George Armstrong Custer  Brilliant Cavalry commander for the Union  Cocky and headstrong  After Civil War, continued to fight in the west  Infamous for his defeat during the Indian Wars at “Custer’s Last Stand” at the Battle of Little Bighorn
  31. 31.  Daniel Webster  Politician from Massachusetts  Worked for compromises during the time leading up to the Civil War  Served as U.S. Secretary of State two times.
  32. 32.  Harriet Beecher Stowe  Referred to by Abraham Lincoln as, “The little lady who started this big war.”  Her novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin changed the way many Americans felt about slavery.
  33. 33.  Nat Turner  Led a slave rebellion in 1831, in Virgina  Contributed to southern fears of blacks overthrowing their masters
  34. 34. -The following historical figures fought on the southern side. They believed that individual states had the right to allow slavery or not. -The south was called the Confederacy, or the Confederate States of America Confederate Flag
  35. 35.  Pierre Gustave Toutant Beaurgard  Field Commander for the South.  Veteran of Mexican American War.  Left Union Army to defend home state of Louisiana.  Fought at Fort Sumter & Bull Run
  36. 36.  John Wilkes Booth  Stage Actor from the south  Assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre in Washington D.C.
  37. 37.  John Calhoun  Leading southern politician from South Carolina  Died 11 years before Civil War began  Believed strongly in states rights and was an inspiration to southern secession.
  38. 38.  Jefferson Davis  President of the Confederacy  From Kentucky  Supported Robert E. Lee  Imprisoned after Civil War
  39. 39.  Nathan Bedford Forrest  Brilliant southern cavalry officer (led troops on horseback).  After Civil War became the first Grand Wizard of the Ku-Klux-Klan
  40. 40.  Rose O’Neal Greenhow  Famous southern Spy  Well known in Washington D.C. high society  Used her connections to pass secrets to Confederate generals.
  41. 41.  Ambrose P. Hill  Known as a ferocious fighter  Virginian and graduate of West Point  Fought with Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson and
  42. 42.  John Bell Hood  Leader of the legendary Texas Brigade  Wounded at Gettysburg  Defended Atlanta against Sherman  After war went into business but died penniless
  43. 43.  Thomas Jackson  Famously brave, eccentric and secretive general for the south.  Robert E. Lee’s most trusted officer.  Nicknamed “Stonewall Jackson” at First Battle of Bull Run.  Shot by his own troops on accident.
  44. 44.  Robert E. Lee  Regarded as the war’s finest general.  Fought for the south due to his loyalty to his home state of Virginia.  Lincoln asked him to lead the Union Army.  Opposed slavery.
  45. 45.  James Longstreet  West Point graduate who fought for the south  Often argued with Robert E. Lee  Blamed for Pickett’s charge and failure at Gettysburg  Went on to be the U.S. ambassador to Turkey.
  46. 46.  George Pickett  Southern General  Cut down the famous Irish Brigade at Fredericksburg  Notorious for ill-fated “Pickett’s Charge” at Gettysburg.
  47. 47.  J.E.B. Stuart  Left Union Army to fight for the Confederacy  Excelled at gather intelligence about the other side  Charasmatic leader who died at the battle of Yellow Tavern Crossroads  Famous for saying, “I would rather die than be whipped.”
  48. 48.  Sally Louisa Tompkins  Nicknamed the “Angel of the Confederacy”  Started her own private hospital in Richmond, Virgina, to care for wounded confederate soldiers
  49. 49.  Eli Whitney  Invented the Cotton Gin  Helped make Cotton farming a booming industry in the south and very profitable - $  Therefore, furthered the expansion of slavery into western territories
  50. 50.  Fort Sumter  Sea Fort in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina  Held by the Union at the very start of the war  Bombing of Fort Sumter in the early morning hours of April 12, 1861 were the first shots fired in the Civil War
  51. 51.  Antietam  Bloodiest single day battle of the Civil War and of American History  Over 20,000 soldiers died  Took place near Sharpsburg, Maryland
  52. 52.  1st Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)  First major battle of the War  The south wins the battle  Shows north that this will not be a quick and easy war  Wealthy northerners brought picnic lunches to watch the battle, until the confederates broke through the line, when they had to run for safety!
  53. 53.  Vicksburg Citizens of Vicksburg had to live in dug-out homes during the siege of Vicksburg due to all of the bombing.  City on the Mississippi River. Confederate Cannons on the top of bluffs controlled the river  U.S. Grant lays siege to the town.  Eventually, the north wins this battle and city.  Key turning point in war during the summer of 1863.
  54. 54.  Gettysburg  Turning point of the war for Union victory  Took place July 1-3, 1863  Highest death toll of the war  Ends Lee’s invasion of the north.
  55. 55.  March to the Sea  After capturing Atlanta, Union forces under General William Tecumseh Sherman, marched to the sea, burning, destroying and pillaging everything in their path.  Total War – trying to end the war by destroying southern infrastructure.
  56. 56.  Appomattox  Final battle and surrender of Robert E. Lee.
  57. 57.  More Battles…These could be good topics if you are really interested in war strategy or a specific battle. Fields of Fury would be an excellent place to start your research.  Fort Donelson  Shiloh  Battle of New Orleans  Peninsular Campaign  Seven Days Battles  2nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas)  Fredericksburg  Chancellorsville  Chickamauga  Chattanooga  The Wilderness & Spotsylvania  Cold Harbor  The Battle of Atlanta  The Battle of Mobile Bay  Petersburg
  58. 58.  Bleeding Kansas  Armed fighting between southern, “border ruffians” and northern “free soilers.”  Political fighting between the north and south over Kansas: Would it enter the union as a free or slave state?
  59. 59.  Fugitive Slave Act  Passed as a measure of the Compromise of 1850  Allowed southern slave owners to come north and reclaim escaped slaves
  60. 60.  The Anaconda Plan  Proposed by General Winfield Scott  The Union’s plan to win the Civil War  Surround and block the south and squeeze them until they give up.
  61. 61.  Border States  States that were between the North and South and did not secede from the Union.  What did people in these states think about the Civil War?
  62. 62.  The Emancipation Proclamation  Presidential Order executed by Abraham Lincoln on January 1st, 1863  Only slaves in states that were in rebellion were freed by this order  Wartime measure that Lincoln passed out of necessity to get African American soldiers to fight for the Union cause.
  63. 63.  Secession  Southern states leave the United states to form their own country called the Confederate States of America
  64. 64.  The Underground Railroad  The network of safe houses and routes that slaves followed to escape to the North.  “Conductors” like Harriet Tubman led these slaves to safety
  65. 65.  Woman At War  What role did woman take during the Civil War?  Thousands of women in the North and South joined volunteer brigades and signed up to work as nurses.  By the end of the war, these experiences had expanded many Americans’ definitions of “true womanhood.”
  66. 66.  African Americans at War  After the Emancipation Proclamation, thousands of African Americans joined Union ranks to fight for their freedom.
  67. 67.  Boys at War  Boys as young as 12, 13 and 14 went off to fight in the civil war.  What was their experience like?
  68. 68.  Ironclads  Steam powered warships covered with iron or steel armor plates.  The Monitor and the Merrimac
  69. 69.  Andersonville Prison  Southern prison near Andersonville, Georgia  Infamous for terrible, gruesome conditions and lack of supplies for captured soldiers  Of the approximately 45,000 Union prisoners held during the war, nearly 13,000 died of starvation, malnutrition, diarrhea or disease.
  70. 70.  Reconstruction 1865-1877  The time period after the Civil War is known as The Reconstruction Era.  How did southern states become part of the Union again?  What happened to newly freed, former slaves?
  71. 71.  Camp Randall  Training facility for Wisconsin soldiers during the Civil War  Over 70,000 volunteer recruits received training at Camp Randall  Today is the site of the Badgers Football Stadium
  72. 72.  Wisconsin Volunteers  During its four long years, more than 90,000 Wisconsin soldiers fought for the Union cause.  Do you have an ancestor who fought for the Union? Old Abe, a female bald eagle was the mascot for the 8th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry (No this is not a topic option)
  73. 73.  Sources Pictures and information gathered from:  