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The History and Styles of The Guitar


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The History and Styles of The Guitar

  1. 1. By: Sam Boccella<br />Guitar: History and Styles<br />
  2. 2. From Blues to Rock N’ Roll, the guitar has developed over time to be one of the most versatile and popular instruments; able to be played, tuned, and built differently, the guitar can be used in any genre of music.<br />Thesis<br />
  3. 3. Classical style guitars have been around since the late 15th.<br />Was considered an “Outcast” being played at home rather then at concerts.<br />The first Spanish guitars were setup with four sets of double strings. <br />As it entered the 16th century, a fifth course was added.<br />Guitar History – 1400’s- 1500’s<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
  4. 4. The guitar moved from peasantry to performance stage. (Guitar History)<br />This inspired builders to design better and better designs. (Guitar History)<br />People like Benjamin Franklin played the guitar as well as Andrew Jackson. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />By the 1850’s the modern style guitar was created by C.F. Martin. (History of the Guitar)<br />Guitar History – 1500’s- 1800’s<br />
  5. 5. The modern guitar evolved from models created in Italy and France. (History of the Guitar)<br />Around this time players played around with tuning. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />There was much playing of the guitar in pre-civil war times. (History of the Guitar)<br />Orville Gibson was building arch top guitars. (Chapman)<br />Guitar History – 1800’s- 1900<br />
  6. 6. In 1900, over 78,000 guitar were produced that year.<br />(History of the Guitar)<br />The 20th century allowed manufacturers<br /> to create steel-stringed guitars. <br /> (History of the Guitar)<br />By 1931 the first electric guitar was <br /> introduced; “The Frying Pan”. (Chapman)<br />The Electric Guitar did not become<br /> popular until Gibson Released the ES-150 <br /> in 1936. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Guitar History- 1900- 1930’s<br />
  7. 7. Because of the problems with feedback many guitar crafters created “solid body guitars”. (PBS)<br />The first mass produced guitar was <br /> “The Broadcaster” released by Fender<br /> in 1949. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Gibson introduced the famous<br /> “Les Paul” in 1952. (World New Digest)<br />Fender and Gibson Continued to release guitars. (Chapman)<br />Guitar History: 1930’s- 1950’s<br />
  8. 8. By the 1960’s the guitar was in full maturity. <br />In 1961, Gibson release the ES-335 which was<br /> a semi-hollow body guitar.<br />The Strat and The SG were<br /> both popular models among <br /> players. <br />Guitar History: 1960’s <br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
  9. 9. Guitar History: 1970’s<br />
  10. 10. Parts of the Acoustic guitar<br />Tuning Pegs<br />Head <br />Neck<br />Body<br />Sound Hole<br />Pick Guard<br />Bridge<br />
  11. 11. Parts of The Electric Guitar<br />Tuning Pegs<br />Head<br />Neck<br />Body<br />Pick-ups<br />Pick guard<br />Bridge<br />Control Knobs<br />
  12. 12. The first guitar amplifiers were introduced in the 1930’s<br />Wah-wah, Distortion, Vibrato <br /> Tremolo, Delay and Reverb.<br />Effects can be turned off at<br /> the players command.<br />Guitar Amplification and Effects<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
  13. 13. C.F. Martin created the very first flat-top acoustic in the 1850’s. (Chapman)<br />The bigger the body, the bigger the sound. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The back and sides use different woods then the front known as tone woods. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Construction and Sound: Flat-top Acoustics<br />
  14. 14. Brazilian Rosewood Maple<br /> Mahogany Indian Rosewood<br />Types of Wood<br />
  15. 15. Brazilian Rosewood produces a warm, rich tone. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Rosewood guitars use Indian rosewood. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Maple produces a crisp, cutting sound. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Mahogany gives out a warm sound like rosewood. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Koa, Ash, Walnut and Cocobolo produce different sounds (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Types of Wood: Flat-top Acoustic<br />
  16. 16. Swamp Ash *Mahogany<br />Alder * Basswood<br />Types of Wood<br />
  17. 17. Swamp ash gives solid lows, sparkling highs and open mids. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Alder produces a thicker mid and firm lows. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Mahogany gives dense and warm tones. (Instruments and Innovations: The Guitar)<br />Basswood gives a balanced frequency with full mid range. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Construction and Sound: Solid Body Electric<br />
  18. 18. Maple necks give tightness and definition to low and high tones giving it sharp focus<br />Maple neck with rosewood fret board gives roundness and looseness with a louder bass and a sizzling high<br />Mahogany neck gives full and warm tones and is very a very balanced sound<br />Construction and Sound: Solid Body Electric (neck)<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
  19. 19. Front wood has different requirements. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Spruce has the best use of strength and flexibility. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The more vibration on the top, the louder the sound (Chapman)<br />Must be the right thickness to withstand the pull of the strings (about 175 pounds). (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Braces must be used so sound can be louder. (Chapman)<br />Wood Requirements: (Front)<br />
  20. 20. Usually are made from the same wood as the body<br />Inside the neck is a metal rod which gives support which can be adjusted also known as the “Tuss Rod”.<br />Must be able to vibrate <br />Wood Requirements: (Neck)<br />(Bacon and Hunter)<br />
  21. 21. The basic tuning 0f a modern guitar consists of EADGBE. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />“Steel Strings” describes a vast amount of compounds. (Bacon and Hunter) <br />Different compounds, as well as, different gauges, give out different sounds. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Heavier gauges are louder, need more tension and are harder to play. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />String Requirements<br />
  22. 22. Was first used by slaves to express their misfortunes as well as frustration, love, sex and loss. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The name is associated with the pain and agony slaves dealt with in the south. (Chapman)<br />Started as a vocal performance only. (Oliver)<br />Started by field hollers. (Oliver)<br />First associated with small towns, farms and plantations. (Oliver)<br />At first was considered masculine. (Chapman)<br />The Blues: Beginnings<br />
  23. 23. As it developed, southern prisoners, road crews and many gangs began singing the blues<br />After the civil war “the Blues” became a vocal performance accompanied by acoustic guitar<br />By the 1890’s much of the south sang the blues<br />The Blues<br />(Oliver)<br />
  24. 24. After the Civil War, Blues became a vocal/guitar combination. (Oliver)<br />Early Blues guitar used standard/fretless finger styles with a slide object. (Chapman)<br />From 1890 to 1910 was when Blues evolved to how it is played today. (Oliver)<br />The Blues: 1860’s – 1900’s<br />
  25. 25. Blues was first popularized in 1911-1914 by black composer W.C. Handy. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />All early records of Blues were instrumentals up until 1920. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Mamie Smith recorded “Crazy Blues” in which was the first Blues record to include vocals. (Baker)<br />After World War I many American Troops brought the Blues back home with them. (Baker)<br />During the 1920’s Blues became mainly duos, small groups and bands. (Baker)<br />The Blues: 1900-1920’s<br />
  26. 26. Blues Musicians did not use electric guitar until 1932; years after its availability. (Baker)<br />T-Bone Walker in the 1930’s was the first Blues guitarist to use the electric guitar. (Baker)<br />The 1940’s brought an explosion of talent. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Around this time players like B.B King emerged. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The Blues: 1930’s- 1940’s<br />
  27. 27. The Blues <br />
  28. 28. Always been a part of the south but was not “Country” it was the music of the people. (Byworth)<br />Was past on from Generation to Generation. (Chapman)<br />The Fiddle was the main instrument. (Byworth)<br />Same as the Blues, Country adopted the guitar due to its cheap production. (Chapman)<br />Country: The Beginning<br />
  29. 29. During the first two decades of the 20th century, very little knew of Country until radio. (Byworth)<br />After WWII Country became widespread due to radio. (Chapman) <br />Country really hit it big when it was featured in “Old Santa Fe” a movie produced in 1934. (Chapman)<br />Country<br />
  30. 30. As Country developed it fused with other kinds of music including the blues. (Chapman)<br />Many Country players moved from old time to electrified and steel. (Chapman)<br />The first successful country artist was John Carson. (Byworth)<br />By the 1930’s brought old time Country to become electrified and steel.<br />Country: Development<br />
  31. 31. In 1941, Ernest Tubb released “Walking The Floor Over You”.<br />Modern Country developed mainly from “Bakersfield Sound” rooted from California.<br />The 1960’s brought high standard and sophistication towards Country. <br />The 1970’s brought a number of new talented guitarists.<br />Country- 1940’s- 1970’s<br />(Baker)<br />
  32. 32. Country<br />
  33. 33. The name “Rock N’ Roll” came from Alan Freed. <br />Developed from the popularity of black rhythm and blues. <br />The first recording was “Rocker 88” by Jackie Brenston in 1951. <br />Artists like Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lewis and many others.<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1950’s<br />(World News Digest)<br />
  34. 34. During the 1960’s the music evolved in new directions<br />Rock N’ Roll became more experimental using elaborate effects and different recording techniques. <br />By the end of the Sixties many artist were involved in substances like LSD as well as Marijuana.<br />Artist of the Sixties include, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, Eric Clapton, The Jimi Hendrix Experience.<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1960’s<br />(World News Digest)<br />
  35. 35. Early in the decade a revival of 50’s style Rock N’ Roll was revived.<br />Many new styles of music were being introduced including Electronic music as well as Progressive Rock.<br />Bands such as Yes, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin and The Grateful Dead were popular at this time.<br />Styles like Punk were introduced in which was known for its short, fast danceable songs <br />Rock N’ Roll: 1970’s <br />(World News Digest)<br />
  36. 36. In the 1981 Music Television (MTV) was introduced. (World News Digest)<br />In the early 1980’s “New Wave” had began to to hit the seen. (World News Digest)<br />“New Wave” artists included Michael Jackson, Prince, Whitney Houston and Madonna. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />The Beginnings of Hip-hop. (World News Digest)<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1980’s<br />
  37. 37. By the 1990’s Hip-Hop dominated radio airplay. (Chapman)<br />A new style of music known as Alternative hit the seen in the early 90’s. (World News Digest)<br />Alternative artists included Nirvana, Sound garden, Pearl Jam and Rage Against the Machine. (World News Digest)<br />By the late 1990’s a group of young teens came on the scene. (Bacon and Hunter)<br />Rock N’ Roll: 1990’s<br />
  38. 38. Rock N’ Roll<br />