Balakrishna Prabhus chess Book


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My chess books it contains more than 250 problems.This book is given to all my students,problems in this book are taken with care so that beginners understand it and intermediate players improve the game

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Balakrishna Prabhus chess Book

  1. 1. hessNotes 9-/ F t ' t--t ;_ liv :,' t qbhe//(6h r6
  2. 2. x ''1 ., Oiigin of Chess in theoryherein Indiais thatchesswas invented Indiaby Mandodariwife King of A popular that So Ravana. we.canpresume the gameis 5000ygarsold. - centur!the popularity chesshasincrejased drarnatically, of especially Sincethe late eighieenth matches tournaments. and with the introduction ChessMen y with a setof chessmen with two players two The gameof chessis warfoughtbetween players "chessboard". call'ed each on a square board playswitha set of white andthe otherwithBlack pieces. The rulestipulates One player that playerwithwhite pieces startthe game. to Object of the Game is the object to capture King. Chessis war and in anywar thelprime . - is the objectof chess to "Checkmate oppositeKing". The "Checkmate" is Therefore position capture beingattacked enemy on the whenKingcannot escape by as described the 'Check the The chessmen. sidethatdeclares and Mate'wins garne. of Placement Ghessboard: E€gs*g€x i Y a fr r t J ;t +i.i *3,,,; ti ii .. Whitesquare Right on handCorner t ' il
  3. 3. .tu * Chess Men @.'*" chesspieces * Weueen W H** E S"Bi:ir1o,r2 A @, a Aro*n A n*o, White King Black 1 1 Queen 1 1_ Rook z 2 Bishop z 2 Knight z 2 Pawn I 8 Total 16 16 Arrangement Chesspieces of 1' The piecesareset up in the first row of squares each sideof ttre player. 2' The pawnsaresetup in the secondrowof squares eachside on of theplayer. 3 Eachof the Rookwill occupy the corner square. 4 Eachof the Knightwill occupy the squarenextto the Rook. 5 Each of the Bishop will occupy square the nextto the knight. 6 The white queenwill occupy the whiteand Blackqueenwiiloccupy theBracks(iij;rf i:. will standon reversecolorat startof the ganre.white Kingon Brack *h,L:'"n and Bliir.ri i(ingon 8 The pawnsare praced on 1 'i4dJ the 2 nd row of squarein frontof pieces. ,!, € : a -
  4. 4. MOVEMENT ROOK ' or VerticallY HorizontallY line onlyin a straight either wilt ROOK move of ROOK' the shows movement Diagram tr ( € J t ffiirrrr g5 il'J '1, ,',; ,T: $l:1"[xTff:J.."":1i:iln:':?::3'T 3r'ilil iliJ:, H,T':H i:H::',; WhiteRook on e4 v,
  5. 5. t 't B I 6 c 11 3 l) 1 BISHOP OVEMENT M You can moveBishop and downdiagonaily rongas it has up as path. crear Withboth Bishops, chessployercon gel to otl the squqres o of the chessboord Below diagram showsthe movement Bishop. of a 7 6 'J *5 I 2 l t d r r € i'g CAPTURE WITHBISHOP i:, : {&
  6. 6. j9. }f .v -r- ; 'l l . t -- ROOK. can BISHOP capture diagram In below s 7 a o 4 .,f ,} t a h c < l t { S l t l MOVEMNT QUEEN and mix the iogether. in eueen is whatyougetwhenyou put ROOKand BISHOP blender conibine. like that moves ROOKand Bishop Queenis like a superpower the shows queenmovement. Belowdiagram s -t 6 J .) , t , CAPTURE WITHQUEEN t-
  7. 7. In the belowdiagram some of the eueen capturerookon a7 BISHOP onD2andBISHOp on s T 6 a 4 s 2 T D T a b c Knight Movement Knightare the onlypieceswho are allowed Jump overthe pieces. to Knightrnovesin L shape. Belowdiagramshowsthe knight movement. L 6 4 ? c * f n b c d Qapturewith Knight lh belowdiagram KniEht d5 cancapture on alleightpawns. ,J
  8. 8. :n-b f," t fi 7 6 6 v' ',, { 3 =t Pawn tlre forward firsttime theyare oneor two Squares can l) Everyoneof tlre l6 Par,vns move tnoved. at one squafe tltetinte' can Afterthis,thePau'us llloveonly can Patvus onlYrnoveforrvard a1 I 6 ..{ I 4 t 'g h 14 I
  9. 9. i , t a PawncaPture Below diagram ahead them. of diagonally one in PawnscancaPture onlY way .Onthe square capture showsthe Pawn I T 6 $ 4 J I KINGMOVEMENT ol but it like Queen: con movein ony direclion onlyone squore A Kingisbosicolly o rnini oroundboth the Kings} the o lime.{Highlight squores in chessmen the scmewoy osit moves. Kingcon copturetheopposing the shows KingMovement. Below diagram , d i t
  10. 10. I vi 1 _,' r $ T 6 * *t 3 ') "t Chess Notation l n a l g e b r a i c N o t a t i o n i s d i v i d earelabeled kton d F i l e s . T t r e R a n k s o n H o r i g o n t a | s q u a r e s a r e d i n t o R a na a h' squares labeled1 to B 'TheV"'tC"f capitalletter by a single Piecesare identified K - King Q - Queen R - Rook B - BishoP N - Knight as it is assumed rf piecesare prefixed identifier. no pawnneednot hav pawn moves? what if Pawnmovemdnt' e4' written is simply lo has moved e|so this the Pawn ln the diagrambelow g
  11. 11. capturesareindicated an with x between pieceidentifier the and squarewherethe capture rhe ff:J:lT*ff"n Bishop in Ji.gram oerowon reft wi,be "rp*r"r;re Rook trru the it J E when a Pawncaptures.a piece, instead usinga piece of jdentifieryou usethefile ro.itio-rio.ffi captrire pu*n *re T[u ;HTliJ,,.:ll?.or*.'' capturethe wourd on risht 2 = 4 s d _€ e E r0 C a G
  12. 12. € between them To pieces move to the samesquare. distinguish can identical Occasionally pieces on the lie if ofthe piecethatis moving theambiguous eitherthe fileidentifier include bothrookscanmove if samerank,or the rankidentifierthey lie on the samefile.Forexample, ln be to would ambiguous. order distinguish oh b5 to the square in thediagram the leftso Rb5 of include rankidentifier theb2 the should the Rookon b2 fromthe Rookon b7 the notation Rookas in R2b5. Pawn'sspecialPower Promotion itselfto Queen,Rook, it the Whena pawn reaches endo the chessboard, cantransform as as it of vast of or Bishop Knight samecolor.ln majority cases willbepromoted Queen it is pieceon the chess board mostpowerfr-tl Valueof theChessfdlen Relative Queen= 9 Pawns Rook = 5 pawns = Bishop 3 Pawns = Knight 3 Pawns o Exchange f Pieces. a T6eexchangeinchessreferstoasituationinwhichoneplayerlosesaminorpiece(i.e to winstherookis said nave The the but Look. sidewhich bishop kniqht) captures opponent's or more therookis usually since player ios/theexchange, has while other $ won the exchange, the player and I valuable. thathas wonthe rookis up theexchange, ttreother the Alternatively, side moves'although on oftenhappen consecutive captures The opposing is down theexchange although losetheexchange' to detrimental lt necessary.isgenerally thisis notstrictly (see sacriftce is do to one occasionally mayfind reason purposely so:the result an exchanqe II
  13. 13. 1 ] l i [13?;,il,iryisa|esscommontermfortheexchangeofabishopilli|i$i|i|;"ii Check. It isnot ollowed to moke Q move. such lhof ones king is in check ofter the moi,r..,j ,, tries moke to such move. must o he iokethemovebock : ; : , cri,, :i?,"ffitjientlv ,1& ,% CheckMate l/he' a playeris in check' andhe catnof'rake a nrove suchtrratafterthe'1ove, n' ismatei'rr'" theking is rLrr piuv",',iu, i, n.'o,rJlor,,i. and prayer *u,,,,., rrre rhar.,,, j , : r; , l-,?Tii;l[: '€ IRote t^ere three t'at are differe'r. possibrc to rer.rovecrreck: *,ays a i , M o ve th e ki r he not z t"l.ln" piJ.%:il"lt il:T,:":i.ere is incheck f.l ,i{ € t . 'r:
  14. 14. ri r or bishop queen:! move o piece between by iln cqse of o check,given o rook, king' ine cnecfingPieceond lhe CheckMateExamPle' Stalemate bul he isnot in clreck' ihen the ployeris When o ployerconnot mokeony legol move, sojdtobesfolemofed.|nocoseofostolemote,thegomeisodrow lhe move, gonreiso stolemote Whenblcck must R e s i g na n d d r a w P r o P o s a l s has q'on' rvhichmeansthathe has lost andhis opponent the A ptayercan r.esign game, catracceptthe llroposal(in a canpropose dratr':his opponent maki.g i:], a player AfteL gattre tlic refuse llroposal(in wlrich casethe vi4iichcase[lie, andis a draw) or continues) t3
  15. 15. t Repetitionof moves re is repeated threetirnesin thegame,theplayer akea certaincastlingnlove i, IoliUy oneof the -fine considered bedifferent.For to ttre poini, of one caservhere repetition ntove the of occursis wher a playercontinues give to checkforeve 50movesrules If thereare havebee'50 consecutive moves rvhiteandof brackrlritrrout of " . orlY piece ioken qny pqwn mOve tItenaplayercanc|aimadratt,.For[hefinepointsoftlrisru|e,seeth.@ Touchingpieces whe' a playertouches of his. one orr,,n pieoes, rnus[, possibre, he if marce legalmovewiththis a piece.wtre^ a ptayer roucties pi"". oirr," u ;;;,, if possible, takethispiece. ";,i;",,;;;'i,; En Passent P?ylr capture opponent,s pier additional thatpawns i way are le move immediately your after r il/!
  16. 16. EH i i b -------Castling - -.r ^nnnot hove moved of ollso lBoththes0sin,il::"#-Jli-'.ff::I'.I':'fi:':3il':Li;ii'[l]'i^ih"ti"t '' (rrieonttu rrru' " in tne gome ior poth btockingthe row)' - ..+ orrrsrv'vother pieces be no end up tn nor con he Z. tneie musi is inritioied, the move n check when by their -^ *-nrt ore under oitock e iscompleted. ll-lu Jruv' squoreS ve throughony ^, ^^,,o moved of oil so in e st nsth rir Ifiii:'ililIl !i I'u*' '::.i?? l:*'ffin':li'ff ond the betweenihe KJng ihe p'othin pret-c: t rotring "'be other .rst nb otn.r r,";, must be no 6' There row)' bYthetr oreunderottock ,} d r.itl B-efore t6
  17. 17. Why We Castle Whileyou don't olwoysneed o reoson Costle, to thereore cerfoininstonces when it con provideyou with o distinct strotegic odvontoge. Hereore o few situotions whichyou mighl wont to Cqsfle: in l . lf on opponenlisclosing on yourKinq{butdoesn,f in hove it in ,,check,,yet), costlingcqn be c greotwoy to mo've your Kinqout of dongerond intoo corner where it ismoreeosily prolected. 2. Costling con help get your Rookout of the cornerond give it morefreedom lo move. :, Check Mote in One Move. r J1 ],: ,J' .E .B . & ,s € € € #i { ( ( I rf
  18. 18. 't -5 Whiteio move ond checkmotein one move ,-t "'-) . t White to move ond checkmote in one move White to move ond checkmote in one move I (
  19. 19. t White lo move ond checkmote in one move wb v' 6 tg
  20. 20. Name Checkmate in *ne R{ove b : f 5 J z 1 I q ' i d c to White move.'Mate:in ll c d e t to ,Vhite move. Mate 1l in I f o 5 I lo ,t'hite moveMatein I ! in White moie. Mste I ! to [o r/hite moveM,:te 1l in c d e l Whiteto move Matein'l ! U 7 6 5 ? 1 , E*W $ ' KnowChess! Copyright 2003- 2004 O g h Checlnnate in One Move (Beginner) r?
  21. 21. !.,-/ !- -,,lj WhlteIo move ond Eheckmote in one move White!o move ond checkmoie in one nrove in U/hiteto rnove ond checkmcrt-e one move 00
  22. 22. i . Rulesof Chess Frequent Askedeuestions Ihisis o storting collectionof questions peoplehove qsked lhot me obout the rulesof qnd theironswers. olso: chess, See pown FAe. Rules Chess: of If I ha'e only a ki^g reft,rrow many moves does my opponenthaveto mateme? T h e s h o r t o n s w e r i s : 5 0 . T h e r u l e h o s o f e w d e t o i l s , o n d . Can kings checkotirerkinfs? No' A king moy not move to o squorenextto onofher king,becouse then thismove wourd pur the king thot rnovesorsoinrocheck, which is iilegor. It is possible niakea move with a king such to that theother-king checked even is (or mated): ttn.n suppose whitesking is between that u'hites rook andbtacksking-;;;;;il;; theking mo/es au'ayfrom the line,he discltses checkby the the rook. lllt .dd u Ji;;ranr in thefurure.) Can queenscastle? No. Queens connol cosfle. Canyou tell me if thereis sucha rule asking,s facingin chess(wherelrothliings are line r,r'ifh eachother)? this iltegal? Is Kingsmoy foce eoch olher. whot is not ollowed forking's lo be of odjocent is positions (seeobove): moving o king next to onotherking meons to move fhe king into check, bui it is perfectly legol for kingsto be of the scrne row or colurnn wifh no pieces between lhem. confusion mayhavearisen frorna ruleol'Xiangqi chinese chess. tliatgame, In ther.e indeed is a rulewhichdisallows kingsto .sce each other,, Cana l<ingnrovedfo square t'at is attacked a 'inned piece? by on fhe chessboord, ihere is the foltowing situotionone whife, 'pinned'by hos o knight, fhof is o bisho of the opponent,i.e., t!'reknightis p befween fhe b/ock bishop ond fhe white king,so if the knight woutd move,rhen lhe king is c/recked. Isin fhissituo/io brack ctilowedto move n fo o squareof/ocked by the knight? so, such o move is nor oilowed.The kingwourd be on o square,otiocked by piece o of itsopponent' ihot lhisottocking piece would put itsown kingin check when it would toke the kingis not importonthere - whot motlersisrhot it cqn rnove to the squorewith the king on it. *il
  23. 23. black king, andwhite would is thatthe white knight couldtake the rogicsbehind the rule The than blackcould takethe whiteking' takethe black king *'fi"t [ n t h e e xa mp l e ,th e b l a ckki r.r gmaynotmovetob5( theSquar er nar kedr vithar edc i r c l e) , is thatsquare pinned' *t,ii" tt* *i ir" tnign' thatatiacks Canakitrgrnor,etoasquarethatisattackedorllybyapiecethatwherrtnovedrvouldputlris orvn king in check? No'Akingmoynevermovetoosquoreihotisatlockedbyopieceoftheopponenl; r e g o r d l e s s w h e t h e r t h i s p i e c e i s . p i n n e d . ( w o uos c o u s e cthe c k t ointo check' g ) w h e n td h e kingi i s o w n k i n be would still regorded moving moved or not. Sucho move questiott' to the See exatnllle theprevious when I can? Must t caPture No.Coptureisnoiobligotoryinchess.(Thereisonecosewhereonemustcopiure: W h e n y o u r k i n g i s i n c h e c k o n d t h e o n | y p o s s i b i | i tcopture') e c h e c k i s t o c o p t u r e . l n o | | ytoliftth io ployercon decide whetheror not coses,tl-re other neareachother? stancl Canl<ings No'Movingokingtooposiiionodjocent|othekingoftheopponen|iSconsidered cnd hence not ollowed' moving ones fing-intocheck' to rrrate, tnake beforechess I trror,e lrave tlre except l(irrg,ltow trrany If t lravelost everything 6 rf there for whiteond 50moves for brock' of movesis 50,i.e.,50 moves i#'^;;r"r hos ployers moved o of movesin whichneither the 50 consecutive hove been (ci leost) pown,ondinwhich,noptecer'osoeenlokenthenoptoyerconcloimodrowwheniiis histurniomove.Theruteolsoopplieswhenbothp|oyershoveotherpiecesbesides #
  24. 24. t the opponent q pown, counr osoin hos the srorrs wherr i .i: ii( llSXiJfl;tJ;Ill" Can a king castleafter having been in check con o ployer cosf/e if his king wos checke d earrier the game? (whenfhe in p/q.ri,g-., 1.,,,.,,, checked' he responded by placing anotherp'ece befween his Kng ond,tt, opponenfs oftacking piece" he did not move thp king.) puf onother weydoi..s>tri<; checked outomoticory disquorif ployer yo from costing taterin the gome? the king hos nol moved.the opposingpiece .,/.r,.1,;1"1r,iru,_ wos simptyb/ocked*c:e"i Can a l(ing attackn hen he is in check or.lnusf :,:.:t".T;ii,l'i;jll -ingcan attack rvlren isin check. ontycondirion he The is rtrat is'or irr he lf I arn in check can I capture the piece that has me in check as long as I clon,t put m;, back in checlc? sglf Yes. Consider followingsimple the situof : ion ':i*j '":., i t!:.; ., i,ii ;rj. t';,ti .ia. *R & ,iiii ri. ft i,iii , i € fi $ € € E g1 . B i
  25. 25. andthe queen as mated he cantakethe queen' but the In this example, blackking is in check, not is not defended. your king you are allowed to switch or castle Is it true that at the veryfirst move of the gante, and queen? of chess' No. Thereis no suchmove in the stondord rules rnovewltenhe couldcapfure to Is a pawnaLlowed makea non-capturing it the pCIwncon kill, connot iustmove someone soid thof o pown connof posso Kll.lf oheadone spoce. ls thof true? thereis no with the rulesof clteckers: may beconfused No, thatis not true.ThisperSon cleck): when way to escape is theo*ly possibte whentakir-rg ;tli;;;;.y capturein cheis(except the evenrvhen pawn thatsquare' ffisy6ou. to the is of ;h" ;q;; ahead ernpty, pawu makea eaPture' could instead on while havingalreadya queen the of a If one rnoves parvnto the othersic{e the board queen? can boarcl, olle geta second yes.lnthiswoy,onecongettwo,orevenmorequeens.l'veseengomesployedby hod three queens (by two pown ot young ployers ihe locol chessclub where o ployer promotions)' Isitlegaltotaketlrepiecetorvlrichapawnispronrotedirrtlrenextmotre i i q u e e n 'T h eq u e s t i o ns : i st l e g o l f o r s u p p o s eo p o w n i sp r o m o t e dt o s o m ep l e c e , e . g . , o move ofier the promotion? the opponent to ioke thot piece in the very first 'fhe piece' as piece be answet'is: Tltoprornotecl oan taken'iust an)'otlier 5's,, trtre? takea kirrg.Is tl.ris I lt,astold that a pawncannot powns' con be ottocked by ony piece' including No, thisisnot lrue' Kings r'vitli lnay lravearisen thefolloq'in A confusiort Whent piece' by it r,r,hereis attacked anenemy a make legalmovein: the must undo nioveanci games') Bu chess but this is tlie rulefor normal of types pieces' pawllsandother betweett or rvhicha rook thatis attacked goestltroughcheck? ls it allowedto castle throughcheck' I'm queen side).ccn I cosileif rny rook posses tVhilecostling(on the inio check' I know ihe 1'ot the kingmoy not cosile out of , (through),or il;;tr;;;'oing check,butcqn the rook poss kingconnoi possthrough specify.the rulesollwcys through. h F3
  26. 26. check, or better worded,throughon ottocked squore. when otl Therook cqn poss 1.e., thafollowcostling condiiions ore met (rookond kinghcivenot moved,squores between rookondkihg ore empty, kingdoes not costlefrom,through, to check), or -n then costling ollowed,ond it is of no imporloncewhelherthe rookisottockedor goes vio crnottockedsquorecastles So,whenwhite long,a blackattack a I or to bI does make castling no longer to not that is allowed. & A /- l t U ln the diagrarn above: supllose r.r,liite king androokshave neverrnoved. Casttilglongis legalfor u,hite,but in facttheworstrnove can make! he I)oesa playerrvin when his king reaches opponerits the side of the boaid? Todoy lployed ogorne with my friend ond he sCIid won when he rnoyed hrskino he fo my side of the boord. /s lhis o reo/ rule or o f oke rule? Ihisrule is foke. Thereis no rulethol lellsthot o ployer con win by movinghiskingto some position. A gameof chess iswon by rnating king<lf opponent. canalsowin if youroppopenr the the You resigns gatne, the orwhenusingchess clocks, tinre, in an officialmatch on or witlr anuibit"r, tvheuthe arbiter declares l'.ave (e.g., you lost you because refuse oornply to with the rules.) Caua bishoprnove lrorizontally? Ihe computer gome progrom lhove o//ows bishoplo move horizontoily. fhol o /s legot 6 or on error of thisprogrom? I Ihisis indeed on eror of your progrom. Bishops onlycon go diogonolly. :ib
  27. 27. now? Wn-at left I accidentLy my king in check mY piece thot wqs protecting kingond inodvertontlyexposed I moveon intervening gueenor rookor bishop' iV pingfo the opponents did The opponent notpoint out my takemYking' turn, to at king'svulnerablilily the time but moved'when it washis responsiblity,if any?Is there a proper etiquette theopponent's the Did I lose game? Whattaas for this siluation? illegolmove' ond thisis noted' the you did not lose the gome. when o ployermokeson piece qnd the ployer must moke onother move' Ihe touched move mustbe undone, piece to ii is possible moke o move with fhe intervening rule opplieshowever. So,e.g.;if then such o move mustbe mode' lf ihot isnot lhot does not leof your king in check, just possible, onolher move mustbe mode' chess play rulesareused;thisuses rl speed your yer for theentiregame'[n thatcase, the is illegalunder Takingtheking :gaI rnove. exatnPle: A simPle + A ;'t'':':_'i ,,,.l.: r,,;,f "' !ri..i' as he thinkshe can matethe black king' Ilo'uvever' Suppose$4riternoveshis queento c5, wltere play tlris a6,the tnoveis illegal' Thus' he may not his this exposes king to theblackrook on the queen' he must makea qlleell move.As he hasalreadytouched t19Vo,and rnustplay another ttor* while sees the taking rookwith hisqueen' play ;; hemust Qa7x a6, to is forced he move, maynotdo so:lte betier "fl""'i?'p"ilili rookwiththeuirtopis a nluch the thattaking withhisqueeri' legal the rnake onlypossibte move
  28. 28. i. ls it allowedin thefirst moveto movetwo pawns square? one No.Thefirst moveof o pown con be two squores, whileone issometimes so ollowedio move one pown two squores. one nevermoy move in one turn two pownsboth one squore. onlywoy to rnovetwo of onespiecesof the sametirneiscosfling. The Movingfrom a checked position another to checked position Playing chesswitho ffiend,lput hisKng in check withmy rook. He then movedhrb rKhg, once to the right ond copturedmy pawn however,he did not reolize that in mo?ng thqf move, he wosvulneroble mY queen,so lcoptured hrsKrng. to Now,onofher friend fhot wos wotchingsoidfhof he could nol rnoke thqt move becouse he puf hh Kingln check and thotis notollowed.lthoughfond still think, thatif t put himrncheck ond he mokesa move fhof doesn'ttakehim out of check.then I con copture hrsKing. lolwoys thought that therulinginvolving Kng beingrn check wos lhof if o Kingis a NOIin check he connofmqkeo moveto put hrmse/f check.however, he isrn check ond in if mokeso rnovefhol keepshimincheck, thenlcon copiure. Yourfriendwosrighf. Chess nol won by copturing is kings by rnoting opponent. but the lf o ployermokes illegolmove, one thotpufshiskingin check,he must on i.e., moke 'touched onother move,regordless wosin checkor not.(The if he piece'rule opplies heretoo!) Of course,vl'hetla playeris in check, and allmoves leadto a position where he still is in chok, tltertlie is tnated'so he lost; attdwhen a playeris not in check but all nloves leadto a position rvherehe is in check,he is stalernated thc ganreis a drarv, and Does it rleall that 1'oulose the gamervherr 1,ouaccidenfly[<nockdow. 1,ourking? I recenfly ployed in o high school duolmeet. My opponenf wos beatingme ond during my turn he knocked over hrsklng by mistoke. sfopped the ciocks 4/e ond fhe gqme ond osked our cooches if fhrs rneonshe resigns becouse t would occepf ihe reslgnofion.Hiscooch soid ro keep ploying os rf it neverhoppened. My opponent eveniuolly beof me, olthough/soid ihof i occepf his misfokeresignoflon. My questionis ctidlor he win the game?? 4, s I ogree wilh the cooch of youropponenl. Knockingdown o king by occident while not intending1o resign does nof rneonone loses gome. Forinstonce, the when o ptqyer reoches to get q cup of leo ond when doingso, occidenflyknocks down hisking,this does not meon he resigns, lhe gome should continue jusi ond os if nolhinghoppened. /hen playcrknocl<s a dou'n kingintending resign after.u,arcls t6athisposition his to ancl see is ttotbadattdr'r'artts continue to hou,ever, it is roo lite: hesigniliedto resign lnut is it. then unJ So,indeed, opponent r,i,in garue. the did the C'1
  29. 29. j 'll. ,wosdown to mYkingond he hod o ,l t( Youwereright'Suchapositionispreciselywlratiscalledastalemate:draw. the first rnove? How do we decide'who has Whs startsfirst in chess? first' pieces storts The ptoyerwith the white f,rrst the playermentioned that decidethis:it is alr.r'ays directors - Bob'ttrenAnua the tournarnent In a tournament, to play says:Anna so' iitttt list of games first (andnenie or"i" *1-9)' soss second' and goes g"", i,iri;;J 8"6 ptavsbrack rrasndrite "*a otte rvtrite anda blackone'[n eachof two parvns:,a takes oftenoneof theplayers a picksra*ciomly ha.d' and ln othercase, ptays p*,n, oirrio;;;, -;; theother 'is .auds,'e has",* "rir-l. he hand hascltosett' in trtecnro' oi'l't po'u''' the ;i;;t;iltl ;i ,,jj - 6 J
  30. 30. J q i CheckMatc With Tt'o Rooks and Rook' u'i{lt to checkrnating the Queen Rooksis verl' similar rvith the because King is able to Checkrnating trvo .tt..t,n"utt o'itht'e tivoRooks it rnay,.k";'li;;]""*"rfo you shouldbe aimingfor to However, position tr',c Q'ee,r.Tlrisis the rhenrmore,h"ri;';;; .ii"".r arrack King with tn'o Rooks: tlre checkmate enem,v B ,i o 5 4 J l I TheRookcotll]rtestheKingrotlreetlgeo|'llreboarclandlheotherliookcleliverschecktlate' I 1 6 of theboat'cl' tlrc I-et's thc King in 'l rliddle nut ' to the edge e The King lllustnow Di driven cattbe delivered' beforecheckmate 5 4 :l , 1 l. Ra5+
  31. 31. I 't 6 4 ] ) I l 0 l . . . . K d 6 .I t b 6 r 2 .t t , € I t € I 2. ...Kc? Raa6 3. a .E q ( t 90
  32. 32. B o i ,l -l I c 1 n d 4 3 . . . . K d B. R b 7 ,l l t I 4.Raal 3. ...Kc8 3t
  33. 33. I ? o 5 4 3 :? I U 7 I 3....Kds . tibS# 4 3 2 I Pract checktnatiug ise n,ith trvo l(ool<s against Kins rvitlia liiend a or cliess contputer you are confiderit until otclrccklriarc tliis!,a,. irr Check Mote Witheueen d Checkrnatilrg r+,itlr King and Queen a "';g+' i : riri. e
  34. 34. v $ 9 *f - : 9 ^ Knou'ledgc in enclgartleschcss' basic ol'thc nrost is vs. king artclqueetl kirrgcheckrnate one 1-lre eliough Afler all' it isrl't clress, ,,overkill,, to )'our is errdgaurescrucial ilnprovirtg other of t'is ancl kirtg' yottroppottertt's -to ,,eecl beableto cltecknrate to gailta u,iurrilgporitiOn yo|', areaofnlovetrtcltt beto shor-rlcl lirnittlieIllack king's wlrite'sfirst step aboveFrom theltosition area' tlre is The queen idealat seating king intoa small t' king by plavirrg Qe5' rhitecanbeginto limir Black's Limit the King's MobilitY 6 3J
  35. 35. 4 3 2 1 Blackto nroveafler. t. ec5 out[:l;u'"* is nou'boxedirt' and u'ill ne'ze'ach'ance (o' ber,o'cj) ro rhe srluares rrrc in T'hisilltrst.ates ir'por1ailr an poirr: it is not alrr.a1,5 t<irig lirriit ,rtr''i,,,.nr bestto checkthe e' is arrd ;ir R.,,,.,,rr*,]il,oi'.r,.ckniare i;,,fi[T,::flr:ut isrrre ,orsirnDr goar. isas as uorv wrrite gooda,,v. ca,r conrinue rtll;[::tl,T:ff,i,filiJT,llil; ronrakc i;,,t;'t frurthel"Lirnit theEnerny King €
  36. 36. r* Black to not'e aftet'2 Qf6 Inovemerlts' kirrg's the IJlack to With 2. Qf6. ihite contittltes linrit i h i t c ' s r r e x t t c u ' i r l o v e s r v i l l c c l n t i n u e t o l o l l o r v t l t i s s a t t l e s t r a t e g ) ' ' B l a cl-lre l l a t t e m p t t o s t a y kwi Kc7' stlch boardforas longaspossible.rvitlt.nroves as 2' "' the f'r'6rir edgeso{'the arva1, give up grottncl' Blacli rrtust *uiin:. Qe6 Kb7 4. Qi6, aftet'rvlrich rniglrtcontinue chase Push theKing to an Edge € xi
  37. 37. t : ; -1 4) E "* E ,g B l a c k t 0 I n o v ea f t e r 4 . €r , eci6 BIack,s king rvill noy h a v e t o r l . l o v eo t e i t h e rl h e accomplished /l I ras i,c ;;?:J :il1i.,;jllr,case l':.,-;i a nrajor goaJ O.ivi,,g',l.r.,nfu.t by For^ exanrple, our Black rvili;rlar,4. I{cg. ... Piacetlreerreen oxrthe Seconcl Line $
  38. 38. ts!/ Jf -:.t a a atier5' Qe? Blackto rnoYe We there. sta)'s on o t r c c t h e e l l e l l . ] . , k r r r g h a s l r e e n p the"sJco"c] l l e - t]terankor r p I tnextt 0 m l konet t r e h e r ' r s l i e c i t oline' c l g e . i t ' s i n file a l t t to the e s a [;;;" on this accottrplish b1'p#;;;;; ih. .n"n.tuking is trapped*utti.ft F o t i n s t a n c e , i r i t l i i s ^ e x a r n l i l e , t h e lr.ll q,,"tr^,"lhe s b crtrttk r c e c ] , t os' rQe?'lllack's n o r c l e r t o e n S ] l a c k k i r r g l i a Ttli e t t f b1'playingt l e s t h r a r l k . o o moves put. wlrite correctlv the king stirys c8' Letu'eett b8 anda6' to l<ingis rtorvreclttcecl slrtifflirrg Use the l(ing s t jq rl.;'*',
  39. 39. ' 9 ,^a ( ,.b B jg b 5 a. e e n Blackto moveafter7. Kc5 Thecltreen cannot checkntate enenr/ an king b1'lrcrself. ]nsteacr. kin,s the and queen lnusr *,ork together finish game. to rhe At thispoint,there's needl.orWhiteto trove no t B,lack !ing. lnstead, he,can bring lrisking closeri Itisking backandforth n,ith,r.,ou,,, 5. ... tile XUt diagramnred lrosition above. Black,s onl1, legalru Preparing Checkmate the 3b
  40. 40. i , ; .v in A rnate onefor White lirrc-- tltat move shr:rtrlcl theirking to thethird sicle tlte Llre cxccuting chcckrnatc. s(rotrgcr Ilefore iltetl -enctnyking a.*possible. liirrg aSneal.the fronltheeneln}. is,tu,oranksot filestru,4l, or eaclrother sepalated directll'oppoiing ha'ing the'kings tltteetr, rvith clreckrrrating a kirigatrd t'illu'ork' nl0ve" by a "kniglrt's White nc^vhas:r al'ter has rvlrite accomplisheclrhis 8' Kb6 lic8' above, In thecliagrarn to thertext page' spotbeforecontinuing itt )'orrshotrld checkmate onelnove,rvlrich Checkmate 31
  41. 41. .l; 6 5 4 3 2 Chcckniare after9. ec7# /lrireu,insthegarne jrlg b),pla_r g. et?ft. A s . s i r u p la sl l r i s e encJr staleruare 'exist, p"r.,rrlri,'i#:::-t-t'nl.'{rpcar. llterearea couplerraps vr,,.ic,*rr] lurr r.r,arch for. our a cer.tairi inro r.rvo rvin u #ul,rou,rj Au
  42. 42. -.t -l White to pla.vandcheck mate in Tu'o moves' *Qr
  43. 43. F e 'i.t - Ivlate trro problenr in h0 '. t
  44. 44. t t.P'tU t-_=) Tliis is :1:llatc itl 2 L't'olllcttt' h3
  45. 45. . ? a-l -e s : 7 : 9 :9. Problenr #4 g € :+: g .€. .i&' -,sr e a ".9 ,i5s :" 6 .i;.:{ hh 4 rir'.1
  46. 46. #5 Problem i e l - h i s i s a m e t t en 2 p r o b l n r . # h{
  47. 47. '. 'J - l:r; '( ts r-f-L- Problem #6 T'hisis a rnatein 2 prolrlerrr I i ft(
  48. 48. b/ #7 Probtem l i - h i s i s 2 1l l a t ei r r 2 P r o b l e r r t ' hv
  49. 49. 6 hg
  50. 50. I -f :. k ffi #9 Problem itr This is a rnate 2 Probleni' s h1
  51. 51. ii q B E Problem #i'd l l r i s i s a n r a t ei n 2 problenr.
  52. 52. 8 R a I I 0 6 n . Diag.3 Diag.? Diag.1 5 5 5 A 4 I 3 . 2 Z z I 1 1 a b c d f e g a h ' n 1) d e f g h 1)--- 2) c 2)_Diag.6 Diag.5 Diag.4 5 6 6 7 o 5 6 A + A T ? 3 2 2 2 1 1 I a b c d e f g a h b 1) d e f g a h 2i*- B o 6 d 4 d e l g h L 4 c 1 a b c i 1)___*_ _ __ 2)___ 5t d e Diag.9 D!a9.8 L b c 2)_ Diag.7 a b 1)-- 1)___---- 2) c i e f g h f S h
  53. 53. Diag.10 Diag.ll I Fiag.12 o 7 B 7 6 ? I b 6 5 4 4 4 2 2 2 1 I a b c d e f S 1 a 1) b c d ^ 4 a 1)---..--- 2)_ b c e i )---_- 2)-_-- 2)_-----.- Diag.13 Diag.'t4 B -, d *iag.'15 B 7 o n 6 6 d A A A et 1 2 z 1 1 a b c d e f g 1 h b 1) c 1) 2) Diag.16 8 Diag.17 8 D l a g . fI U 7 J 6 t) 6 A ! 4 I 3 a L 1 1 a d b 1)--__ U 1 U h n D 1 i z',) ,r C r
  54. 54. Diag.20 Diag.19 B I 8 7 t 7 7 r) o 5 5 5 4 4 i> 2 /. 2 I 4 3 1 g f e d c b ; , g h i U ' ^ n r l e t g ; h b d e f s h 1) 1)--- 2) 2) . Diag-24 flrag"23 I I R c I 7 o o A 6 rl 4 + . a ? 5 f) n .) I 4 I 4 ! a t : b c d e l a g i : c d e f g i h r r - 4i L'- - 8 I a 5 4 z 1 e Diag.27 Diag'25 7 i 1)-- t) I c 5 4 Z tl 4 I 2i 5) f g h
  55. 55. Diag.28 Diag.29 I U 7 7 h n o 5 5 5 4 4 I ? "i 2 2 I 1 1 1 a b c d e f s h a 1) b c d e f s h a 1) b c d e f S h f s h 1)--_ 2) Diag.31 Diag.32 o Dlag.33 R x 7 7 c 6 5 E 4 + 3 a 2 2 1 1 a b c d e f g h a+ 4 I a b c d e f U i r a b c 1) 1)--__ 2I-._ e 1)--*-__ 2) d t) Diag.34 Diag.36 Diag.35 B B 7 - o A tr 5 4 4 3 2 2 z I 1 a b i__- 2i c d r l i g h
  56. 56. Diag.37 Diag.38 B 8 ' 7 7 6 5 o o 5 4 . 8 4 I 3 z 1 1 a b c d e f S h a b c d e g f h a b c d e f S h f g h 1)._--- 2) Diag.40 Diag.42 0iag.41 I B 7 7 o - I -7 I 6 4 A a 3 ? z L A z 4 1 I a b c d e f g h a 1) b c < j e f g h a b 1)_ J c d e _ 2)__ Diag.43 Diag.45 *iag.44 I c B 7 a I I o o 4 4 { ', 1 1 4 s b c c i e a b c c a 4t 2i 2i,**. _.--__ i e f g h
  57. 57. Diag.46 Diag.47 B Diag.48 o u 7 I 7 7 o o 5 4 5 4 3 ,t 2 2 2 z 4 I 2 1 b c d f 1 g b c d e s h a b c Diag.50 8 d e Diag.51 A 7 a 7 o 5 5 4 A. T 4 3 z t rJ 2 1 2 1 a b c d e f S 1 h a 1).-.-.-=-...- b c d e f s h a b 1) 2) c d e 1) 2)_ Diag.52 I Diag.53 Diag.54 I 7 I '7 7 o b 5 4 5 A + 4 t J J z z L 1 I b c d e 1 a b c c J e s h a b 1)__-_. 1j 2)_ /l ,* c d
  58. 58. 8 7 6 7 R _ Diag.57 Diag,56 Diag.55 T b 5 5 5 + - 6 4 - J 2 2 2 z- 2 1 1 1 I - a b c d e f S a h b c d e f g LI a h b c d e f 9 h 1) Diag.60 Biag,59 Diag.58 B I a I 7 7 o 6 4 A 2 1 2 2 I a b c d e f S 1 a h b c d e l g a h b 1) Diag.63 Diag.E2 I 7 I 6 6 4 ? ? 2 2 1 3 5 4 I a b c d e f g e ?''_ Diag.61 8 d 1) 2l__ c 2 1 h 1)_-- s7 f g h
  59. 59. Diag.64 Diag.65 Diag.S6 B R 8 7 7 7 o o 5 5 4 4 - J 2 ,| 2 ' Z 1 I a b c d e f g I h a 1)_- b . c d e. .t s h 1) 2) 2)__ Diag-67 Diag.S$ BEag.69 s 7 o o 7 o 5 4 t J 2 2 z 1 1 1 a b c d a 1) b c d 1)_----_ ? e f s h a b c d e 1) _ zl z) Diag..70 triag.7t X Diag.72 R 7 6 5 , 4l + + J J I 1_ 1 1 a i l 2) l c o e 4 I a b 1i. c - i __.- a h ,i c d e f s h
  60. 60. Diag.75 Diag.Ttl Diag.73 I B U -7 7 I 6 A - 6 4 6 4 J J 2 q L 2 ,| & I a b c d e f g 1 a h b c 1) f g h 2)-- DiaE.78 Diag.77 Diag.76 I I 8 e 1) 2) 2) d p D tr 4 + 4 3 "1 2 z. 2 { 'l I I a b c d a e h c 1)-_--- 1)_-_---- 2) d e f g a h b c c j 1).---_-- 2J._- - Diag.St Diag.S0 Diag.79 x 8 7 b { 4 5 t+ q 4 3 L 2 I 1 1 b c d e 1) 2',t z) e7 e f s h
  61. 61. .., '{ iii ! Diag.82 Eiag.83 Diag.84 a I I I o 6 o 5 5 X 4 A a z o L 1 1 a b c d 1 e e f a 1) b c d e 1)--__ 2) ?r Diag.85 DiaE.87 *ia:g.BG B 8 7 o o 5 A ,l 2 L z- 1 1 1 2).___ Diag.EB a Diag.90 DEag"SB R U 7 6 0 4 3 4 c 3 { J I 1 1 d L , L 6,: . b c d e f s r
  62. 62. Diag.93 Diag.92 Diag.91 B B 1 I 7 o 6 n 5 5 5 A 4 4 3 J B z n I 4 L 1 1 a b c d e f S h a b c d e f g a h b c d e f g h f g h 1) 1) z) Diag.96 Diag.95 Diag.94 x R a 7 7 7 o 6 q 5 4 ) b c d e f S 2 1 a 3 2 4 4 4 h a b c d e f S a h d e 2) 2) tiiag.99 Diag.98 Diag.97 I '7 D o o 6 4 a J a Z 2 4 1 I a c 1j-.- -- 1) ii b b c d e f g h a b c 1)-.------_ (r ' l e f g h
  63. 63. D i a g . f0 0 ? I 6 4 2 1 a b c d e f S h 1) 2) Diag.101 er
  64. 64. Diag.102 Diag.103 Diag.104 8 B B 7 7 7 6 o 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 2 z 2 1 1 1 a b c d e f E h a b c e d f g a h . 1) b c d e f s h 1) 2) / l Diag.105 Diag.1S6 B Diag.107 B B 7 7 o o o 5 5 4 + T 2 z I 1 1 1 a b c d e f 9 h a b c d 1)__--. z) e a b c d e f g h 1) - 2) Diag.108 Eiag.109 B I 7 7 6 D i a g . fl 0 6 t A v 4 4 z 2 z a 1 4 , a b c 1j_ i + f g h a b 1) (l c d e f s h
  65. 65. Diag.t13 Diag.112 t Diag.l 1 8 B 7 7 6 8 o t 5 E 4 A A ? 3 z I .''! 2 4 I I a b c c i e a f d e f g h Eiag.116 Diag.115 Diag.114 I 8 Q c 1)-- 1) : b I : o : 6 5 t o 6 q q A { J z 2 2 4 1 1 a b c i e c f g a h b c c l e 1) 1)_- 2JD i a E .tl 9 I Diag.117 B B 7 I I o 6 4 1 5 a A L I I a b c a d b 1i---- 1) 2)_ E c d e f g h f S h
  66. 66. Diag.l?2 Diag.tr21 Diag.120 B R 8 7 I I . 6 o o 5 q A - A T e q I a 2 z 4 I 1 1 a b c d e f g h g f e d c ; b ' b h c d e f S 1l__-- tJ 2 2j l Diag.t?4 D!a9.123 t1 B B 7 7 o 6 6 - Diag'125 6 4 A + a /- 2 2 I 4 1 a b c d e i g f-J b ; h c d e r d h s e f a tt 1) 2j Diag.l?6 2)-- , -_ Diag.127 Diag.128 I 8 a { 7 o 6 6 4 A 4 1:l) ,] J a z 2 I 1 1 l a r r c { l e f g h 1)__-2i___=_- (,{ 5 b c d e s h
  67. 67. Diag.131 Diag.t30 Diag.129 B 7 o o B 7 B 6 5 5 A - 4 + ? J z 1 2 z a I a b c d e f S a%H 1 a h b c d e f S h f g h f g h 1) 2l r'l Diag.132 Diag.134 Eiag.133 8 8 o 7 7 7 o o 6 tr 5 5 4 4 4 2 J 2 + .O1 1 a b c d e f S 2 1 z I h a b c d e f S a h 1) t ) b c d e 1)..- 2 z) Diag.135 Diag.137 Diag.136 B & -7 7 t h 4 5 5 A 4 4 3 *) I 2 L 1 4 a b c d e f E h a b c c e f s h a b i )-=_--_ 1)__ 2)_ ?) Lt@ c d e
  68. 68. Diag.139 Dlag.f38 R I B --, I 7 I , 6 o 5 5 . 1 4 4 J - 2 - 1 2 2 I I a b c d e f g t t a h b c d e f g b h d s f g 1) - 2J-- 2) Diag'143 Diag.142 Diag.141 B B a ^l , 7 6 o 3 5 . . . " 4 4 4 2 , 2 2 z I 1 a b c d e f S f a h b c e l e f g r l 1)-*__ 1)----___-- ?_- ? Diag'146 4 $Eag.f S Diag.f44 R I a f I r 6 q 4 f 5 z a L 1 ,,| 1 - a b c d e y t l i l L u L l ' - A ii-2|_* 6+ i A l 'J ir t i c d e s h
  69. 69. Diag.l47 Diag.148 Diag.149 I 8 B I I 7 7 o o 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 a b c d e f g h a 1) b c d e f g a h 1) 2) b c e . . J . s h 1) 2) z) Diag.150 Diag.151 R d Diag.152 8 B t 7 o 6 5 4 4 3 J 4 z 2 z I 1 1 I a b c d e f g h a 1) b c d e f s h a 1) b c d e f S h 1) z) Diag.153 Diag.154 B Diag.155 B 6 7 7 h o 5 c A A 4 3 z z a b 1)--_ 2)*- _ c ---__ d e f g 2 I 1 1 h b c d e f S h a b 1.) ,___ 1) 2)____-__ 2) Cq c d e f g h
  70. 70. Diag.174 Diag.f 56 Diag.157 a B X 7 o o o 5 t+ A " J I a 2 n 1 ?. { 4 I 1 a b c d e f s a b c d e 1) s h a b c d e f g f E 1)_ Diag.177 . Diag.159 Diag.f60 U x o '7 7 I 6 z _ v o A - 4 l J 2 z I 1 1 a b c d e a 1) b c d e 1)_- Iliag.180 Diag.f 62 Diag.163 8 I 7 7 7 U 6 5 ,+ ',fr//z 5 A 4 ..1 J 2 I-1 4 -_:= I l'r . .^l -,J 2 1 I 6 b i)_ 2i_- __ c d e a b c d i )_._--. 2i.*___-*-.**_ 6y e
  71. 71. Diag.165 Diag.183 8 Diag.184 B B 7 7 6 h 5 o 5 4 5 A ia 7/t 4 3 J 2 .) 2 I I 4 a b c d e f s i 1 r a c b d e.-f S a h b c d e f s t 1 4 t t _ 2) 2)_ Diag.168 Diag.186 B ( 7 , o Diag.,t87 u - B 7 F A E a I r o q f 3 c 4 4 4 .1 J A ^ J 1 5 l J z I 1 r 2 a l 1 a b c d e f g h a b c d e f s = f s r 1) z) Diag:171 t). Diag.189 t I ]-. (i! 7 *! t l I 7 6 Diag.190 a v d l ^ ll - B 7 a v o 5 5 4 4 3 J 2 '1 2 a b 1) 2)_-_ c d e f i j r d? a 1) 2) b c d e f S h I a b c 1)"---.----__ 2) 7[ d e
  72. 72. Diag.192 Diag.f 93 R Diag.f 94 B I t 6 . q 4 A J 2 2 1 2 4 I a b c d e f s h a b 1) 1)--_ 2) c c i f e s h a b c d e f S h 2) Diag.195 _*_ 1)-_ : lliag.l9S 8 Diag.197 8 -7 -7 7 t) 5 5 A /+ 4 ,f 2 a 1 1 a b c d e f S 1 h i l b c d e g f h g h t l 1) 2)__ Diag.198 D!ag.f 9 9 d tria9.200 o 8 7 s 5 t + I I .2 2 I 1 1 a 1 f i c d e f s h 1 a l ' 1l :r! 7) f g h a b c 1)-_--__--- d e f
  73. 73. ChessPuzzl€s;corrt Checkmate in Tu'o Moves t'Iate in Tg,o i'loves- W h i t et o I I o v e : lIate in Trto h{ovcs- lllacl l() iUorc: L 2. Matc in Trvo Nlovcs- lVhite to Ilove: irlate in Trvo I'lovesI l . 2 g 2 Vhiie to il'love:
  74. 74. Check Mote WithROOK ond King You shouldbe aiming for one of thefolloivingpositions checknrate ro lhe enemv lr"irrgrvirfi,1 loneRook.Notice horvtrreKi'g mustalso conlror sonre trreescap€ of squirrcs. This rllethod checkniating ritorc of is clifJlcult tlra'rrratirrg r'irh a erreen t6e erern;Ki'g as is ableto attack Rook in oi*o)'rthichis iL'possibre the *,irlirhea;;;_ il;li;il;Jj;',u rrop,l," Kilig on theedgeof theboarcl thenrire ilrri Kirrgis rrecdecl secure ro check'ate. Let'sseerhisnretrrod actionstafling in r.,irh position {he shorvn berorv. E € 1{ d
  75. 75. f-v .l o l"' Ke(r 2' Ke3 the to King comes support l{ook} o {The Vhite ' Kd6 2..3' Kd4 Ke6 4'Rd5 ntore' evetr the (The Rookconfittes llkrckKing sltorvtt to rectangle itl" Ki,tgis nou' restricted I in tlrediagr-arn') I 4"' Kf() 5'Rc5 l is Lrox madesrnaller' iThe Kf7 5-" 6' Kd5 K'1rr 7'Kd6 closcrto tne to King is ftrrcetJ tl'tot'e {The Illack t:dgeof the board') 7...Kfl 8' Re6 the l(ook restricts King'} {'l'lre g 6 v6 -l i -? I
  76. 76. I 8 . . .K g 7 9" Ke7 Kg8 10.f{96+Kh7 i l . K 1 7K h 8 t2.Rh6# 1 -- o .l t , I chcckntalilrq n'itlta lotte rookis r-rorc difficulttlra' ri,itlr erreeror t,ollo.ks. .1..e a sraues lrr keep ilr rnindaresunrntarized belo,rr,: ( ing. b o r s m a l l e irf p o s s i b l e . ier' lrove tlteKing (a rvaitirrg ntoveto v' --'F force hack e llreoppone't'sKirrg.) wlren the opPottent's King is at thesicie theboarcl of look lbr orre the checknlarirr_q of patlerr)s u,in the gamel to Gerterally' u'ith correctplay,it is possible to checkrnate u,ith a Rook arrci King i, l5 to 20 tllores. Orleof thedangers that a ilrarv is may resultclLre v ' ! rollre J rloye rlie (sce rv 50 I.lowCar'es "'r are Draivtt ). .J set upvarious posirions thevhiteRook with a'cj Kingagai'st BlackKi'g andpractise the clteckrnating a frie,d ora chess rvirh cornfurer unliryolrare or-ir. sure 1 t ts :
  77. 77. I a o q ': t i ' Rli5 l t c t o s si t c u K i n g i s n t l r v n a b l eo l ' f h eB l a c k fifrh rank') a 6 t { ) :' I I t s v8
  78. 78. t I ' l. Rc7 King rvhich Black's forces {A waitingmove is 2.I{c8 if becattse l,..Ke8 to closer tlrccorner checkmate ) 1 . .K e S . o .l t I 1r' -1 8 2. Kf6 i h i t e i n gl i r r c ets ee n c n r iv t ot h e n K h {T'he a c o r n e rs2 . . . K f Bl , R c 8 # ) 2... h8 K t' ) .1 3 t 6
  79. 79. ::-' I 3' Kg6 King closesin'} {The hite 6 3 ...K 9 8 onlYrnove'} {1-he ,l .' J , s I t $ 4. I{c8# 1 6 1 I q .l t r d c f C WhentheKingisitrthecentreoftheboard,itmustbedriventothesidebeforeitcallbe checkntated' Shedoesthis by sideof the boarcl' the BlackKing to the white mllst force belorv' ln thediagram with sqLlares her Rook' tlieKing's escape of off cuttitlg sorne h0
  80. 80. 1 natein chess thegbeckq4lg a rone is of kine whichcanbe forced riththesrronger ro irroue r,r,i,h side anO *r€.;'oi;,-Jh."t ro," hree moves fionr q,here defencler position the cannor 1nV^lgrting & r.toller Lartrprechi200l,, C|rleelm1it.:ii 9), aSoneofthefour'.oo:1:.u.,*,,1'.ii,i|.il}:lftffiJi:!-ff,?1mi:, andtrvobishops agairtsr |,olre-king). a ii onll'occurs in-P'act,:c" approxirnatel;,once i' every5000 ganres OAilgt_&l=esUrcctrr I : | | ). 200 , 3 h c : d e f e l h Clteckrrrarc i'.,ithirislrop knjght(llUlleL.t anr.l l=ernprechr I ; l9) 2LrC El 1 ':irai.-.: +;:!Ei: ilii.f.ii €, q : :ii=l .."i.j..+ ;r;ii;i.. ;1i61: a 'r:lrr::i ) I .: .l-rr.: i'i::::. a t, 6 gt
  81. 81. 't 79) (PXg$slSl:29Q6:2 ate.cJreckmate An altern : a b c d e t i.,&ffi;ffi$ffi s h I 2001:400) (Miiller Lanrprecht & best against delense in checkr'ates33nroves White 1749 Arnethodforchecknrateusirrgthe"^w"nretllodu'asgivenbyPhitido'inhisfiarnoLrs r,ihe Anotherrn:l];;i,;;ff::;'rli:-'l;:'i:iliiillluol.,i., treatise. ttu rtes ,',Lr ietr orSorne I corlle at tlrcriglrtartgle' ,'itlr "right'l Ihc in rvas s)'stetlr fit'st1:ublished 192i lltecotnplcte lhan tO(eltntoremOveS fir,e takeS ntethOcl bclorethe fili'' J it canstill bc accornplislred triangle"col]]esup in thc nrorestandarcl or lt'iangle" "rniddle lLa}:elllb takcseffect. FIis"secorld of usingeitlrer thc methods' stt'ictlv rvitlrotrt can checkmatc be forced (see Inetlrocls belorr,). James procecluretltischeckntate learrr -shoukl or opinionsditfer asto lvhether not or nota player r','itrr tvYo |;l otnits checkrirate bisrrops Hovi,ell tlie i:ill ffiil'il,IJ?leJ:ri:;lf;Jl'ilTy"' ivitlt tu'o bishops(![or-r'ell n thcclreckrttate bltt u'ith trvobishops rtot the cludes checkmate jatsott lris frrenrlJ-qlrn ; hadit only onceand s S 2 r h a sn e v e h a di t ( S l l m a n 0 0 7 : 3 3 . 1 8 8 )i'l m a n a y s spgnd really hopeftrl ,,...rnastering the Should clress chunkof tirne' it wouldtakea significant (at he endgarne rvillachieve a1 learning study for he'l put aside chess manyof his 'recious-tiou* in only onceor t'uvice his lifetime?" rnost) Contents a 6 l:l 8*
  82. 82. l --: c o c l: "- -3.: ru Cteno'nuiilEr-GJ.ffi 1_4i {A stalemate frnn starematetrap 5 Ouotations 6Seealsg ? Notes c ! I tedill Standal.d "W,, nlanoeuvre ,*: it,[L'j,*: . ilt''*ffi Ir'',*iffi*:'i*i#,, : ,rcedin the, l. Driving or tlre +,1 board using ? I;il;; il ;iflrTl]':iil:1l - ;ornL'l'to "right" arrhree i::,:*:lirrhe by correr. pieces 3' Deli'ering the lheclreckrrrare. ;r,,...riu.u,. ;r*,# has co,np,e,ec, bcen anc, ii:f:,:.,t'#{1,,i:,!;1":'J::;llrjiHlt;::,fi:Iil:i:,i:lfi,r:" ;;;'":l;illj.'3;:;' ;:*:iJ: r;; H*'f iscom, Ijt,li:{{li$iiT,.rffi tr*:fff ilfiji:"ir,illtili'riiiri$ff rr;,: non -q trrrIi",,1_ur;Silfo v i.,"u ii v v r r r r s K . )ooo,ziqj, n*o..trku0 0 6 : 2 7 9 ) : c y 2 ,,r. e f e t '.;;:i+ s1 : s s ) .+:B 's -dflh l.N17+ rhircto rnovc €--i i'i € E g3
  83. 83. 1 so that tlrenext The *,hitebishopis positioned trre theking to reave corner. First white forces ol g8'are possible' i*r'*ou.r, gainingtont'il 1..-Kg82'Bf5 IrvaitinglTloVg'forcirrgBIack,skingtomovesorlritecarrplay3.Bh?,takingarval,gSfromtlte king2.'.Kf8 3'l]lr? KeB 4'n*e5 T l r e k e ' v t o t l r e s t a n d a r d u , i n r t i n g m epossitrle e N t f . e 5 . d 7 - c 5 - b ? r n o v e r n e l l t o f t h e k n i g l r t , t h o d i s tdetlenses: h are Nolv tltere rr'vo a "U" shape' forruing DefettseA:4'..Kt8Blackc|ingstothe'.safe..corner'but|osesmoreqtrick|y' the (corrtintrirtg g.896+Kdg g.Bfl Kc8 10.Nc5 6.Ke6 Kdg ?.Kd6 Keg 5.Nd7+Kcg a is trre position' Kb8 12'Kc6 11'1{b9!f) KbBirr rigrrtttte lil::"1;J"t1li,1l;;?'- t"'l^tO13"'Kc8 *I''g l5'Bd?(norv t1 matirrg l-5: tnotefrotnllre krriglrt's can clteckrttate begiYen) attd ting i"n'tnnedtoihe;iglifl'tgi" def'errcling Ka8t8'Bc6# Kb8 i7'Nrr6+ ri'X=ts 15'..ltalt Tliis holdsout the edge' out kingtriesto break frotu re' I]: 4"'KdB [-le theclel'enciing I)efense lorrgcr. Black's 'rW" lnalloeuvre' etetttlrotrgh the colrtttiues knight's Yhite 5.Kc6 Kc7 6.Ntl?! tlrebackrank' ;;; i.,;;i.'tporarilv lefi 7 6...I(c6 .8d3: a b 6 lr'i!r*i ?ffii , : ';'-B r, Y ilFi iositionafter't"'Kc7 by is bouncled a6'b6' The.perrmeter corner. off to thecorrect-corored Bb5closes restricted king is norv Brack,s trtit'"tt^ftrrther' rrur.quJri*""r, ,,gr,,t" Black's b5.c5,d5.d6.d.l.el,'. tt. lande8 bv thebishop)' * andtherr iJ'ii"*t"ffir the redeplo,ving k";g;;;" i6 c6; 7t1
  84. 84. -.ri t 7...Kc7 At thispointtwo waysof continuing possible. are Continue W mahoeuvre the Onecontinuation theposition from atierBlack, of theknighr, bringing ro c5 ancl lvliill< by ir b?. Ke8 l0.896+ Kd8 I LIlfT Kc8 l2.n*c5 KdS 13 K b 8 I 7 . N c 5 a 8 I 8 . B d ? b 8 t 9 . N a 6 + a 82 , K K K Deleta second ng's triaugle a b c c l r e f g h i'. +**tt#, ,g++ e t c C e f g h Deletan second g's triangle Deletang's triangle method I € te by confiningtheking in strccessivel;, r,;f,r:ril , inside rnarked 3 is conlined the or.onn.l i .. ! ,:: . Theking cannot escape areanoratrii(.i( the iiii rmsshorvs triangles the and horvrhebishol.r si
  85. 85. .l , l . lt a.': . t , fi gle rrian (Pandolni 2009:48ff)' v v net Second iV .J _i'v' ,?i'J"
  86. 86. , : a l r c d e .l l ) s .X, f h I ffi $ z i X r ] ' mi 5 r| : r...if*i J 3 i;ftI.t . L 7 i]:t,i' ;:i;.r.:11 I e f g h Third net ln the first net all threepiecesarerequired confinethe king. tn the secondnet only the bishop to and kniglrtareneeded. tlie thirdnet.theking andbislrop In conllnethe king. allorving knight rhe -t'he to eitherchecktrate assist tlreclreckrlate la Villa 2008:205). or in (dc rvinnirrg pioceclure cottsists ol'nrakirtg kirtg tnoyeso thatthebishop reachrhe6r'porenrrse thc can o{-thenexl snt.aler tr iarrg lc t|a12Stg[ll_?8Q! :4 8 I {)a a ' a b c b c c i d e e l f g s l t i h : I t : . J r,'-'1 .*-. -'.':.t I g7
  87. 87. _ !r t ''-{ I ;: . h a ' i s. i 8 t T Y $ a b e r l e r Thirdtrianglc White rvins: triangle' Startingtromthepositiorlofthe first corner 1. Bc2 (to push the king toward the j 1 ':: '.... ; middlenspossible) 1.'.Ke3(tht kitt;;;tt'"s "lo'e tothe fromd l) e2' i.-r<.r tpfuois tJ euard probably 2..'Ke2 move) 3' 896 (arvaiting 3...Ke3 e2) 4. Kdl (guarding 4...Kf, s.KdzKf6 e2) 6' Kd3(stillgLrarding Kg4 6... to fromgoing h5) the 1.Ke3Kh4 (preventing bishop s. Kf4Kh3 : br t
  88. 88. J t t (r .i t , E . ., ,r : Arier8 . Kr,:.:bi:h.I;r,.1;0, a,trn" 1.rol-,o hl,pore,, use 9. tshs!(the bishop o' rfre is t,ypot.nrr",i,f," _.""ra;;i;,r;,:;, 9...Ir'gz 10.Ne5Kf2 I I: Ne4+ Iigl 12. Bg4 (thesecoricl rrer) 12... fI K 1 3 .K f J K e I I4. Xc3 KfI 15.Kd2 Kg2 1 6 .K e 2 K g r / * . .:. E a # - &. s , ""& f . i#',ffi#,' ---.,f*ri:, "*tk#ff ' fiiir; a b c r l e f c ,ffi: 2 ,iiiFs*i ; ffij-*t J h After 16... l^_bishop ready KS is forrherhird hyporenuse Bl:?i(rhe .,r.,irO of ,riungt.l ll Kb2 17... 18.Bfl Kgt Nqs (preparirrgguard to h2) ll 1 9 . .K h l . 20.Kf2 Kh2 2 1 .N f 3 + K t r l i l i € t1 _ Lt
  89. 89. 8-5 22.Bg2#(Pa@lir::-2999:4 | )' from games [gditJExamPles [ e d i t lT he" W ma n o e u vre rl 2005 Kaqttunen-Rasik, a b c d e t g h Whitcto tnove "w srro*,s Rasil..Er theknigrrt's rnaroeuvre"' .l.rris and MikaI(arttune' Vitezsrav berrveen game continued: The garne I(eS Nc7+KbBBB'll(14Kc889' Ba7KtlS90'Nd5 84.BcSKb7 85.I{d5 KbB 86.Kc6 KaS87' Btr6+KcB9?'NfSI<f8 KeB95'I(e6Kd8 96' 91.Kd6 Kn gl.n"r Xft 93.Be3Kf7 94.B<14 BcS r0r. Bcl6I(h7102'NfsI(gs 103'Kg6 KlrS104' Kf6 KgA 98.Bc7KeS99.Ng?+Kf8 100. 20f18:106-7)' & l-0 (ivliiller Pajeken Bcl4#' Nh6r'KlrS106' after104."Kg8,105' follorvs Checkmate -I --- ]-,, technique game,neither Igditl Grandmaster I l v _ flo
  90. 90. i + u ' ) l i ] 3 i'' j b c d e f g h o , 7 t ) t : ' ] 'i.ffi a b c c l e f g . E , h Position 83... afrer Nx96+ .? game belrveen potgiir. Liubornir Liuboievic arrctJucjir tvtonaco Tn': o.:':':t,li.t:nt.,ht blindfold Amber1994;rPolgar did,not theslandard use melhod, neverlhelesr.nor.,li,r*,ruJl[e but pieces effectivel,'. conrirrued: Plal' B4.Kd6 85.Kcs Kf6 Kes s6.Kc4 ud5+ g?.Kd3 Nf4+Bg.Ke3 (Whitecanresistaboulseyentlrov€slongerb;,88.Kc3)Be4B9.Kd2Kd490.Kcl Kc39t.Kdl Dc2+92-KelKd3 93.KD Ke494.Kg3 95.Kf2 tldl NrJ3+ 96.Kg3 Ke3 97.K14 Kf4 98.Kh3 Ncl 99.Kh4Ng2r'100'Kh3 101.I{lr2Knfiz.Kh3 KR Be2loJ.xtt Bg4 t04.Ktil n-e3 l 0 5 . K h 2N f I + 1 0 6 . K t r I I R #0 - l l I e d i t ] G r a n d m a s t c r f a i l c dt o n r a t e 't i - ) -Eptslt Kenrpirrski !.1 a b c c i e f r S _-'! ,.l-] r 6 6 r q 5 4 : ,iaffi lfis*t +:'*i ;l'+'jt a :+:4., b c d e f g position afterl26...Nxdi I
  91. 91. i€ s -U .--i : -t d e f g F+4't ,..J i:ili.l.: :';=:j,ill 2 tLij"!: (-t - ,,::'i;::.;.b 5 4 3 i::::.:di: ii;j:il?r:! if;"!.ld p ^ z 1 a b c c l e f s I-I afterl40.Ka8 position side moves'The superior suboptimal nrade both tlvo grandtnasters- players In this garrebet$'een sidecoulcl afterthe irrferior nroves g!4!gr]3u# several had no ideahorv to ,r',rtonli eno.a uP uridcrthe lilis-nove rulg'E a clainted drarv hrtve ner]qllEgDlrjr$j(2498).VladilniiEpistriq(2567)[E60]Btrncles|i[a000lGerInarrl,(5.3)' . 0 7 . 0 12 0 0 1 lb2 d(r?.Ile2c5 8.b5IlbT 9'0-0e6 l0'Nbd2 e5 fcl ReBl5'Nc1 cxrl41(r'extl4 t 7'd5 Nc5 Bh6 22.8c3Rc5 23.Qb2Bc8 24'Itel Bl'5 Ra8 30.Qc3Qb6 3l 'g3 RcbS tfS29.Q43 hS [trb2 37.Bxtr2 J8'Rg2QcS 3(i,llc3 h6 ! J, E-- _; ] 1v
  92. 92. - g ! : E - I {, ' : l , l l v i -1 l , l -1 .i i Kc5? 150.'.Nd5 thestandard l51.Ka6Bd6?I52.Kb?Kbs tSJ,KaT is win. Kc6 t54.Ka6Bbg! Reaching same the position after as l49rh Black's rnove. 155.Ka5 Nd5! Belateaty nnJingttre winningmove missed he fi_vemoves l56.Ka6 ago. objectively was l5l.Ka4. ncz: Missing best rhestandard t56...Nb4+. l57.Ka? Bb6+lsg.Kbg Bcj 159.Kas Nc?+t60,KbgNbs 161.Kn8 Kb6 162.Kb8 Na7 163.Ka8 Ka6l64.Kb8 Bb6l65.Ka8 Nb5 l66.Kb8Nd6 l67.Ka8Kb5 168.Kb8 Kc6l69.Ka8Bc7I70.Ka? Nb? l7l.Ka8Nc51?2.KaZ Bb6+ t?3.Ka8Bcl t74.Ka7 Nd7 t75.Ka8 Bd6 176.Ka7 Nb617?.Ka6 I78.Ka5bc?l79.Ra6Nc8 Bb8 sratem ate%-% ( 3 _ a '--F ingposition an.ived, Whitewaskindenough ro x moves. Blackseemed try to mate But to rd thestandard rvinning lirre. to a point,but up rgain matein the wrongcorner. to A stalemate trap t$ -: e '.tr €' .'.3. c liir';i.,!; a b Biack nrove tg c d e i f I I 3 i i: I I a 6 b c d e f g h Blackto rnove, drarv! Notethaiitr.poritiln*oui6 uiso arur"nif theknightwere u" at aTor e7 (rnarked dors). wirh q
  93. 93. 3 ir- l _.j- :- ,l I rvas treatises, notedby the Atnerican rdsamg coltttnn "What'sthe BestN'love?" n I"prryEr'-?ns' Nd5. Blackrvouldbe 2.Kb72? fter I ..-Nb6+?2 rvith inslantl-y White drauu's Howeven, triangle. resultirrg rr Blackto savehisbishopis to rnoveit: drawnif tlre knightwere at a7 or e7 instead' rvhere does not it on rt rvasadded an!'square the rtin. sinceif he sacrificed ck still couldnot qndeante)' (see forcecheckrnate l'rvo knis.hts A corrrpositiQn' drarv.' r a "Whiteto plat'and of a at at iir to identical r6atshorr'rt thediagram riglrtocctlrs t6e clirnax idea essentially., stalernate sr.udybyA.H.Branton,r..ondprize.NevvStatesman,lg66(Rolcroftl.972:2ail(Vhite:king it d l), though may havebeenknou'neven on c.l: Btack:king orr.i, knighron a3,bishopon earlier'. rvin quickll'b)' settingup Blackrvould of From t6e diagrampositionat left, illstead l.--Nb6+??, e-g.2.Kd8Bb5 3'Kc8Nd5' rou{e1...Ne3. iriangle'ia the alternate Ort.tung,, se"cond ''l111t:cl Il'hita ii; Tllovand muic itt n"1 1r. .tv .i- q
  94. 94. ) ) ) i
  95. 95. 1 l4/hirc in ltto nlores T'henext Ihree are: Black to checkmale E 7 () 6 3 2 1 B 7 lt 6 |': ,,li i! z 1 ?6
  96. 96. -_ 'i ? t i) li E 7 ? do"y' it's not that hard' but complicated not to is bishops a little.more Matingwith hilo to vhichis about be othercheckma as ;ept the the towards edgeo' rs-hed hadto lead rokwere You the ,two bishoPs king wil work bishoPs togethel wo , - - r,:* king) ttniJrtneoPPosing ;".;ffi;in This by the two bishops' possibleto baniermade * 1!e ui't"-n'."t'*fJb;:il,li'." Theblackking will try to stay "1o:: T ii **.0,i'""#"#' '* "i't'" it have waywilr l1:ll*Trr" ;;ttrewbtlgSstspJg* f t ll I s 5 4 Space' <l Yr c d s 1 g h t' theblack king 4. Kd5-e5 Bg5-e7Now 3' Ke5-d5 Ba4-b3+ 2' Kd4'e5 Kf3-e3 Ks2-J3 can only go B I I I I I E 4 t a T V ;_: '+ frorngoingro | I ( t b c ' d d I the diagonalnearthe banier' the ,-d6prevents blackking Ke|-fi5'Be" n-+... 8'Bd6-e7+ riiiiq'i'-ni-i-e6+ Kga-gt 6KJs-ss Ke3-e4 :.F I 1l iJ iji q -t, I
  97. 97. i 7 6 5 4 1 2 o l tt' Kh6-s7 {fs-ts t0' Kg6-h6 Kf4-15 e. Kg5-g6 Ke4'f4 tend mostbeginners to makea mistake.Mostfail to find the solutionand Kg7-h7This is were to This or abitnop by stalemate. is whatyou have do : youreduce ju"st upeither losing by end Kh7' Kgs-f6Kh8-h714.Kf6-17 Kh7-h8 13. t2. Be7-JB c b c d e t s n Kh8-h7l6.Be6'f5*Checkrnate! thatmay occurin endgames. patterns This were just a few simplecheckmating
  98. 98. .i, t ..r-i-...-_., l .1 Mate in TVo h a b 1 c d e f g h 8 5 4 4 a e J 2 2 2 1 19. White o 4 c 6 5 . 5 b 8 6 a B 1 1 d ' e a b c d e 20. White to Play to Play 8 8 8 I 7 7 7 7 o O ) o q C c 5 5 4 4 4 ' e z J z 2 2 1 1 1 a b c d 21. White to Play e 1 a b c d e 22. White to Play Tlte Chess Course s^IMPLE CHECKMATES {v 1 j
  99. 99. I 8 6 7 7 6 6 5 5 4 4 3 g 2 2 1 t 7 o q 4 2 , 2 7 o c 4 3 I a b 'C-*; 2 a 23. Black io play b 1 c - J 2d. Whire 66 play I B 6 7 7 7 o 6 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 l 1 4 z 1 a b c O 7 6 5 B 6 4 e 2 a zs$white ro ptay b c 26. Black to play Moye No. srrvrpL.-cI-E'aEEATEE 39 loo I J i h BLACK
  100. 100. : B 8 7 7 7 6 6 o 5 5 4 4 4 3 a B I o Y 4 3 i* i 1 2 2 2 1 I a b 27. Black a d L 1 1 a e b c 8 I d e to PIay 28. Black to Play ,o U 7 7 o 4 /1 5 4 5 6 5 o IJ 4 a z z 1 I a b c d e a 29. White to Play The Chess Course { - b c d 30. White to Play SIMPLE CIIECKMATES 40 to,t I
  101. 101. I 8 8 Bli 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 5 5 b c 4 4 4 e 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 a b 1. White c d 1 a e i b c d 32. Black to Play to Play -: 8 B I 7 6 o tj 6 o -.i q :1 ,l; 4 4 4 3 3 e 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 B d " a b c a d 33. Black to Play b c d 34. Black to PIay et i i I 1 I, SIMPLE CHECKffATES The Chess Course toil
  102. 102. ,:-F ! F'- r B _ 7 7 6 o 5 o -a I 6 7 I 2 8 c 4 4 5 ! c J4 ; .5 a 2 2 2 1 I a b 35. White - c d 3 2 I e I a to Play b c d o 8 I 6 6 6 ( A A (+ + J z I z 2 1 t a 37. White io Plav D c 38. White to Plav The Chess Course SIMPLE CI{ECKN{ATES foJ , r.' 36. White to Play 8 - z e I - A a | :
  103. 103. MATI' IN TTIREE g h a b . 8 7 B B B 7 7 7 o 6 6 o 5 5 4 4 4 e * t a a b c d 2 1 I 4 J 2 I f, 1 e 2 I a 39. White to Play D c d e 40. White to Play B x 7 a B 8 o 6 ':' i ,n*g A 4 <l 4 .€ ,€ f> 2 o I 'I I a b 41. Vhite c d e I 1 a to Play b 42. White SIMI)LE CIIBCKMATES c d e to Play Tlrc Chess Course l"h ii.:
  104. 104. - ,,- I 8 8 I 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 3 ': ."!., ;-l r8 6 5 5 4 4 .t I 2, 2 2 2 { 1 1 1 1 I a b c d 43. Black to PIav e a b c d 2 1 e 44, White'to Play = l i I i. il Lfil ''ii:' i,ii' ,:i:,: ::.f.': r:'it-" . ;i): ;:+-T. ;''i-?' ;1+ 8 A a 7 a B : i9,t) B a ''' o o 6 i ',. / 4 z i:i: 4 4 a a D c d 45. White to Play e z 1 I z 1 1 a b c d e 46, White to Play The CtrcsiduGi SIMPLE ls) CHECKMATES A , i
  105. 105. t 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 5 q 4 4 4 4 a 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 < , 5 a 47. Black to Play b c d e 48. Black to Play Move A B 8 8 7 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 e 3 3 3 z 2 2 2 1 1 t 1 a b 49. White c d e a to Play b 50. White SIMPLE CIIECKMATES c d e to Play The Ch.ess(]n,r."n fo6
  106. 106. Y-) . ' : . 1 '=) 'o:-) ,::r) A Beginner'sGarden of ChessOpenings -l ;.J Commonaims in openingplay Lv as Irrespectiveof whetherthey are tryingto gain theupperhandas White and equalize Black or in a devote lot of attention theopeningstages generally players imbalances, dynamic to create to:H 1 . Development:One of the main aims of th. op"ning is to inobilize the pieceson irseful squareswhere they will haveimpact on the game. To this end, knights are usually e2, d2, e7 ar d7), and both player'sKing developed to f3, c3, f6 and c6 (or sometimes can be developed(alternatively,the bishops and Queenpawns are moved so the bishops with a manoeuvresuchas 93 and Bg2). Rapid mobilizationis the may be fianchetloed extent the rooks, are not usually played to a central key. The queen,and ro a lesser position until later in the game,when many minor piecesand pattns are no longer , Present. Conrol of the cenrer:At rhe start oF rhe game, ir is not clear on vvhichpart of the board pieces to be controlof the centralsquaresallorrys the pieceswill be needed.Howerrer, moved to any part o[ rhe board relativelyeasily, and can also hat e a cramping effecton by the opponent.The classicalviewis that central control is best effe.cted placing p3l:_.ll! )-. tlte Ilor.r'evet., pawnson d4 and e4 (or C5 and eS for Black). rhere, icteally esrablishing oI-evendesirableto occupy hypermodernschool strowedthat it was not always necessaty the centerin this way, and that too broada pawn front could be attackedand destroyed, looking pawn center is worth little urrlessit leaving its architectvulnerable;an impresslve 1 controllingthe center frotn a insteadadvocated can be maintained. The hypermoderns il opponenlcenter,and only taking over the breaking down one's distancewith pieces, Delense in a suchas Alekhine's cenrer oneself later in the game.This leadsto openings , . , line like 1. e4 Nf6 2. e5 Nd5 3. d4 d6 4. c4 Nb6 5. f4 (the Four PawnsArrack), White has a formidable pawn cenrerfor the moment,but Black hopesto undermitreit later in the gatrre,leavingWhite's positionexposed. in 3 . King safety:The king is somewhatexposed the middle of the board.Measurestnust be taken ro reducehis vulnerability. It is thereforecommon for both playersto either castle developingone of the rooks) or to otherwisebring the in the opening (simultaneously king to the side of rhe boardvia altiiiiial castling. s Most openingssrriveto avoid tl-recreationo[ pawtt 4 . Preventionof pawn weakness: 'weaknessbs etc. Sotne pav/ns,pawn islarrds, and clor-rbled backrryard such as isolared, positiolt' for considerations a quick attackon the oPponent's openingssacrifice endgame Some unbalanced openingsfor black, in particular, make use o[ this idea; such as the ' t ; E € & :i P,. I I .t Io
  107. 107. t : Dutch, and the Sicilian.Other openings, such as the Alekhineand the Benoni,invite the and forrn pawnweaknesses. opponentto overextend Specific openingsacceptpawn weaknesses exchange compensation the form of dynamicplay. (see palvn in for in structure.) 5 . Piececoordination:As eachplayermobilizes or her pieces, his eachattemptsto assure that they are working harmoniously towardsthe.controlof key squares. than the opponent: 6 . Createpositionsin which the playeris more comfortable Transposition one comtnon is way of doing15ir.lzltsl Thereare threegroupsofopenings coveredhere: Wlrite canstartby rnor,ing King'spawn2 spaces, playing"e4".This movehas his i.e. strengths it immediatelyworkson controllingthe cellter.anclit freestrvo pieces many (the Queenand a Bishop).This is a popularfirst move,leavingBlack rvith two optiols: l. Black may choose mirror White's to moveand repl,v rvith"e5" for the sanre reasons, leading openings to suchas the I{urJ Lopcz,Giuocol)iano(includingthe EvansGambitvariant), Kinq'sGarnbi!. and 2. Black canalsotry solnething otherthan rnirroringWhite's"e4" move.leadilg to openingssuch as the Siciliatl Def'ense, Irenc{r I)ef'ense, Car.o-Karul, Centcr ggUnlQLand Pirc/Modern. 2 . White canstartby movingthe Queen's pawn to "d4". This leads openings to suchas the Gantbit,King's lnclian Quecn's Def'ense, Nirnzo-Iqciian. Boqo^lnclian. euee,n,s ancl Inclian Defense, and DutchDefensg. a J. White can startu'ith someothermovethalr"e4" or "d4". Oneexarnple theEnglish is Openinq. L Each ol'these openings brieflydescribed is belorv. t Ruy Lopez The Ruy Lopez (alsocalledthe "Spanish" stafts as opening) out 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 NcG 3- Bb5 @ t .&E The Ruy Lopez is an old opening; is narned it afterRuy Lopez,a I6th CenturySpanish clergl,man chess and enthusiast. made He a sl,stematic studyof this and otherchess which he opeuings, recorded a 150pagebook.However, in althougtr is named it afierhirn, this particular opening wasknownearlier;it is irtcludedin the Gottengen manuscript, whichdates frorn 1490. Popularuseof the Rul,Lopez opening not develop, dicl hor,ever, tuitil the mid 1800's whenJaenisch, Russian a theoretician, "rediscovered" ootential. its The ooenincis still in activeuse:it to8 ({-; f
  108. 108. g qJ i. .,, t Bobby Fischer'.lnit' White is a favoriteof Gary Kasparovand andstartsan a potential pin of trt" d-pawiror Knight ;;;t n prepari g to castIe' ivhile simultaneously attackimmediately, e-pawnandtries to on White generallydirectspressure Black's bestreply on preparefor a pawn on O+'It's knorvnthat Black's |-J Aftertltat, bishop, auacking il;;;; i, uO,l"f,i"t*io.f., White's (Bxc6)' pieces or up can White back (Ba4) exchange GiuocoPiano n't a, has Game" Wliite performingmild"t]i:[,1':llt] This"Quiet trts wrth up to able even tltegame Bi;i"p, butBlackisoften It det-etises. starts as: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3' Bc4 Bc5 Pianissirntl the "d3"' you irave "Guioco tf Wfritethenreplies gane' Game") a verypasslre ("The Quietest havethe "EvansGanrbit"' tn with "b4?!",1'ou lf White replies center for a powerfirl which White offersa pawn in exchange Bishop' his opening Queen and possibly t 6 lul
  109. 109. _- ,. '-n .4 4 t , ! - ' t King's Gambit t 1 wasthe mostPoPu This opening for offersa pawn in exchange ra level;accordir now at themaster a reasonable Pl Blackcanobtain White's Pawn). 1. e4 e5 , J t I 2. f4 t . , the gambit' a nat,u^tfollowing move is "exf4" accepting ,a SicitianDefense as: The Sicilian starts , a : € tt .:] d a4 & q arld thereat'emany studied, The Siciliatthas beenextetrsively u'hich A.popularvariationis the "Dfagon"r'ariation, uuriations. startsas: 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 1. e4 c5 s. Nc3 96 4- Nxd4 Nf6 on a Black finachettos bisliop theh8-al . In this variatiou, Black's because This is calledthe "Dragon"variation diaeonal. to is fru*n structure supposed look like a dragon' Iro q
  110. 110. =E t . * i ' i ' variation' is poPYlut the"Najdorf quite that's ): variation move Another J"tigi"ilqts onBlack-s il;;' just It starts liketh' je 3' d4 cxd4 ) 1. e4 c5 z' str i . i "a n ;" " , 5 - N c3a 6 "r. Whiteoftenresponds Daniefrci1e^ to with "e51"' According Grandmaster ';;ti*tt"tr"ti center "8e2", o"'*niili;;;tk r.vith French Defense morecontrolover Blackiets White have Defettse' e fu ln the Frer-ich a(hopellv)sat i''''*'nulii; ;;i :;:'h l' ::'i'o'as: theceutet', stalls Defenbe rt.ri;i p^*ns' TheFiench d5 1' e+ eA 2' d4 The positior.r' center itlvolvejockeyingfor '-o*n generally and arise' Garnes chains ctc becomes usually praverto each ' tnes play e5; Black an traPPeo Becomes l:f'eJ:Tilll"ff:,i1" ,rn u, t5e "French BishoP". 1 I 6 ,t t Itt
  111. 111. Caro-Kann defense BlackletsWhite TheCaro-Kamis like theFrench and buildcontrolofthe center, Blacktries to geta pawnat d5. lt lookslike a "wirnpySicilian".TheCaro-Kann out starts as: 1. e4 c6 2. d4 ds is Themainlineof the Caro-Kann 1. e4 c6 2- d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxeA oneof Vhite's centralpawnsandcau get Black gets to eliminate 'uthiclr an adyastage is his piecesdeveloped, overthe French However,Black's piecesendtrp with more of a passive Defense. defensive role, so players of'this openingare often looking for' White to makea mistake(howeverslight). CenterCounter The CenterCounterstaltsout as: 1. e4 d5 This opening alsocalled is the "scandinavian" opening. A cornnon coutinuation exd5 Qxd5. is I i I I I iI I I d I iI I I I I ! i I I lr*
  112. 112. '_ d' l . .j. , rj:; --f Pire/Modern as such "Pirc"and names' by goes various Thisopening It "Modern". starts: 1. e4 d6 1. e4 96 1. -- Ll e4 96 or 1 . ;1.. . . sequence: Keene labelsthe "ModernDefense"as the 2' d4 Bg7 this was In This isa rilativelynewopening' the 1930s fourrdto bequite ,onria.rra inferior,butby theigeos it was to rviththe vierv btu.t letswhitl takethecenter ;i;;;i;. This position' "wonderful" White's ;J"r*ining andruining plavof it is countercorrect and ;;;t;J is tlickv to play BIackis is ttntt' control nota goal'since (inimediate intuitive trying to undertttinethat control)' Q u e e n ' sG a m b i t than "l' e4"'The Queen's other Norv rvelook at openings rvith: Gambit starts 1. d4 ds 2- a4 development' for in Llp Whiteoffers a pawn exchauge rapid Gambit ".!ue31's playing withixc4, the accept gambit Blackoan Blackcan gaurbil' rvay whichis a"risky !o playthis A"ceptea", to e6 Defense), (whichleads the alsoplayNc6 (theTchigoian Defense)' ot Defense), piaye6(theOrthodox Tarrascit t I ) I 6 ruJ
  113. 113. - ! I , -t King's Indian Defense lil-. : a This is a "hypermodern" opening, *,here Brackletswhite take ihe center with theviewtolaterruining white's,,wonderful,, position.It's a risky opening, favorite bothKaspar.ov-and a of Fischer. 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 96 3 . Nc3 BcZ Blackrvill be inreresred playingc5,ind in whiteplays d5, 1.r,hen repl1, rvithe6 andb5. Nimzo-Indian, Bogo-r'diatr, &ndeueen'sIndian Defense AII of these "lndian" defenses start vvith: 1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 The Nirnzo-lndian continues "Nc38b4,,. trre witri rn Nirnzolndian,white triesto^create a pawrlcenler mass pieces and his behindbehind themfor attack. €t "1 ,J tq r €
  114. 114. E D t p 1 'lr ,r Dutch Defense i startsas: The Dutch defense 1. d4 f5 by counterplay Black.Black is The Dutcli defense an aggressive J ] I J I English 0pening ! F j t'ety It is The Englishopening a "flank"manlleIer. starts .differently: b1' to I{erc rhite hopes controlthe cettter gainingstjppotl lbr Blackis "c5". response on the side.A comnloR l . :i' l: t I l l : L: 7: n a t t: i
  115. 115. ) I ) l T t ) ) j A chess tactic is a maneuver that is designed to achieve a specific goal. It does nor necessarilyinvoh'e atackiirg an enemy piece. A ractic createsone or more threats that did nor exist before the tacrical move is made. The crucial tactics explored in this book are: q f; I i ) -l I I L3 I I I I .-, 6 ! E 4 5
  116. 116. E t' I B5for1 lve get into a discussionof each of rhe tactics, lert revieu'some rerms rhat are oFtenused to d.escribe and dassify drem, Severalauthors offer precisedefinitions, but they rarely agree wirh each ot6er and somerimes the meaning of one authort words changeswhen we think in ,.r*, of author's d.finitions. {/hile we "oJther are not lobbying for our own definitions, w;hich we formulated specificallv for rhis book, we do want you to undersrand rvhat we mean when 4.e use a rechnical term. Vhen you attack a piece you threaten to capture it. A threat is made when, on the next turn, a player can make a move rhat results in a position that is better rhan the one you had before. This may invoh.e the capture of enemyforces,control of important squares, damageto enemy pawn srructure. or t ) I 6 ! 5 -.< 4 I I 2 I CI f g A double attack takesplacewhen two enemy piecesare rhreatened rvith caprureon rhe samemove. lv{an racticsare basedon this concepr. If a combinadon is made up of a serie.s ractics,rhen the double arrackca of be said to be a feature rhat many racticshave in common. Irrthe following diagram, the White bisSop atracks the BlacL queen and the Black rook. U i'% 6 . i l 5 4 3 2 ',,ffi.ffiffi, I tr 15 '/ i Ir
  117. 117. l KILLER TACTICS CHES9 ' 1 CARDOZA PUBLISHING rnove'One of as has The term double threat is usedwhen rhe attacker nvo differentthreats a resultof rhe suchascheckmate. else, but the threatsis not a caprufehowever, somerhing I '7 ) 4 a o l h The Xihite rook attacks the Black knight, and also threarens 1.Re8, checkmate' 't117'e moves' use the expressionmating threat when the threat is to checkmarethe enemy king in one or more were still our turn. The idea is that if the oPPonent if where there *ould be no way foi the enemy to escape it stop the threat, the game will be won. doesnt Consider the follorving posidon. (t v 4 T 4 ? I a l : c d e f g '$irhitehas two mating threats.If ir is ?hite to movc, therc is the pleasantctroiceof 1.Qg7# and 1'QF8#' nvo options Thart simple enough. Black can caprurerhe knight at e6 rvith rhe gueen,tri:h"P ol knight. The 6rsr both thream. Black also has a mating rhreat, horvever, allow rhe .tr..t *".., bur aking *ith th" knieht parries and can carry it out ri'ght awaY! 1...Qxa3+!! forcesBlack to try 2.bxa3, since 2.Ba2 is checkmatedby 2...Nb3#. d 16 I {
  118. 118. T pI F rll : 'l :r KILLER ' CARDOZA TACTICS CHESS PUBLISHING 8 7 A -t ) t 4 2 ) 1 , a b c d e f g h is rhe most Poetic' removing the white Black has nvo different mating threars!2...Nc2+; 3.Ka.2Bxe6# knrght at last, but 2" 'Nb3+; 3'Ka2 Nxcl# is also good' point (!!)' you may;have noticed that the first move, f .Lq***,'rn'as marked with a double exclamation 1'euse to comment on rhe value of a move rn'ithout which means "a brilliant move". This is one of six ,y-bnl, having to repeat the sarnervords all of the time' ons,but ro understandthe conceptof the macing threat reckmate was inevitable' rg threat. One plaver threatens, not to checkmate the i-ion, lvhich mlgllt be a drau'n endgame or perpetual check. avoid immerliate disaster.The internatio'al symbol A forced move is a move that must be maclein orclerro the rerm "box" co describea forced move' for such a move is a small squarerand many players use to carry out, becausealternative srrategiesfor the A forced move makes calculation of variarions easier need recaptures' movesthat seemforced, especially On opponent ca* be easilydisrnissed. the other hand, many to learn how you can sometimesPostPonea move U. ptayed immediately.Seethe interrnezzo topic later "oa you to play righr arvay" that y'our oPponent expecced the tools that rvill let us build up rvirrning posicions' Now Iet us move on to the i'dividual ra.ti., *ri acquire Ktorld champions to illustrate dre ractics' rve Frorn this point oDwarc{ u,ill use gamesplayed by the I :.4 €F $ 17 .J = + ' !' l . I I l It?
  119. 119. d* €v f,'-! I | a:- f ii-./ f , 'j KILLER CHESS TACTICS . CARDOZA PUBLISHING it rP f,E € *- s A 8 i:tr !F $ ,& z i E E . J ) t I fr ! I /:l I I I t l r f li lp/ '
  120. 120. Y.S F F t": J ;='.1 : r 3 . l t TACTICS FOR ATTACKING PIECES In rhis secrion you .'ill learn the ten basic racricsfor anacking enemy forces: "-, . -l ,. .t r _ j -tr -t DISCOVERED ATTACK tJ The &scovered attack is the rveakersibling of the discoveredcheck, which ne'll meer nexr. In each case your atrack takes place u'hen a piece standing benveen the atracker and the enemy rarget moves a,rvay. a In discoveredattack, the piece that finds irself under attacli is nor rhe mighty king, bur a less"valuable piece.Thar doesnt mean it can't be valuable! On the contar)', artacksir. *,r.h *ore common t6an discoverecl check- They can also bring rl.reenemy to rheir knees,asyolr can seebelow g &- 19 I I , l '*a e,- W
  121. 121. 1 . I l K I L L E R C H E S S TACTICS . CARDOZA P U B L I S H I N G Eurvnvs. THoMAS Hnsrmcs,1934 I 6 4 3 c 2 5 I q l r D ' _ TF Euwe uses a discovered artack to force a quick He retreats rhe bislrop from f7 to d5, uncovering an attack on the rook at f8 by the rook at f2. At the sametime, the queen at e4 is attacked. Black musr caprureone of the attackers, but cant ward off both. 26.F,d5! Bxd5. Or 26...Rx{2;27 .QSB#.27 .Rfr8 + Bg8; 28.Rxg8#. r I DISCOVERED CHECK AII tactics can be powerful, but a discovered check is usually the most porverful of alll This rnonsrercan denr.olishthe enemy position quickly. The poor victimt resignation or checlanareis almost inevitable. A discoveredcheck takes place rvhen a piece is moved, causing the enemy king to be attacked by another piece,which previouslyhad an obsrructedvien. A discovered attack can involve a check, but that doesn'r rnake it a discovered chech. discoveredcheck A occursonly if the piecethat is not moved givescheckas a result of anotherpiecegetting our of the rvay'. GEnasruov Suysrov vs. Moscow 1935 I'j '7 o 5 4 :) ? i The fuure iA%.%i''/rrui *,ffi&ry,ffi, 7&6 a:am,frTw ".,,m;m,..,,ffi 'T/orld Champion demonstratedthe powcr of the discoveredcheck with 21...8h2+!;22.1<hl 20 I ItY
  122. 122. & I T t TACTICS FOR ATTACKING t PTECES Bxe5+ and W"hiteresigned, because after 23.Kgl the bishop returns to h2 wirh check, rerreatsto c7 with another discovered check and grabs the enemy queen. This repeated use of discovered checks is rhe theme behind the windmill combination rve'll cover later on. Sometimes a playet can be tortured by repeateddiscoveredchecks,in a tactic knov'n as a u'indmill. This horrible fate leavqsrhe victim squirming helplesslyas piecesfall off the board. WINDMILL The qindmill invoh'es repeareduse of a discoveredcheck ro vvin macerial.The piece thar is moved, giving discoveredcheck, capruresa piece..Ir rhen returns to the sceneof the crime, also rvirh check, before engagingin a feeding frenzy.The windmill is ar rhe heart of many famous cornbinations. Tonnu VS,LASKER 1925 Moscorur, B 1 6 j 4 3 ) I Tffirft, % K,,ffi4;M,W Tlre lastmove. 25.8f6!l ofteied up dre qu€en.A{ter 25...Qxh5;26.Rxg7+ the windmill goesinto morion. 26...Kh8; 27.Rst7+ Kg8; 28.Rg7+ Kh8; 29.Rxb7+ KSS; 30.Rg7+ Kh8. B 7 6 ) 4 l 2 1 g h The rook could also grab the a-pa$/n,but that rvould only open a line for rhe Black rook on the a-fiIe. Inscead, is rime ro s*'irch direccionsand pick off the queen 31.5+ Kh7; 32.Rxh5 KS6; 33.Rh3 I{f6; it 34.Rxh6+ Kg5; 35.Rh3. ZL - _ l I Iph
  123. 123. I I I I KILLER CHESS . CARDOZA ,,T,,re TACTICS I 7 q PUBLISHING D 5 W 4 3 .J 1 a b c d e f g h The carnageis complete and White had an easywin in rhe endgarne,thanks ro rhe exrra palvns. SMOTHERED MATE The smothered mate is carried out by surrounding the enemy Ling rvith his own pieces,and delirrcring checkmarewirh a knight. MoRprrv vS. AMATEUR s, 1g5g 8 7 E . { I I 5 ) 4 3 2 "KK,ir% 1 a b c d e f g l - r Stardngwith a discovered check,White arranges enrombment of rhe Black king, rtho is buried alive. the 20.Nc5+! Kb8; 2r.Nd7+ KcS; 22.Nb6+! .4.discovereddouble check, which also att".ks the rook at a8. But the rool<must nor be captured,fot ir is parr of the plan leading ro smothered mate.22...Kbg; 23,ec8+!! RxcS;24.Nd7#. nn
  124. 124. -i't | l E" TACTICS FOR ATTACKING PIECES' FORK )- A fork is a move that attacks nvo piecesat once. Since the opponent can rnove only one piece ar each turn, one of the two attacked pieces must be left to its 6te. Somerimesyou read rhat forks are only a properry of knigha and pa*'ns, and another rerrn is used rvhen the atrackeris a bishop, rook, queen or king. That is a rarher ardficial and useless distinction. Even if 1rculr'ant to disdnguish short range and long rangeoperarions,rhe king s'ould have to be included wirh rhe pawn and knighl E - The Knight Fork j The knight fork is especiallyfrequent at c7, r,vhere givescheck to the king and atracksa rook at a8. ir Tar vs. PErnosrult CaNoroar:rs Toup.xe"vnxr, YucosrnvreI 959 1 3 4 ) 6 7 8 a b c d e f g h 'J(&ire has ail sorts of available ractics here. fhl found the cleanestkill, aracking rhe enemy queen and forcing an exchanserhat led to a classicking and rook fork. L7.Qc7 QxcT; 18.Nxc7+ Kd8; 19.Nxa8 and White won. V4ren a queen and king areboth invoft,ecl, tften n'e have an exarnple oFa royal fork. E Kaspanov vs. TTMMAN 'a-*g VSB Tounn'errrrnrr, AMsTERDAT{, l9g4 I 7 o Ur,ffi.,,m,,fur'KD 5 4 3 z I a $ b c d e f g h 25.Ne7+ Kg7; 26.Nxd5. Whire had u'on enough nraterialto secure vicrory,, and the gamedidn't last long. 23 l0(
  125. 125. I ' l ._,F t t KILLERCHESSTACTICS.CARDoZAPUBLISHING The FamilY Fork which rargetsa queen' king, and rook one of rhe juiciest forlis is rhe family&rk SprYsrovvs' KAMYSHov 1945 Moscow Crrv CneuPtoNssu', ''/ffir 8 r.% % 1 6 %,ffi,,ffi: 4 3 N%ffift%^*WA 1 a b c d e f g h Fork. that u'ould have allou'ed l6.Nxg6+ with a familY Black did not dare caPture the bishop, as I 7 o 5 4 f ') 1 a b c c l e f g h the or f3 (for V4rite), when the enemy has castled on Another verY conlmon fork is ac f6 (for Black) kingside. Here are rwo examPles' d 24 I I p1
  126. 126. * 7 t t t t l l l i F TACTICS I 3 , PIECES ATTACKING FOR Kaspanovvs. TrnnttaN ) Mercq, PxacuB,1998 t ! t N 1 a I7 fhite b c c l e f g wins material using a fork. 21.Rxd7lBxd7;22.Nxf6+ a b c d e i t r KgZ g 23.Nxd7. h X4riteis a pieceahead,and Black soon resigned. Arorsyvs. BorvrNNrK Trr-Arnv Orvnrpreo, 1964 it % % Tffi I 6 l0E
  127. 127. I I I 'i : KILLER CHESS t . TACTICS CARDOZA PUBLISHING Becausethe'!7hite king at gl and queen ar d2 can each be atracked lry a Black knight at f3, Black was able to sreala Pawn with 15...8xh3! ifll 'ffi:'ffi:D I , _ I 7 b .-, 4 '=I 1 2 I f a b c d e f g h The bishop cannot be capturedbecause 16...Nf3+, and White had no rime to get rid of of rhe knight u,ith I6'Bxd4 because 76...exd4;L7.gxh3 dxc3; l8.bxc3 Bxc3 and Black still hasan .*r." of !"our,. Alonv uieJ 16.b4, which led to an interesting barle but in the end Bon'innik prevaired. The Bishop Fork . Tht board. bishop'sabiliry to operate at long range makes it possiblero'fork m,o pieces on distant areasof the Arnrnrmn GA os vs. D0ssuroonr,1908 i-' (t i 4 J z 1 a b c c l e f g l r Alekhine moved his bishop irrro forking position wirh a preliminary queen sacrifice. 32.Qre7 QreT; 33.Bxd5+. 26 { - l l I I E i
  128. 128. I I TACTICS FOR I ATTACKING PTECES O 8 s 7 o @ 5 4 it 1 j z 1 -) a b c d e f g h The simultaneous attack at 98 and aB (and the pa*,n at c4, rhough that isnr releva.t) wins (1hite more material' After 33"'KF8;34'Bxa8, x'4rite had a rook and rwo bistops for rhe q;;;'and won rvidrour difficulry. .34":Qh4t resigned, 35'Bg2 Rxbl; 36.Rxbr Qls4; 37.h3 Qsj;38.8d4 Qxf4; 39.Bxa7 Qd6;40.Ra1. Black The Rook Fork The rook .,rn create a d uble attack in rlvo ways. It can atrack nvo pieceson the same straighr line, or can actackone piece on a rank a d another on a file. i,/hen ir is really luck1 ir cap aftack rhree, or e'en in very rare cases. four pieces once! at LasrrR vs. SlrowAtruR M,trce, Nnw Yom, ISgZlgS a IJ i 6 4 ) , 2 3 z 1 a b c c l e f g h L*tkt: used a super rook.fork with the help of a larer knighr fork co bring his opponenr dorvn. 37.Rxd5+! -. . anlclrs king, rook and trishop,,,orr. of n,h;.h ar. ad.ql" Jhis fror..t.d.37...Ke6.37...Rxd5;3g.Rxd5+ Ke6; 39.Rxb5 was our of the quesrion. 38'Nxb5! Rxd5; 39.Nc7+. IGright fork! 39...Kd6; 40.Nxd5 Brack resigned. $ 27 I I [5'
  129. 129. f] ,} KILLER ' TACTICS CHESS CARDOZA PUFLISHING The Queen Fork forla.In , ,. - -r^ -L- queerr many oPPortunrtres create ro has the ^..--..l diagonals, fith the abiliry to work on ranks,6[es,and In the opening'a fork at e4 or e5 can the win oft.n lo'*t' by w"y of t forlc the rricky queenvs. rook endgame, one of cherools in the corner' snare ft r1 ,^] Sp*ssxYvs. KINzEt VenNl OrwPreo, 1962 I :-1 8 ,:'i3 o 4 ,...t 3 2 s 1 3 a b c d e f g h the game ended a few moveslater' 21.Qxe5+ picked ofFthe rook at h8 and Enemy around and hits things wirh his eibor+s' racldles king' The king fork are I crowd around rhe attacking king cannot .rch to take an active rolc in the game' The though lo so. It can, horvever,attack all tht othtt pieces' rst common in the endgamelvhen usedagainstPalvns' l Ponuscn vs. SMYsf,ov 1972 HoocovaNs TouRNAMENT' 8 1 o 4 I ffi:'. 28 t t I )
  130. 130. - { l ! 5 1 TACTICS ; FOR ATTACKING PIECES because pawn at b6 is rhe Vhitet king atracks at rwo parvns, b6 and c5, but the attack is not effecdve . Pordsch of defended. quickly forcedrhe capitularion the former 7orld Championrvirh 4O.a5! The Yrhite The b-pawncannorbe defended, 40...bxa5 wasforced,but after4l:Kxc5, Blackresigned. so king will pick offthe rveakBlackpawns. ) INTERFERENCE a Thg interference tacdcplaces pieceon a line (rank, file, or diagonal)so that ir interrupts the corirmunication can be a simple ractic, as in the follot'ing positionof enemy pieces.Inrerference vs. Ponrrscn FrsclrnR Cup, 1966 2Np PrerrcoRsKc a a 7 A -/ 5 4 3 2 1 The rook at e4 is defended by his colleague,but becauseBlack has a pa'"vnat f4, interference is possible at e3.28...Ne3! -F IJ 1 () 5 4 3 l 2 1 _) This rvins material, and lcads ro victory after a ferv more moves. 29.Rlxe3 fte3; 30.Rxe3 Qx"t. X/hite doesnt have enough compensation, and the game didnt last long. 3l.RB+ Ke8;32.B,g7 Qc4; 33.hxg5 hxg1i 34.Rf8+ Kd7; 35.Ra8 Kc6. V4rite resigned. ) I 1 .t 6 29 'l t ) g# ( ,
  131. 131. I I I I I 't . KILLER l CHESS TACTICS , CARDOZA PUBLISHTNG PIN A pin is one of the most powerful lveapons in all of chess.The simple pin is ar the heart of many of the most complicated combinations. A piece ispinncdwhen ir cannot *orr. tffof ,he line on which ir is atcacked, the resull ofrnoving would lead to the loss ofa more important piece, lvhich is a relative pin, or check to the if king, which is an absolute pin. The basic method of exploiting pin ir to add as much pr.rrr.rr. as possible to " the pin. Spntnouov KaspnRov vs. EunopeeN Tinrr,r Cgrur,rroNsHrp, 1980 6 5 4 3 2 The pin ar. (for Tfrite) or f7 (for Black) is one of the most powerful ractics.Here it leads f2 ro a crucial defiection. 35"'93!;36'..Rfi.36-Qd4 Qd4;37.Rxd4 Rb2 is a rvinning Forkrhar is alsoa skerver. 38.Kfl losesto a double deflection. 38...f31'I'hebishop crnnot move, so th" par"n is forced ro abandon 92.39.gxf3 (39.BxB Rxf2+; 40.Kel Rxf3!; 41.gxf3 NxB+ finisheswith. a fork.) 39.*+!The rhrear of dre pa.,,r,l promorion deflects rhe king &orn rhe bishop. 36.gxf2+;37.Fr<fZ.The rook is pinned, so the back .^nk ir'.xpos.d. 37"'Rbl+; 38.8f1._The bishop is now pinned. 38.Qe3! The queen is defiectei, and the c-par+.nis lost. 39.Qxe3. 39.Qa5 Rb2; 40.Qc7+ NdZ runs our of cirecks, rh. penalw is rhe rook at fZ. 3g...fxe3; "r,d 4A.Rc2. s F tB P p 1 )7 t d 30 tb3
  132. 132. E e I I ,} Fi. ) TACTICS t FOR ATTACKING PIECES I b 5 4 3 1 a b c d e f g h The pawn seemsto be defended. 40.Nxc4! white resigned. After 4l.Rxc 4 e2 Blackgers a new queen. Absolute Pin :+ An absolute pin is a pin against the king and a con.sequence the rules. of x4ovirg rhe atrackedpiece cannor break these.pi's. A play'er rnay not move in such a *'"y to leav'erhe king i.r .h.ik at rhe conclusio' of the ", move'-Absolutepins play a major role in the opening, where they are usecl ro"tie doq,n enemy piecesand prevent them from adr.ancing. BuuzrxsKyvs, Monpny Penrs, 1859 1'.e4 e5;2.f4 e{4;3.8c4 d5; 4.Bxd5 Nf6; 5.Nc3 Bb4; 6.d3. n I i r 6 ) 4 3 2 1 a b c d e 'l-his f g h creates absolutepin at c3. Becaluethe knighr cannor mo.v,e, an the bishop at d5 and pawn ar e4 have lesssuppon. 6...Nxd5; 7.exdS O-O; S.Qf3 Re8+; 9.Nge2. a I 3L I l>t1
  133. 133. * v '! I I ll 'l 'I t . CARDOZA KILLER CHESS TACTICS PUBLISHTNG B 7 6 4 3 2 a b c d e f g h A secondabsolurepin is added, this time along rhe e-fiIe. Rememberthat rhe knight is nor really protected : by irs colleague at c3, becausethat piece is also pinned by rhr! bishop ar b4. 9"'Bxc3+; lo.bxc3 Qh4+; rl.g3. Black ignores rhe threat to the queen and conrintres the attack. 1r...8g4. 7 6 4 ) ,rffi 2 a b c d e f g l ' r Blackexploits pin on e2 bv addingoneat f3. [f the queen the moves, rhenBlackwinsmaterial capturing bv ^ 6rst at g3, then at e2. 7hire actuallyresigned here,bur ler'sconsiderrvhat might have happened. l2.efz. (l2.gxh4 Bxf3 wins eitherr}'erookathl or rhe knight arez.) 12...&g3; exhl+; l4'.Kd2rhoorol=t another beingexploited this time on the h-file. l3...Rxe2+; pin t+.qxez Bx.i; t 5lK"e2 92; t6.Rgl exh2; 17.Be3 Nd7 wirh a queen and br,'o pawns a mererook. for 32 0{
  134. 134. z ! i I I 1 TACTICS FOR ATTACKING PTECES Relative pin j --"t 1 ,) DnwxEn BorvrNNrK vs. .,.9 "j' Uxrrro Srarusvs, SovrET Uitron, Reoto Mercn,lg45 l.d4 d5;2.c4 e6;3.Nc3c6;4.Nf3 Nf6;5.8g5. I (r - ) 4 3 : *- r b t d e f g h iemi-sravDefense cnrcialiy concerned is wirh this pin ancrits consequences. n the game, of the pressureon the kingside. ill!:..^*: repalvn. 6.e4.White r'rearens to exploit rhe pin E,r rhe t, hanging on ro the parvn. "drrrr.rrg l -} J - ! ti ' 6 5 F 4 3 ') I n ''ffi,"ffi'M*t 7& '.% %ffi' M a , b c c l e f g h breaking pin. the IT: f.t_*:1. p"'h::.l1ck rhebishop, 8.8h4g5;9.Nxg5!Whire sacrifi... t ro re-establish pin.9...hxg5; the l0.Bxg5. " ";glt $ 33 I (36
  135. 135. T I t ' I ll 't KILLER CHE.SS TACTTCS . C A R D O Z A PUBLISHING a j o 4 4 ) d e f g h lW'hite has renewed the pin and will u'in the knighr. 10....Nbd7; 1l.ex6 Bb7. The stage is now set for a complicated middlegame. Let's see how Bowinnik continued the game, using a flurry of tacrics. l2.Be2 Qb6; 13.O-O 0-O-O; 14.*4 b4'!; 15.Ne4 c5; 16.Qb1! ti i o 4 I 1 1 a b c d e f g h V/hite removes queen from the dangerous his d-fiIe, where the Black rook is srationed,and alsoprotectshis Knight at e4. r6...Qc7. Black is lvasting no time, and airning for direcr atrack,alreadythreareningmare at h2. 17.Ng3, .Whise defends against the mate by retreating the knight, u'hich is now. pinned to h2. 17...qd4; l8.Bxc4. The bishop cirnnot be capruredbecause the absolutepin Rci. Instead,Bowinnik of adjustshis sighrs,widr a new targetar 92. 18...Qc6. ,Vhite replied 19.f3 and for the resryou'll haveto wair fbr the quiz section.V/hite did not last long! i s-. 34 I I 37
  136. 136. f a 'dJ :.. i TACTIGS ATTACKING FOR PIECES Terminal Pin i There is one pin that doesnt clearly 6t either the classof absolute pin or rhe classof relative pin. This is a pin not against a king, but against a mating square. It mighc be called a terminal pin, because moving rhe pinned piece will terminate the garne.7e saw an example of it in rhe previous game, after move l7 by 7hire. _j DenrEn vS. BoTvINNIK UNroN,Reoro Mnrcn, 1945 Ur.nrsoStarrs vs. SovrET 8 , ''rKru J 7 6 :n !-,1 3 z 1 a b c d e f g h There is a terminal pin against the knight at 93, because the rhreatenedmate at h2of St. Andrew's Cross The St. Andre*"s Cross involves n'r'opins, one against the enetny king and anorher againsc secondpiece. a It hasbeen seenin a number of garnes, and is hard ro anrrcrpate. CapasLaNCA ArExnrxr vs. $flonro CneitrproNs larl, 1927 I 6 4 3 2 1 a l l Capablanca, checkmate. c d e f s h Whire, resigned, because if he blocked the checkrvith 67.Q2, rhen 67-..Qhl is t 6 35 - l I I I t3X
  137. 137. I I I l KILLER CHESS t . CARDOZA TACTICS PUBLISHING o . ) 6 J 4 I Y 2 .) 2 .. I I I Y 1 a b c d e f g h I The king pin is on the fl -h3 diagonal,w'hile rhe pin againsr rhe queen ar ag is on rhc h 1-agdiasonal. t Oblique Cross The oblique cross al.soinvol'es a diagonal pin, bur has a rank or file pin as its partner. Ar.t pru vs. AIEKHTNE Sr. furensBURG INTERNATToNAL, Russrc, Lglfi B 6 5 4 3 '] i a b c d e f g h i.r flhite resigned, because if the Black queen is capruret{, then the Black rook delivers mare ac h2 il+/ ili ,.i :' .'ij'j i,:i 36 i;i; ir t, 7 i l l : J ' , i v I F )J j -