Union Executive (cont.) By Mr. Girish. R Arabbi
The COME & the PM <ul><li>Introduction: </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution: Provides for a Parliamentary System of Democracy. ...
The President and the COME <ul><li>42 nd  amendment – President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the CO...
Composition and appointment of the COME <ul><li>Art 75 – PM shall be appointed by the President and other ministers shall ...
Term of Office  <ul><li>The PM & COME are responsible to LS and can remain in office as long as they have majority support...
Categories of Ministers. <ul><li>The Ministers are of three categories </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet  Ministers of State  Depu...
The Cabinet <ul><li>Informal body of Senior Ministers who form the nucleus of the admin.  </li></ul><ul><li>Are imp party ...
Difference between Cab & Con Ministers <ul><li>COME consists of all 3 categories of Ministers= Cab, MOS & DM </li></ul><ul...
The Cabinet <ul><li>Consists of party leaders holding important portfolios in the Ministry. </li></ul><ul><li>Has taken ov...
Powers and Functions of the Cabinet <ul><li>Legislative Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Functions </li></ul><ul...
1. Legislative Functions <ul><li>Duty of Cab to prepare legislative programmes of the Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Takes initia...
2. Administrative Functions <ul><li>Frames the executive policy of the UG.  </li></ul><ul><li>Formulates the national poli...
2. Financial Functions <ul><li>Holds the strings of the national purse. </li></ul><ul><li>Budget is prepared by the FM as ...
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Union Executive Continued

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Union Executive Continued

  1. 1. Union Executive (cont.) By Mr. Girish. R Arabbi
  2. 2. The COME & the PM <ul><li>Introduction: </li></ul><ul><li>Constitution: Provides for a Parliamentary System of Democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>PASOD: President- titular executive & real executive powers vests in COME. </li></ul><ul><li>Article 74: “There shall be COME with the PM as the head to aid and advise the President, who shall in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice”. </li></ul><ul><li>COME headed by PM is the most powerful institution in the Executive wing of the UG. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The President and the COME <ul><li>42 nd amendment – President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the COME expressed through the PM. The advice to the COME to the President has a legal binding on him. </li></ul><ul><li>44 th Amendment – President can ask the COME to reconsider its own decision. Then the President shall act as per the advice given to him after such reconsideration. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Composition and appointment of the COME <ul><li>Art 75 – PM shall be appointed by the President and other ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the PM. </li></ul><ul><li>Invitation by President. </li></ul><ul><li>List of colleagues from the MPs by the PM. </li></ul><ul><li>President has to accept the choice of the PM. </li></ul><ul><li>Option for President in appointment of PM. </li></ul><ul><li>President can dissolve the LS and order fresh elections if he is satisfied that there is none in the House to muster a majority. </li></ul><ul><li>Only MPs can become Ministers. Some times non- member can be appointed as a Minister . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Term of Office <ul><li>The PM & COME are responsible to LS and can remain in office as long as they have majority support in LS. </li></ul><ul><li>When LS is dissolved they have to vacate their office. </li></ul><ul><li>If LS looses confidence in them they have to resign. </li></ul><ul><li>The loss of confidence in COME can be indicated in various ways : </li></ul><ul><li>By a direct vote of no confidence in the COME as a whole or in one of the Ministers. </li></ul><ul><li>By rejecting a Govt Bill or by passing a Bill sponsored by the Opposition but opposed by the Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>By passing an Amendment to a Bill against the wishes of the Government. </li></ul><ul><li>By voting a cut in the Budget. </li></ul><ul><li>By reducing the salaries of the Ministers in the face of their opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>By passing an adjournment motion to discuss an immediate issue of national concern. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Categories of Ministers. <ul><li>The Ministers are of three categories </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet Ministers of State Deputy </li></ul><ul><li>A. CM: Most imp leaders of the party are included in the COME. They hold important portfolios and decide major policies of the Govt. Receive monthly salary and sumptuary allowance every month. </li></ul><ul><li>B. MOS: Belong to II category of Ministers. May or may not be given an independent charge of a ministry. PM may or may not consult them. Aren’t the members of the Cabinet and don’t participate in the CM unless specially invited. Are paid a monthly salary and a sumptuary allowance each month. </li></ul><ul><li>C. DM: Junior most ministers, assist cab min & con min. Are not entrusted with an independent charge of a Min. Paid monthly salary and sumptuary allowance. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Cabinet <ul><li>Informal body of Senior Ministers who form the nucleus of the admin. </li></ul><ul><li>Are imp party leaders and trusted men of PM. </li></ul><ul><li>Cab consists of 15 ministers holding imp portfolios =HDFC </li></ul><ul><li>Imp decisions of the Govt are taken by the Cab and are communicated to all the ministers who are bound to implement or follow. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Difference between Cab & Con Ministers <ul><li>COME consists of all 3 categories of Ministers= Cab, MOS & DM </li></ul><ul><li>All ministers are not the members of the cab. </li></ul><ul><li>The COME do not meet as a body to transact Govt business. </li></ul><ul><li>PM may or may not consult the COME </li></ul><ul><li>Cab consists of small group of senior ministers </li></ul><ul><li>All cab ministers are the members of the COME. </li></ul><ul><li>Cab meets as a body, periodically to shape national policies and transact govt business. </li></ul><ul><li>Cab may inform the rest of its ministers its important decisions </li></ul><ul><li>PM may consult the cab </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Cabinet <ul><li>Consists of party leaders holding important portfolios in the Ministry. </li></ul><ul><li>Has taken over functions assigned by the Constitution to theCOME. </li></ul><ul><li>There are separate cab secretariat which maintains records of the decisions taken by the cabinet and prepares reports in regard to the follow up action. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cab Sec holds periodical meetings of Secretaries of various Ministers in order to sort out inter ministerial problems which crop up from time to time. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Powers and Functions of the Cabinet <ul><li>Legislative Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Diplomatic Functions </li></ul><ul><li>Appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Proclamation of Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinating Functions </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1. Legislative Functions <ul><li>Duty of Cab to prepare legislative programmes of the Govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Takes initiative to introduce bills and get them passed in the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Large no of bills are prepared introduced and piloted by the Cab. </li></ul><ul><li>Decides dates for holding sessions and for proroguing the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>When the Parliament is not in session, the cabinet recommends to the President to promulgate ordinances if necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>Is instrumental in preparing and moving the amendments in the Const. </li></ul><ul><li>Removes outdated laws from the statute book and makes necessary modifications in the existing laws. </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2. Administrative Functions <ul><li>Frames the executive policy of the UG. </li></ul><ul><li>Formulates the national policies and co ordinates the activities of all the ministers and depts. </li></ul><ul><li>Each ministry is put under one more minister’s care. The minister incharge of a Ministry takes decisions on routine matters. </li></ul><ul><li>Policy matters are dealt with by the Cabinet. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2. Financial Functions <ul><li>Holds the strings of the national purse. </li></ul><ul><li>Budget is prepared by the FM as directed by the Cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>Cab determines what taxes are to be imposed and how the funds are to be spent. </li></ul><ul><li>No change is made in the budget without the approval of the Cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>All financial bills have their origin in the Cabinet. </li></ul>
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