Export Compliance Management Seminar 31 May 2012: The Changing Context of Export Controls

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Professor Taylor - Royal United Services Institute

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Export Compliance Management Seminar 31 May 2012: The Changing Context of Export Controls

  1. 1. 2 May 2012The changing context of export controls Professor Trevor Taylor Emails: TrevorTaylor@rusi.org t.taylor@cranfield.ac.uk Tel: +44 7818 444350
  2. 2. The purposes of export controls To restrict the accelerated acquisition of military capabilities byother governments  hostile  unaligned/neutral  friendly To direct and constrain the behaviour of other governments To promote domestic economic advantage
  3. 3. The current situation The weapons of mass effect dimension  no major player with an interest in proliferation  the disruption of the desperate (North Korea, Pakistan, non-state actors)  increasing problems of controlling ‘old’ knowledge Small arms  multiple suppliers  post-conflict supplies  the black market  Libyan anti-air missiles?
  4. 4. The current situation Advanced conventional arms  governments involved have effective export control systems  US as the driving force and the centrality of ITAR  For the UK  The cost, inconvenience and periodic pettiness of ITAR implementation  The absence of reciprocity
  5. 5. The changing context Exports’ Arms Trade US growing Treaty bilateralism importance driveOperations Europeannot nuclear Conventional arms harmonisationdeterrence export controls & integration 90% of Supply global R&D chain ITAR-free as ‘civil’implications as an Needs of asset defence MNCs
  6. 6. Conclusion and the future Export controls, high level political attention and the USpolitical system  The stagnation of reform efforts The readiness of the UK political class to build awareness ofand/or accept dependence on the US for military capability?
  7. 7. No clear sense: US or Europe
  8. 8. Clear policy ambition The Prime Minister in the US, Japan, Indonesia and Burma

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