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guitar history, evolution, how its made, how it works, and how to read music

guitar history, evolution, how its made, how it works, and how to read music

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  • I did my Senior Graduation Project on Guitar\n
  • ***Read the Thesis***\n
  • \n
  • -I have always been an athlete ever since I can remember. \n-In first Grade I started playing the Violin, \n-Then in fifth Grade I changed to the Saxophone.\n-I continued to play the Saxophone until I switched again to Drums and Percussion in the seventh Grade which I played for two years. \n-In High School however, I did not play any instruments any more. \n\n-Learning the Guitar has always been a personal dream of mine that I wished to accomplish at some point in my life.\n-So I figured what better time to do so then the Senior Graduation Project where I could accomplish a life dream, learn a new hobby, and hopefully graduate because of it. \n\n
  • -A guitar is a stringed Instrument consisting of 6 strings but could be either more or less\n-A member of the instrument family Chordophones\n-Split into 3 main sections: the head, the neck and the body\n\n\n
  • -The Head (or headstock)= The Very far end of the Guitar where the pegs are located\n-The Pegs=the metal pieces on the head that are twisted to adjust the tension in each string in order to achieve a specific note\n-The Nut=located where the head meets the neck, needed to raise the strings up so they don’t rest on the neck\n
  • -The Neck=The long narrow part which the steel strings run along\n-Frets=Metal pieces along the neck that serve as a reference point for certain notes when playing\n-Position Markers are also used in a similar manner, they are pieces of pearl or cheap plastic embedded in the neck\n-Fingerboard=The plastic covering that runs the length of the neck that the strings are pressed against\n-Heel=on the back of the guitar, connects the neck to the body\n\n
  • -The Body=The largest part of the guitar (the curvy part)\n-Bridge=Piece of wood that the strings stretch over, transfers the vibrations from plucking to the soundboard\n-Saddle=where the strings lay as they pass over the bridge\n-Soundboard=the face of the guitar, transmits the vibrations from the bridge to the sound box\n-Soundbox=the hollow part of the guitar, amplifies the vibrations into sounds\n-Sound hole=the hole cut in the face of the guitar that allows for the sound to come out\n\n
  • -An Electric Guitar is very similar to an acoustic guitar but there are a few differences:\n-Instead of having the bridge transfer the vibrations to a soundboard and then to a sound box, Pickups convert the vibrations from the strings into electrical frequencies that are then turned into sound\n-Without a sound box there is no need for a sound hole so an electric guitar doesn’t have one\n-Tremolo Bar or whammy bar is used to temporarily alter the tension in the strings, creating a different vibration that the pickups ‘pickup’ creating a pitch bend affect. \n\n\n
  • -The earliest known guitar is 3000 years old and it doubled as a weapon\n-Small hunting bows were plucked to create a ‘twanging’ sound that was repeated in beats to create songs\n-One end of the bow would be held in the hunter mouth while the other was held in one hand, the free hand was then able to strum the string\n-Other plucking instruments evolved out of this\n-These instruments included wires or strings strung across bowls \n-usually made of wood but also clay or sometimes even melons\n\n\n
  • -A thousand years later, legend credits Hermes with developing a more modern looking guitar\n-Hermes stole Apollos cattle and on his way home Hermes killed a turtle to eat\n-He took the top part of the shell and stretched leather over it. \n- He Then shoved sticks into the head and tail holes so that they stuck up over the leather and stretched cow guts between the sticks\n-He then strummed away, this got him caught by Apollo, the God of both War and Music (because of the guitar origins as a weapon)\n-He only escaped with his life by giving Apollo his new guitar\n\n
  • Over the Centuries many different kinds of guitar like instruments developed throughout Europe\nSome of which included:\n-Chetarah of the Assyrians\n-Kinnura of the Hebrews\n-Qitra of the Chaldeans\n-Sitar of the Persians \n-Kithara of the Greeks\nWars helped spread these instruments throughout Europe \n-The invasion of Spain by the Moors spread the Rebec \n-The Crusades of the 12th Century spread older versions of the Lute and Vihuela to the middle east\n-As the instruments spread, people began to experiment with each and make changes that eventually led to a more modern looking guitar\n-These early guitars had anywhere from 3-20 strings, No One knows why we settled at 6\n-It is assumed because as the neck grew longer it allowed for a wider variety of notes to be played on a single string, therefore reducing the need for the extra strings\n\nSo how is a modern day guitar made?\nIt starts with the materials\n
  • -The back and sides of the guitar are made out of East Indian or Brazilian rosewood.\n-Brazilian Rosewood is the wood of choice but in order to maintain the woods dwindling supply the Brazilian government has raised the price of their rosewood; making Indian Rosewood the new wood of choice by default\n-Really cheap guitars are made of mahogany or maple but the sound quality suffers from this cheaper wood\n-The soundboard is commonly made of Alpine Spruce or American Sitka\n-Cheap guitars sometimes use Cedar or Redwood but these woods are soft and damge very easily\n-The Neck Is made of Mahogany because of its ability to with stand changes in temperature and humidity, as well as the tension of the strings\n-The Fingerboard is ideally made of Ebony but rosewood is often a cheap substitute\n-The Strings are made of steel\n\nThe wood selection is the most important part of making a good guitar. Each piece of wood must be free of flaws and have a straight, vertical grain.\n\n
  • -Bookmatching is the method used to create the top and bottom of the guitar\n-A piece of wood larger then that of the guitar body is sliced in half length wise to create two equal sized pieces that are now each half of the width of the original\n-The two pieces are then matched up with their symmetric grain and glued together\n-When the glue is dried the wood is sanded down to proper thickness \n-The guitar shape is then drawn and cut into the wood\n-The top piece also has the sound hole cut into it at this time\n
  • -Wood braces are next glued to the underside of the top piece, this is to both; \n-Brace the wood against the pull of the strings\n-Control the way the top vibrates \n-Strutting has a great affect on the guitar's tone\n-Every company has a different style and pattern for their braces\n-The back is not as acoustically important as the top but is still critical to the guitar's sound\n-Its strips of wood run parallel from left to right with one cross-grained strip running down the length of the back's glue joint\n \n\n
  • -The Sides are cut and sanded to the proper length and thickness\n-The wood is then soaked in water to soften it\n-The soft wood is then placed into a mold that curves it into the proper shape\n-The wood and mold is clamped for a long period (about a week) to ensure symmetry\n-The End blocks are then used to connect the two sides together at both the top and bottom of the guitar\n-Reinforcement wood is then placed along the inner sides so that the guitar doesn’t break if bumped from the side\n-The top and the back are glued to the sides\n-Clamps are used to keep everything in place while the basswood glue dries\n\n
  • -One solid piece of wood is used to make the neck\n-A reinforcement rod is placed into middle of the neck\n-The fingerboard then covers up this reinforcement rod \n-Specific Measurements are then used to cut slots into the fingerboard\n-Steel wires are put into these slots to mark the frets on the neck\n-A heel is then glued to the top side of the body\n-Once the heel is in place the neck is attached to the body and the heel for extra support\n-The entire guitar receives a coat of sealer and multiple coats of lacquer\n\n\n
  • -A bridge is then attached just below the sound-hole\n-A saddle is also fitted and is extremely important in the transferring of string vibration to the guitar top. \n-The nut is placed on the opposite end of the neck\n-The tuning machine is next fitted to the guitar head. \n-This machine is the most delicate parts of the guitar and is mounted on the back of the head. \n-The pegs that hold each string poke through to the front\n-The gears that turn both the pegs and the string-tightening keys are housed in metal casings\n-The Guitar is then Strung \n-A lot people inspect the guitar both looking for flaws and making sure its playable\n-This ensures that the customer is getting a high quality product (only the best guitars leave the factory)\n-This entire process can take anywhere between three weeks and two months \n-Depending on the amount of decorative detail work on the guitar.\n\n\n
  • -Music is made through the vibrations of the strings\n-The vibrations travel through the strings and are then transferred to the saddle\n-The saddle then vibrates the bridge which passes the vibrations to the soundboard.\n-These vibrations are then amplified through the sound box(or the body)\n\n
  • Demonstrate on this diagram\nWe can demonstrate this process through an experiment\n
  • Try this experiment:\nTightly seal a largish bowl with plastic wrap as shown. (Tape the plastic wrap to the sides of the bowl to hold it in place if it is not clinging very well.)\nTape a rubber band to the center of the taut plastic wrap and twang the rubber band.\nCompare how loud the sound is to a plain rubber band that is not taped to plastic wrap.\n\n
  • It should look like this\n-Do you hear the difference in sound when you pluck the rubber band against the plastic wrap compared to the sound of just a rubber band?\n-The plastic wrap acts like the sound board or face of the guitar and the bowl acts like the hollowed out body. This is how the sound gets amplified so that you can hear it.\n
  • -Electric guitars and Acoustic guitars have several things in common \n-They both typically have six strings, \n-On the head they both have tuning pegs and they both have frets on a long neck.\n-The body is where the major differences occur\n-Most Electric Guitars have a solid body, this means that there is no hollow body for the sound to resinate and amplify in.\n-The sound is produced through magnetic pickups, rather then through the vibrations passing through the saddle and bridge like in an acoustic guitar.\n-This sound is then amplified by connecting the guitar to an amp.\n-If you pluck a string on an electric guitar that is not plugged in there is barely any sound \n\n
  • -A pickup is a bar magnet wrapped 7,000 times with fine wire. \n-The vibrating steel strings produce a vibration in the magnet's magnetic field and therefore a vibrating current in the coil. \n-The coils and magnets turn vibrating current is motion \n-This motion gets turned into an electrical signal\n-The signal is then carried down the cord to the amp where it is turned back into sound\n\n
  • -The amp's job is to take the guitar's signal and make it louder\n -The amp is actually considered a part of the instrument\n-The role of an electric guitar amp is completely different from the amp in a stereo\n-Its job is to make the sound of each note audible and at a loud level.\nA stereo amps job is to reproduce and amplify sound with as little distortion as possible\n-Distortion is when the signal in an amp's circuitry is too powerful for that circuitry\n-With an electric guitar amp, musicians often seek distortion or other sound bends\n-Many amps are designed with pedals and/or switches to control the distortion level\n
  • -The notes on the staff depend on the Clef located on the left of the staff. \n-A Treble Clef, for higher pitches, is located on the Left, and the Bass Clef, for lower pitches, is on the Right\n-For the Treble Clef, also known as the G Clef, the curl on the symbols right side circles the second line from the bottom of the top staff- designating it as the ‘G’ line. \n-Therefore, a note placed on this line would be named “G”\n-For the Bass Clef, also known as the F Clef, The top curl of the bass clef symbol designates the second line from the top of the bottom staff as the “F” line. \n-Therefore, a note placed on this line would be named “F”.\n\nA helpful sentence to memorize the notes located on the lines in a Treble Clef is the sentence\n-Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge \n-With the first letter of each word being the note (from bottom to top)\nA helpful word to remember the spaces is\n-FACE\nWith each letter being a note (from bottom to top) \n\nA helpful sentence to memorize the notes located on the lines in a Bass Clef is the sentence\n-Good Boys Do Fine Always\n-With the first letter of each word being the note (from bottom to top)\nA helpful sentence to remember the spaces is\n-All Cows Eat Grass\n-With the first letter of each word being the note (from bottom to top)\n\n\n\n\n
  • -This is Called the Grand Staff\n-As you can see the Treble Clef is on top of the Bass Clef\n-The musical alphabet is what is used to name the pitches that are notes\n-The musical alphabet is only 7 letters\n-A B C D E F G H\n-So if you are able to identify one note on any of the clefs you can then letter off the rest of the notes as above\n***DEMONSTRATE THESE NOTES***\n-The C note that is in the middle of the two clefs is known as the ‘Middle C’ and this is what is used to link the two clefs\n
  • -Sheet music acts as a list of directions as to how to read music\n-The Clef tells you what pitch you are playing in\n-There are also two numbers stacked on top of eachother in the top left of the music, this tells you how many beats there are per measure\n-3/4 means 3 beats per measure \n-4/4 or a c means 4 beats\n-Each note then tells you where to put your fingers to play and who long to wait until you play the next note\n-And measures in the line help you to keep track of where you are\n-The main kinds of notes\n-A quarter note is a circle with a tail that is shaded in, this takes 1 beat\n-A half note is a circle with a tail that is not shaded in, this takes two beats\n- And a whole note is just a circle, this takes all four beats\n\nThere are also \n-notes with dots after them which means that they last 1 and a half of what the note should\n-Tied notes are notes with a curved line connecting them, this means that the note lasts as long as all the notes combined\n- The notes that are connected together are eighth or sixteenth notes which means that two or even four are played per beat \n\n-It does not make a difference weather or not the tail of the note is pointing up or down\n-A chord is shown with multiple notes on top of each other\n\n-So as you can see sheet music can get a bit confusing\n\n\n
  • A much easier way to read music is through guitar Tablature\n-Tablature uses 6 lines, one for every string\n-But instead of notes on each line there is a number to distinguish the fret at which that string should be played at\n-1=1st, 2=2nd, 3=3rd...0=Open\n-It is read from left to right and which ever number comes first is played first. \n-Also just like sheet music a chord is displayed with mulitple notes stacked on top of eachother\n\n-However a huge disadvantage of Tablature is that they have no way of telling you the rythm or timing of the song\n\n-I found reading guitar tabs much easier then sheet music because of how simplistic it is\n
  • My Application Component consisted of teaching myself how to play the guitar\n-In Order to do this I had to Review Music Theory\n-Learn Proper Technique\n-Learn how to play the notes that I am reading off of the music\n-Learn a song\n
  • ***Play the Recording***\n\nThe First Notes I learned to play were\n\nE F G B C D\n\nE is just the first string played openly\nF is the first fret on the first string\nG is the third fret on the first string\nB is the second string played openly\nC is the first fret on the second string\nD is the third fret on the second string\n\nI later learned that A is the third string and the 2nd fret \nAnd that a G is also played on an open third string\n\nSo the whole musical alphabet from G to A and back through to G sounds like this. \n\n\n***Play these notes as I explain them***\n
  • The First Song I learned to play was “Ode to Joy” by Beethoven\n***Play the first recording***\nAs you can tell I was not very good at putting the notes together at first.\n\n
  • ***Play the second Recording***\nBut if you listen to this I eventually got much better as I began to get the timing down\n
  • I then tried to learn Chords.\n***Play the Recording***\nChords take are a group of notes all played at the same time.\n\nThe First chord I tried to learn was C Chord, It consists of:\n-First Fret on the first string\n-Second Fret on the fourth string\n-And the third fret on the fifth string\n\nI then tried to learn the G7 chord, it consists of\n-First fret on the First string\n-second fret on the fifth string\n-and third fret on the sixth string\n\n\nI struggled a lot with this because without having anyone to tell me weather or not I was right I was not sure if i was\n\nSo I figured I should probably play a song for you.\nI debated a lot about what song to play and I eventually settled on one of the most well known and popular guitar songs there is...\n
  • Kum Bah Yah\n\n*** Play “Kum Bah Yah”\n
  • The Most Helpful Sources were:\n-Made How by Jim Acton\n-This went into great detail about how guitars are made and it really taught me a lot\nHow Acoustic Guitars Work by Brian Marshall\n-This was similar to Acton’s because it went step by step and explained how a guitar works\nAnd the Most Helpful source was How to Play Guitar by Roger Evans\n-This is the book that actually taught me how to play basic notes and chords as well as read sheet music and Tablature\n
  • \n
  • This project really Taught me a lot...\n-How the guitar started as a hunting bow being plucked while held in hunters teeth\n-War is what helped evolve the guitar into what we know it as today\n-A lot! is put into Creating a guitar that is playable\n-It takes a skilled craftsman to be able to work the wood into the shapes \n-Most of all I learned a skill that I will know for the rest of my life and develop on from here on out\n\nANY QUESTIONS????\n
  • \n

Guitar Guitar Presentation Transcript

  • GuitarConor Crowe
  • ThesisI plan to develop a greater appreciation for the guitar byresearching the components of the guitar, its originsand evolution, as well as how its made. Also throughreview of the concept of music theory that I originallylearned in first grade, I hope to teach myself how toplay an acoustic guitar.
  • “I just hate to be in one corner. I hate to be put as only a guitar player, or either only as a songwriter, or only as a tap dancer. I like to move around.” -Jimi Hendrixhttp://kfrc.radio.com/artists/jimi-hendrix/
  • Personal Relevance
  • WHAT IS A GUITAR? Webster, Merriam. "Acoustic Guitar." Visual Dictionary Online. Merriam Webster, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://visual.merriam-webster.com/http://img3.musiciansfriend.com/dbase/pics/products/7/4/8/374748.jpg arts-architecture/music/stringed-instruments/acoustic-guitar.php>.
  • HEAD http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/adam1975/adam19750701/adam1975070100043/709769- head-of-classical-acoustic-guitar-isolated-on-perfect-white-background.jpg Webster, Merriam. "Acoustic Guitar." Visual Dictionary Online. Merriam Webster,http://wronashouseofviolins.com/1951-Zephyr-Deluxe-Regent-head-inlays-closeup_100_0339.jpg n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://visual.merriam-webster.com/ arts-architecture/music/stringed-instruments/acoustic-guitar.php>.
  • NECKhttp://orgs.usd.edu/nmm/PluckedStrings/Guitars/D%27Angelico/10827/10827DAngelicaguitarneckheel.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_xWjoeLNcmQo/Spa4gM2coCI/AAAAAAAADbA/F1SDQLuEe4o/s400/ f100oss_neck+(2).jpg Webster, Merriam. "Acoustic Guitar." Visual Dictionary Online. Merriam Webster, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://visual.merriam-webster.com/ arts-architecture/music/stringed-instruments/acoustic-guitar.php>.
  • BODY http://www.imagineguitars.com/guitars/ Webster, Merriam. "Acoustic Guitar." Visual Dictionary Online. Merriam Webster, guitar_acoustic_images/breedlove/breedlove_c25_koakoa/bl_10901_up_front_close.jpg n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://visual.merriam-webster.com/ arts-architecture/music/stringed-instruments/acoustic-guitar.php>.
  • ELECTRIC GUITAR Acton, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>.http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumblarge_254/1207046263W3j9eM.jpg
  • Origins Berkowitz, Carl. 3000 Years of Classical Guitar History. Ebook Browse. N.p., 15 Feb. 1997. Web.http://huntingexperienceforyou.com/2009/05/bowhunting/.html 17 Feb. 2011. <http://ebookbrowse.com/‌classical-guitar-history-doc-d41658546>. http://www.soundingbowls.com/Recent_Commissions.htm
  • Berkowitz, Carl. 3000 Years of Classical Guitar History. Ebook Browse. N.p., 15 Feb. 1997. Web. Legend of Hermes 17 Feb. 2011. <http://ebookbrowse.com/‌classical-guitar-history-doc-d41658546>.http://freirecontabeis.spaceblog.com.br/tag/freirecontabeis/
  • Evolution Kinnura Sitar Qitra Kitharahttp://www.digparty.com/wiki/Kinnorhttp://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleid=684http://musique-magique.tumblr.com/ Rebechttp://www.flamenco-guitars.com/spanish_guitar_history.html Summerfield, Maurice J. The Classical Guitar: Its Evolution, Players, andhttp://www.cyclo-music.com/sitar.html Personalities Since 1800. London: Ashley Mark, 2002. Print.
  • MaterialsActon, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/3187366683 /http://www.nitsugamangore.com/be!ucci-concert-guitar-brazilian-rose-sinker-jan-31 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>.
  • Bookmatching http://www.salemboard.com/furniture/joinery_and_panels/book_matching/Acton, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. http://www.projectzion.com/woods.htm 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>.
  • StruttingActon, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>. http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtml
  • The SidesActon, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>. http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtml
  • Neck and FingerboardActon, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtml http://buildingtheergonomicguitar.com/2007/04/ 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>.
  • Finishing TouchesActon, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtml 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>.
  • How it Works Brain, Marshall. “How Acoustic Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>.http://www.layddee.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/John-Mayer.jpg http://www.rokpool.com/files/u1/john_lennon_0.jpg
  • Brain, Marshall. “How Acoustic Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>.
  • Class Activityhttp://www.classicvinylrecord.com/
  • How Electric Guitars Work Brain, Marshall. “How Electric Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>. http://www.lespaulguide.com/images/PeteTownshend.jpghttp://g1.globo.com/Noticias/PopArte/foto/0,,9959429-EX,00.jpg
  • Pick Ups Brain, Marshall. “How Electric Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>.
  • Amps Brain, Marshall. “How Electric Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>.http://www.flickr.com
  • Notes Aspraggins, Jason. "Musical Alphabet, Clefs, the Musical staff, and Keyboard." Music Notes 101. N.p., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2010. <http://musicnotes101.wordpress.com/2010/04/20/ the-musical-alphabet-clefs-the-musical-staff-and-the-keyboard/>.
  • Aspraggins, Jason. "Musical Alphabet, Clefs, the Musical staff, and Keyboard." Music Notes 101. N.p., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2010. <http://musicnotes101.wordpress.com/2010/04/20/ the-musical-alphabet-clefs-the-musical-staff-and-the-keyboard/>.
  • Sheet Music Evans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Playhttp://www.totalwallpapers.com/wallpapers1280.asp?number_id=1521 the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Tablature Learn to Read Guitar Tabs.” Guitar Friendly. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2011. <http://www.guitarfriendly.net/‌learn-to-read-guitar-tabs/>
  • Play the GuitarEvans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Play HTTP://I.EHOW.COM/IMAGES/A05/TH/5A/READ-MUSIC-ACOUSTIC-GUITARS-800X800.JPG the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Learning My First NotesEvans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Play http://www.flickr.com the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Learning My First Song Evans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Playhttp://www.flickr.com the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Learning My First Song Evans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Playhttp://www.flickr.com the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Attempting to Play Chords Evans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Playhttp://www.flickr.com the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print.
  • Kum Bah YahLatulippe, J. 101 Popular Songs: Guitar. Danvers: http://randalrauser.com/2011/04/the-campfire-post/ Santorella Publications, LTD., 2002. Print.
  • Works Cited Acton, Jim. “How Products are Made: Guitar.” Made How. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.madehow.com/‌Volume-1/‌Guitar.html>. This is one of the most useful sources I have used so far. It goes through the tedious process as to how a guitar is made step by step. Starting with what kind of materials are necessary it explains everything in a very simple but educated way. This is a lot like the How Stuff Works page written by Brian Marshall in the way it is laid out step by step and the language that it uses except instead of talking about how a guitar works, Acton explains how one is made.Aspraggins, Jason. “Musical Alphabet, Clefs, the Musical staff, and Keyboard.” Music Notes 101. N.p., 20 Apr. 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2010. <http://musicnotes101.wordpress.com/‌2010/‌04/‌20/‌the-musical-alphabet-clefs-the-musical-staff-and- the-keyboard/>. This website did a great job of reenforcing the information I learned in Roger Evans book. It really helped to confirm for me how to read music. Through simple diagrams and explanations it really helped to reteach me the music theory that I had once known. This site does a much better job of explaining clefs and how they affect notes, then the Evans book did.Berkowitz, Carl. 3000 Years of Classical Guitar History. Ebook Browse. N.p., 15 Feb. 1997. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://ebookbrowse.com/‌classical-guitar-history-doc-d41658546>. This book helped a ton in explaining the origins of the guitar. Going all the way back 3000 years to explain how the first stringed instrument came to be plucked is just the beginning of Berkowitz’s timeline. He then traces the history and evolution of stringed instruments as they branched off and became other forms of classical instruments. Being able to understand that instruments evolved over time, just like humans, made me really understand that everything that is on a modern guitar is there for a specific reason.Brain, Marshall. “How Acoustic Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>. Marshall Brain goes into great depth in explaining how an acoustic guitar works. He explains how it is made, the parts of the guitar and what each ones function is, as well as how the sound of each note is produced based on the shape of the guitar and the size of the body. I looked at a lot of sources to learn how the guitar actually works, but this is by far worded the best. It puts a scientific process into words that an everyday person can easily understand. The accompanying pictures and videos go even further into helping elaborate how the guitar produces sounds that people turn into the songs that we know and love.Brain, Marshall. “How Electric Guitars Work.” How Stuff Works. N.p., 1 Apr. 2000. Web. 21 Dec. 2010. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/‌guitar.htm>.“Electronics in Music.” Class Zone. McDougal Littell, 2008. Web. 17 Feb. 2011. <http://www.classzone.com/‌science_book/‌mls_grade7_FL/‌330_333.pdf>.Evans, Roger. How to Play Guitar: Everything You Need to Know to Play the Guitar. New York: St. Martins, 1979. Print. Roger Evans gives the aid of a private tutor without the cost. This book is written in a very simplistic manner that makes it easy for every reader to learn the basics of the guitar. Evans years of guitar experience show as he is able to make you feel like he is there teaching you. He gives a detailed explanation on everything from choosing and buying the correct guitar that is in good condition, to how to play each note and form basic chords. Unlike the learn to play guide by Freeth, this book does not go in to detail and does not actually teach you how to read music.Freeth, Nick. Learn How to Play the Guitar. London: Hermes House, 2004. Print. This book goes into great detail about the steps to learning to play the guitar. Over 200 photographs help to illustrate and teach both the electric and acoustic guitars. Freeth teaches everything from the basic chords to very complex situations such as transposing melodies from one key to another. This book actually teaches you how to read music as well. The notes are written in actual staves not tables like in the how to guide by Evans.Latulippe, J. 101 Popular Songs: Guitar. Danvers: Santorella Publications, LTD., 2002. Print. Where I got Sheet Music and Tablature to practice“Learn to Read Guitar Tabs.” Guitar Friendly. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Jan. 2011. <http://www.guitarfriendly.net/‌learn-to-read-guitar-tabs/>. This website explains the differences between reading sheet music and reading guitar tabs. With pictures to go along with the explanations it makes learning that much easier. The thing that this site does that Evans book does not do is teach you how to play chords on guitar tabs.Summerfield, Maurice J. The Classical Guitar: Its Evolution, Players, and Personalities Since 1800. London: Ashley Mark, 2002. Print. Maurice Summerfield goes into great depth in the history and development of the guitar. He covers the changes that the instrument has undergone as far back as the 1500’s, with great detail from 1800-present day. Besides covering the changes that the guitar has gone through Summerfield also provides biographies for over 300 influential people who have contributed to the development and evolution of the guitar and its music. This is the best source that I have found so far in regards to how the guitar has changed from its original form to the way we know it today. It also highlights a lot of important people in history, however it does include to many people and it is a little overwhelming and is to much to read them all.Webster, Merriam. “Acoustic Guitar.” Visual Dictionary Online. Merriam Webster, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2011. <http://visual.merriam-webster.com/‌arts-architecture/‌music/‌stringed-instruments/‌acoustic-guitar.php>. Merriam Webster’s does a great job of labeling the major parts that make up an acoustic guitar on a diagram. They then go into detail about all of the smaller parts that make up the major parts. A full description about the function and location of the parts of the guitar are all provided. This website does not describe how the parts work or how they are made like other websites I have used. However, it describes what the purpose of each part is.
  • Pictures http://img3.musiciansfriend.com/dbase/pics/products/7/4/8/374748.jpg http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/adam1975/adam19750701/adam1975070100043/709769-head-of-classical-acoustic-guitar-isolated-on-perfect-white-background.jpg http://wronashouseofviolins.com/1951-Zephyr-Deluxe-Regent-head-inlays-closeup_100_0339.jpg http://www.imagineguitars.com/guitars/guitar_acoustic_images/breedlove/breedlove_c25_koakoa/bl_10901_up_front_close.jpg http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumblarge_254/1207046263W3j9eM.jpg http://huntingexperienceforyou.com/2009/05/bowhunting/.html http://www.soundingbowls.com/Recent_Commissions.htm http://orgs.usd.edu/nmm/PluckedStrings/Guitars/D%27Angelico/10827/10827DAngelicaguitarneckheel.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_xWjoeLNcmQo/Spa4gM2coCI/AAAAAAAADbA/F1SDQLuEe4o/s400/f100oss_neck+(2).jpg http://www.digparty.com/wiki/Kinnor http://muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?articleid=684 http://musique-magique.tumblr.com/ http://www.flamenco-guitars.com/spanish_guitar_history.html http://www.cyclo-music.com/sitar.html http://freirecontabeis.spaceblog.com.br/tag/freirecontabeis/ http://www.salemboard.com/furniture/joinery_and_panels/book_matching/ http://www.projectzion.com/woods.htm http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtml http://buildingtheergonomicguitar.com/2007/04/ http://www.trentonscott.com/deerheadBackSides.shtmlhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/3187366683/http://www.nitsugamangore.com/bellucci-concert-guitar-brazilian-rose-sinker-jan-31http://www.totalwallpapers.com/wallpapers1280.asp?number_id=1521http://www.fakeplasticrock.com/2008/03/burning-a-fake-plastic-guitar-jimi-hendrix-would-be-proud/http://randalrauser.com/2011/04/the-campfire-post/ HTTP://I.EHOW.COM/IMAGES/A05/TH/5A/READ-MUSIC-ACOUSTIC-GUITARS-800X800.JPGhttp://www.flickr.com http://www.lespaulguide.com/images/PeteTownshend.jpg http://g1.globo.com/Noticias/PopArte/foto/0,,9959429-EX,00.jpghttp://www.layddee.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/John-Mayer.jpghttp://www.rokpool.com/files/u1/john_lennon_0.jpghttp://www.classicvinylrecord.com/http://kfrc.radio.com/artists/jimi-hendrix/
  • http://www.fakeplasticrock.com/2008/03/burning-a-fake-plastic-guitar-jimi-hendrix-would-be-proud/
  • THE END!!!