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 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
 ivan solomin strelka final review
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ivan solomin strelka final review

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Final Review presentation - Russian Energy Future

Final Review presentation - Russian Energy Future

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  • 1. FINAL REVIEW 2010/2011 Ivan Solomin Russia’s Energy Future (A Case Study of Biogas)STRELKA INSTITUTE FOR MEDIA, ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN
  • 2. RUSSIAN ENERGY FUTUREA MOCKUP OF POSSIBLE STEPS IN RUSSIA’SSHIFT TO THE RENEWABLE POWER.Energy, in whatever form itcomes, liquid, solid fuels - orelectricity, is a commodity thatdrives global development,plays a huge role in the geo-political relationships of thestates and undoubtablymakes Russia what itʼs like “Future city” illustration author unknowntoday. 01
  • 3. CURRENT FOSSIL SOURCES Conventional sources Considering the fact that This way Russia finds fossils make Russia the itself in an old, but rather way it is, I remembered doubtful company. the old saying: tell me who are your friends, and Iʼll tell you who you are. Four conventional NUKES OIL GAS COAL power sourseshazardous peaky finite very pollutive expensive pollutive dangerous finite finite pollutive 03
  • 4. CURRENT STATE OF RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGY Energy future Renewable sources biodiesel An diagram shows CATALICTIC DEPOLIMESATION` green diesel an inventory of bioethanol bioethanol bio oils bio gas FRACTUAL DISTILATION renewable technologies biobuthanol biohydrogen photo open cycle LIVING ALGAE FARMING flash pyrolisys biomethanol dark closed cycle THERMOCHEMICAL DECOMPOSITION PYROLISYS open cycle hydrogen oils whole cell fermrntation water-to-earth biodiesl via catalist HYDRODENATION bioethanol DMF OF OIL AND FATS closed cycle bio DME algae (III) biobuthanol BIOMASS-TO-LIQUID air-to-soil cellulosys (II) syngas DME straight capturing of tempetature management partial combustion jazerwater fo heating methanol sugar (I) hydrogen FERMENTATION GASIFICATION HEATING soil based digestate biogas methanol HEAT electricity dry steam (I) ANAEROBIC DIGESTION liquid based ORC (organic rankine cycle) flash steam (II) electricity GE On the other lliving plant MFS OT Kalina cycle S S H RE MA AGE MA biodiesel TOR algae BIO LS L MCF fuel storage FUE binary cicle (III) vegetable, waste oil and fats e rag TH al sto different fuels for solar combisystems hand, renew- TRANSCESTERIFICATION further conversion RE salt Therm M en Molt onal ion AL erat Seas op ST ive ls SION AND MANAGEM eria OR ss R CONVE e/Pa mat ENT AG tiv ge s Ac an re tu E ch ra se pe Pha m il te so stor al OTH ur ag Nat e ER of fu MIC els RO pr SC od uc AL ed E E MEA hy drog via GIN able technology en biom EN NS prod AT as HE Pressure uc s Micro heat tio n gradients WIND-DIESEL HYBRID Ste engine rling Ex tern engin Vibr al co at e mbu ion Hu stio m an n In te bo solar heat rn dy al he co m at bu st WAWT io n SMALL Micr o he at is represented en gine s rator gene rane memb lectric Piezoe GRID STORAGE MICRO PENTON WHEEL GENERATO quiet revolution Turbi WIND ENERGY HYDROENERGY RS INLAND Induction generator Deep cycle batteries gyromills cycloturbines helical blades Darrieur’s HAWTwind spire IZERS Ultracapacitors ers Power stabiliz AC STABIL Combine by more than d heat and pow er kitoon torus baloon baloon+rotor rotor kitoon kitegen AIRBOURN WATER-TO-WIRE Plug-in electric vehicles mars PICO kite ll ce el l fu ba icro /DC BAT T M DIY AC 100 means of cell ng shari fuel unity ERY Comm en cell drog Energy windsocks Hy STO floating Bloom tering RAG t me IN Ne RTO VE E R LL CE EL FU OFF-SHORE cleaner and fixed eel wh air ge Fly sed pump stora mpres concentraters Co Hydro safer energy, SO LA parabolic GY RE R NE NE RAGE RG EE AL STO Y WAVE R IN MECHANIC direct MA bowl PHOTOVOLTAICS OTEC and growing. TRACKING DEVICES silicon freshnell mirrors SOLAR THERMAL TIDAL STREAM (TEC) DSSC (light absorbing dyes) passive freshnell lens MARINE CURRENT (eg gulfstream) thin film lagoon bulk active bilayer LOW t single layer solar tover free flov turbines turbines DAYLIGHTING sun shelves SUN CHEMICAL organic films OSMOTIC POWER dinamic tidal hologram PVT/T electric double-layer capacitor HEATING/COOLING WATER (SWH) liquid vapor pressure air active drainback passive HIGH t ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION AIR concentrators CS (collector storage) bubble pump glazed CHS (convection heat storage) unglazed MID t baskt-pass SUN CHEMICAL through-pass front-pass COOKING micro solar passive sun owens 03
  • 5. HISTORY Development of renewable technology. Renewable technology has seen a 170-year development history, since 1839, when the photovoltaic effect was discovered. In 1917, Alexander Graham Bell advocated Oil Production Peaks Bringing the price down from $100 a John Ericsson,: "A couple of thousand years dropped in the ocean watt to $20 per watt, solar cells could now Kyoto Protocol adopted ethanol from corn and other foodstuffs as an in the Lower 48 States of time will completely exhaust the coal fields of Europe, unless, in compete in situations where people needed alternative to coal and oil, stating that the world the meantime, the heat of the sun be employed Santa Barbara Oil Spill electricity distant from power lines was in measurable distance of depleting these fuels Congress introduces the earliest Largest Nuclear Accident bills recommending use of electric Ever Takes Place at Chernobyl Kyoto Protocol entered into force. vehicles as a means of reducing air Three Mile Island Nuclear pollution. A Gallup poll indicates Exxon Valdez Disaster in Alaska Birth of the Modern Oil Industry The first commercial geothermal Accident in Pennsylvania 1859 First Commercial that 33 million Americans are interested Becomes the Largest Oil Spill in Earthquake off Coast of Japan Discovery of Texas Vast Spindletop power plant was built in 1911 in Creates Widespread Public Oil Well Drilled by Edwin Drake in electric vehicles. US Waters 191 States ratify the protocol Damages Six Powerplants at Oil Field Larderello, Italy. Opposition to Nuclear Power Fukushima Dai-ichi Formation of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in Baghdad, Iraq Hoffman Electronics creates a 14% efficient solar cell. Steam engine, railway coal mining. Internal Combustion engine, electric power, plastics. Petrochemicals, electroniocs, Aviation. Digital networks softwear, new media. NBIC convergence 1840 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 1900 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 2000 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 First Hydroelectric Plant, Appleton Wisconsin Investment programs First commercial computer. The 1973 oil crisis stimulated a rapid rise in the production of PV during Increase in RnD for solar Scientists at the U.S. Department BP Oil Rig Explodes & CausesThe photovoltaic effect was A steam engine powered During the 1860s and 1870s, when “peak coal” fears First wind turbine electricity producer Henry Ford introduces the mass-produced Opening of Texas and Persian M. King Hubbard Develops The high cost of solar the 1970s and early 1980s energy in Japan and Europe, of introducea photovoltaic device Largest Oil Spill in US Historydiscovered by French scientist by solar energy was developed swept across Europe, many people thought that was the 1888 wind turbine built by and gasoline-powered Model T, which will Gulf oil fields inaugurates the "Hubberts Peak Theory" cells limited terrestrial worldwide production growth that converts 40.8 percent of theEdmond Becquerel in 1839 by the French mathematician, civilization itself could be extinguished. Scientists Charles Brush in Cleveland, Ohio have a profound effect on the U.S. era of cheap energy in US for Measuring Oil Supply; uses throughout the Concerns about the soaring price of oil increased to 30% light that hits it into electricity August Mouchout in 1861 and engineers insisted that solar energy could extend automobile market. Peak of US Oil Production 1960s peaking with the Arab Oil Embargo During the 1920s the electric of 1973 -- and a growing environmental the industrial revolution indefinitely after coal ran out Correctly Predicted 20% efficient silicon cells Gas prices reach record highs of Of the 4,192 cars produced in the car ceases to be a viable movement result in renewed interests in commercial product. are created by the Centre more than $4 a gallon and car sales United States 28 percent are powered electric cars from both consumers and The electric cars downfall is Hoffman Electronics-Semiconductor for Photovoltaic Engineering drop to their lowest levels in a by electricity, and electric autos represent producers. attributable to a number of Division creates a 2% efficient commercial decade. American automakers about one-third of all cars found on factors, including the desire solar cell for $25/cell or $1,785/Watt. begin to shift their production lines the roads of New York City, Boston, and Chicago. for longer distance vehicles, away from SUVs and other large The first commercial solar cell Prototype of Internet rollout Present state of their lack of horsepower, and vehicles toward smaller, more fuel- at a very expensive $300 per watt Internet internrt (beginning) the ready availability of efficient cars. gasoline. 04 History of renewable energy development in global context.
  • 6. TREND ANALISYS Waves and long-lasting trends We can identify long-lasting trends, like growing effi- ciency of renewable sources, decrease in their price, growing invironmental concerns and activity. GENERALLY, WE CAN POINT OUT HIGH SEN- SITIVITY OF RENEW- ABLE POWER DEVELOP- MENT INTENSITY TO FOSSIL FUEL PRICES, ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIV- Steam engine, railway coal mining. Internal Combustion engine, electric power, plastics. Petrochemicals, electroniocs, Aviation. Digital networks softwear, new media. NBIC convergence 1840 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 1900 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 2000 05 10 15 20 25 30 35 ITY AND TECHNOLOGI- CAL DISASTERS, ASSO- CIATED WITH CONVEN- TIONAL POWER SOURCES On the other hand, we see growing fossil fuel prices, driven by fear of peak, Middle East tensions and and increase in global energy demand. 05Two waves and long-lasting trends displayed.
  • 7. TWO WAVES Comparison analisysFear of peak coal Fear of peak oilStudy trips and scientific societies Internet, globalisationPeak of industrial revolution Computers, modelling, rapid prototypingOil industry underdeveloped High oil prices, spikes and shortagesNearly no inveronmental concerns High inveronmental concernsInsufficient information about Most reserves discoveredreserves Two renewable waves 80 85 90 95 1900 70 75 80 85 90 95 2000 05 10 Cheap oil discovered. Any options? 06
  • 8. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Fossil energy quantity consumption COMSUMPTION IS DRIVEN BY ECONOMIC DEVELOP- MENT AND POPULA- TION GROWTH. FOSSIL RESOURCE IS current consumtpion FINITE AND DIMIN- ISHES NATURALLY AT SOME POINT DE- PLEATING RESERVES fossil resource WONʼT BE ABLE TO COVER GROWING time ENERGY NEEDS 07Vectors of fossil power
  • 9. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Fossils and renewables quantity renewable resource consumption A cc fossil resource time 09Model framework
  • 10. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Renewable energy quantity renewable resource consumption RENEWABLE SUPPLY IS INFINITE AT ANY POINT, AND IS ONLY CON- STRAINED WITH THE RATE OF PRODUCTION. cc time 08Vectors of renewable energy
  • 11. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Rate of production quantity A SEVERE renewable resource RATE OF FOSSIL PRO-RECESSION, THAT IS LIKELY consumption DUCTION IS PRE- TO BE CAUSED BY HIGH SENTED BY HUBBERT COMMODITY PRICES CURVE, BASED ON LO- DURING PEAK, WOULD GISTIC DISTRIBUTION TEMPORARY LOWER MODEL, THAT TAKES A ENERGY DEMAND, AS IT c INTO ACCOUNT PROVED HAPPENED IN US IN ʻ73 RESERVES, RATE OF cc CONSUMPTION, MARKET AND POLITI- CAL FACTORS. CONSUMPTION CURVE fossil resource FOLLOWS THE PRODUC- fp TION RATE CURVE time UNTIL RESOURCE PEAKS AND START DE- PLEATING. 10 Rate of production and consumption
  • 12. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Potential renewable production quantity renewable resource POTENTIAL RENEWABLE consumption PRODUCTION RATE IS DRIVEN BY INVEST- MENT, VOLUME OF USE AND TECHNOLOGY DE- VELOPMENT. A c cc rp fossil resource fp time 11Potential renewable production and consumption
  • 13. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Prices and potential production levels AT CURRENT LEVEL OF quantity renuwable resource AT SOME POINT IN renewable price CONSUMPTION AT A consumption TIME FOSSIL PRODUC- CURRENT POINT IN TION PEAKS ANDTIME T1 FOSSIL SUPPLY STARTS TERMINAL DE- STILL MEETS DEMAND, fossil price CLINE, THAT CREATES BUT THE PRICE AL- DEFICITE AND DRIVES READY STARTED c FOSSIL PRICE EVEN GROWING, AMONG A B HIGHER, FURTHER OTHER FACTORS cc STIMULATING RENEW- STIMULATING RENEW- ABLE TECHNOLOGY, ABLE TECHNOLOGY, UNTILL AT T2 POTEN-THAT AT PRESENT TIME TIAL RENEWABLE PRO- IS RESPONSIBLE FOR DUCTION IS ABLE TO rp fossil resource LESS THEN 20% OF fp MEET GROWING CONSUMPTION. DEMEND IN POINT B. t1 t2 time 12 Transition model
  • 14. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Transition process renuwable resource renewable price consumption fossil priceOVER DEVELOPMENTTIME, PRICE OF RENEW- The shift happens not atABLE POWER GOES the moment where fossilDOWN, AND EVENTU-ALLY, SHORT AFTER THE c fuel is depleted, butPOINT B, IT BECOMES B when itʼs high price and shortage drive renewable ALOWER THEN FOSSILPRICE. technology to becomeUNTILL THIS POINT, more economicaly viable.DESPITE THE FACT THATRENEWABLE POWER ISDEVELOPED, FOSSILRESOURCES ARE STILLIN USE. fossil resource fp rp t1 t2 13
  • 15. TRANSITION IN RUSSIA AS IN EXPORTING COUNTRYExport Land modelAs world oil exports approach a As one of the major ex-global peak, the price of ex- porters of fossil re-ported resource increases and sources, Russian hub-further stimulates domestic eco- bert curve declines lessnomic growth and oil consump- steep, giving us ation in Export-Land countries, chance to make use ofcreating a positive feedback our status of export-process between declining ex- oriented economy, toports and higher prices. get redy for the peak and build a new indus-This means, that exporting try to replace source ofcountry can benefit from longer export profits.use of fossil oriented infrastruc-ture and domestic resourse, ob-taining more time and financialresources to prepare fo the shift 14
  • 16. Following conclusions made from transition model, we can state,STATEMENTExport Land model conclusions and perspective for Russia. that effects of the peak we have time to build are inevitable, and as an industry with attrac- exporting nation tive investment cli- Russia is in favorable mate, using renew- condition. ables where they are We donʼt have to re- needed and viable, build all energy provi- starting today so that sion infrostructure, when time comes we today, because we can are ready. longer make use of it - 15 Statement for introdution of renewable power.`
  • 17. SMALL SCALE COUNTER-GRID SOLUTIONSRenewable technology as consumer product.Since connection of re-newable sources to thegrid implies huge in-vestment, insfrastruc-tural and mind shift, itlooks feasible to usethem counter grid, notreplacing it, but com-pensating its imperfec-tions, where it doesnʼtreach or does it im-properly. Some footer don’t know what to say probly 16
  • 18. CURRENT STATE TARRIFS Compared to renewable price At first sight, renewable power But, tarrif grows every doesnʼt seem to be competitive, year, and is highly de- because state tarrifs in Russia pendent on fossil re- are rather low. source price. Moreover, we donʼt allways pay state tarrif.cheapest renewable source>3,5 RUR/KWT/HIrkutsk Magadan0,47 RUR/KWT/H 4,85 RUR/KWT/H Chart of state in Russian regions 17
  • 19. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Energy provision in urban areas is usually ok, but rural areas can be off grid, have lim- ited capacity or face blackouts and power- cuts because of poor condition of power- lines and sub-stations. 18 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 20. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Letʼs concider a hypo- thetical rural settle- ment that is being con- nected to the grid, while remote location stays off-grid. The initial power ca- pacity is some x kwt. 19 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 21. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid As time passes, some houses posess new home appliances, that consume more energy. 20 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 22. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Then, some homes are being rebuilt or mod- ernized, that again leads to increase in power consumption. 21 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 23. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Then some new homes are built near and con- nected to the grid as well. 22 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 24. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid At this point capacity x is fully used. 23 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 25. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Newer homes are unable to connect to the same powerline. 24 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 26. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid The have to eather get permission, that costs 20-50 000 rur per kwt/h, invest into building infrustructure , and bribe officials to speed up the process, of stay off-grid. 25 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 27. GRID FORMATIONDifferent ways of being connected to the grid Cottage settlements and townhouses are biult by developer, who invests into infra- structure himself and then charges his own tarrif. 26 Hypothetical suburban settlement
  • 28. ONE REGION - FOUR TARRIFS. Tarrifs at different grid formations This way in one location there Notably, all this tarrifs can be four different tarrifs. are based on growing If we take as example Moscow state tarrif, with a rate region, where state tearrif is 2,5 of at least 10% a year, - rur per kwt/h, investment into while wind turbine connetcting to grig and obtain- electricity lifecycle cost ing aditional capacity usually is 4-6 rur, with a per- end up at more then 4,5 rur, spective for decrease. and off-grid diesel of gas gen- eration costs 10-30 rur per 3 kW VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE may be lowered ADDITIONAL POWER CAPACITY CASESMoscow region Chart of possible tarrifs in Moscow 10 4,1 4,5 2,5 region generator working on fossil fuel STATE TARRIF min 10% annual growth (factors, forecasts) 27
  • 29. TARGET AUDIENCE Export Land model Since off-grid, and cases of unfavoraple grid formation happen in rural areas, to map our target group we should look at aglomerations of big cities, in which most dachas and ermanent rural homes are situated. - Saint Petersburg Yaroslavl Nijni Novgorod Moscow Ijevsk Perm Kazan Voroneg Ulianovsk Ekaterinburg Samara Tumen Saratov Ufa CheliabinskRostov na Donu Volgograd Omsk Tomsk Krasnoyarsk Novosibirsk Barnaul 28 21 major cities
  • 30. GEOGRAPHIC DIVERSITY Aglomerations of 21 biggest cities NIGNI NOVGOROD SAMARA KAZAN Population Population Population 1251 1165 1144 Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 2020 2050 1560 NIGNI NOVGOROD SAMARA KAZAN VOLGOGRAD Population 1021 KRASNOYARSK Population 974 ULIANOVSK Population 614 Aglomeration 21 major cities Aglomeration Aglomeration 1014 1155 672 VOLGOGRAD KRASNOYARSK ULIANOVSK PERM NOVOSIBIRSK SARATOV Population Population Population 992 1474 838 Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 1306 1800 1186 PERM NOVOSIBIRSK SARATOV UFA Population 1062 BARNAUL Population 612 MOSCOW Population 11 514 44,3M total aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 1300 731 14 500 UFA BARNAUL MOSCOW IGEVSK VORONEG YAROSLAVL Population Population Population 628 890 592 Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 32% 1080 1175 750 of Russian population in 2010 IGEVSK VORONEG YAROSLAVL CHELIABINSK EKATERINBURG TUMEN Population Population Population 1130 1350 582 Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 1350 2050 656 CHELIABINSK EKATERINBURG TUMEN MAHACHKALA ST PETERBURG ROSTOV NA DONU Population Population Population 578 4849 1090 Aglomeration Aglomeration Aglomeration 760 5400 1800 MAHACHKALA ST PETERBURG ROSTOV NA DONUFour development typologies 29 Suburban settlements in aglomerations of major cities
  • 31. PRIVATE PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPSIsfastructure-based middle-scale solutionsPPPʼs are collaboration projects PPPʼs are favorable forbetween state and private busi- the area administra-ness, that implies positive exter- tion - they improve in-nalities for local community frastructure, createand national interest. new jobs, stimulate spending and regionalThis way is usefull in Russia, be- economic indicators.cause government somewhattakes a stake in the project andis interested in its sucess, so itwould;n geopardize the initia-tive at secure the debt financ-ing. 30 Some footer don’t know what to say probly
  • 32. BIOGAS CASE STUDY Case overview My case study features a pri- Biogas is one of the vate public partnership initia- most perspective tech- tive in Graivoron area of Bel- nologies in russia - it is gorod region, that is aimed on based on existing in-Belgorod construction of two biogas frastructure, resourse region plants that produce biomethane is virtualy free, volume and elecrticity from animal of produced electric waste from three nearby farms. power can be regu- lated in real tive, and what is important - pro- cess, and power supply is stable, unlike sun or wind power. 31
  • 33. BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYSteps and equipment BIOLOGICAL WASTE FROM ANIMALS GET INTO THE COLLEC TOR 1 32 Production process blueprint
  • 34. BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYSteps and equipment BIOLOGICAL WASTE PRE-HEATED SUBSTRATE FROM ANIMALS GET INTO IS PUMPED TO THE FERMENTATOR, THE COLLEC TOR WHERE BIOGAS IS COLLEC TED IN GASGOLDER. 1 2 HEAT ENERGY IS MAINLY USED TO PRE-HEAT THE SUBSTRATE ANDMAINTAIN OPERATION TEMPERATURE IN FERMENTATOR 33
  • 35. BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYSteps and equipment BIOLOGICAL WASTE PRE-HEATED SUBSTRATE MIXED DIGESTATE GETS TO FROM ANIMALS GET INTO IS PUMPED TO THE FERMENTATOR, TEMPORARY LAGOON, AND THE COLLEC TOR WHERE BIOGAS IS COLLEC TED THEN TO THE SEPARATOR IN GASGOLDER. WHERE LIQUID AND SOLID DIGESTATES ARE SEPARATED 1 2 3 HEAT ENERGY IS MAINLY USED TO PRE-HEAT THE SUBSTRATE ANDMAINTAIN OPERATION TEMPERATURE IN FERMENTATOR 34
  • 36. BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYSteps and equipment BIOLOGICAL WASTE PRE-HEATED SUBSTRATE MIXED DIGESTATE GETS TO LIQUID DIGESTATE IS FROM ANIMALS GET INTO IS PUMPED TO THE FERMENTATOR, TEMPORARY LAGOON, AND COLLEC TED IN LAGOON, THE COLLEC TOR WHERE BIOGAS IS COLLEC TED THEN TO THE SEPARATOR SOLID IS STORED, IN GASGOLDER. WHERE LIQUID AND SOLID BOTH ARE USED DIGESTATES ARE SEPARATED DOMESTICALLY OR SOLD. 1 2 3 4 35
  • 37. BIOGAS PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGYSteps and equipment BIOLOGICAL WASTE PRE-HEATED SUBSTRATE MIXED DIGESTATE GETS TO LIQUID DIGESTATE IS FROM ANIMALS GET INTO IS PUMPED TO THE FERMENTATOR, TEMPORARY LAGOON, AND COLLEC TED IN LAGOON, THE COLLEC TOR WHERE BIOGAS IS COLLEC TED THEN TO THE SEPARATOR SOLID IS STORED, IN GASGOLDER. WHERE LIQUID AND SOLID BOTH ARE USED DIGESTATES ARE SEPARATED DOMESTICALLY OR SOLD. 1 2 3 4 HEAT ENERGY IS MAINLY USED TO PRE-HEAT THE SUBSTRATE ANDMAINTAIN OPERATION TEMPERATURE IN FERMENTATOR BIOGAS IS COMPRESSED BY A PUPM AND FREED FROM CONDENSATE ELEC TRICIT Y AND HEAT ENERGY ARE BEING PRODUCED IN CHP. 5 36
  • 38. AREA INFRASTRUCTURE Aglomerations of 21 biggest cities GRAIVORON AREA GRAIVORON IS SITUATED ON THE BOARDER KURSK WITH UKRAINE, GRAIVORON AREA REGION NEAR MOST RAIL- WAY AND HIGH- WAY CUSTOMS POINTS. 13 UKRAINE VORONEJ REGION 37Plants in regionalinfrastructure
  • 39. TWO PLANTS Technical characteristicsTECH SPECS PLANT 1 waste capacity tonns/day Plant situated near cow farm and1 3042 biogas produced m3/day 177203 electricity consumed kwt 100 chicken farm, that produce 270 and4 heat consumed (at -30) kwt 15005 electricity produced kwt 1668 34 tonns of waste respectively.6 heat produced kwt 18107 number and volume item x m3 5 х 24008 staff person 1 Total energy consumption of the9 territory hectars 1,710 solid digestate tonns/day 8011 liquid digestate tonns/day farm is 12 M kwt/h annually. 204PRICE (EURO) Project Launch and Tech equipment Construction Heat energy from the plant may be Biogas plant training 20 000 1 550 000 960 0000 used to heat the farm in winter. Digestate can be used as a suple- CHP 57 000 12 000 1 320 000 - - ment right away.TECH SPECS PLANT 21 waste capacity tonns/day 4502 biogas produced m3/day 9 6883 electricity consumed kwt 604 heat consumed (at -30) kwt 90056 number and volume of fermentators Staff items x m3 person 3 х 2400 1 450 tonns of organic waste is produced by a farm of 4800 pigs.7 territiry gectar 1,28 Solid digestate produced tonns/day 519 Liquid digestate produced tonns/day 38710 electricity produced kwt 112711 heat produced kwt 1108PRICE (EURO) Project Launch Tech Construction and equipment training Biogas plant 20 000 990 000 660 000 CHP 47 000 10 000 850 000 - 38Plants details
  • 40. ECONOMICSBasic indicatorsProject on a cost of 7,5 m eurohas investment return rate of56% over 5 year period, paysoff in 2 years and 8 month.20 400 700 KWT/H OF ELECTRIC POWER47 160 TONNS OF DIGESTETE4 028 900 KWT/H OF HEAT POWER 39
  • 41. TRANSITION MODEL FRAMEWORK Renewable energy 750 TONNS OF WASTE COMES DAILY FROM THREE FARMS IN 750 tonns of cattle waste a GRAIVORON day 365 days a year pro- AREA OF BEL- GORODSKI duces enough energy to REGION. power needs of 6 800 fami- EVEN IN THIS lies during one year.AREA THERE ARE MORE THAN 50FARMS, ACROSS COUNTRY THERE ARE Cattle waste is not the only raw for biogas - waste of other indus- THOUTHANDS. tries, like wood production, food industry, food crops, can as well be used as raw for biogas plants. 40
  • 42. CONCLUSIONExport Land model ON THE OTHER HAND, IF WE FIRST STIMULATE CON- SUMER END AND MIDDLE SCALE INDUSTRY - WE GO FROM REMOTE LOCATIONS TO THE CENTER, FROM INBETWEEN THE GRID TO FIRST GETIf we start renewable CONNECTED TO ITimplementation from REGIONALLY, THENhigh-cost projects that are NATIONALLY.not feasible, develop-ment will never reachremote consumers, andwill stay a luxurios toy. 41 Some footer don’t know what to say probly

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