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Joppa region

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Joppa Condensed

Joppa Condensed

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  • Plain of Sharon. Boundaries of the Plain of Sharon city of Crocodiliopolis and the Tanninim stream to the north with Joppa and the Yarkon river to the south Kirkar Ridge and physical demographic of the Sharon Plain. The region was known in antiquity for grazing (I Chron. 27:29). This is due to rich aluvian silt brought to the plain from western Samaria. A unique feature of this land is the Kurkar ridge, a slight sandstone lip 10-20’ high running through the center. This obstruction keeps several streams from crossing the plain to the Mediterranean sea. The result in antiquity produced mash lands and a tract of large oaks with sand along the coast. The “splendor” of these oaks were milled near Crocodilipolis in Roman times and have long since disappeared from the landscape, (Isa. 35:2; Micah 7:14).
  • city of Crocodiliopolis and the Tanninim stream to the north
  • with Joppa and the Yarkon river to the south
  • The region was known in antiquity for grazing (I Chron. 27:29). This is due to rich aluvian silt brought to the plain from western Samaria. A unique feature of this land is the Kurkar ridge, a slight sandstone lip 10-20’ high running through the center. This obstruction keeps several streams from crossing the plain to the Mediterranean sea. The result in antiquity produced mash lands and a tract of large oaks with sand along the coast. The “splendor” of these oaks were milled near Crocodilipolis in Roman times and have long since disappeared from the landscape, (Isa. 35:2; Micah 7:14).
  • DOR: (Josh. 11:2–5). Dor first appears in the Bible as a Canaanite city-state that joined a coalition headed by Jabin, king of Hazor, to fight against Israel (Josh. 12:23; Judg. 1:27). The coalition was defeated by Joshua, but the Canaanites continued to occupy Dor (ANET, 26). According to the Egyptian Tale of Wen-Amon (ca. 1100 B.C.), Dor was also occupied by the Tjeker, one of the groups of Sea Peoples related to the Philistines In the 10th century B.C., (1 Kgs. 4:7–11). Dor became the center of Solomon’s fourth administrative district, which supplied provisions to the royal court one month out of the year. In 734 B.C., Tiglath-pileser III conquered Dor and turned it into the capital of the Assyrian province of Duru. In 721 B.C., the rest of the Northern Kingdom fell to the Assyrians under Sargon II. Samaria fell after a siege of three years.
  • II. Ceasarea Maritine A. History of the Port/City Harbor city built by Herod the Great in Honor of Octavian Ceaser. He was a loyal friend of Mark Anthony and Julius Ceaser. When Ceaser was murdered Mark Anthony fought for the throne and Lost to Augustus (Octavian) Ceaser. (Ant. 15:6.6-7). Herod appears befor Augustus and gives his loyalty Augustus is impressed and makes him tertriarch or Judea. (Ant. XV. 267-341) In Honor of his new Patron, he erects Temples and Cities (Ant. 15:9.6) Ceasarea Maritine is built to Honor Ceaser (Augustus/Octavian). (Ant. 15.8.1) Ceasarean Games are instituted in Ceasarea Maritine by Herod the Great in honor of Augustus/Octavian Ceaser. This location becomes one of the central hubs for power with the Roman Presence in Judea for years to come. Acts 9:30; 18:22 Apostle Paul used this port for two of his Journies B. Theaters were similar but different to our theaters today. 1. Similar Shows and Plays 2. Different Sometimes Government used them for their legal purposes when needed. Acts 25-26 T he Apostle Paul Stood before Agrippa II and Festus appealing to Caesar in Rome C. Amphetheater 1. Here Gladiators compeeted 2. Eusibius “Book of Martyrs” “ So noble a wrestler in the cause of religion” Underground church of the “Bell Caves in the Shephelah”.
  • The aqueducts of Caesarea brought water by gravity from springs 12 miles and 4 miles away. The oldest aqueduct was constructed in the Herodian period and is referred to as the “high-level aqueduct.”
  • Ceasarean Games are instituted in Ceasarea Maritine by Herod the Great in honor of Augustus/Octavian Ceaser. Ant. 15.8.1
  • Theaters were similar but different to our theaters today. Similar Shows and Plays Different Sometimes Government used them for their legal purposes when needed. Acts 25-26 T he Apostle Paul Stood before Agrippa II and Festus appealing to Ceaser in Rome
  • Amphetheater Here Gladiators compeeted Eusibius “Book of Martyrs” “ So noble a wrestler in the cause of religion” Underground church of the “Bell Caves in the Shephelah”.
  • Guard city North on the Way of Sea and East towards Samaria and the “Remote Interior of Ephriam” on the Internal Ridge Route Joshua 12:18 1 Sam. 2-4 Where the Philistines camped before capturing the Ark of the Covenant Acts 23:31 Was known as Antipatris in the N.T. Named by Herod the great after his father. A good guard city in the past is a good guard city in the future. This location has been used by Egyptians, Canannites, Philistines, Israelites, Arabs, Crusaders etc.
  • Topographical Description: The mountains of Western Samaria descend upon the Plains of Sharon (see, area E1 ). A continuous flow of ridges made travel north to south difficult, but ridges and valleys east to west permitted a free flow of trade in some seasons and vulnerability to invasion in others. George Adam Smith said, “whether you ascend by its valleys or by its broad ridges, the way is easy and open” (Smith, 218). The region consists of hard lime stone eroding to a terra rosa soil useful for terraced farming (retaining walls on hillsides with crops on each level. The erosion exposes lips on the top and edge of the ridges for travel on them or ascents through the valleys below. Eventually travel eastward reaches the central mountain range and the internal ridge route, a road known as the “way of the Patriarchs” running north/south across the top or the central mountain range from the edge of Jezreel (See Vol. B Map 4-1 and Text).
  • Socoh guarded and access point to Samaria; 1 Sam. 17:1 the Philistiens exploite it 1 Ki. 4:10 Solomon set up an administrator in this key city.
  • Herod’s Work in Samaria
  • Herods work in Samaria
  • Herods work in Samaria
  • Aluvian Plains of the Coast. Sandwiched between the hill country to the east and sand of the coast to the west. Great for agriculture and attested to this fact in scripture.
  • The Rocks off the coast of Joffa (Joppa) is where the Greeks believe the story of Percius, Andromida and the Krackon took place.
  • JAFFA: 2 Chron. 2:16 Where the Ceaders of Lebanon were shipped to build the Temple Jonah 1–2 Where Jonah boarded a ship headed for Tarshish Acts 9:40 Where Peter raised Dorcas (Tabitha) from the dead Acts 10 Where Peter had the vision of clean and unclean animals before being summoned to Cornelius’ house in Caesarea Maritine.
  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. JOPPA
    • 3. E-1 Plains of Sharon E-1 Plains of Sharon
    • 4. E-2 Western Samaria E-2 Western Samaria
    • 5. K Coastal Plains K Coastal Plains
    • 6. E-1 Plains of Sharon E-1 Plains of Sharon
    • 7.  
    • 8. Dor - NE
    • 9. Jaffa - W
    • 10. River Yarkon - NE
    • 11. Kurkar ridge cross section -these ridges blocked drainage of the plain in antiquity-
    • 12. Cities of the Plains of Sharon Dor Caesarea Aphek Jaffa (Joppa)
    • 13. Dor
    • 14. Atlit Castle - NE
    • 15. Ceasarea Maritine
    • 16. Caesarea - NW
    • 17. nt Caesarea - E
    • 18.  
    • 19. Herodian aqueduct at Caesarea
    • 20. Herodian aqueduct at Caesarea
    • 21. Byzantine aqueduct of Caesarea
    • 22. Caesarea - N
    • 23. Caesarea theater
    • 24.  
    • 25. Caesarea theater
    • 26. Caesarea amphitheater
    • 27.  
    • 28. Crusader walls and moat of Caesarea
    • 29. Caesarea Promontory Palace
    • 30. Caesarea mosaic inscription from Romans 13
    • 31. Yarkon and Aphek
    • 32. River Yarkon - NE
    • 33. Aphek Guard City To “Way of Sea and Samaria”
    • 34. Aphek Turkish fortress from west
    • 35. Aphek Egyptian Governors’ Residence
    • 36. Kurkar ridge cross section -these ridges blocked drainage of the plain in antiquity-
    • 37. E-2 Western Samaria E-2 Western Samaria
    • 38. Tell Samaria from north
    • 39. Socoh
    • 40. Samaria
    • 41. Samaria - SW
    • 42. Samaria - S
    • 43. Samaria - SW
    • 44. Samaria Hellenistic Tower and Roman Theater
    • 45. Mt Ebal Mt Gerizim
    • 46. Mts. Gerizim & Ebal - W
    • 47. Mt. Gerizim and Mt. Ebal from the east
    • 48. Mount Gerizim - N
    • 49. Mts. Gerizim & Ebal - N
    • 50. Mt. Ebal from the east
    • 51. Mt. Gerizim from Shechem (Tell Balata)
    • 52. Mt. Gerizim with Mt. Ebal behind
    • 53. Dothan
    • 54. Dothan - W
    • 55. Tell Dothan from west
    • 56. Dothan Valley shepherd and flock
    • 57. Beth – haggan - S
    • 58. K Coastal Plains K Coastal Plains
    • 59. Nahal draining between Ashkelon and Lachish
    • 60. Coastal plain fields
    • 61. Tel- Aviv
    • 62. Tel Aviv aerial from southwest
    • 63. Tel Aviv aerial
    • 64. Jaffa
    • 65. Jaffa and Tel Aviv aerial from southwest
    • 66. Jaffa aerial from west
    • 67. Jaffa - W
    • 68. Jaffa excavations
    • 69. Jaffa excavations
    • 70. St. Peter's Church in Jaffa
    • 71. Philistine Pentapolis Ekron Gath Ashdod Ashkelon Gaza
    • 72.  
    • 73. Gath
    • 74. Gath - E
    • 75. Gath from east
    • 76. Tell es Safi, possibly Gath, from south
    • 77. White cliffs of Tell es Safi, Gath, from north
    • 78. Gath, Tell es Safi - view to north
    • 79. Ekron
    • 80. Ekron - E
    • 81. Tell Miqne, Ekron
    • 82. Temple at Tell Miqne, Ekron
    • 83. Ashkelon
    • 84. Ashkelon aerial from southeast
    • 85. Ashkelon
    • 86. Ashkelon tell from south
    • 87. Ashkelon beach
    • 88. Ashkelon columns in water
    • 89. Ashkelon protruding columns on beach
    • 90. Ashkelon excavations near beach
    • 91.  
    • 92.  
    • 93. Ashdod
    • 94. Ashdod - NW
    • 95. Ashdod aerial from east
    • 96. Tell Ashdod from south
    • 97. Ashdod excavations
    • 98. Tel Aviv citrus groves aerial
    • 99. Gaza
    • 100. Gaza from east
    • 101. Trucks backed up at Gaza checkpoint
    • 102. Gaza street
    • 103. Gaza Strip house reportedly destroyed by Israel
    • 104. Gaza Strip palm trees
    • 105. Gaza Strip refugee camp near beach