Global Warming & Carbon Markets Presentation for eBay Foundation Rod Beckstrom Chairman,  TWIKI.NET www.beckstrom.com
www.beckstrom.com 1983
Utter Garbage Thousands of  Tons of Garbage! 15% 85% GOING BANKRUPT! Palo Alto Municipal Dump Student Recycling www.beckst...
Utter Garbage Thousands of  Tons of Garbage! 15% $ 8 85% GOING BANKRUPT! Palo Alto Municipal Dump Student Recycling www.be...
Goals of Session <ul><li>Science  </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Policies & Markets </li></ul><ul><li>How ...
Science www.beckstrom.com
www. beckstrom .com www.beckstrom.com
www.beckstrom.com
www. beckstrom .com www.beckstrom.com
Question <ul><li>Which planet taught us about global warming? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercu...
96.5% CO2 www.beckstrom.com
www.beckstrom.com
0.038% CO2 0.0005 % ^ www.beckstrom.com
CO2 Rising <ul><li>CO2 levels </li></ul><ul><li>1830  0.028 % </li></ul><ul><li>0.038% </li></ul><ul><li>0.0005 % ^ annual...
CO2 Cycle www.beckstrom.com
Scientific Bodies Concerned <ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC </li></ul><ul><li>NOAH </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Society </l...
Greenhouse   Gases CH4 CO2 PFCs HFCs SF6 310x 11,000 x 12,000 x 19 x CO2 Equivalent is Gold Standard 22,000 x N20 www.beck...
Long Term Trend www.beckstrom.com
Temperature Rising www.beckstrom.com
? www.beckstrom.com
Other Global Problems <ul><li>Ozone hole </li></ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
Ozone Hole www.beckstrom.com
Ozone Hole <ul><li>Montreal Protocol </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
Acid Rain Acid Rain www.beckstrom.com
Acid Rain - Cap and Trade Further Reductions Cap www.beckstrom.com
SO2 Emissions in Europe www.beckstrom.com
Acid Rain Acid Rain Declines Because of Successful SO2 Reductions Market www.beckstrom.com
Mission  Po$$ible ! www.beckstrom.com
Dimensions www.beckstrom.com
Size of Global Footprint <ul><li>What is a carbon footprint? </li></ul><ul><li>36+ BN tons of CO2  equivalents  emitted </...
Per Capital Footprints www.beckstrom.com
Where is it Coming From? Prepared by Robert A Rohde  Data source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center  www.beckstro...
Cumulative Footprints www.beckstrom.com
Question Do you think the USA should take responsibility and accept a binding carbon cap? 1) yes 2) no 3) maybe www.beckst...
Let’s Get Personal www.beckstrom.com
Size Your Carbon Footprint CALCULATE YOUR PERSONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT Home sq. feet (00)    ____  x .6 =  _______ You drive ...
Question How large is your personal carbon footprint? 1) 15 2) 25 3) 50 4) 100+ tons www.beckstrom.com
Question What is the eBay carbon footprint? www.beckstrom.com
How Much CO2 in a Gallon? <ul><li>Pounds weight of a gallon 6.3  </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
How Much CO2 in a Gallon? <ul><li>Pounds weight of a gallon 6.3  </li></ul><ul><li>% carbon molecules 87% </li></ul><ul><l...
Some Basic Measures <ul><li>One gallon generates 20 lbs </li></ul><ul><li>If car gets 20 mpg-  1 lb. of CO2 per mile </li>...
The Solution Policies & Markets www.beckstrom.com
The eBay Solution “efficient markets” www.beckstrom.com
Kyoto Market www.beckstrom.com
Kyoto Market - Capped Buyers www.beckstrom.com
Kyoto Market - Capped Buyers www.beckstrom.com
Centralized Policy Creates  Market Incentives for Decentralized Solutions www.beckstrom.com
Economic Cost <ul><li>In 50 years… </li></ul><ul><li>Inaction could cost 20% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>50% chance of 5 degr...
Kyoto Post 2012? Bali? www.beckstrom.com
Creating Offsets <ul><li>Govs allocate allowances (NAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Co A reduces below it’s target </li></ul><ul><li...
Profiting from Credits <ul><li>Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Investing </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Offsets (Certificates) </li>...
Two Types of Trading <ul><li>Exchange traded (allowances) </li></ul>Exchange Buyer Seller $ $ Allowance Allowance Buyer Se...
Carbon Market CDM CERs VERs EUAs CA CCX RGGI .14 BN Clean  Development  Mechanism GCC, etc. $24 BN $5.2 BN Trading Volumes...
Carbon Credits Value? EUA CO2 price Nov 19, 2007 = 22.5 Euro or $33 www.beckstrom.com
How to Create Carbon Credits www.beckstrom.com
OTC Project Development <ul><li>Developer </li></ul>Buyer Seller $ Carbon Offset Over the Counter (OTC) Example $ and Offs...
Approved UNFCC Methods <ul><li>Wind farms </li></ul><ul><li>Landfill Methane </li></ul><ul><li>Farm methane </li></ul><ul>...
Leading CDM Projects www.beckstrom.com
CDM by Countries www.beckstrom.com
Sample Projects <ul><li>Landfill waste </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural methane caputre </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage plants </li...
Pak Arab Fertilizer Project <ul><li>Ammonium Fertilizer Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Also make nitric acid </li></ul><ul><li>1.0...
Geologic Sequestration   Project <ul><ul><li>Gas sequestration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petronas Bintulu, Malaysia </li>...
Wind Farm Analysis www.beckstrom.com
Wind Farm Analysis www.beckstrom.com
Other Ways to Make Money <ul><li>Green products </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Carbon Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Green Cities </li...
Green Products www.beckstrom.com
STARFISH? www.beckstrom.com
IT Energy Savings <ul><li>Computer monitor shut offs </li></ul><ul><li>Consider energy usage at purchase time </li></ul><u...
Ingredients  for CA Exchange <ul><li>Binding Cap </li></ul><ul><li>Local allowances </li></ul><ul><li>Could be unique or l...
Need Caps Globally ASAP <ul><li>Kyoto or regional binding cap </li></ul><ul><li>Tradable allowances in region </li></ul><u...
What Can You Do? <ul><li>Offset your footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate your group’s footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce...
Contribute to Best Practices Wiki www.beckstrom.com globalwarming.twiki.net
Goals of Session <ul><li>Science  </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Policies & Markets </li></ul><ul><li>How ...
<ul><li>Rod Beckstrom: www.beckstrom.com </li></ul><ul><li>Please contribute to: globalwarming.twiki.net </li></ul>
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Global Warming and Carbon Markets for eBay Foundation

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Presentation materials for eBay Foundation Global Citizenship Program, Mike Fox, and eBay employees.

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  • Global Warming and Carbon Markets for eBay Foundation

    1. 1. Global Warming & Carbon Markets Presentation for eBay Foundation Rod Beckstrom Chairman, TWIKI.NET www.beckstrom.com
    2. 2. www.beckstrom.com 1983
    3. 3. Utter Garbage Thousands of Tons of Garbage! 15% 85% GOING BANKRUPT! Palo Alto Municipal Dump Student Recycling www.beckstrom.com
    4. 4. Utter Garbage Thousands of Tons of Garbage! 15% $ 8 85% GOING BANKRUPT! Palo Alto Municipal Dump Student Recycling www.beckstrom.com
    5. 5. Goals of Session <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Policies & Markets </li></ul><ul><li>How to Create & Trade Carbon Credits </li></ul><ul><li>What You Can Do </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    6. 6. Science www.beckstrom.com
    7. 7. www. beckstrom .com www.beckstrom.com
    8. 8. www.beckstrom.com
    9. 9. www. beckstrom .com www.beckstrom.com
    10. 10. Question <ul><li>Which planet taught us about global warming? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mercury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venus </li></ul></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    11. 11. 96.5% CO2 www.beckstrom.com
    12. 12. www.beckstrom.com
    13. 13. 0.038% CO2 0.0005 % ^ www.beckstrom.com
    14. 14. CO2 Rising <ul><li>CO2 levels </li></ul><ul><li>1830 0.028 % </li></ul><ul><li>0.038% </li></ul><ul><li>0.0005 % ^ annual </li></ul><ul><li>0.085% </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    15. 15. CO2 Cycle www.beckstrom.com
    16. 16. Scientific Bodies Concerned <ul><li>NASA </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC </li></ul><ul><li>NOAH </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Society </li></ul><ul><li>Academie de Science </li></ul><ul><li>Science Council of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>EPA </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    17. 17. Greenhouse Gases CH4 CO2 PFCs HFCs SF6 310x 11,000 x 12,000 x 19 x CO2 Equivalent is Gold Standard 22,000 x N20 www.beckstrom.com
    18. 18. Long Term Trend www.beckstrom.com
    19. 19. Temperature Rising www.beckstrom.com
    20. 20. ? www.beckstrom.com
    21. 21. Other Global Problems <ul><li>Ozone hole </li></ul><ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    22. 22. Ozone Hole www.beckstrom.com
    23. 23. Ozone Hole <ul><li>Montreal Protocol </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    24. 24. Acid Rain Acid Rain www.beckstrom.com
    25. 25. Acid Rain - Cap and Trade Further Reductions Cap www.beckstrom.com
    26. 26. SO2 Emissions in Europe www.beckstrom.com
    27. 27. Acid Rain Acid Rain Declines Because of Successful SO2 Reductions Market www.beckstrom.com
    28. 28. Mission Po$$ible ! www.beckstrom.com
    29. 29. Dimensions www.beckstrom.com
    30. 30. Size of Global Footprint <ul><li>What is a carbon footprint? </li></ul><ul><li>36+ BN tons of CO2 equivalents emitted </li></ul><ul><li>Earth can only absorb ˜ 8 BN tons </li></ul><ul><li>6 BN people </li></ul><ul><li>5 - 6 tons per person, on average </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    31. 31. Per Capital Footprints www.beckstrom.com
    32. 32. Where is it Coming From? Prepared by Robert A Rohde Data source: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center www.beckstrom.com
    33. 33. Cumulative Footprints www.beckstrom.com
    34. 34. Question Do you think the USA should take responsibility and accept a binding carbon cap? 1) yes 2) no 3) maybe www.beckstrom.com
    35. 35. Let’s Get Personal www.beckstrom.com
    36. 36. Size Your Carbon Footprint CALCULATE YOUR PERSONAL CARBON FOOTPRINT Home sq. feet (00) ____ x .6 = _______ You drive miles (000) ____ x .4 = _______ You fly miles (000) ____ x .3 = _______ Your Total Tons ________ www.beckstrom.com
    37. 37. Question How large is your personal carbon footprint? 1) 15 2) 25 3) 50 4) 100+ tons www.beckstrom.com
    38. 38. Question What is the eBay carbon footprint? www.beckstrom.com
    39. 39. How Much CO2 in a Gallon? <ul><li>Pounds weight of a gallon 6.3 </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    40. 40. How Much CO2 in a Gallon? <ul><li>Pounds weight of a gallon 6.3 </li></ul><ul><li>% carbon molecules 87% </li></ul><ul><li>Pounds of carbon ________ </li></ul><ul><li>Multiply by CO2 weight 44/12 3.7 </li></ul><ul><li>Pounds per gallon ________ </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    41. 41. Some Basic Measures <ul><li>One gallon generates 20 lbs </li></ul><ul><li>If car gets 20 mpg- 1 lb. of CO2 per mile </li></ul><ul><li>110 gallons = 1 metric ton of CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>500 tons per $1M production is global average </li></ul><ul><li>890 bls of CO2 per barrel of oil </li></ul><ul><li>1.7 lbs of CO2 from Kwh electricity </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    42. 42. The Solution Policies & Markets www.beckstrom.com
    43. 43. The eBay Solution “efficient markets” www.beckstrom.com
    44. 44. Kyoto Market www.beckstrom.com
    45. 45. Kyoto Market - Capped Buyers www.beckstrom.com
    46. 46. Kyoto Market - Capped Buyers www.beckstrom.com
    47. 47. Centralized Policy Creates Market Incentives for Decentralized Solutions www.beckstrom.com
    48. 48. Economic Cost <ul><li>In 50 years… </li></ul><ul><li>Inaction could cost 20% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>50% chance of 5 degree Celsius rise </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of balancing would cost only 1% </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sir Nicholas Stern </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>UK Economist </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>October 2006, Stern Report </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    49. 49. Kyoto Post 2012? Bali? www.beckstrom.com
    50. 50. Creating Offsets <ul><li>Govs allocate allowances (NAP) </li></ul><ul><li>Co A reduces below it’s target </li></ul><ul><li>Sells extra offsets to Co. B </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    51. 51. Profiting from Credits <ul><li>Trading </li></ul><ul><li>Investing </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Offsets (Certificates) </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    52. 52. Two Types of Trading <ul><li>Exchange traded (allowances) </li></ul>Exchange Buyer Seller $ $ Allowance Allowance Buyer Seller $ Carbon Offset Over the Counter (OTC) www.beckstrom.com
    53. 53. Carbon Market CDM CERs VERs EUAs CA CCX RGGI .14 BN Clean Development Mechanism GCC, etc. $24 BN $5.2 BN Trading Volumes from World Bank 2007 April report. JI ERUs .03 BN California For Kyoto Capped Countries Only Voluntary EEX EUAs Futures ? www.beckstrom.com
    54. 54. Carbon Credits Value? EUA CO2 price Nov 19, 2007 = 22.5 Euro or $33 www.beckstrom.com
    55. 55. How to Create Carbon Credits www.beckstrom.com
    56. 56. OTC Project Development <ul><li>Developer </li></ul>Buyer Seller $ Carbon Offset Over the Counter (OTC) Example $ and Offsets UNFCC Project Approvals Advisor www.beckstrom.com
    57. 57. Approved UNFCC Methods <ul><li>Wind farms </li></ul><ul><li>Landfill Methane </li></ul><ul><li>Farm methane </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage plants </li></ul><ul><li>Cogeneration </li></ul><ul><li>Solar </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizer plants - N2O </li></ul><ul><li>For a full list see unfccc.int </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    58. 58. Leading CDM Projects www.beckstrom.com
    59. 59. CDM by Countries www.beckstrom.com
    60. 60. Sample Projects <ul><li>Landfill waste </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural methane caputre </li></ul><ul><li>Sewage plants </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Solar electric </li></ul><ul><li>Solar thermal </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    61. 61. Pak Arab Fertilizer Project <ul><li>Ammonium Fertilizer Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Also make nitric acid </li></ul><ul><li>1.0 M tons of CO2 equivalent </li></ul><ul><li>Phase I live April 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>400K Tons per annum </li></ul><ul><li>Upfront Cost $10M </li></ul><ul><li>Value? </li></ul><ul><li>Could be valid for 21 years </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    62. 62. Geologic Sequestration Project <ul><ul><li>Gas sequestration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petronas Bintulu, Malaysia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White Tiger Oil field, Vietnam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BP, Statoil, Sonatrach, Salah, Algeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qatar Gas </li></ul></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    63. 63. Wind Farm Analysis www.beckstrom.com
    64. 64. Wind Farm Analysis www.beckstrom.com
    65. 65. Other Ways to Make Money <ul><li>Green products </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Carbon Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Green Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Green Buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Green Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Add green services </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    66. 66. Green Products www.beckstrom.com
    67. 67. STARFISH? www.beckstrom.com
    68. 68. IT Energy Savings <ul><li>Computer monitor shut offs </li></ul><ul><li>Consider energy usage at purchase time </li></ul><ul><li>Power management for all systems </li></ul><ul><li>Virtualization software reduces servers </li></ul><ul><li>New power supplies </li></ul><ul><li>More videoconferencing, less travel </li></ul><ul><li>More in each specific industry </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate CO2 from Kwh bills </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    69. 69. Ingredients for CA Exchange <ul><li>Binding Cap </li></ul><ul><li>Local allowances </li></ul><ul><li>Could be unique or linked market </li></ul><ul><li>Thereby develop local intellectual capita </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    70. 70. Need Caps Globally ASAP <ul><li>Kyoto or regional binding cap </li></ul><ul><li>Tradable allowances in region </li></ul><ul><li>Active NGO’s </li></ul><ul><li>Active carbon market participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brokers/bankers </li></ul></ul>To Solve Our Global Problem www.beckstrom.com
    71. 71. What Can You Do? <ul><li>Offset your footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate your group’s footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce carbon footprints you are involved in </li></ul><ul><li>Push for Binding US Climate Bills </li></ul><ul><li>Help other countries advance </li></ul><ul><li>Use your power to help get global caps in place </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to best practices wiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>globalwarming.twiki.net </li></ul></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    72. 72. Contribute to Best Practices Wiki www.beckstrom.com globalwarming.twiki.net
    73. 73. Goals of Session <ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Policies & Markets </li></ul><ul><li>How to Create & Trade Carbon Credits </li></ul><ul><li>What You Can Do </li></ul>www.beckstrom.com
    74. 74. <ul><li>Rod Beckstrom: www.beckstrom.com </li></ul><ul><li>Please contribute to: globalwarming.twiki.net </li></ul>

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