Thermal and digestion waste to-energy technologies worldwide

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Thermal and digestion waste to-energy technologies worldwide

  1. 1. Get more info on this report!Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies WorldwideMarch 1, 2011Each year the world generates more than 2.1 billion tons of waste, disposes of most ofthat waste it in landfills, and allows it to decay and release methane (a powerfulgreenhouse gas that drives climate change), carbon dioxide, volatile organiccompounds, odors, groundwater quality pollutants, and a host of other air, water, andsoil pollutants. Locked inside of the 2.1 billion tons of waste is approximately 24.5quadrillion Btu of energy - enough heat to generate about 10% of the electricityconsumed annually around the globe. Meanwhile, in many developed nations, theavailability of landfill capacity has been flat or steadily decreasing due to regulatory,siting, and environmental permitting constraints on new landfills and landfill expansions.As a result, new approaches to waste management are rapidly being written into publicand institutional policies at local to national levels.Landfilling, which is still employed at the overwhelming majority of global wastemanagement facilities in developed nations, generally performs well in terms ofthroughput, public health, and safety. But many current and widespread wastemanagement practices are mediocre or even poor performers in terms of energyefficiency and environmental performance. For instance, the conventional municipalsolid waste chain is commonly characterized by moderate to long haul distances, whichgenerate substantial greenhouse gas emissions, followed by long-term storage in alandfill, releasing methane and other pollutants. In developing nations, landfills can posemajor public health concerns, and can in some cases represent a significant fire hazarddue to spontaneous ignition. Many liquid waste streams, especially in the livestock andfood production industries, are only minimally treated prior to discharge. Dairy wastes,for instance, can result in excessive nutrient loading of farm fields, while municipalwastewater, especially in developing nations, may contain high levels of biochemicaloxygen demand, bacteria, and other harmful pollutants.Waste to energy technologies - incineration, gasification, plasma gasification, pyrolysis,and anaerobic digestion - provide a convenient solution to many of these wastemanagement issues. For instance, installation of a waste to energy conversion facilitynear a large urban center can reduce the number of truck, train, or barge trips tolandfills, reduce the volume of new material that is being stored in landfills, and reducethe proportion of organic matter that is stored in a landfill, which in turn reduces theproduction rates of landfill methane. Liquid waste to energy technologies can alsoreduce the concentration of water quality constituents in treated effluent, by
  2. 2. substantially reducing bacterial loading, biochemical oxygen demand, and otherconstituents.Bolstered by global concern and policy actions relating to climate change, waste toenergy technologies also support low-carbon and in some cases carbon-neutral energyproduction. As a result, the global market for waste to energy technologies hasevidenced substantial growth over the last five years, increasing from $4.83 billion in2006, to 7.08 billion in 2010 with continued market growth through the global economicdownturn. Over the coming decade, growth trends are expected to continue, led byexpansion in the US, European, Chinese, and Indian markets. By 2021, based oncontinued growth in Asian markets combined with the maturation of European wastemanagement regulations and European and US climate mitigation strategies, theannual global market for waste to energy technologies will exceed $27 billion, for alltechnologies combined.The market expansion projected for waste to energy technologies maintains roots in thewaste industry as well as the alternative fuels/power industry. Demand for wastemanagement solutions and for alternative energy sources thereby coalesce to drivedemand for waste to energy technologies. A significant advantage of these dual driversis that demand for waste to energy technologies is resilient. For example, even in theunlikely event that demand for alternative energy slackens over the coming decade, thedemand for waste management solutions would remain, and would continue to drive theinstallation of new waste to energy facilities.Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide containscomprehensive data on the worldwide market for waste to energy technologies(incineration, gasification, pyrolysis and thermal depolymerization, and anaerobicdigestion), including historic (2006-2010) and forecast (2011-2021) market size data interms of the dollar value of product shipments, with breakdowns at the national level formajor markets. The report identifies key trends affecting the marketplace, along withtrends driving growth, and central challenges to further market development. The reportalso provides company profiles for waste to energy leaders in municipal solid waste andother waste management industries.Report MethodologyThe information in Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy TechnologiesWorldwide is based on data from International Energy Agency, the US EnergyInformation Agency, the Waste to Energy Research and Technology Council (WTERT),the European Commission, the National Bureau of Statistics of China, India’s Ministry ofStatistics and Programme Implementation, the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S.national laboratories, U.S. and global energy research institutions, along withinformation from other trade associations, business journals, company literature andwebsites, Securities and Exchange Commission reportings, and research services suchas Simmons Market Research Bureau.
  3. 3. What You’ll Get in This ReportThermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwide makes importantpredictions and recommendations regarding the near term future of the global waste toenergy market, with breakdowns for each of the five technologies considered in thisreport, with additional market breakdowns for major national markets. It pinpointsmethods that current and prospective industry players can capitalize on existing trends,spearhead new trends, and identify and expand into niche and specialty markets. Noother market research report provides both comprehensive analysis and extensive,quality data that Thermal and Digestion Waste-to-Energy Technologies Worldwideoffers. Plus, you’ll benefit from extensive data, presented in easy-to-read and practicalcharts, tables and graphs.How You’ll Benefit from This ReportIf your company is already doing business in the waste to energy market, in associatedmanufacturing industries, or is considering making the leap, you will find this reportinvaluable, as it provides a comprehensive package of information and insight notoffered in any other single source. Waste to energy technology holders and developers,investors, marketers, midstream industry, and waste to energy startups will also benefitfrom key insights into market structure, the supply chain, projects worldwide, andindustry suppliers associated with waste to energy technologies. The report provides anextensive review of markets for waste to energy, including appurtenances, from 2006 aswell as projects and trends through 2021.This report will also help: Marketing managers identify market opportunities and develop targeted promotion plans for waste to energy technologies, components, materials, and services. Research and development professionals stay on top of competitor initiatives and explore demand for waste to energy technologies, components, materials, and associated services. Business development executives and entrepreneurs understand the dynamics of the industry/market and identify possible partnerships. Advertising agencies working with clients in the waste to energy industry to understand the market for waste to energy technologies, their application, and the product procurement and project construction process; to develop messages and images that compel consumers to invest in companies supplying or operating waste to energy facilities. Information and research center librarians provide market researchers, brand and product managers and other colleagues with the vital information they need to do their jobs more effectively.
  4. 4. TABLE OF CONTENTSChapter 1: Executive Summary Scope Global Waste and Management and Role of Waste to Energy Figure 1-1: Annual Per Capita Municipal Waste Generated for OECD Countries (Metric Tonnes) Waste to Energy Feedstocks and Technologies Applications, Benefits, and Drawbacks of Waste to Energy Technologies Waste to Energy Market Valuations Incineration Figure 1-2: Global Market for Incinerators and Incinerator Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Gasification Figure 1-3: Global Market for Gasifiers and Gasifier Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Plasma Gasification Figure 1-4: Global Market for Plasma Gasifiers and Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Pyrolysis Figure 1-5: Global Market for Pyrolysis and Pyrolysis Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Anaerobic Digestion Figure 1-6: Global Market for Anaerobic Digesters and Anaerobic Digester Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Global Waste to Energy Market Summary Figure 1-7: Global Market for WtE Technologies; Historic (2006-2010) and Projected (2011-2021) ($ Billions) Waste to Energy Product Pricing Incineration Figure 1-8: Incinerator Costs (USD) Gasification Figure 1-9: Gasification Costs (USD) Plasma Gasification Figure 1-10: Plasma Gasifier Costs (USD) Pyrolysis Figure 1-11: Pyrolysis Costs (USD) Anaerobic Digestion Figure 1-12: Anaerobic Digestion Costs, Animal Wastes/Wastewater (USD) Figure 1-13: Anaerobic Digestion Costs, MSW (USD) Industry Trends and WtE Financing WtE Facilities Supply Chain Figure 1-14: WtE Technologies, Facility Supply Chain Figure 1-15: Municipal Solid Waste Supply Chain Figure 1-16: Generalized Non-MSW Waste Feedstock Supply Chain Waste to Energy Product Promotion
  5. 5. Job Creation Incineration Figure 1-17: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Incineration; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Gasification Figure 1-18: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Plasma Gasification Figure 1-19: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Plasma Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Pyrolysis Figure 1-20: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Pyrolysis; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Anaerobic Digestion Figure 1-21: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Anaerobic Digestion; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Waste to Energy End Users Table 1-1: Thermal Technology End Users Table 1-2: Anaerobic Digester End Users Summary Figure 1-22: Global Market for WtE Technologies; Historic (2006-2010) and Projected (2011-2021) ($ Billions)Chapter 2: Overview of Waste to Energy Technologies Scope Global Waste and Management Figure 2-1: Annual Per Capita Municipal Waste Generated for OECD Countries (Metric Tonnes) Role of Waste to Energy Waste to Energy Feedstocks Dairy Waste and Other Animal Husbandry Wastes Table 2-1: Waste to Energy Feedstock Categories Food Processing Wastes Greenwaste Hospital Waste/Biohazard Industrial Wastes Sanitary Waste Municipal Solid Waste Waste to Energy Systems Table 2-2 Waste to Energy Technologies and Feedstocks Table 2-3 Energy Products from Waste to Energy Technologies Incineration Figure 2-2: Incinerator Schematic Gasification Figure 2-3: Gasification Schematic Plasma Gasification Figure 2-4: Plasma Gasification Schematic
  6. 6. Pyrolysis Figure 2-5: Pyrolysis Example Schematic Anaerobic Digestion Figure 2-6: Schematic of Digestion of Manure Combined with Greenwaste Applications and Benefits of Waste to Energy Technologies Waste Management: Mass/Volume Reduction and Avoidance of Landfilling Power Generation Methane Production Liquid Fuels Production Heat Production Pollutant Emissions Reduction Greenhouse Gas Emissions Management Destruction of Harmful Microbes and Biological Agents Land Area Requirements Mechanical Biological Treatment Drawbacks of Waste to Energy Technologies Environmental Concerns Potential Competition with Recycling Potential Competition with Composting Increased Pollution under Some Systems Public Opinion Cost/Benefit SummaryChapter 3: Waste to Energy Technologies - Market Size and Growth Scope Market Assessment Methodology Project-Based Market Evaluations Additional Market Valuation Factors Demand for Municipal Waste Stream Management and Waste Reduction Figure 3-1: Historic and Projected Annual Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Global and US (Billion Tons per Year) Reuse, Recycling, Composting, and Waste to Energy Growth of Biomass, Food Waste, and Animal Husbandry Waste to Energy Environmental and Social Concerns of Waste Management Alternative Energy Growth and Demand Waste to Energy Projects Table 3-1: Anticipated Global WtE Projects Factors Affecting Market Size and Growth Feedstock Availability: landfilling reduction targets, waste stream diversion requirements, and other key waste management trends that inform feedstock availability; Table 3-2: European Union Mandated Waste Reduction Targets Table 3-3: Great Britain National Waste Reduction Targets Table 3-4: New Zealand’s Adopted Waste Management Strategy Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction requirements, targets, and strategies;
  7. 7. Demand for Alternative and Renewable EnergyFigure 3-2: Global Energy Consumption, Historic (2007) and Projected (Through2035) (Quadrillion British Thermal Units per Year)Figure 3-3: Global Historic Energy Production and Projected Increases inRenewable and Other Power Sources, 1990-2035 (Quadrillion British ThermalUnits per Year)Costs and WtE Project EconomicsPublic acceptance of WtEOther Relevant TrendsWtE Technologies MarketsGlobal Market for IncinerationFigure 3-4: Global Market for Incinerators and Incinerator Plant Ancillaries: 2006- 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Table 3-5: Global Market for Incinerators and Incinerator Plant Ancillaries: 2006-2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Figure 3-5: Regional WtE Markets for Incineration: 2006 (Historic), 2011(Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-6: Incinerator Market Data and Projections, Major Countries: 2006(Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-7: Annual Historic and Projected Global Increases in Incinerator WasteCapacity (Daily Tons) and Power Generation Capacity (MW)Global Market for GasificationFigure 3-6: Global Market for Gasifiers and Gasifier Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Table 3-8: Global Market for Gasifiers and Gasifier Plant Ancillaries: 2006-2010Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Figure 3-7: Regional WtE Markets for Gasification: 2006 (Historic), 2011(Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-9: Gasification Market Data and Projections, Major Countries: 2006(Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-10: Annual Historic and Projected Global Increases in Gasifier WasteCapacity (Daily Tons) and Power Generation Capacity (MW)Global Market for Plasma GasificationFigure 3-8: Global Market for Plasma Gasifiers and Plant Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Table 3-11: Global Market for Plasma Gasifiers and Plant Ancillaries: 2006-2010Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)Figure 3-9: Regional WtE Markets for Plasma Gasification: 2006 (Historic), 2011(Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-12: Plasma Gasification Market Data and Projections, Major Countries:2006 (Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions)Table 3-13: Annual Historic and Projected Global Increases in Plasma GasifierWaste Capacity (Daily Tons) and Power Generation Capacity (MW)Global Market for PyrolysisFigure 3-10: Global Market for Pyrolysis and Pyrolysis Plant Ancillaries: 2006 -2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions)
  8. 8. Table 3-14: Global Market for Pyrolysis and Pyrolysis Plant Ancillaries: 2006- 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Figure 3-11: Regional WtE Markets for Pyrolysis: 2006 (Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions) Table 3-15: Pyrolysis Market Data and Projections, Major Countries: 2006 (Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions) Table 3-16: Annual Historic and Projected Global Increases in Pyrolysis Waste Capacity (Daily Tons) and Power Generation Capacity (MW) Global Market for Anaerobic Digestion Figure 3-12: Global Market for Anaerobic Digesters and Anaerobic Digester Ancillaries: 2006 - 2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Table 3-17: Global Market for Anaerobic Digesters and Anaerobic Digesters Plant Ancillaries: 2006-2010 Historic and 2011-2021 Projected ($ Millions) Figure 3-13: Regional WtE Markets for Anaerobic Digesters: 2006 (Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions) Table 3-18: Anaerobic Digester Market Data and Projections, Major Countries: 2006 (Historic), 2011 (Projected), and 2021 (Projected) ($ Millions) Table 3-19: Annual Historic and Projected Global Increases in Anaerobic Digesters Waste Capacity (Daily Tons) and Power Generation Capacity (MW) Summary Figure 3-14: Global Market for WtE Technologies; Historic (2006-2010) and Projected (2011-2021) ($ Billions) Figure 3-15: Percentage of Global Market Shares for WtE Technologies; Historic (2006-2010) and Projected (2011-2021)Chapter 4: Waste to Energy Technologies - Market and Product Trends Scope WtE Product Pricing Global Economic Factors Influencing WtE Project Costs Regional and Cost Considerations Figure 4-1: Worker Labor Compensation Rates, 1998-2008 (US$) Technology Specific Costs and Cost Factors Incinerators Figure 4-2: Incinerator Costs (USD) Table 4-1: Incineration Cost Profiles Gasification Figure 4-3: Gasification Costs (USD) Table 4-2: Gasification Cost Profiles Plasma Gasification Figure 4-4: Plasma Gasifier Costs (USD) Table 4-3: Plasma Gasification, Typical Cost Profiles Pyrolysis Figure 4-5: Pyrolysis Costs (USD) Table 4-4: Pyrolysis, Typical Cost Profiles Anaerobic Digestion/Fermentation/MBT
  9. 9. Figure 4-6: United States Anaerobic Digester Facilities: Animal Husbandry Wastes Figure 4-7: US On-Farm Anaerobic Digester Costs Table 4-5: Anaerobic Digestion, Typical Cost Profiles, Animal Wastes and Wastewater Treatment Figure 4-8: Anaerobic Digestion Costs, Animal Wastes and Wastewater Treatment (USD) Table 4-6: Anaerobic Digestion, Typical Cost Profiles, MSW Figure 4-9: Anaerobic Digestion Costs, MSW (USD) Industry Trends Importance of Feedstock Availability New Product Developments and Product Trends Public Relations, Environmental, and Permitting Concerns Figure 4-10 Waste Management Hierarchy for WtE Projetcs Waste to Energy Ownership Public Ownership Private Ownership Project Development and Financing Trends Table 4-7: Common WtE Project Finance Mechanisms Venture Capital and Equities Grant Funding, Government Loans, and Other Government Incentives Public/Government Funding Project Revenues and Cash on Hand Private Debt Financing Mixed Funding Sources SummaryChapter 5: Waste to Energy Technologies - Supply Chain and Promotion Scope WtE Facilities Supply Chain Figure 5-1: WtE Technologies, Facility Supply Chain Waste Feedstock Supply Chains Figure 5-2: Municipal Solid Waste Supply Chain Figure 5-3: Generalized Non-MSW Waste Feedstock Supply Chain Waste to Energy Product Promotion Promotion to the End User Promotion to Government and the Public SummaryChapter 6: Waste to Energy Technologies - Job Creation Estimates Scope Modes of Job Creation Job Creation Projections and Methods Incineration Figure 6-1: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Incineration; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created)
  10. 10. Figure 6-2: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Incineration; 2011 to 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created) Gasification Figure 6-3: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Figure 6-4: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created) Plasma Gasification Figure 6-5: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Plasma Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Figure 6-6: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Plasma Gasification; 2011 to 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created) Pyrolysis Figure 6-7: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Pyrolysis; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Figure 6-8: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Pyrolysis; 2011 to 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created) Anaerobic Digestion Figure 6-9: Projected Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Anaerobic Digestion; 2011 to 2021 (Annual Jobs Created) Figure 6-10: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation Rates for Anaerobic Digestion; 2011 to 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created) Summary Figure 6-11: Total Cumulative Construction and Operation Period Job Creation for all WtE Technologies; 2011 - 2021 (Cumulative Total Number of Jobs Created, Thousands)Chapter 7: Competitive Profiles Scope Methodology and Selection of Profiles Alpha Bio Systems, Inc. Overview Performance Product Portfolio Company News and Developments The Babcock & Wilcox Company Overview Performance Figure 7-1: Babcock and Wilcox Revenues, 2007-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and Developments BlueFire Renewables Inc Overview Performance Figure 7-2: BlueFire Renewables, Inc., Revenues, 2007-2010e
  11. 11. Product PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsCovanta Energy CorporationOverviewPerformanceFigure 7-3: Covanta Energy Corporation, Revenues, 2006-2010eProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsEner-G PLCOverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsFisia Babcock Environment GmbHOverviewPerformanceFigure 7-4: Fisia Babcock Environment, GmbH, Revenues, 2006-2010eProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsFlorida Syngas LLCOverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsFrontline BioEnergy, LLCOverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsGershman, Brickner & Bratton, Inc. (GBB)OverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsMartin GmbHOverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsPyrogenesis Canada, IncOverviewPerformanceProduct PortfolioCompany News and DevelopmentsQinetiQOverview
  12. 12. Performance Figure 7-5: QinetiQ, Revenues, 2006-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and Developments Siemens AG Overview Performance Figure 7-6: Siemens AG, Revenues, 2007-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and Developments Takuma Co., Ltd. Overview Performance Figure 7-7: Takuma Co., Ltd., Revenues, 2006-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and Developments UTS-Residual Processing LLC Overview Performance Product Portfolio Company News and Developments Veolia Environnement S.A. Overview Performance Figure 7-8: Veolia Environnement S.A., Revenues, 2006-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and Developments Wheelabrator Technologies Inc Overview Performance Figure 7-9: Wheelabrator Technologies, Inc., Revenues, 2006-2010e Product Portfolio Company News and DevelopmentsChapter 8: End Users Scope Waste to Energy End Users: Thermal Technologies Table 8-1: Thermal Technology End Users Incineration Gasification and Plasma Gasification Pyrolysis and Depolymerization Waste to Energy End Users: Anaerobic Digesters Table 8-2: Anaerobic Digester End Users Dairies and Animal Husbandry Food and Meat Processing Industries Municipal Greenwaste and Municipal Solid Waste Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
  13. 13. Table 8-3 WWTP Anaerobic Digester Typical Production Rate and Cost Parameters SummaryAvailable immediately for Online Download athttp://www.marketresearch.com/product/display.asp?productid=2847741US: 800.298.5699UK +44.207.256.3920Intl: +1.240.747.3093Fax: 240.747.3004

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