Analysis of
Digital & Electronic Signatures
in the Canadian Justice Sector
Patrick Cormier
CEO CCCT
+1 (514) 894-9477
Pres...
Contents
• Signature: Food for Thought
• Signature: Intellectual Toolbox
• Examples of electronic signatures
• The legal c...
Food for Thought
• The « Canadian Justice Sector » – scope
• The identity of legal actors – importance
• Going paperless –...
Toolbox: a definition
« A signature is a permanent record bound to
an object, document or electronic data that is:
• trace...
Practical Examples
• Autographe
• Signature and initials on contract
• Email
• Email including signature block
• Button « ...
Toolbox: Quality of a Signature
• The quality of a signature is proportional to
the extent to which the signature possesse...
Note of Caution to Jurists!
Reliability & Quality of a signature
≠
Legal validity of a signature
Toolbox: Evaluation Framework
The ideal signature?
The ideal signature is a signature that has high
assurance levels and high convenience levels.
It is ...
Signature Examples: Categories
• Signatures can be grouped in the following
categories:
• Manuscript
• Bio-physical (DNA, ...
And « Digital » Signatures?
• Cryptography
• Typical uses:
– Cleartext transmission (no modification, sender
identificatio...
Importance of PKI
• Public Key Infrastructure:
• key creation process;
• keypair association to an identity, usually with ...
Signature Examples: Scenarios
Email with
Signature Block
Secure web site with
user credentials
Documents signed;
content a...
The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic
Signature Solution
The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic
Signature Solution (cont’d)
The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic
Signature Solution (cont’d)
Next Steps
• Electronic Legal Information – Going
Paperless: CCCT Guidelines
– Creation of a Working Group (1 jurisdiction...
Patrick Cormier
B.Sc., LL.B./BCL, CD
Canadian Centre for Court Technology
p c o r m i e r @ c c c t – c c t j . c a
+ 1 ( ...
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130522 Analysis of Electronic Signatures in the Cdn Justice Sector

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Presentation to Canadian Federal, Provincial and Territorial Deputy Ministers of Justice in Quebec City (June 2013).

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130522 Analysis of Electronic Signatures in the Cdn Justice Sector

  1. 1. Analysis of Digital & Electronic Signatures in the Canadian Justice Sector Patrick Cormier CEO CCCT +1 (514) 894-9477 Presentation to FPT Deputy Ministers of Justice City of Québec, June 2013
  2. 2. Contents • Signature: Food for Thought • Signature: Intellectual Toolbox • Examples of electronic signatures • The legal challenge: organisational and social • Going paperless: next steps
  3. 3. Food for Thought • The « Canadian Justice Sector » – scope • The identity of legal actors – importance • Going paperless – key: Trust • Going paperless – danger: unnecessary complexity (e.g. letters and Canada Post)
  4. 4. Toolbox: a definition « A signature is a permanent record bound to an object, document or electronic data that is: • traceable to a specific individual • personal to that individual • evidence of an implicit or explicit purpose »
  5. 5. Practical Examples • Autographe • Signature and initials on contract • Email • Email including signature block • Button « I accept »
  6. 6. Toolbox: Quality of a Signature • The quality of a signature is proportional to the extent to which the signature possesses the five reliability attributes • Signatures that incorporate high assurance levels in relation to reliability attributes are deemed high-reliability signatures. In such cases, the signatures are said to be effective because one can rely on them
  7. 7. Note of Caution to Jurists! Reliability & Quality of a signature ≠ Legal validity of a signature
  8. 8. Toolbox: Evaluation Framework
  9. 9. The ideal signature? The ideal signature is a signature that has high assurance levels and high convenience levels. It is difficult to achieve the ideal signature in the electronic world. Under the current state of technology, there is an inverse relationship between convenience and assurance levels of electronic signatures.
  10. 10. Signature Examples: Categories • Signatures can be grouped in the following categories: • Manuscript • Bio-physical (DNA, thumbprints) • Electronic
  11. 11. And « Digital » Signatures? • Cryptography • Typical uses: – Cleartext transmission (no modification, sender identification) – Crypted transmission (cyphertext) • Symetric v. Asymetric cryptography • Private key, public key • Note of caution (PKC & PKI)
  12. 12. Importance of PKI • Public Key Infrastructure: • key creation process; • keypair association to an identity, usually with a certificate • keypair management (expiration, renewals, revocation, backup copies…) • authentification process (1-2-3 factors) • protection of: (a) keypair creation process; and (b) encryption / decryption process, software and hardware
  13. 13. Signature Examples: Scenarios Email with Signature Block Secure web site with user credentials Documents signed; content and signature validated by third party Digital Signatures
  14. 14. The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic Signature Solution
  15. 15. The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic Signature Solution (cont’d)
  16. 16. The Legal Challenge: Choosing an Electronic Signature Solution (cont’d)
  17. 17. Next Steps • Electronic Legal Information – Going Paperless: CCCT Guidelines – Creation of a Working Group (1 jurisdiction) – Premiss: the legal doc in pdf/a – Validation with other jurisdictions • Macro common sense approach… → Principle of proportionality between required reliability and deployed means
  18. 18. Patrick Cormier B.Sc., LL.B./BCL, CD Canadian Centre for Court Technology p c o r m i e r @ c c c t – c c t j . c a + 1 ( 5 1 4 ) 8 9 4 – 9 4 7 7 PowerPoint by Olivier Jaar, M.Sc.

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