Reproductive System

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Reproductive System

  1. 1. Reproductive System Zlatko Zebic
  2. 2. Organs of Female Reproductive System <ul><li>Breasts </li></ul><ul><li>Fallopian tubes </li></ul><ul><li>Ovaries </li></ul><ul><li>Uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Vagina </li></ul><ul><li>Vulva </li></ul>
  3. 3. Uterus <ul><li>Hollow, pear-shaped organ </li></ul><ul><li>Contains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thick muscular wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mucous membrane lining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich blood supply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lies in the center of the pelvic cavity between the bladder and the rectum </li></ul><ul><li>Normally bent slightly forward (anteflexion) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Uterus Structure <ul><li>Three sections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fundus – upper portion of the uterus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corpus – body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cervix – lower portion or the neck of the uterus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three layers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endometrium –the inner layer, contains a rich blood supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myometrium –tick muscular wall of the uterus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perimetrium –the outer layer </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Uterus Function <ul><li>The uterus provides structural integrity and support to the bladder, bowel, pelvic bones and organs </li></ul><ul><li>Uterus is the organ in which developing fetus resides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uterus accepts a fertilized ovum which passes through the utero-tubal junction from the fallopian tube. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ovum is implanted into the endometrium, and derives nourishment from blood vessels which develop exclusively for this purpose. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Fallopian Tubes <ul><li>Also called uterine tubes or oviducts </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 51/2 inches long </li></ul><ul><li>Extend from the outer edge of the uterus and assist in transporting the ova and sperm </li></ul><ul><li>The meeting of the egg and sperm, called conception, normally takes place within the upper half of the fallopian tubes </li></ul>
  7. 7. TAH and BSO <ul><li>Total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (TAH and BSO) is a surgical removal of the entire uterus, both ovaries, and both fallopian tubes </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of the uterus renders the patient unable to bear children (as does removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes), and changes her hormonal levels </li></ul>
  8. 8. Indications <ul><li>Hysterectomy is usually performed for problems with the uterus itself or problems with the entire female reproductive complex. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the conditions treated by hysterectomy include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>uterine fibroids (myomas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endometriosis (growth of menstrual tissue outside of the uterine cavity) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vaginal prolapse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>heavy or abnormal menstrual bleeding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>three forms of cancer (uterine, advanced cervical, ovarian) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hysterectomy is also a surgical last resort in uncontrollable postpartum haemorrhage. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Robotic Hysterectomy <ul><li>Robot-assisted surgery with the da Vinci Surgical System </li></ul><ul><li>Less invasive treatment option then open abdominal hysterectomy </li></ul><ul><li>Potential benefits include:  </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly less pain </li></ul><ul><li>Less blood loss </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer complications </li></ul><ul><li>Less scarring </li></ul><ul><li>A shorter hospital stay </li></ul><ul><li>A faster return to normal daily activities </li></ul>
  10. 10. The da Vinci <ul><li>The da Vinci Surgical System is powered by state-of-the-art robotic technology. </li></ul><ul><li>The System allows your surgeon’s hand movements to be scaled, filtered and translated into precise movements of micro-instruments within the operative site. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4KIe0399ko </li></ul><ul><li>The da Vinci Surgical System </li></ul><ul><li>has been successfully used in </li></ul><ul><li>tens of thousands of minimally </li></ul><ul><li>invasive procedures worldwide. </li></ul><ul><li>The da Vinci Surgical System is powered by state-of-the-art robotic technology. </li></ul><ul><li>The System allows your surgeon’s hand movements to be scaled, filtered and translated into precise movements of micro-instruments within the operative site. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L4KIe0399ko </li></ul>

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