Navajo

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Navajo

  1. 1. Navajo Code Talkers<br />Inventors of the only unbroken code in military history.<br />
  2. 2. The Code<br />Attack- AL-TAH-JE-JAY <br />Casualty- BIH-DIN-NEY-DAY<br />Emergency-HO-NEZ-CLA<br />Evacuate- HA-NA<br />Headquarter- NAH-HA-TAH-BA-HOGAN<br />Kill- NAZ-TSAID<br />Pontoon- TKOSH-JAH-DA-NA-ELT<br />Retreat- JI-DIN-NESS-CHANH<br />Riflemen- BE-AL-DO-HOSTEEN<br />Signal- NA-EH-EH-GISH<br />Sniper-OH-BE-HI<br />Torpedo- LO-BE-CHA<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Interesting Facts<br /><ul><li> The code started out as 200 characters and grew to over 600 by the wars end
  5. 5. It could communicate in 20 seconds what took coding machines of the time 30 minutes to do.
  6. 6. In the field, they were not allowed to write any part of the code down as a reference.
  7. 7. The Navajo language is almost impossible to master without early exposure.
  8. 8. The code was declassified in 1968 but no official recognition was given until 2001
  9. 9. Only 4 code talkers are still alive today
  10. 10. The program was invented by a civilian who grew up on a Navajo reservation.
  11. 11. The Navajos had no military words in their language so to them a battleship was a whale and an airplane was a hummingbird so on…
  12. 12. The code was used in WWII, The Korean War and early in the Vietnam War.
  13. 13. August 14 is Navajo code talkers day.
  14. 14. Other Navajo soldiers who did not speak the code could not decrypt it when tortured by the enemy.</li></li></ul><li>Even More Interesting Facts<br /><ul><li>Once a code talker was mistaken for a Japanese soldier and taken prisoner, he was then assigned a bodyguard for the remainder of his term, even today the army still calls him to make sure everything is okay.
  15. 15. Originally only 29 Navajos volunteered to be code talkers.
  16. 16. Many Navajos did not have birth certificates so boys of 15 and men over 35 enlisted with the army's knowledge.
  17. 17. Many times code talkers ran through enemy fire to retrieve radios to open communications and save their unit.
  18. 18. Marine cryptologists said they couldn't even transcribe the language, much less decode it.
  19. 19. The code talkers were never required to fight in battles because they were so important that the government did not want to risk their deaths.
  20. 20. They were known to their platoons as the walking secret code.</li></li></ul><li>
  21. 21. Before: First platoon of Navajo code talkers graduate from Maine.<br />Left: Navajos run to establish communications.<br />Next Slide: Training required long hours in the classroom as well as basic marine training.<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Importance and Impact<br />When you ask Keith Little one of the four remaining code talkers why he joined the way he says “Because the Japanese made a sneak attack on the US, to protect our people, land and country.” But in truth the code talkers were essential to the war and their unbreakable code played a pivotal role in saving countless lives and hastening the war's end. Being the only code never broken it gave the US a substantial leg up in the war in the Pacific. It is said that the Navajos were some of the bravest marines in WWII.<br />
  24. 24. Biblography<br />http://www.navajocodetalkers.org/<br />http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq61-2.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_talker<br />http://history1900s.about.com/od/worldwarii/a/navajacode.htm<br />http://patwogan.wordpress.com/2009/08/17/world-war-ii-troop-movements/<br />http://mprofaca.cro.net/navajo.html<br />

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