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Patients can finalize the treatment of Heart attack in India as they get the best medical treatment under expert cardiac surgeons. In the recent past, Indian government has established several Cardiac centers to combat with life threatening heart diseases. These world class hospitals are well furnished with various medical equipments and reputed and trained medical practitioners who are well versed in treating deadly diseases. Treatment of Heart attack in India is offered with comprehensive range of medical services which includes facilities and medical technologies for outpatient and in-patient specialty care, health & wellness promotion, and 24-hour emergency services.
What is Heart Attack?
Heart attack occurs when blood flow to a section of heart muscle becomes blocked. If the flow of blood isn’t restored quickly, the section of heart muscle becomes damaged from lack of oxygen and begins to die. Heart attack is a leading killer of both men and women in the United States. But fortunately, today there are excellent treatments for heart attack that can save lives and prevent disabilities. Treatment is most effective when started within 1 hour of the beginning of symptoms. The heart is a muscle like any other in the body. It needs blood flow to supply oxygen to allow it to do work. When there isn't enough oxygen, the muscle starts to suffer, and when there is no oxygen, the muscle starts to die.
Symptoms of Heart Attack
The most common symptom of Heart attack is chest pain or discomfort. Most heart attacks involve discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back. The discomfort can feel like uncomfortable pressure, squeezing, fullness, or pain. It can be mild or severe. Heart attack pain can sometimes feel like indigestion or heartburn. Symptoms of a heart attack may include: chest pain associated with shortness of breath, profuse sweating, and nausea. The chest pain may be described as tightness, fullness, a pressure, or an ache. Unfortunately, many people do not have these classic signs. Other presentations of heart attack may include: indigestion, jaw ache, pain only in the shoulders or arms, shortness of breath, or nausea and vomiting.
Complications of Heart Attack
Heart attacks vary widely in the amount of damage caused and whether there are any complications. Some people may suffer a mild heart attack with no associated complications, which is called an uncomplicated heart attack. Others may suffer a more extensive heart attack with a wide range of complications. Fortunately, treatments can prevent or reduce the impact of complications if they occur.
Complications depend on the:
• Location of heart muscle damage (i.e. the right or left ventricles)
• Extent of heart muscle damage
• Time after the heart attack (i.e., immediate or weeks later)
Treatment options for Heart Attack
A number of different kinds of medicines may be used to treat Heart attack. They include thrombolytic medicines, beta blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and anticoagulants anti-platelet medicines.
If medicines can’t stop a Heart attack, medical procedures—surgical or non-surgical—may be used. These procedures include the following.
Angioplasty :- This non-surgical procedure can be used to open coronary arteries that are blocked by a blood clot. During angioplasty, a catheter (a thin, flexible tube) with a balloon on the end is threaded through a blood vessel to the blocked coronary artery. Then, the balloon is inflated to push the plaque against the wall of the artery. This widens the inside of the artery, restoring blood flow.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting :- Coronary artery bypass grafting is a surgery in which arteries or veins are taken from other areas of your body and sewn in place to bypass (that is, go around) blocked coronary arteries. This provides a new route for blood flow to the heart muscle.