Cognados falsos

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Cognados falsos

  1. 1. APENDICE 3 COGNADOS FALSOSVocabulario útil – Cognados falsosLa lista siguiente incluye “cognados falsos” – palabras que se prestan aconfusión porque son parecidas y tienen significado diferente en los dos idiomas.Nótese la diferencia de significado.actual = present, currentactual = verdadero, realanticipar to act beforehandto anticipate = esperarapreciar = esteem, evaluate (a book, novel), a personappreciate = agradecerargumento = plot summary of a story or novelargument = disputaasistir = to attendto assist, to wait on = ayudar, atenderasumir = to adopt, to take on, to acceptto assume, suppose = suponercasualidad = chance, opportunity, unforeseen eventcasualty = víctima; desgracia personalcompetencia = competition, contestcompetence = eficaciacompromiso = engagement, appointmentcompromise = arreglo, conveniocualidad = quality (of character)quality (of merchandise) = calidadcuestión = problem, issuequestion = preguntadecepción = disappointmentdeception = engañodesgracia = misfortunedisgrace = vergüenzaeducado = well-mannerededucated, schooled = instruidoemoción =excitementemotion = pasión, sentimientoentretener = to amuseto entertain = dar una fiestaéxito = successexit = salidafacultad = college or school in a universityfaculty = profesorado
  2. 2. fastidioso = annoying, bothersomefastidious = esmerado, exigentegracioso = witty, funnygracious = generoso, gentilhonesto = honorable, chastehonest = honradoignorar = to be unaware of, be ignorant ofto ignore = no hacer caso delargo = longlarge = grandelectura = readinglecture = conferencialibrería = bookstorelibrary = bibliotecaparticular = privateparticular = exigenteposición = position, locationposition = punto de vista; puesto, empleopretender = to seek, claimto pretend = fingirquitar = to remove, take awayto quit = dejar, abandonerrealización = achievementrealization = comprensiónrespecto = referring torespect = respetorestar = to substractto rest = descansarreducir = to reduce, diminishto reduce (lose weight) = adelgazar, bajar de pesoremover = to mix, stirto remove = quitarsensible = sensitivesensible = sensato, razonablesensitivo = pertaining to the sensessensitive = sensiblesimple = simple (not multiple), single, stupid (simpleton)simple (not complicated) = sencillosoportar = to tolerateto support (a family) = mantener, sostenersuceso = event, happeningsuccess = éxitosugestión = power of suggestionsuggestion = sugerencia, recomendaciónurgir = to be urgentto urge = persuadir

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