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Introduction to sustainability principles 101 june 2 2010


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Introduction to sustainability principles 101 june 2 2010

  1. 1. Introduction to Sustainability Principles In preparation for the EALP Leadership Class Trip to Greensburg, Kansas Presented by Sustainability Team Members Laura Brown, Jason Kauffield, Mary Kluz, Catherine Neiswender June 2, 2010
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Why are we here today? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greensburg’s experiment in sustainability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What do we mean by sustainability? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability basics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time – Relationships - Resilience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How are sustainability questions being approached and responded to at the community level? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Natural Step and Transition Towns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Engagement </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Only a crisis—actual or perceived—produces real change. When that crisis occurs, the actions that are taken depend on the ideas that are lying around . That, I believe, is our basic function: to develop alternatives to existing policies, to keep them alive and available until the politically impossible becomes politically inevitable . Milton Friedman
  4. 4. Why are we talking about sustainability?
  5. 7. Sustainability Basics <ul><li>Time (and change) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience </li></ul>
  6. 8. World Population, 10,000 BC to Present
  7. 10. Societal Pressure on Earth Systems Source: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, 2004
  8. 11. Societal Pressure on Earth Systems Source: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, 2004
  9. 12. Sustainability Basics <ul><li>Time (and change) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Supporting </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrient cycling </li></ul><ul><li>Soil formation </li></ul><ul><li>Primary production </li></ul>Categories of Ecosystem Services Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Washington, DC: Island Press. <ul><li>Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Freshwater </li></ul><ul><li>Wood and fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel </li></ul><ul><li>Regulating </li></ul><ul><li>Climate regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Flood regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Disease regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Water purification </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational </li></ul>
  11. 14. How much is 2 trillion barrels of oil anyway? How many trillion barrels of water are there in the Great Lakes system? Source: Midwest Permaculture and the Energy Information Center http://
  12. 15. We will replace oil with other forms of energy…!!! Source: The Oil Drum .com
  13. 16. Industrial Ascent (Modernism) Energy & Resource Use Population Pollution Climax Techno-Fantasy Green-Tech Stability Earth stewardship Mad Max Great Grand Children Agriculture 10.000yrs BP Industrial Revolution Baby Boom Pre-industrial sustainable culture Historical Time Future Time Creative Descent Where are we going?
  14. 18. Sustainability Basics <ul><li>Time (and change) </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Resilience </li></ul>
  15. 19. “ Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Intergenerational equity Source: World Commission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future. The Brundtland Report. O xford University Press, 1987, p. 43. Defining Sustainable Development
  16. 20. “ It contains two key concepts: the concept of “needs,” in particular the essential needs of the world’s poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and future needs.” Intragenerational equity Environmental limits Defining Sustainable Development Source: World Commission on Environment and Development. Our Common Future. The Brundtland Report. O xford University Press, 1987, p. 43.
  17. 21. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Transcendence Self Actualization Aesthetic Needs Need to Know and Understand Esteem Needs Belonging and Love Needs Safety Needs Physiological Needs
  18. 22. Community Development <ul><li>a group of people in a locality </li></ul><ul><li>initiating a social action process (i.e., planned intervention) </li></ul><ul><li>to change their economic, social, cultural, and/or environmental situation </li></ul>
  19. 23. Community Emphasis <ul><li>Grassroots energy and action </li></ul><ul><li>Place-based </li></ul><ul><li>Where our individual/household and business/institutional lives meet </li></ul><ul><li>“All politics is local” </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life and quality of place </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive and holistic </li></ul><ul><li>The list goes on </li></ul>
  20. 24. Sustainable Community Development Sustainability Revolution and Paradigm Change Early 1970s and still evolving <ul><li>Old Paradigm 1970’s- 90’s </li></ul><ul><li>Limits to population growth, carrying capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Physical infrastructure, technology development </li></ul><ul><li>Business and industry </li></ul><ul><li>Training and social resources </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable living </li></ul><ul><li>New Paradigm 2000 + </li></ul><ul><li>Holistic focus: human, social, and natural capital </li></ul><ul><li>Economic, social, and ecological relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle Assessment </li></ul>
  21. 25. Evolving Views of the Community Unconnected or silos view Interconnected or linkages view Interdependent, nested, or systems view Environment Economy Society Environment Economy Society Environment Society Economy
  22. 26. How are sustainability questions being approached and responded to at the community level?
  23. 27. Wisconsin Eco-municipalities <ul><li>Town of La Pointe </li></ul><ul><li>City of Washburn </li></ul><ul><li>City of Ashland </li></ul><ul><li>City of Madison </li></ul><ul><li>City of Bayfield </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Bayfield </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas County </li></ul><ul><li>Village of Johnson Creek </li></ul><ul><li>City of Marshfield </li></ul><ul><li>City of Manitowoc </li></ul><ul><li>City of Neenah </li></ul><ul><li>City of Menasha </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Menasha </li></ul><ul><li>City of Eau Claire </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Cottage Grove </li></ul><ul><li>City of La Crosse </li></ul><ul><li>La Crosse County </li></ul><ul><li>City of Stevens Point </li></ul><ul><li>City of Wausau </li></ul><ul><li>City of Beloit </li></ul><ul><li>City of Baraboo </li></ul><ul><li>City of Sheboygan </li></ul><ul><li>Dunn County </li></ul><ul><li>Village of Spring Green </li></ul><ul><li>Village of Colfax </li></ul><ul><li>Town of Greenville </li></ul><ul><li>Village of Shorewood </li></ul>
  24. 28. Transition Model <ul><li>“ . . . a positive, solutions-focused way of gathering those around you together to start exploring community-scale responses to peak oil and climate change.” </li></ul>Rob Hopkins. The Transition Handbook , 2008.
  25. 29. Transition Town Initiatives <ul><li>Life with lower energy consumption is inevitable, and it’s better to plan for it than to be taken by surprise. </li></ul><ul><li>Our communities presently lack the resilience to enable them to weather the coming changes. </li></ul><ul><li>We have to act collectively, we have to act locally, and we have to act now. </li></ul><ul><li>By unleashing the skills and ideas of the community we can creatively design our energy transition and build ways of living that are connected, enriching and sustainable. </li></ul>
  26. 30. The Natural Step Framework <ul><li>A shared science- and systems-based definition for sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>A decision-making framework and process to help organizations and communities plan for sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>A compass to help us know if we’re moving in the right direction </li></ul>Source material from TNS Canada
  27. 31. Resource Funnel Resource Availability and Ecosystem Ability to Provide Vital Services Raw materials, ecosystem services, declining integrity and capacity of natural systems Sustainability Margin for Action Societal Demand for Resources Growth in population, resource requirements as affluence increases, increased demands as technology spreads Source: Nattrass, Brian, and Altomare, Mary. The Natural Step for Business. New Society Publishers, 1999.
  28. 32. Four Sustainability Principles ...concentrations of substances extracted from the Earth’s crust, ...concentrations of substances produced by society, ...degradation by physical means, ...people are not subject to conditions that systematically undermine their capacity to meet their needs. In a sustainable society, nature is not subject to systematically increasing ... and, in that society...
  29. 33. Three Rules for Decision-Making <ul><li>Sustainable scale </li></ul><ul><li>Just distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient allocation </li></ul>Source: Daly, Herman. Ecological Economics. Island Press, 2004.
  30. 34. Other Approaches and Access Points <ul><li>Eco-teams- Household Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Energy and Efficiency (LEED etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development- Triple Bottom Line </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture and Natural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Community and Land Use Planning </li></ul>
  31. 35. Sarah James and Torbjorn Lahti. The Natural Step New Society Publishers 2004
  32. 36. A Growing Movement <ul><li>Community stories </li></ul>
  33. 37. Thank you! <ul><li>For more sustainability resources check out the Sustainability Team website </li></ul><ul><li>Other resources referenced: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Hopkins, Rob and Richard Heinberg (2008) The Transition Handbook: From Oil Dependency to Local Resilience. Chelsea Green. </li></ul><ul><li>Lahti, Torbjorn and Sarah James. (2004) The Natural Step for Communities: How Cities and Towns can Change to Sustainable Practices. New Society Publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Mcmichael, Philip. (2004) Development and Social Change. Sage Publications. </li></ul>