Islamic Belief and Rationality                                                To have faith in a creator is considered by ...
Before looking at these arguments it must be understood that all of them are designed to try andprove that there is no nee...
and if these are the best morals then how could Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬allow so much oppression,wars, disease and disasters...
critical thinking is healthy and ensures only the strongest theories would remain as they canwithstand the test from any s...
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Islamic Belief and Rationality


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Islamic Belief and Rationality

  1. 1. Islamic Belief and Rationality To have faith in a creator is considered by manyas equal to following something blindly. The rise of science and technology in the last 50 yearshas resulted in many people abandoning their religious beliefs and adopting the faith of sciencewhich concludes there is no need for a creator.Names such as Richard Dawkins a staunch atheist regularly ridicules those who believe in acreator and look upon any person who believes in Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬as effectivelycontradicting the very make-up of a human being. Scientists as well as those who are smitten bythe discoveries in the scientific world have over the years developed a number of theories whichfor them proves there is no such thing as a creator. These theories or arguments can becategorized as follows:Scientific theories - based around the fact that Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬has never been seen, heardor touched so how could He exist, and all things are just different forms of atoms (matter) sothere is no need for a creator.Moral arguments - such as how could a creator exist and create so much evil, corruption, vice,wars and unhappiness in the world? Surely Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬would be all the good thingssuch as love, peace and mercy.Logical arguments - The ideas developed from logic include, if Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬is allpowerful could he create a stone heavy enough that he couldnt lift and other questions such ascan Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬create a wall even he couldnt climb.Cult theories - These theories include that we may live in a matrix, aliens could have created usor even the devil may have created us.
  2. 2. Before looking at these arguments it must be understood that all of them are designed to try andprove that there is no need for a creator.The limitations of scienceThere is no doubt, the development of science over the last 200 years has led to the creation andinvention of technology and research which would have been unimaginable to all those in the18th century. The genetic make-up of humans, the discovery of DNA, the motor vehicle etc arejust some of the success stories of scientific development. However many who are mesmerisedby science have tried to use it to suggest there is no creator. This is a complete misuse of science;this can be seen if we look at how science concludes facts.The scientist would carry out an experiment in a laboratory and would subject the thing understudy to various conditions such as extreme heat or cold and then see how it reacts in comparisonto how it would react in its normal environment. From this, facts would then be concluded.Hence science can not experiment with those things which are intangible such as ideas, laws,history, behaviour and those things beyond the universe. This is because all these things are nottangible. You cannot take them into a laboratory and heat them or freeze them. Therefore it isimpossible for science to experiment with Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬as Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬cannotbe experimented with.Many scientists argue there is no need for a creator as everything we see in the universe such asplanets, humans, stars etc are just different forms of matter. They are just atoms which arearranged in a particular way and when a human dies as an example, they turn into dust which isanother form of matter. However it is physically impossible for anything to change from onestate to another on its own. Water cannot change into steam on its own, and ice cannot turn intoliquid on its own. Both of these need something else to make the transition. For water totransform into steam it requires heat, and for ice to turn into liquid it requires a certain amount ofcold. For transformation to occur any amount of heat or cold is not enough, but a specific amountis needed i.e. steam will not be generated from water unless the heat is 100 degrees; 80 degreeswill not generate steam. Why will this only occur at 100 degrees? Why not at any othertemperature? This is because the water, the heat and the steam have no will on deciding things.The rule of changing from water to steam at 100 degrees was imposed on them - they had nochoice; if they did then they could transform at any temperature, not only at 100 degrees. Thisshows that it is wrong to suggest things are merely matter or atoms as something other then themis laying rules and controlling things, this can only be the creator.Good and badMany believe that its not your belief in Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬or following a religion that makesyou a good person. Rather its if you have good morals such as honesty, love, peace, mercy etc,
  3. 3. and if these are the best morals then how could Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬allow so much oppression,wars, disease and disasters in the world? Surely this proves there is no creator?This argument has a number of problems as it assumes Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬is like a humanwho has morals and it assumes humans created such attributes, hence Allah ‫ىلاعتو هناحبس‬must have them aswell. If Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬was like a human then it means Allah ‫هناحبس‬ ot suolucidir eb dluow sihT .snamuh ot tnereffid on yad eno eid dna dlo worg dluow ‫وت عال ى‬believe. Placing the blame for the existence of problems around the world is even moreridiculous as all of them are man-made. WWI was started by Britain as Germany was threateningEurope. WWII was again started by Britain along with Russia and France due to Hitlerexpanding Germany. The Iraq war was started by the US due to Oil. The war in Kashmir waseffectively created by the British as they gave a majority Muslim land to India, and finally theproblems in the Middle East were created by Britain who imposed Israel upon the people ofPalestine. The oppression around the world is created and maintained by humans not Allah.‫س بحان ه وت عال ى‬It must be logical....The people who raise logical arguments in no way prove that Allah ‫ ىلاعتو هناحبس‬does notexist. Rather they raise circular arguments which go nowhere. Whether Allah ‫ىلاعتو هناحبس‬can lift a stone, fly, climb etc in no way proves he doesnt exist. These questions in themselvesare wrong as there is no correct answer to them whichever way you answer them. They are thesame as asking, is Germany the largest continent in the world? Obviously it is not. However thismeans Germany is a continent just not the largest. The problem here is the question asked waswrong as it contradicted the definition of Germany which is that its a country in Europe. Similarto this would be to ask, can the cat speak Chinese? Answering yes is irrational and answering nowould mean the cat cannot speak Chinese but it can speak. Again the question was wrong as itassumes cats can speak.Hence logical arguments are in fact illogical as they contradict the definition of what a creator is.So lifting, climbing, throwing etc are attributes of humans. How can humans use their attributesto describe Allah ‫ ?ىلاعتو هناحبس‬This would be the same as one of us creating a drink, givingit a colour and taste and then the drink imposing restriction and rules for us. The created does notaffect the creator.Cult theoriesOne would think, with the development of science that more and more people would concludethat the signs in the world show us that there is a creator. However unfortunately more and morepeople are beginning to believe in the weird and wonderful. Keanu reeves film about the struggleof Neo against some supernatural force called the Matrix which controls everything raised thepossibility that life as we see it may not be what it seems. Some, such as a group of scientists inthe US called clonaid, even say that humans were created by aliens.The problem here lies with the method of thinking, which is anything and everything is possible;there is no such thing as an ultimate truth. This type of thinking is encouraged in the West, as
  4. 4. critical thinking is healthy and ensures only the strongest theories would remain as they canwithstand the test from any suspect thinker. However ideas such as ‘we come from aliens etc arephysically not provable or cannot be verified by anyone who claims them. There is no evidencewhatsoever of a Matrix. In fact you will never know whether the writer of this article is a humanor some alien. Such thinking is irrational and in fact keeps you from ever believing in conclusivethings which can be verified.Islam and the mindBy using our mind and senses of touch, smell, taste, hearing and sight which most humans havewe can asses everything around us and conclude nothing in the universe exists on its own. All ofthem whether the leaf on a tree, plants, computers, cars etc rely on other things to work andsurvive and all of them are restricted by universals laws which they cannot go beyond. Thisindicates that they could not have created themselves and they cannot live forever due to theirreliance on other things for their existence, which means there must be something other thanthem that brought them into existence. The creator cannot have any of the attributes of thecreated as this would place the creator in a situation of being created.When the correct process of thinking is used it is inevitable that all people would come to theconclusion of a creator. It is only deviant thinking that has allowed evolutionary ideas to gainmainstream attention. The Islamic belief is a rational belief built upon the mind. Over 60% of theQuran discusses Allahs creations and orders all to think about the created. There are manyverses in the Quran that ask all humans to think and ponder:"Or were they created out of naught? Or are they the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they are sure of nothing!" [At-Tur , 52: 35-36]"Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of Night and Day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding." [Al-Imran, 3:190]Through the use of the rational method we can conclude the correct theories from the completelyirrational theories.