Water Safety Pool Safety July 2006

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Multidisciplinary approach to backyard pool safety and drowning prevention

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Water Safety Pool Safety July 2006

  1. 1. Water Safety: Ask The Experts Drowning Prevention: Multidisciplinary Perspectives James M. DeCarli, MPH, MPA, CHES 1
  2. 2. Overview • Common Characteristics & Lessons Learned of Pool Systems – Public/Community – Private/Backyard • Lessons Applied-Community Prevention • Community Outreach Efforts – Safe Kids Los Angeles 2
  3. 3. Swimming Pool Prevention Systems • Public/Community • Private/Backyard 3
  4. 4. Public/Community Pools • Controlled Environment • Enforcement of Rules & Regulations • Lifeguards 4
  5. 5. Lessons Learned: Public/Community Pools Risk Factors of Drowning 5
  6. 6. Lessons Learned: Public/Community Pools Anatomy of a Submersion Fatality – 6
  7. 7. Lessons Learned: Public/Community Pools Pools In-Use: Active Supervision 7
  8. 8. Lessons Learned: Public/Community Pools Pools Not In-Use: Layers of Protection 8
  9. 9. Private/Backyard Pools • Lack Drowning Prevention Training • Unsatisfactory in Supervision & Layers of Protection • Results: Increases Drowning Risk Factors 9
  10. 10. Lessons Learned: Private/Backyard Pools Pool In-Use Supervision • Quality of supervision often fails • 90% of childhood drowning incidents occurred under adult supervision (National Safe Kids 2004) • Approach fails 10
  11. 11. Lessons Learned: Private/Backyard Pools Pool Not In-Use Layers of Protection • Quality of layers of protection often fail • 50% of childhood victims last seen inside home, before found drowned (CPSC) • 69% of toddlers not expected to be in pool area (CPSC) • 77% of victims missing for 5-minutes or less before found in pool (CPSC) 11
  12. 12. Lessons Learned: Private/Backyard Pools Pool Not In-Use Layers of Protection Case 12
  13. 13. Lessons Applied: Private/Backyard Pools Pool In-Use Supervision • Supervise like a lifeguard – Eyes on children – Not partake in other activities – Designate another adult for breaks – Pool parties: Consider hiring a lifeguard 13
  14. 14. Lessons Applied : Private/Backyard Pools Pool Not In-Use Layers of Protection • After use, account that everyone is out of pool • Remove any inflatable toys from pool area • Ensure self-closing/self-latching gate is in working order and locked after use • Ensure lawn equipment, chairs, tables are not close to fence to prevent a child from climbing over • Ensure that any doors or windows that may lead to the pool area are locked and have alarms activated 14
  15. 15. Lessons Applied : Private/Backyard Pools Pool Not In-Use Additional Layers of Protection • Isolation fence • Self-closing/Self-latching gate open outward away from pool • Door & windows leading to the pool area, be self- closing/self-latching and alarmed • Power operated pool covers be properly maintained • Keep phone at poolside for emergency use • Learn CPR • Keep lifesaving ring and shepherd’s hook in pool area & know how to use it • Do not consider children “drownproof” because they have had swimming lessons 15
  16. 16. Drowning Prevention Strategies • Target • parents and • pool owners • Prevention approach – Pool in-use: active supervision – Pool not in-use: layers of protection 16
  17. 17. Community Outreach Efforts Public Agencies • Los Angeles County hospitals & clinics • Los Angeles County Fire Department • Los Angeles County Parks & Recreation – 25 Community Pools: Pool safety education classes – 83 Recreation Centers: Pool safety education materials • 88-Incorporated Cities: Materials (in planning) 17
  18. 18. Community Outreach Efforts Non-Governmental Agencies Media – 16-Broadcasts/news stories (May-August 2004): ABC, NBC, & Telemundo – Media Event: Private/backyard pool • Local officials • Safe Kids LA • Fire Department • American Red Cross • Link with drowning case 18
  19. 19. Community Outreach Efforts Non-Governmental Agencies, continued – ABC’s of a Safe Summer Program • ABC7 & American Red Cross • At-A-Glance: • Water Safety • Fire Safety • First Aid • CPR 19
  20. 20. Summary • Designing Drowning Prevention Interventions: – Target parents & pool owners – When the pool is in-use – When the pool is not in-use • When the pool is in-use: – “Active” supervision • Lifeguard • When the pool is not in-use: – Layers of protection • Secure pool similar to a public/community pool 20
  21. 21. • Contact Information: – jdecarli@ph.lacounty.gov – (213) 351-7888 21

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