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5 grammar 3

5 grammar 3



This slideshow is about Japanese Counter and this is a revised version of my previous upload.

This slideshow is about Japanese Counter and this is a revised version of my previous upload.



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    5 grammar 3 5 grammar 3 Presentation Transcript

    • Lesson 5Grammar Notes Counters
    • CountersThere are two important things you should know about counting items inJapanese.One, we use different number words as counters for different kinds of items; thecounter used for counting shirts are different from the counter used for countingbottles.Two, counters often come after, rather than before, the items counted in asentence. (I’ll have) five bottles of beer, please. biiru o go hon kudasai ビール を 5 ほん ください 。 item number counter シャツ を 3 まい ください 。 shatsu o san mai kudasai (I’ll have) three pieces of shirts, please.
    • In this lesson, we learncounters mai and hon onthe text book,Besides, I ve introducedkai for floors of a buildingand satsu for books andmagazines in the chart asright. go-honThere is also unique way ofcounting without a counteras the traditional Japaneseway for small things such ashitotsu as one piece ,futatsu as two pieces ,and so on up to ten.
    • Unique CountersLet me introduce an unspoken unique system of the Japanese traditional counting way : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10ひとつ ふたつ みっつ よっつ いつつ むっつ ななつ やっつ ここのつ とおhitotsu futatsu mittsu yottsu itsutsu muttsu nanatsu yattsu kokonotsu tooAs you see the color-highlighted letters, we learn how to count numbers in thetraditional Japanese way as ひ ふ み よ いつ む なな や ここ and とお as hi fu mi yo itsu mu nana ya koko toothe shorten version for memorizing in childhoods. Now you see 5 different colorswith 2 numbers paired as below : ひ み 4 よ 5 いつ なな 1 hi 3 yo 7 nana mi (i)tsu ふ む や ここ 2 6 8 10 とお 9 fu mu ya too koko
    • Let s see each pair in the Hiragana chart below : 「a」 「i」 「u」 「e」 「o」HIRAGANA Dan Dan Dan Dan Dan「a」 Gyou あ い う え お「ka」 Gyou か き く け こ * “i” in “itsutsu” can be the supplemental「sa」 Gyou さ し す せ そ syllable sound for the rest.「ta」 Gyou た ち *つ て と *いつつ(5) x 2 = とお(10)「na」 Gyou な に ぬ ね の「ha」 Gyou は ひ ふ へ ほ ひとつ(1) x 2 = ふたつ(2)「ma」 Gyou ま み む め も みっつ(3) x 2 = むっつ(6)「ya」 Gyou や (い) ゆ (え) よ よっつ(4) x 2 = やっつ(8)「ra」 Gyou ら り る れ ろ「wa」 Gyou わ (い) (う) (え) を 「n」 ん Now you can see the rule in each pair, the doubled relationship. Paired numbers are not only in the same Gyou (line) , but also they are in a multiple relationship as well. 1x2=2 3x2=6 4x2=8 5 x 2 = 10 ひ ふ み む よ や いつ とお hi fu mi mu yo ya (i)tsu too
    • Although numbers that can not be doubled, なな(7) and ここ(9) , they are doubled nana kokoin repeating same syllables as : 7 ななつ 9 ここのつ nanatsu kokonotsu Let s see the shorten way again and read them in applied English sounds as below : ひ ふ み よ いつ む なな や ここ とお he who me yo its moo nahnah yah coco toe
    • Other CountersLet s see various counters for things below :(*counter-less means the Japanese original way of counting as hitotsu futatsu . さつ/satsu ほん/hon ほん/hon だい/dai dai is for mechanical goods such as cars and machines like PC and TV. こ/ko まい/mai **There are exceptions for one person and two people. だい/dai *Counter-less **にん/nin こ/ko ひき/hiki はい/hai *Counter-less まい/mai
    • ①トースト/1まい かみ/100まいtoosuto / ichi mai kami / hyaku mai ② りんご/1こ コップ/100こ ringo / ikko koppu / hyakko ③ワイン/1ぽん えんぴつ/1000ぼん ③ wain / ippon enpitsu / sen bon ④ ⑤ ④ ① ② コーヒー/1ぱい いぬ/1000びき ∼ひき⑤ (hiki/ kohii / ippai inu / sen biki small animals
    • ⑥ ほん/1さつ hon / issatsu ⑦ yo ninパソコン/1だい くるま/100だいpasokon / ichi dai kuruma / hyaku dai ⑧ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨りんご/ひとつ コップ/とお ringo / hitotsu koppu / too ⑨ ⑥おとこのひと/ひとり おんなのこ/4にんotoko no hito / hitori onna no ko / yo nin