Maximizing benefit of Open Data through Linked Data Services

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Short talk for Inside Government event "Future of Open Data in the Public Sector"

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  • Brief, highlight Land Registry earlier talk
  • Heard many great examples and advice throughout the day ...
  • Just publishing doesn’t delivery those benefitsNeed people to see the data, understand, exploit itA number of factors ...
  • These groups have different skills, different requirements for how they access your dataJust posting a spreadsheet “dump” may not be enough to get your data used
  • Pick one running example of Linked Open Data published by Environment AgencyJust an example – EA have other LOD datasets and other psb, including ones we’ve heard from today such as LR, have adopted similar approaches
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • Extensible data platformBasic platform – dumps + query – specialists onlyWeb API to allow easier accessEnvironment agency appThird party phone appAdd widget support to make access easierUsed by local authority web sitesand beach displaysGood beach guidePublish more datasets into same platform, data just integrations, doesn’t break apps but allows extensionsProfiles – replaces separate PDF workflow, cost saving, consistencypollution predications – comms channel to beach front operators, put up sign, affects complianceso open data becomes embedded in operations
  • ...Information in context – including linking from application to underlying data sources and models so others can take data behind the application and use it new ways
  • Maximizing benefit of Open Data through Linked Data Services

    1. 1. Maximizing benefit of Open Data through Linked Data Services Dave Reynolds @der42
    2. 2. Who are we? Help organizations exploit Linked Data through: – – – – – Consultancy Training Data hosting Applications development Software tools Customers include: Land Registry Environment Agency Cabinet Office Ordnance Survey DEFRA The National Archive BBC MetOffice Bristol CC
    3. 3. Many reasons to open data Identifying best practice and waste How can I deliver a more efficient court service Supporting informed choices Helping parents identify the best school for their children in a locality Choice “Sunlight is the best disinfectant’ Publishing financial data, contracts, and Job holders above SCS1 Accountability Raw material for enterprise to build with Life Sciences – the NHS is global data centre for innovation Economic Growth Public Sector Productivity Transparency & Open Data Driving up quality and improving outcomes Publishing comparable data on GP outcomes Public Sector Outcomes Social Growth Helping people help themselves By accessing personal health records online.
    4. 4. Just publishing the data doesn’t, of itself, deliver any of these You need people to: – find your data – understand it – do something with it
    5. 5. So make sure you get those benefits maximizing the reach of your data – intrinsic value of the data – direct and indirect support for use • training and documentation • demonstrators • competitions, hackdays, recognition – get data to your users • in a form that works for them • with context and connections to make it useful
    6. 6. Which users? Data scientist? Partner public bodies? Developers? flickr © yandle Citizens? Field workers?
    7. 7. each of these users have different requirements for how they access the data and the support they need
    8. 8. Beyond the data dump ... flickr © fdecomite
    9. 9. What’s wrong with data dumps? Good things: – low cost to publish – universal, wide range of tools – power users will always want this Issues: – what if I only want a small part? – what do the entries means? – how do I keep it up to date? change v.s. correction – how do the terms here relate to my other data?
    10. 10. Focus of talk set of open web standards for data publication – supports data services, not just bulk down loads – enables datasets to be connected, contextualized Linked Data illustrate via case study of environmental data
    11. 11. Bathing water quality start of season Press interest 15th May bathing season what information is relevant to the public about beaches 20-22 samples in 22weeks 30th Sept annual report November what we do December
    12. 12. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform Bathing water Sampling point query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . }
    13. 13. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform Bathing water Sampling point query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API
    14. 14. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform Bathing water Sampling point Environment Agency query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API
    15. 15. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform Bathing water Sampling point Environment Agency query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API
    16. 16. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform Bathing water Sampling point Environment Agency query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API
    17. 17. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } Bathing water web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency
    18. 18. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } Bathing water web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities
    19. 19. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } Bathing water web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities
    20. 20. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } Bathing water web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities
    21. 21. Data platform Operational data quality assessment dumps Linked data platform query SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } Bathing water web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities Marine conservation society
    22. 22. Data platform Operational data quality assessment profiles dumps Linked data platform Bathing water query Profile SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities Marine conservation society
    23. 23. Data platform Operational data quality assessment profiles pollution predictions dumps Linked data platform Bathing water query Profile SELECT DISTINCT * WHERE { bwq-iss:latest qb:observation ?o . } web API Sampling point Arup Environment Agency Local authorities Marine conservation society
    24. 24. Adopting this approach delivered ... • very broad reach for data – public, third sector, local government, beach operators • simplified operations – publish once, use many – replaced separate publishing chains by simple apps • integrated view over the data – measurements, assessments, profiles, predictions • incrementally extend over time – series of small steps, just pour more data into the platform But where are the links?
    25. 25. Links are everywhere
    26. 26. Links are everywhere
    27. 27. Links are everywhere Sample Assessment
    28. 28. Links are everywhere Sample Assessment
    29. 29. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment Higher
    30. 30. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment Higher
    31. 31. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment Higher
    32. 32. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false
    33. 33. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false
    34. 34. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false
    35. 35. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather source Higher false
    36. 36. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather source Higher false
    37. 37. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather source Higher false
    38. 38. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach
    39. 39. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach
    40. 40. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile
    41. 41. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile
    42. 42. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile
    43. 43. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    44. 44. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    45. 45. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    46. 46. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    47. 47. Links are everywhere sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    48. 48. Links are everywhere Bathing water regulations sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    49. 49. Links are everywhere Bathing water regulations sample classification Sample Assessment abnormal weather Higher false source Sampling point Bathing water Clevedon Beach Profile North Somerset
    50. 50. Essence of Linked Data approach ... • break information into set of resources – bathing waters, sampling points, individual assessments • give each a web address, URL – so you can reference it and fetch information on it • this enables you to – – – – connect data, across organizational boundaries incrementally extend data always access the latest version put information in context so it can be understood • based on open (W3C) standards – data representation, vocabularies, query
    51. 51. Messages Maximize the reach an impact of your data: – provide multiple delivery channels • publish once, use many – link to other data sets • context and value – provide reference data that others can link to • eco-system of connected data – consider use of Linked Data open standards as a means to achieve all this

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