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John Lennon

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    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaJohn Lennon 1 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaIndexIntroduction … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 3Childhood and adolescence… … … … … … … … … 4The Quarrymen … … … … … … … … … … … … … 5The Beatles … … … … … … … … … … … … … ….6Solo Career … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 7Personal relationships … … … … … … … … … … … 9 Cynthia Lennon… … … … … … …...9Death … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 11John´s Discography … … … … … … … … … … … 12 Some lyrics of songs by John Lennon…14Documentaries and Movies … … … … … … … … ... 17Further Reading … … … … … … … … … … … … ...18Conclusion… … … … … … … … … … … … … … ..19Bibliography … … … … … … … … … … … … … …20Introduction 2 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva This work arose under discipline of English.This paper aims at making known the life ofJohn Lennon, a great English pop singer who was too partof the band the Beatles. I really admire this singer,and thats why decided to undertake this work on it.Childhood and adolescence John Winston Lennon was born on October 9, 1940 in Liverpool,England, only son of Alf Lennon and Julia Lennon (whose maiden namewas Stanley). His baptismal name was in honor of paternal grandfather 3 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaJohn Jack Lennon, and the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at thetime. His father, Alf Lennon, worked in the merchant navy during WorldWar II and often sent money to his wife and child who lived at 9 NewcastleRoad in Liverpool. The money stopped coming when Alf defected.The house that John Lennon lived during his childhood in Liverpool withhis Aunt Mimi in Men love Avenue cited it. After being heavily criticizedby the Stanley family about to be married and live in sin Bobby Dykins,and considerable pressure from her sister Mary Mimi Smith (who hastwice contacted the Social Service of Liverpool John complaining abouthaving to sleep in the same bed that the couple Bobby and Julia) Julia leftthe child careMimi. In 1946, Alfred visited the home of Aunt Mimi and took John toBlackpoll SECRETARY planned to immigrate to New Zealand with theboy. After failing in his attempt, Alfred dropped the boy with Julia andJohn has not contacted until the start of Beatle mania, when they metagain.Julia picked up again and took John to his house by registering it in a localschool, but a few weeks after she returned to Aunt Mimi. Julia later withJohn has bought her first guitar. As John had difficulty learning chords,Julia taught using a banjo and a ukulele that were simpler tools.The Quarrymen A student at Quarry Bank School in Liverpool named JOHNLENNON decided to form a group in 1957 which laid the foundation towhat waste become the most famous rock band of all time. Johns originalname was "The Blackjacks". However, this name only lasted a week andJohn used the school name as inspiration for the later name "The QuarryMen" in March 1957. John sang and played guitar, Colin Hanton playeddrums, Eric Griffiths on guitar, Pete Shotton on washboard, Rod Davis onbanjo and Bill Smith on bass. Bill was soon replaced by Ivan Vaughan.On July 6, 1957, Ivan Vaughan invited PAUL MCCARTNEY to see theirgig at The Woolton Parish Church Fete. The fifteen-year-old McCartneywas introduced to sixteen-year-old Lennon and a unique song writingpartnership began. The line-up of The Quarry Men increased to seven withPaul on guitar and vocals, John Lowe on piano and GEORGE HARRISONon guitar and vocals. Soon Griffiths and another member would leave,leaving a five-piece band. The group appeared at several local talentcontests but had very few gigs. 4 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaThe Beatles John Lennon, James Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Richard Starkey(also known as Ringo Starr) were born during the 1940s in Liverpool, England. Duringthe post war period, Liverpool was a dingy depressed town and money was scarce. Twodecades later, these four men born into working class obscurity would take the world bystorm in a phenomenon our culture refers to as Beatlemania. John Lennon met Paul McCartney when they were both performing in SkiffleGroups, which were homespun bands that played a combination of folk, rock and jazz.John was in a group called The Quarrymen, which later became John and theQuarrymen. Paul introduced John to George Harrison, who was two years younger butshowed extraordinary talent. John, Paul and George, with the addition of Johns Friendfrom art college, Stu Sutcliffe and a guitarist named Pete Best, set out to work inGerman clubs, where musicians were able to make a paltry living playing strip clubsand low end establishments. Ringo was performing in many of the same establishmentswith the group Rory Storm and the Hurricanes. During their time in Germany, Stu Sutcliffe decided to return to his first love,art, and a new love, a woman he had met in Germany named Astrid. Stu later died of abrain hemorrhage, which some suspect was due to his previous involvement in a clubfight. The remaining members, now called "The Silver Beatles" returned to Liverpool,where John dealt with feelings of failure and a pregnant girlfriend, whom he reluctantlymarried. Their luck changed when a young record storeowner, named Brian Epstein,noticed the Beatles and thought they had something unique. After convincing the 5 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaBeatles to clean up their tough image, they traded leather jackets for matching suits asBrian peddled their records from label to label with no success. Epstein never gave upon the Beatles and his business savvy, combined with the Beatles raw talent finallybegan to pay off. Many of the groups from England, dubbed The Mersey Sound, were featuredin Mersey Beat Magazine and played on the radio. The Beatles kept plugging away atfame.Solo Career Following The Beatles break-up in 1970, Lennon and Ono wentthrough primal therapy with Dr. Arthur Janov in Los Angeles, California.Designed to release emotional pain from early childhood, the therapyentailed two half-days a week with Janov for four months; he had wantedto treat the couple for longer, but they felt no need to continue and returnedto London. Lennons emotional debut solo album, John Lennon/Plastic OnoBand (1970), was received with high praise. Critic Greil Marcus remarked,"Johns singing in the last verse of God may be the finest in all ofrock." The album featured the songs "Mother", in which Lennonconfronted his feelings of childhood rejection, and the Dylanesque"Working Class Hero", a bitter attack against the bourgeois social systemwhich, due to the lyric "youre still fucking peasants", fell afoul ofbroadcasters. The same year, Tariq Alis revolutionary political views,expressed when he interviewed Lennon, inspired the singer to write "Powerto the People". Lennon also became involved with Ali during a protestagainst magazine’s prosecution for alleged obscenity. Lennon denouncedthe proceedings as "disgusting fascism", and he and Ono (as Elastic OzBand) released the single "God Save us/Do the Oz" and joined marches insupport of the magazine. With Lennons next album, Imagine (1971), critical response wasmore guarded. Rolling Stone reported that "it contains a substantial portionof good music" but warned of the possibility that "his posturing will soonseem not merely dull but irrelevant". The albums title track would becomean anthem for anti-war movements, while another, "How Do You Sleep?",was a musical attack on McCartney in response to lyrics from Ram thatLennon felt, and McCartney later confirmed, were directed at him and Ono.However, Lennon softened his stance in the mid-70s and said he hadwritten "How Do You Sleep?" about himself. He said in 1980: "I used my 6 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cervaresentment against Paul ... to create a song ... not a terrible vicious horriblevendetta ... I used my resentment and withdrawing from Paul and TheBeatles, and the relationship with Paul, to write How Do You Sleep. Idont really go round with those thoughts in my head all the time". Lennon and Ono moved to New York in August 1971, and inDecember released "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)". To advertise the single,they paid for billboards in 12 cities around the world which declared, in thenational language, "WAR IS OVER—IF YOU WANT IT". The new yearsaw the Nixon Administration take what it called a "strategic counter-measure" against Lennons anti-war propaganda, embarking on what wouldbe a four-year attempt to deport him: embroiled in a continuing legal battle,he was denied permanent residency in the US until 1976. Recorded as a collaboration with Ono and with backing from theNew York band Elephants Memory, Some Time in New York City wasreleased in 1972. Containing songs about womens rights, race relations,Britains role in Northern Ireland, and Lennons problems obtaining a greencard,[103] the album was poorly received—unlistenable, according to onecritic. "Woman Is the Nigger of the World", released as a US single fromthe album the same year, was televised on 11 May, on The Dick CavettShow. Many radio stations refused to broadcast the song because of theword "nigger". Lennon and Ono gave two benefit concerts with ElephantsMemory and guests in New York in aid of patients at the Willow brookState School mental facility. Staged at Madison Square Garden on30 August 1972, they were his last full-length concert appearances. Personal relationships Cynthia LennonLennon and Cynthia Powell met in 1957 as fellow students at the Liverpool College ofArt. Although being scared of Lennons attitude and appearance, she heard that he wasobsessed with French actress Brigitte Bardot, so dyed her hair blonde. Lennon asked herout, but when she said that she was engaged, he replied, "I didnt ask you to fuckingmarry me, did I?”. She often accompanied him to Quarrymen gigs and travelled to 7 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaHamburg with McCartneys girlfriend at the time to visit him. Lennon, jealous bynature, eventually grew possessive and often terrified Powell with his anger andphysical violence. Lennon later said that until he met Ono, he had never questioned hischauvinistic attitude to women. The Beatles song "Getting Better", he said, told his ownstory, "I used to be cruel to my woman, and physically—any woman. I was a hitter. Icouldnt express myself and I hit. I fought men and I hit women. That is why I amalways on about peace"Recalling his reaction in July 1962 on learning that Cynthia was pregnant, Lennon said,"Theres only one thing for it Cyan. Well have to get married."The couple was marriedon 23 August at the Mount Pleasant Register Office in Liverpool. His marriage beganjust as Beatlemania took hold across the UK. He performed on the evening of hiswedding day, and would continue to do so almost daily from then on. Epstein, fearingthat fans would be alienated by the idea of a married Beatle, asked the Lennons to keeptheir marriage secret. Julian was born on 8 April 1963; Lennon was on tour at the timeand did not see his son until three days later. Cynthia attributes the start of the marriage breakdown to LSD, and as a result, she feltthat he slowly lost interest in her. When the group travelled by train to Bangor, Wales,in 1967, for the Maharishi Yogis Transcendental Meditation seminar, a policeman didnot recognize her and stopped her from boarding. She later recalled how the incidentseemed to symbolize the ending of their marriage .After arriving home at Kenwood, andfinding Lennon with Ono, Cynthia left the house to stay with friends. AlexisMardas later claimed to have slept with her that night, and a few weeks later heinformed her that Lennon was seeking a divorce and custody of Julian on grounds of heradultery with him. After negotiations, Lennon capitulated and agreed to her divorcinghim on the same grounds. The case was settled out of court, with Lennon giving her£100,000, and custody of Julian. 8 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva John and Cynthia LennnonDeathAt around 10:50 pm on 8 December 1980, as Lennon and Onoreturned to their New York apartment in The Dakota, Mark DavidChapman shot Lennon in the back four times at the entrance tothe building. Lennon was taken to the emergency room ofnearby Roosevelt Hospital and was pronounced dead on arrival at 9 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva11:07 pm earlier that evening, Lennon had autographed a copyof Double Fantasy for Chapman.Ono issued a statement the next day, saying "There is no funeralfor John," ending it with the words, "John loved and prayed forthe human race. Please pray the same for him.". His body wascremated at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. Onoscattered his ashes in New Yorks Central Park, wherethe Strawberry Fields memorial was later created. Chapmanpleaded guilty to second-degree murder and was sentenced to 20years to life; as of 2011, he remains in prison, having been deniedparole six times.John´s Discography Unfinished Music No. 1 - Unfinished Music No. 2 - Life Two Virgins with the Lions Nov. 11, 1968 (US) May 26, 1969 (US) Nov. 29, 1968 (UK) May 9, 1969 (UK) Wedding Album Live Peace In Toronto Oct. 20, 1969 (US) Dec. 12, 1969 (US) Nov. 7, 1969 (UK) Dec. 12, 1969 (UK) John Lennon/Plastic Ono Imagine Band Sept. 9, 1971 (US) Dec. 11, 1970 (US) Oct. 8, 1971 (UK) 10 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaDec. 11, 1970 (UK)Some Time In New York Mind GamesCity Nov. 2, 1973 (US)June 12, 1972 (US) Nov. 16, 1973 (UK)Sept.15, 1972 (UK)Walls And Bridges Rock N RollSept. 26, 1974 (US) Feb. 17, 1975 (US)Oct. 4, 1974 (UK) Feb. 21, 1975 (UK)Shaved Fish Double FantasyOct. 24, 1975 (US) Nov. 17, 1980 (US)Oct. 24, 1975 (UK) Nov. 17, 1980 (UK)John Lennon Collection Milk And HoneyNov. 8, 1982 (US) Jan. 19, 1984 (US)Nov. 1, 1982 (UK) Jan. 23, 1984 (UK)Live In New York City Menlove Ave.Jan. 24, 1986 (US) Oct. 27, 1986 (US)Feb. 24, 1986 (UK) Nov. 3, 1986 (UK)Imagine: John Lennon LennonOct. 4, 1988 (US) late July, 1991 (US)Oct. 10, 1988 (UK) Oct. 30, 1990 (UK) (out of print)Lennon Legend WonsaponatimeFeb. 23, 1998 (US) Nov. 3, 1998 (US)Oct. 27, 1997 (UK) Nov. 2, 1998 (UK)John Lennon Anthology AcousticNov. 3, 1998 (US) Nov. 2, 2004 (US)Nov. 2, 1998 (UK) Nov. 2, 2004 (UK) 11 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaSome lyrics of songs by John Lennon 12 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva Imagine John Lennon Imagine theres no heaven Its easy if you try No hell below us Above us only sky Imagine all the people Living for today Imagine theres no countries It isnt hard to do Nothing to kill or die for And no religion too Imagine all the people Living life in peace You may say, Im a dreamer But Im not the only oneI hope someday youll join usAnd the world will be as one Imagine no possessions I wonder if you canNo need for greed or hunger A Brotherhood of man Imagine all the people Sharing all the world You may say, Im a dreamer But Im not the only oneI hope someday youll join usAnd the world will live as one Stand By Me John Lennon When the night has come And the land is dark 13 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva And the moon is the only light well see No I wont be afraid, no I wont be afraid Just as long as you stand, stand by me So darling, darling, stand by me, oh stand by me Stand by me, stand by me If the sky that we look upon Should tumble and let fall And the mountains should crumble to the sea I wont cry, I wont cry, no I wont shed a tear Just as long as you stand, stand by me And darling, darling, stand by me, oh stand by me, oh stand now Stand by me, stand by me Whenever youre in trouble wont you stand by me, oh stand by me Stand by me, stand by me, stand by me. Darling, darling, stand by me, oh stand by me Stand by me, stand by me, stand by me. Whenever youre in trouble wont you stand by me, oh stand by me Stand by me, stand by me, stand by me.Documentaries and Movies Solo (3): "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night", "(Just Like) Starting Over", "Imagine". With David Bowie (1): "Fame". With The Beatles (21): "Cant Buy Me Love", "I Feel Fine", "I Want to Hold Your Hand", "Love Me Do", "She Loves You", "A Hard Days Night", "Eight Days a Week", "Help!", "Ticket to Ride", "Yesterday", "Paperback Writer", "We Can Work It Out", "All You Need Is Love", "Hello Goodbye", "Penny Lane", "Hey Jude", "Come 14 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de Cerva Together", "Get Back", "For You Blue", "Let It Be", "The Long and Winding Road". As co-writer of releases by other artists (2): "A World Without Love" (Peter and Gordon), "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" (Elton John). Further Reading Kane, Larry (2007). Lennon Revealed. Running Press. ISBN 9780762429660 Pang, May; Edwards, Henry (1983). Loving John: The Untold Story. Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-37916-6. Wiener, Jon. The John Lennon FBI Files Yorke, Richard (1969). "John Lennon: Ringo’s Right, We Can’t Tour Again", New Musical Express, 7 June 1969, reproduced by Crawdaddy!, 2007. 15 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaConclusion With this work we conclude that JohnLennon had a life full of successes and is reallywas a great singer of English pop music. 16 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE
    • Agrupamento de Ribeira de Pena Núcleo de CervaBibliography http://en.wikipedia.org www.vagalume.com.br 17 Catarina Calçada, nº3 6ºE