Sistema Económico
                                                                        Latinoamericano y del Caribe
   ...
Copyright © SELA, July 2008. All rights reserved.
Printed in the Permanent Secretariat of SELA, Caracas, Venezuela.

The P...
CARICOM   SOCIAL INTEGRATION IN
             THE CARIBBEAN
               COMMUNITY

                       Panel Presenta...
CARICOM   FORMAT OF PRESENTATION
          •BACKGROUND OF THE
          CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY
          (CARICOM)

         ...
Longstanding Vision of Regional
CARICOM
           Cooperation and Integration
      1928 Regional Cricket Team to England...
Member States of the
CARICOM
                 Caribbean Community
     •    Antigua & Barbuda   • Jamaica
     •    Bahama...
Main Pillars of the Community


       Eco 1
                       Fu
      Inte nomi          nc 2
                c    ...
Governance and Decision Making
CARICOM
                     Structure
             The principal Organs of the Community

...
CARICOM
                        The CSME
                    A single enlarged
                     economic space
       ...
CARICOM
                CSME - The Context
          In deciding to establish
          the CARICOM Single         Buildin...
The CSME
CARICOM


             Framework
                                       Expected Outcomes
      Greater opportuni...
The Single Market
CARICOM

                     Free intra-CARICOM movement of
                       goods
     Single
  ...
CARICOM
                          New market
                          opportunities
                          Collective
...
CARICOM        The Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas
Legal
Architecture    Inter-governmental Agreements
of the CSME
         ...
January 2006 --Revised Treaty of
January 2006 Revised Treaty of
Chaguaramas entered into force through
 Chaguaramas entere...
Specialised Institutions and
CARICOM
                    Structures
          Caribbean Court of Justice


          Carib...
CARICOM



                  CS
                    M
                     E




          The CSME - providing a platform...
CARICOM
          CARICOM Development Fund

          To compensate for the adverse effects of trade
          distortion ...
CARICOM Development Fund (2)
CARICOM



            Assistance in the form of loans, grants
            and interest subsi...
CARICOM   Regional Development Agency
          Operationalisation of the CARICOM Development Fund
          to be complem...
CARICOM                 Challenges

           Significant geopolitical and geo-strategic shifts



           Need to imp...
CARICOM   The Human Face of the CSME

                                        Key Desired Outputs
     The CSME is anchore...
CARICOM
           Human Resource Development
                             Elements of the Regional Agenda
      HRD - An ...
CARICOM          HEALTH


          •NASSAU DECLARATION

          •CARIBBEAN COOPERATION
          IN HEALTH INITIATIVE

...
Addressing Social Dimensions
CARICOM         of Integration – Education and
                          Employment
    Some ...
CARICOM        EDUCATION


          CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS


          HEALTH AND FAMILY LIFE
          EDUCATION

      ...
CARICOM
              EMPLOYMENT:
          Social Floor & The CSME
   • Member States should adhere to the same minimum
 ...
CARICOM
                 HOUSING
   • NOT MUCH DONE ON REGIONAL LEVEL

   • COUNTRIES HAVE INDIVIDUAL HOUSING SCHEMES
   •...
POSSIBLE AREAS FOR INTRA-REGIONAL
CARICOM

             COLLABORATION
   • INFORMATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF
     MECHANIS...
CARICOM




          Thank You
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S. Plummer - Social Integration In The Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

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S. Plummer - Social Integration In The Caribbean Community (CARICOM)

  1. 1. Sistema Económico Latinoamericano y del Caribe Latin American and Caribbean Economic System Sistema Econômico Latino-Americano e do Caribe Système Economique Latinoaméricain et Caribéen Social Integration in the Caribbean Community Sandra Plummer Deputy Programme Manager Caribbean Community Secretariat (CARICOM) II Regional Meeting on Social Dimension of Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean Caracas, Venezuela 18 July 2008 SP/RRDSIALC/Di 7-08
  2. 2. Copyright © SELA, July 2008. All rights reserved. Printed in the Permanent Secretariat of SELA, Caracas, Venezuela. The Press and Publications Department of the Permanent Secretariat of SELA must authorise reproduction of this document, whether totally or partially, through sela@sela.org. The Member States and their government institutions may reproduce this document without prior authorisation, provided that the source is mentioned and the Secretariat is aware of said reproduction.
  3. 3. CARICOM SOCIAL INTEGRATION IN THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY Panel Presentation at II Regional Meeting on Social Dimension of Integration in Latin America and The Caribbean by Sandra Plummer Caribbean Community Secretariat Caracas,Venezuela July 18 ,2008
  4. 4. CARICOM FORMAT OF PRESENTATION •BACKGROUND OF THE CARIBBEAN COMMUNITY (CARICOM) •BACKGROUND ON THE CARIBBEAN SINGLE MARKET AND ECONOMY (CSME) •REGIONAL INTEGRATION IN SOCIAL AREAS: HEALTH, EDUCATION , EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING •POSSIBLE AREAS OF CARICOM-LA CO-OPERATION
  5. 5. Longstanding Vision of Regional CARICOM Cooperation and Integration 1928 Regional Cricket Team to England 1948 Regional University - UCWI 1958 Political Federation (-1962) 1968 Caribbean Free Trade Area (CARIFTA) 1973 Caribbean Community and Common Market 1989 Decision to establish the CSME 2006 Entry into force of the Revised Treaty
  6. 6. Member States of the CARICOM Caribbean Community • Antigua & Barbuda • Jamaica • Bahamas • Montserrat • Barbados • Saint Kitts & Nevis • Belize • Saint Lucia • Dominica • St Vincent and the • Grenada Grenadines • Guyana • Suriname • Haiti • Trinidad and Tobago
  7. 7. Main Pillars of the Community Eco 1 Fu Inte nomi nc 2 c tio (inc gratio So nal the ludin n Co op cial and g era CS ME ti o ) 3 n Foreign Policy Coordination With a security underpinning
  8. 8. Governance and Decision Making CARICOM Structure The principal Organs of the Community (a) the Conference of Heads of Government (b) the Community Council of Ministers Principal Organs assisted by the following Organs: (a) The Council for Finance and Planning (b) The Council for Trade and Economic Development (c) The Council for Foreign and Community Relations (d) The Council for Human and Social Development (e) The Council for National Security and Law Enforcement and serviced by The CARICOM Secretariat, headed by the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Community, the Secretary General
  9. 9. CARICOM The CSME A single enlarged economic space - croc and Ma mi Fu l co nct ono ctora ec se cy Free movement op ion er ati al of goods, services, oli ation p in capital, technology, on d coor labour Non- discriminatory Common access to the region’s external resources & markets trade policy for CARICOM nationals The Single Market
  10. 10. CARICOM CSME - The Context In deciding to establish the CARICOM Single Building, out of Market and Economy separate national (CSME), The Heads of Government noted the economies, a single, integrated, ‘need to work expeditiously globally together to deepen the competitive, integration process and modern market strengthen the Caribbean economy within an Community in all of its economic space dimensions to respond to the challenges and called the CSME opportunities presented by the global economy’
  11. 11. The CSME CARICOM Framework Expected Outcomes Greater opportunities for employment, investment, Full employment of labour production and trade for and other factors of Caribbean people production Competitive products of Improved standards of better quality and prices living and work Improved services provided Accelerated. co-ordinated by enterprises and and sustained economic development individuals Increased economic Greater opportunity for travel leverage and effectiveness for nationals to study and vis a vis other states, work in CARICOM countries groups of states and entities
  12. 12. The Single Market CARICOM Free intra-CARICOM movement of goods Single Intra-CARICOM trade accounts for nearly Market 20% of merchandise exports and 12% Policy of merchandise imports Framework is in place Free intra-CARICOM trade in services Regimes Free movement of capital and skills exist for : Right of establishment Access to land
  13. 13. CARICOM New market opportunities Collective The CSME negotiation of facilitates a trade rules and collective agreements approach to Negotiation to trade attract new investment and relations joint ventures with third Collective defense countries of economic interests in the global marketplace
  14. 14. CARICOM The Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas Legal Architecture Inter-governmental Agreements of the CSME Implementation of harmonised laws, regulations, orders and rules Dispute Settlement Regime Enforcement under Domestic Law Enforcement under the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
  15. 15. January 2006 --Revised Treaty of January 2006 Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas entered into force through Chaguaramas entered into force through ratification by twelve Member States ratification by twelve Member States January 2006 -- The CSM became January 2006 The CSM became operational; six Member States operational; six Member States signed the Agreement signed the Agreement July 2006 – Six other Member States July 2006 – Six other Member States signed the Agreement signed the Agreement --The Bahamas is not a part of the CSM The Bahamas is not a part of the CSM --Haiti is not yet a member of the CSM Haiti is not yet a member of the CSM --Montserrat is awaiting entrustment Montserrat is awaiting entrustment
  16. 16. Specialised Institutions and CARICOM Structures Caribbean Court of Justice Caribbean Regional Organisation for Standards and Quality Regional Accreditation Agency for Education and Training Competition Commission Caribbean Agriculture Health and Food Safety Agency CARICOM Development Fund and Development Agency Caribbean Regional Negotiating Machinery
  17. 17. CARICOM CS M E The CSME - providing a platform and enabling environment for a more effective interface with the global economy
  18. 18. CARICOM CARICOM Development Fund To compensate for the adverse effects of trade distortion and economic dislocation arising during intra-CARICOM integration process To foster and support economic transformation to enhance competitiveness in the global economy To promote cohesion and to counter polarization discrepancies and anti- convergence tendencies and asymmetries
  19. 19. CARICOM Development Fund (2) CARICOM Assistance in the form of loans, grants and interest subsidy grants Initial capitalisation of US 250M US$120M to be provided by Member States US$130M to be raised from development partners Expected to be operational by mid 2007
  20. 20. CARICOM Regional Development Agency Operationalisation of the CARICOM Development Fund to be complemented with the establishment of a Regional Development Agency (RDA) Purpose: - to identify and mobilise technical assistance, “to assist disadvantaged countries, regions and sectors towards becoming economically viable and competitive by appropriate interventions of a transitional or temporary nature” Proposals for the establishment of the Agency currently being elaborated Agency expected to become operational within the next year
  21. 21. CARICOM Challenges Significant geopolitical and geo-strategic shifts Need to improve standard of living Imperative of optimising development potential of the Region Crime and security, disaster management Need for Improved management of the regional environment
  22. 22. CARICOM The Human Face of the CSME Key Desired Outputs The CSME is anchored in the skills, abilities, attitudes, An informed public perceptions, motivations which understands and expectations of people and supports the CSME and The extent to which the participates actively provisions translate into in the CSME real opportunities depends on the adequate Stronger sense of development of our Community and Human Resources greater social cohesion
  23. 23. CARICOM Human Resource Development Elements of the Regional Agenda HRD - An iterative Refocusing and harmonisation process involving of systems for education and training at all levels Development of human capital Preparation for the Information Society Efficient use of human capital Youth empowerment Preparation for Addressing key health and involvement in lifestyle issues – NCDs, HIV/AIDS life of the Development of sense of Community at all Caribbean identity levels Preparation for citizenship of the region
  24. 24. CARICOM HEALTH •NASSAU DECLARATION •CARIBBEAN COOPERATION IN HEALTH INITIATIVE •DECLARATION OF PORT-OF- SPAIN ON NCDS
  25. 25. Addressing Social Dimensions CARICOM of Integration – Education and Employment Some Major Issues • Reorienting education systems to prepare students for a changing workplace and world of work • Gender issues in education and employment • Re-tooling of existing workforce/ guaranteeing employability • Qualification Frameworks /portability of Qualifications in the integrated labour market
  26. 26. CARICOM EDUCATION CARIBBEAN EXAMINATIONS HEALTH AND FAMILY LIFE EDUCATION REGIONAL ACCREDITATION -TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS -REGIONAL EXAMINATIONS FOR NURSES AND PHYSICIANS
  27. 27. CARICOM EMPLOYMENT: Social Floor & The CSME • Member States should adhere to the same minimum standards to ensure that – CARICOM Nationals who move for employment purposes moving are not disadvantaged – there is no unfair competition in the CSME, be it among businesses or for investment. – Since 1995 the Caribbean Community adopted a Declaration on Labour and Industrial Relations Principles, • Workers Rights are highlighted in the Charter of Civil Society, however, no decision was taken to make these rights mandatory.
  28. 28. CARICOM HOUSING • NOT MUCH DONE ON REGIONAL LEVEL • COUNTRIES HAVE INDIVIDUAL HOUSING SCHEMES • MORE WORK NEEDS TO BE DONE IN THIS AREA
  29. 29. POSSIBLE AREAS FOR INTRA-REGIONAL CARICOM COLLABORATION • INFORMATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF MECHANISMS WHICH SUPPORT REGIONAL INTEGRATION e.g. Free Movement, Regional Framework for Children, CCH Initiative • EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON CHILDREN • SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF TRADE AGREEMENTS E.G TRADE AND HEALTH ( utilising the flexibilities in WTO Agreements which address public health )
  30. 30. CARICOM Thank You

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