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Csear 2010 buhr iba

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  • 1. FILLING THE HOLE IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS: MINING COMPANIES, ABORIGINAL PEOPLES AND IMPACT BENEFIT AGREEMENTS IN CANADA   Nola Buhr Edwards School of Business University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada CSEAR St. Andrew’s 2010
  • 2. OUTLINE
    • Where I am at in the project
    • Aboriginal peoples in Canada
    • Area of interest
    • Environmental Impact Assessments
    • Impact Benefit Agreements
    • Research methodology
    • Where is the accounting?
  • 3. WHERE I AM AT IN THE PROJECT
    • At the proposal stage…..
  • 4. ABORIGINAL PEOPLES IN CANADA
    • 3 groups of Indigenous peoples in Canada: Indian, Métis and Inuit
    • First Nations (FN) people identified with a community; nearly all have land base
    • FN Communities governed by the Indian Act with Chief and Band Council
    • 615 First Nations communities in Canada with more than 50 nations/cultural groups
    • Almost two thirds of these communities have fewer than 500 residents
  • 5. ABORIGINAL PEOPLES IN CANADA
    • Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples 1996 identifies 4 stages
      • Separate worlds (prior to 1500)
      • Contact and cooperation (1500 to 1812)
      • Displacement and assimilation (1812 to 1969)
      • Negotiation and renewal (1969 onwards)
    • History has resulted in a unique relationship between Aboriginal peoples and Canada
  • 6. AREA OF INTEREST
    • Athabasca Working group
    • 2 uranium companies
      • Cameco and Cogema
    • The 3 FN communities of the Athabasca Basin
      • Black Lake Denesuline First Nation
      • Fond du Lac Denesuline First Nation
      • Hatchet Lake Denesuline First Nation
    • Along with Camsell Portage, Wollaston Lake, Uranium City and Stony Rapids
  • 7. AREA OF INTEREST
  • 8. AREA OF INTEREST
  • 9. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
    • Evaluation of the natural, social and economic impact of major projects
    • Required by environmental legislation in Canada since the 1970s
    • Meant to include:
      • Community consultation
      • Impact mitigation
      • Monitoring of actual impacts
    • A license to operate
  • 10. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS
    • What happens next….
    • Need to compare actual impacts with hypothesized impacts!
    • Follow-up post “license granting” not done well!
  • 11. IMPACT BENEFIT AGREEMENTS
    • New institutional arrangements dealing with environmental, social and economic outcomes
    • Commitment to ensure positive socio-economic benefits in addition to any negative impacts
    • Contract a community and a company that provides Aboriginal consent or support for a project to proceed
    • Also known as: participation agreements, benefits agreements, supraregulatory agreements, benefits sharing agreements
  • 12. IMPACT BENEFIT AGREEMENTS
    • Already a subject of study by the geography area
    • For example: Masters thesis:
      • The Relationship between Environmental Agreements and Environmental Impact Assessment Follow-up in Saskatchewan’s Uranium Industry
      • by Jasmine Angie Birk
  • 13. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
    • Clearly a case study
    • Focus on relationship between uranium mining company Cameco (one of the world’s largest uranium companies) and its stakeholders
    • Use of public documents
    • Open-ended interviews
  • 14. WHERE IS THE ACCOUNTING?