Publishing and Education Service on the Open Web Platform


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How long did you think digitalized textbook? This slide introduced Korean people's efforts from 2007 to the date in terms of technology and standardization perspectives. From 2011 KERIS investigated the possibility of EPUB3 for base format of digital textbook and it is realized around end of 2012. After this trial they have been giving efforts to converge learning technology such as assessment and learning tools with digital textbook using IMS Global's specifications.

This slide pertain to several web links for EDUPUB workshop outcome as well as Korean digital textbook demo video.

Note: this slide was presented at the WWW Conference 2014.

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Publishing and Education Service on the Open Web Platform

  1. 1. Publishing and Education Service On the Open Web Platform Principal researcher, KERIS Yong-Sang CHO, Ph.D FB: /zzosang Twitter: @zzosang W3C Track, WWW 2014 Conference 2014-04-09, Seoul, Korea
  2. 2. Memory of digitalized textbook In 2007 people thought modeling of the digital textbook. <source: example of digital textbook, KERIS (2007)> • Standard communities could capture potential items from user expectation.
  3. 3. Trials for digitalized textbook 2007 20132010 Functional modeling in application Mobile and multi-screen on the cloud platform Note: this perspective is not official opinion of Korean government and KERIS, but speaker’s personal division to give implication on the digital textbook in Korea. Downsizing and met with eBook technology (example textbook on EPUB2 format) * iPhone (2007. 6) * Android (2007. 11) * iPad (2010. 4) * iBooks Textbook (2012. 1)
  4. 4. First challenge in 2011 What are the requirements for digital textbook? Reference Materials Learning Management Assessment Dictionary Textbook (as a content) Interaction (pertaining to annotation) Web resource/ link) Multimedia (AR, VR, Audio/Video, etc.) Note: people thought that digital textbook could be connected to resources and learning activities from 2007.
  5. 5. First challenge in 2011 People expected … Unlocked Content on Device Compatibility between Content and Device and
  6. 6. First challenge in 2011 Note: See the proposal on the Web link of Standards research on convergence - learning and digital publishing technologies for digital textbook; Therefore, researchers of KERIS suggested digital textbook as a convergence item; • Digital publishing technology: EPUB3 • Learning technologies: learning software, assessment and online courseware management, etc.
  7. 7. Powerful application needed to First challenge in 2011
  8. 8. First challenge in 2011 Simple eBook format (EPUB2) needed to
  9. 9. First challenge in 2011 We thought convergence model …
  10. 10. First challenge in 2011 How to achieve advanced convergence model for the digital textbook?
  11. 11. First challenge in 2011 We thought about basic questions: • Textbook and resources must be lightweight • To avoid locking on device have to use open standards • But how many standards are needed and how to mix?
  12. 12. First challenge in 2011 Idea #1. • For base format of digital textbook adopt eBook technology such as EPUB3 Note: EPUB3 is core profile of web standards; HTML5, CSS, Javascript, etc. • Main reason was while improve presentation of content lightweight and independent from device.
  13. 13. First challenge in 2011 Idea #2. • On the eBook format use learning technologies such as assessment, learning software and web resources Note: IMS Global has developed almost these required specifications at that time. • In other words this approach looked like convergence between EPUB3 and IMS’s learning specifications i.e. Question & Test Interoperability and Learning Tools Interoperability.
  14. 14. First challenge in 2011 Idea #3. • Same context but different delivery to user i.e. EPUB for mobile devices and Common Cartridge for web browser • Different packaging format can be automatically converted in terms of one source multi use (OSMU).
  15. 15. Two years later … Won the Platinum Awards at IMS Learning Impact Awards; • Adoption of EPUB3 to the Digital Textbook • With Potential possibility to converge learning technologies; learning software, assessment and online courseware, etc. Note: this digital textbook model is early stage of pilot project for EDUPUB. Note: see the presentation on the Web link of Sparkling Digital Textbook ;
  16. 16. DEMO Current Digital Textbook is Note: if you are reader on the web, please see the link;
  17. 17. <source: MOE of Korea and KERIS, 2011> Current Digital Textbook is
  18. 18. Current Digital Textbook is <source: MOE of Korea and KERIS, 2011>
  19. 19. Current Digital Textbook is pursuing open platform based on and EPUB3 <source: MOE of Korea and KERIS, 2011>
  20. 20. Current Digital Textbook is standard profile set of IMS GLOBAL Learning Consortium
  21. 21. Current Digital Textbook was motivation of EDUPUB project from 2011 And EDUPUB came in 2013 as Global Alliance initiated by IDPF, IMS Global and W3C • a comprehensive model for the interchange and deployment of educational content • based on the W3C Open Web Platform • and expressed as an integrated set of specifications including EPUB 3 (IDPF), LTI, QTI (IMS), LRMI and other emerging standards <source: What is EDUPUB, Paul Belfanti and Markus Gylling, 2014>
  22. 22. Educational Profile of EPUB 3 Structural Semantics & Content Model Assessments Widgets Discrete Entities Outcomes services Analytics services Linkage to LTI A11Y Metadata LRMI Metadata ARIA Annotations <source: What is EDUPUB, Paul Belfanti and Markus Gylling, 2014> currently working on: EDUPUB is
  23. 23. You may find EDUPUB on IDPF web site for first workshop: on IMS Global web site for second workshop: • for the workshop report: • for agenda and materials: • and for meeting notes: onferenceNotes.pdf • for the workshop report: • for agenda and materials:
  24. 24. Current Digital Textbook will be also adopted open annotation and SMIL of W3C rather EPUB3 specification to support user requirements Note: coming Open Annotation in EPUB specification will fully support current annotation types of Digital Textbook in Korea. <source: MOE of Korea and KERIS, 2011>
  25. 25. beyond content itself; multiscreen service and analytics  BYOD and Learning Analytics Current Digital Textbook will be <source: MOE of Korea and KERIS, 2011>
  26. 26. And conformance testing? Design the conformance testing framework for multi-stds
  27. 27. But, Keep in mind <Gartner Hype Cycle, 2013>
  28. 28. Thank You !!! Korea Education & Research Information Service Yong-Sang CHO, Ph.D FB: /zzosang Twitter: @zzosang