PPACA and SFFC: Getting Ready for 2014


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  • Current status and what’s coming ahead with the ACAMedi-Cal expansion and Covered CaliforniaTransition problemsWhat is SFFC’s role?
  • So – first main questionBen covered a lot of this in his presentation last year, which you all remember word for word!
  • Ben’s covered a lot of this – quick recap of the relevant partsmembers of certain religious groups and Native American tribes; undocumented immigrantsincarcerated individualspeople whose incomes are so low they don't have to file people for whom health insurance is considered unaffordable (where insurance premiums after employer contributions and federal subsidies exceed 8% of family income).
  • Focus on two main parts of the ACA
  • Research has shown that Medicaid coverage is associated with decreased mortality and increased use of preventive care.The Medi-Cal Expansion will make funding more stable for providers that currently care for the uninsured and low-income communities. Health coverage is associated with improved educational outcomes and improved worker productivity.The Medi-Cal Expansion will create jobs in the state. ---Labor Center UC Berkeley
  • In 2014, where people will come to to shop their options –Insurers to offer plans with a set of essential health benefitsPremiums differ based on how much coverage
  • 10 categories: ambulatory patient services; emergency services; hospitalization; maternity and newborn care; mental health and substance use disorder services, including behavioral health treatment; prescription drugs; rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices; laboratory services; preventive and wellness services and chronic disease management; and pediatric services, including oral and vision care.Get a say in which benefits are required by the plans, approve/deny plans
  • Keep this timeline in the back of your heads
  • Gap between Eligibility and EnrollmentMedi-Cal:880,000 uninsured already eligible for Medi-Cal880,000 to be newly eligible for Medi-Cal640k - 1 million to newly enroll in Medi-CalExchanges1.59 million uninsured eligible for subsidies with the Exchange790k - 1.2 million predicted to enroll in Exchange with subsidies
  • UC Berkeley Labor Center projectionsPeople for whom premiums that still exceed 8% of income exempt from mandate
  • HSA’s efforts to streamline enrollment **letter Lily sentCovered CA’s assistor enrollment entitiesWho else is an assistor What more is needed: “lessons from CHIP/Medicare”Covered CA Assisters Program: community organizations (including nonprofits, religious organizations, labor unions, clinics, schools, etc) can directly help people enroll into Covered CA More on this later!
  • Awareness, accessibility, educationStreamlining eleigibilty -- Have been shown to reduce enrollment barriers
  • Educate patients on reform and encourage them to get insuredHelp patients identify what program they qualify for based mostly on on income, but be aware of other eligibility factorsHandouts, social worker appointmentsDirect them to enrollment resources for that particular program Continue serving as a place they can receive care while they transition to insurance
  • Health Reform Quiz results from SFFC staff/interns/residents/doctors The more we know, the more we can help our patients access insurance = better health for patients
  • EX’s of resources: Webpage, covered CA cost/subsidy calculator, video making obamacare understandablewe want to have lots of different methods, like enrollment methods
  • HandoutsWebpage – with linksCoveredCA.comSubsidy calculator
  • Resources for those not covered even under reform (undoc immigrants) --- how do we triage them? What group do they fit into. Nonprofits? SFGH’s policies Investigate costs/benefits of becoming a Federally Qualified Health CenterInvestigate other ways we can help those not covered even under the reformConsider partnerships/collaboration with other safety net clinics and community based organizations serving the immigrant populations
  • PPACA and SFFC: Getting Ready for 2014

    1. 1. THE PPACAAND SFFC: GETTING READY FOR 2014 Angela Liu August 2013
    2. 2. Outline • Three main takeaways: 1) Major changes ACA brings about 2) The predicted effects of these changes 3) What’s our role?
    3. 3. WHAT’S COMING AHEAD? State of the union on healthcare reform:
    4. 4. Quick Recap of the ACA • In 2014, Obama’s health care law goes into full effect. 1. No denial of coverage for pre-existing conditions 2. No annual limits 3. Large employers to offer coverage (delayed to 2015) 4. Individual mandate + tax penalty • Exemptions: members of certain religious groups and Native American tribes, undocumented immigrants, people with incomes below tax filing threshold, people for whom insurance premiums exceed 8% of family income, and others 5. Medicaid (Medi-Cal) expansion 6. Exchange-purchased insurance coverage begins • Subsidies for Exchange-purchased insurance
    5. 5. California specifically… • ACA and the recent Supreme Court ruling gives states the right to decide • Whether to expand Medicaid or not • Whether to establish a state exchange (insurance marketplace) or default to a federally-run exchange
    6. 6. California on Medicaid expansion • CA among states that will expand Medicaid
    7. 7. California on Medicaid expansion • Medi-Cal currently only covers certain groups of low-income Americans (families, children, pregnant women, people with disabilities) • Expansion of Medicaid to cover low-income Americans up to 138% of the FPL ( ~15k/individual, ~31k/family of four) • Federal funding for first five years • Evidence that Medicaid expansion will have wide ranging benefits (better health outcomes, economy)
    8. 8. CA’s Exchange: Covered California • CA first state to establish exchange
    9. 9. CA’s Exchange: Covered California • Online “health insurance marketplace” where consumers can shop/compare their options; competitive model expected to drive down premium prices • Covered CA to offer 13 plans by “name-brand” insurance companies that cover at least 60% of medical costs • More expensive premiums = more medical cost covered • All plans must cover a set of ten Essential Health Benefits • State-run exchanges = more autonomy/decision making by states than those defaulting to federal exchange • Tax subsidies for insurance purchased through the Exchange for those making 139%-400% of FPL
    10. 10. Timeline • October 1, 2013: open enrollment opens for the health insurance exchanges • January 1, 2014: coverage under Covered California begins • Insurance premium subsidies for low- and middle-class income families take effect • Medi-Cal expansion • March 31, 2014: Covered California open enrollment closes for 2014
    11. 11. PREDICTING THE IMPACT Who will be covered, who will be left behind, and why?
    12. 12. Impact on uninsured in CA • About 7 million uninsured in 2011 • 1.8 to 2.7 million uninsured to newly gain coverage in 2014 • These are the people whose jobs don’t offer insurance benefits, those who couldn’t afford it previously • More people having insurance = more people getting the care they need before getting seriously ill
    13. 13. Many to still remain uninsured • This still leaves 3.1 to 4 million Californians without insurance (projected numbers for 2019), with roughly 1.4 million (40%) uninsured predicted to still lack affordable coverage • Remaining uninsured fall into two categories: 1. Those that are not eligible (excluded from ACA) • Undocumented immigrants • Incarcerated individuals 2. Those that are eligible, but do not enroll • About 2 million (50%) will be eligible, but remain uninsured • 1.1 million (28%) uninsured will pay tax penalty
    14. 14. Who will be left behind? • Demographic groups most likely to be uninsured after ACA (in CA): • Latinos • 66% of uninsured • Non-English speakers • 3 out of 5 uninsured • People with incomes < 200% FPL • 57% of uninsured
    15. 15. Why will they be left behind? 1. Not eligible • Immigration status 2. Eligible, but do not enroll • Insurance will still be unaffordable for many • Majority of remaining uninsured Californians predicted to be exempt from tax penalties • Barriers to enrollment • Difficult enrollment procedures (confusing applications, language barriers, unfriendly eligibility staff) • Awareness of programs and eligibility • One in five Americans unaware of health exchange marketplaces
    16. 16. Why will they be left behind? • Gap between eligibility and enrollment (in CA) • Medi-Cal: • 880,000 uninsured already eligible for Medi-Cal • 880,000 to be newly eligible for Medi-Cal • Only 640k - 1 million to newly enroll in Medi-Cal • Exchange: • 1.59 million uninsured eligible for subsidies with the Exchange • 790k - 1.2 million predicted to enroll in Exchange with subsidies
    17. 17. Reform’s success depends hugely on awareness of and enrollment into programs
    18. 18. Making enrollment accessible • Marketing and outreach campaigns, geared towards groups most at risk of remaining uninsured • Existing programs to provide enrollment assistance (HSF, SF Path) • Streamlined eligibility, enrollment, and renewal policies for both Covered CA and Medi-Cal to make getting insurance coverage as easy as possible • Multiple languages • Multiple ways to enroll (mail, in-person, online) • Covered CA Assisters Program: community organizations (including nonprofits, religious organizations, labor unions, clinics, schools, etc) can directly help people enroll into Covered CA • More on this later!
    19. 19. Making enrollment accessible • “No Wrong Door” Policy • A system in which “no matter where and with what knowledge people apply for coverage, they get full access to all public health coverage programs and are enrolled into the most beneficial program.”
    20. 20. WHAT’S OUR ROLE? “What’s going to happen to SFFC after Obamacare?”
    21. 21. Yes, we’ll still be needed!
    22. 22. SFFC’s role • Two-fold: 1. Continue providing the “safety-net” care for remaining uninsured • Health care “safety nets” crucial as ever after reform • HSF program will continue on after 2014: ~20k of current 40k will continue to be enrolled • 3-4 million Californians to remain uninsured • Our patient base will change with the uninsured population • Focus on immigrant community: two of the big “at-risk” groups are undocumented immigrants and non-English speakers
    23. 23. SFFC’s role 2. Educate and encourage existing patients to get coverage through these new avenues • “The safety net…that provides health services to vulnerable populations is crucial in caring for the uninsured population; however, such services are unable to fully substitute for the access to care that insurance provides.” - KFF, Primer on the Uninsured • Encourage patients reluctant to get coverage for a variety of reasons (stigma, seems unaffordable, satisfied with care they get here etc.) • People with insurance experience better health • Reduce risk of bankruptcy from high medical bills
    24. 24. Educating our patient base (and ourselves) • We’re in a great position to do this! • Direct access to the relevant population (the uninsured) • Trusted, reputable clinic • Clinics and doctors are preferred sources of information for programs like Medicaid • Importance of getting familiar with health reform ourselves • The more we know, the better we can help our patients
    25. 25. Recommendations • Get the word out at SFFC • Mentioning upcoming changes to patients • Having outreach materials (such as handouts) and application materials available • Webpage on SFFC website with video, links to more information and resources regarding ACA • Group sessions/workshops on new programs and eligibility • Others ways?
    26. 26. Recommendations • Become a certified Assister Enrollment Entity with Covered California • Provide in-person assistance to patients wanting to apply for Covered CA programs • The good: directly help patients get insurance (thus access to better care!), contribute to higher enrollment rates by providing one-on-one assistance, monetary compensation for successful applications • The not so good: red tape (background checks), intensive training, more responsibility taken on by clinic
    27. 27. Recommendations • Build/maintain relationships with other organizations to which we can refer the patients that we can’t help ourselves • Clinics/specialists providing health services that we don’t • Other Assister Enrollment Entities • Organizations serving undocumented immigrants, immigrant communities, and other medically underserved • The California Endowment “Health for All” campaign to find a solution for uninsured undocumented immigrants
    28. 28. Looking forward • Still have to wait for the actual effects of ACA • How will our patient base change in reality? Will it align with these projections/predictions? • Will we have enough patients to see? • If not, investigate costs of participating in local/federal health programs • Be prepared to adapt!
    29. 29. Selected References 1. www.kqed.org/news/health/obamacare/obamacare-guide.jsp KQED radio station’s very helpful guide to Obamacare for Californians 2. http://www.coveredca.com/ Official site of California’s healthcare exchange, Covered California 3. https://www.healthcare.gov/ Federal government’s website regarding the Affordable Care Act 4. http://www.bcoe.org/admin/maa/docs/factsheet_getting-covered_english.pdf Covered California Fact Sheet in English 5. http://tcenews.calendow.org/blog/san-franciscos-leg-up-on-the-affordable-care-act Article by the director of the HSF program discussing HSF's role post-ACA in 2014. 6. http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/healthcare/aca_uninsured12.pdf UC Berkeley Labor Center report on who will get coverage and who will remain uninsured after 2014. Projections of these numbers for 2019. 7. http://laborcenter.berkeley.edu/healthcare/medi-cal_expansion.shtml UC Berkeley Labor Center report on the effects of Medi-Cal expansion on Californians 8. http://kaiserfamilyfoundation.files.wordpress.com/2013/06/8445-key-lessons-from-medicaid-and-chip.pdf Kaiser briefing on outreach and enrollment targets for the ACA using Medicaid/CHIP programs as models 9. http://blogs.kqed.org/stateofhealth/2013/03/04/hard-enough-understanding-health-law-in-english-try-in- mongolian-khmer-or-even-spanish/ Article discussing minority representation groups' push for exchange/reform information availability in different languages 10. http://blogs.kqed.org/stateofhealth/2012/03/01/how-big-a-barrier-is-language-to-enrolling-in-health-exchange/ Article with link to a report that shows that of those that will qualify for insurance through the exchange, those with limited English skills will have lower enrollment rates than people with strong English skills. 11. http://www.healthycal.org/archives/11156 Article discussing outreach efforts regarding Covered CA: network of nonprofits, or through churches, employers etc. 12. http://www.irs.gov/uac/Questions-and-Answers-on-the-Individual-Shared-Responsibility-Provision Information from the IRS about the guidelines and exceptions to the Individual Mandate of the ACA
    30. 30. Selected References 13. http://www.cahba.com/covered-california/assisters.htm Website for entities and organizations interested in becoming Assister Organizations under Covered California 14. http://kff.org/health-reform/poll-finding/march-2013-tracking-poll/ Kaiser tracking poll demonstrating the attitudes among Americans regarding the ACA 15. http://kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/medicaid-a-primer/ The basics of the Medicaid program in the United States 16. http://kff.org/uninsured/issue-brief/the-uninsured-a-primer/ Primer on the state of the uninsured population in the United States 17. http://kff.org/medicaid/issue-brief/key-lessons-from-medicaid-and-chip-for-outreach-and-enrollment- under-the-affordable-care-act/ Briefing covering strategies that have been historically successful for increasing enrollment under Medicaid and CHIP, and could be applied to the ACA 18. http://cardenas.house.gov/sites/cardenas.house.gov/files/Assisters%20Program%20Phase%20I%20an d%20II.pdf Presentation from a seminar on the assisters program for Covered CA 19. http://www.dpc.senate.gov/healthreformbill/healthbill04.pdf Executive summary of the Affordable Care Act from the Senate 20. http://www.chcf.org/~/media/MEDIA%20LIBRARY%20Files/PDF/R/PDF%20ReadyOrNotSafetyNetPrep aredForReform.pdf Issue brief by the California Healthcare Foundation with suggestions on how healthcare safety net programs and organizations can prepare for the ACA 21. http://www.calendow.org/with_prevention.aspx California Endowment’s website, promoting care for undocumented residents of California 22. http://www.coveredca.com/news/101-presentations/101-Region-4.pdf Covered California presentation at the San Francisco Town Hall meeting August 9, 2013