What is Pornography?Pornography• the depiction of erotic behavior (as in pictures or writing) intended to cause sexual excitement. (Merriam-Webster)• The word originally signified any work of art or literature depicting the life of prostitutes. (Encyclopedia)• Pornography may use a variety of media, including books, magazines, postcards, photos, sculpture, drawing, painting, animation, sound recording, film, video, and video games. The term applies to the depiction of the act rather than the act itself, and so does not include live exhibitions like sex shows and striptease. (Wikipedia)
PORNOGRAPHY ON THE INTERNETBefore the Internet –• Bulletin Board System (BBS) – system where in you’d dial in to the computer’s local number and access its file. Doesn’t have any age verification. Adult library ranging from pictures and other files available for access without limits so long as the main line is contacted and accessed. (jupiterbroadcasting.com)
HISTORY OF INTERNET PORNOGRAPHY• February 1993 – Internet was launched• March 1993 – Investigation of Child Pornography was initiated after several websites posted underage pornography.• 1996 – Communication Decency Act was signed and ASACP (Association of Sites Advocating Child Protection) was also formed in which it prohibited minors from accessing pornography in the Internet.• 2004 – China pressed on websites to sign a self-disciplinary act prohibiting pornography.• 2006- Adult Friend finder became the #1 adult-themed site.• 2009- Widespread of pornography websites in the internet.
LEGAL ISSUES OF INTERNET PORNOGRAPHY• Child pornography, which involves pictures of minors engaged in sexually explicit conduct. This includes actual or simulated sexual intercourse, bestiality, masturbation, sadistic or masochistic abuse, and the lascivious exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of a child.• Obscenity, which involves work that, taken as a whole and judged by the current standards of a community, appeals to an unhealthy interest in sex, depicts sexual conduct in a patently offensive way, and lacks any serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.• Obscenity with respect to minors, which refers to materials that qualify as obscene when children are the audience.• Others(Worldlawdirect.com)
INTERNET PORNOGRAPHY IN THE PHILIPPINES Pornography in the Philippines is defined by Philippine law in the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines and Republic Act No. 7610. According to this Philippine legislation, pornography are illegal doctrines, publications, shows, and other similar material or portrayals that advocate human immorality, obscenity, and indecency. Philippine legislations penalize participation in these unlawful activities, which extend punishment to those that harbor abuse, exploitation, prostitution, and discrimination of children.
PHILIPPINE LAW ON PORNOGRAPHY • Republic Act No. 9775 - ANTI- PORNOGRAPHIC LAW ; AN ACT DEFINING THE CRIME OF CHILD PORNOGRAPHY, PRESCRIBING PENALTIES THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSESPORNOGRAPHY LAWS OF OTHER COUNTRIES• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pornography_laws_by_count ry
What is Censorship?Censorship• Act of changing or suppressing speech or writing that is considered subversive of the common good. (Encyclopedia)• the suppression of speech or other public communication which may be considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or inconvenient as determined by a government, media outlet, or other controlling body. (Wikipedia)
REASONS CENSORSHIP IS PRACTICED• Moral – removal of obscene and graphic material• Military– restriction of intelligence, tactics, technology• Political-- government control of information• Religious– suppression of conflicting beliefs• Corporate– protecting a company’s secrets and reputation
PROS AND CONS OF CENSORSHIPPROS• Decrease the amount of violence, sex, vulgar words, and nudity in TV, radio and other multimedia products that can potentially harm minors/child. Protects the children.• Upholds social value.• Protects against sexism and racismCons• Individuals are not able to express themselves freely• The press is not free to report what it believes to be important• The spread and sharing of information is stifled• Biases and homogeneous ideas prevail