HKBU POLS3620 (2011) - Political Charisma

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  • Regardless of whether it’s a political leader from Europe or from Asia, their charismatic behaviour is very similar. The reason to such similarities as mentioned just now would be their adoption of a similar approach of gaining the support of the ordinary people through a consistent exhibition of superior behaviors on the surface.WHY??reasons they are similar:Their approaches are similar:First impressions are mostly affected by behaviors’ of politiciansAs a successful politicians, showing their superior behaviors may improve their supports Speeches can inspire citizens to reach politicians’ aimsCreate a powerful image to the people and tell them they have their unique abilities to rule the state or countryGain support from citizens, especially in democratic countries such as France, leaders need to behave well with charisma to attract votes to give him a vote for the presidential campaign and elections on national assemblyLabel as a political leader, need to be responsible and make the duties better, responsibilityAnd also improve public image and preform in a charismatic way during international events which can fight for more benefits for his state/countryMaintain a good image for his country and show the world how strong his country is under his own ruling
  • Western leaders like Churchill and De gaulle are relatively have grand and formal dressing than lead Gandhi, Wenjiabaoi.e. simple dressing of Gandhi Gandhi and Wenjiabao tend to be more peaceful and harmonious to lead the people while Churchill and De gaulle is relatively more aggressive and suspicion WHY??All Western leaders think dressing is the most important way to show their respect on different atmospheres, but for Asian leaders, not all of them care the dress code much as they think their behaviour is much more important although they wear formal dressing while they are having formal meetings and events that organized as international one Mainly because of different values in different countries, e.g. western values and asian values which shape their own political cultureAmbitions VS ConfucianismPolitical goals are differentGain supports of showing how powerful they are and how much they can do for the citizensBut for asia, they focus on one or two main issues and then keep going without any hesitate under a peaceful and harmonious wayFor example, Gandhi fought for India’s independent without using any violenceAlso, western political leaders use public speaking and attending functions as tools to show their political charisma to the citizens and to the world BUT for Asian political leaders, they seldom do it.
  • Western leaders like Churchill and De gaulle are relatively have grand and formal dressing than lead Gandhi, Wenjiabaoi.e. simple dressing of Gandhi Gandhi and Wenjiabao tend to be more peaceful and harmonious to lead the people while Churchill and De gaulle is relatively more aggressive and suspicion WHY??All Western leaders think dressing is the most important way to show their respect on different atmospheres, but for Asian leaders, not all of them care the dress code much as they think their behaviour is much more important although they wear formal dressing while they are having formal meetings and events that organized as international one Mainly because of different values in different countries, e.g. western values and asian values which shape their own political cultureAmbitions VS ConfucianismPolitical goals are differentGain supports of showing how powerful they are and how much they can do for the citizensBut for asia, they focus on one or two main issues and then keep going without any hesitate under a peaceful and harmonious wayFor example, Gandhi fought for India’s independent without using any violenceAlso, western political leaders use public speaking and attending functions as tools to show their political charisma to the citizens and to the world BUT for Asian political leaders, they seldom do it.
  • HKBU POLS3620 (2011) - Political Charisma

    1. 1. POLS3620 Contemporary Europe andAsia POLITICAL CHARISMA 09011536 Leung Yuen Kwan Joan 09008993 Lo Po Yin Bowie
    2. 2. Origins: What does “charisma” exactly mean? CHARISM A “Favor given” – TWO senses (Greek: χαριςμα)  An ideal type of supernatural authority (Weber)  A chic synonym for “popular” (Schlesinger)
    3. 3. As for the word “political”… Greek: πολιτικόσ  "of, for, or relating to citizens“ Running governmental or state affairs Social relations involving use of authority or power
    4. 4. So far… GOTTA SEE FOR YOURSELF!
    5. 5. STAGE ONE THE “E.T.” Mohandas Yukio HatoyamaKaramchand Gandhi
    6. 6. STAGE TWO THE “KING”Valéry Giscard Vladimir Putin dEstaing
    7. 7. STAGE THREE THE “WAR- TIME HERO”Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle
    8. 8. STAGE FOUR “ THE ATTACK ED ”Wen Jiabao Donald Tsang
    9. 9. SimilaritiesEUROPE ASIA [Behavioral attributes] • Strong presence – First impression matters! • Self-confident • Clear verbal articulation • Make good use of occasional pauses • Sensitive to the environment • Strong desire to influence others
    10. 10. Why such similarities? SIMILAR APPROACH:  Gainpeople’s support via a consistent exhibition of charming and sophisticated behaviors Political charisma is an innate talent
    11. 11. DifferencesEUROPE ASIAFormal dress code Simple dress code • Formal only in international eventsAggressive impression Friendly impressionAppeal to supporters Appeal to the deprivedUse a wide range of rhetorical Relatively use less rhetoricaldevices devices• Sound pattern: Assonance, alliteration• “Rule of Three”• Hyperbole (exaggeration)• Rhetorical question• Emotive language
    12. 12. Why so different?EUROPE ASIAThe way you dress as a unit for Behavior overrides dress codemeasuring level of respectAggressiveness largely derives Friendliness largely derives fromfrom the Western value of “I have a the Asian value of harmonyright to…”Emphasis on how powerful they Emphasis on using peacefulare and how much they can do for means to achieve what’s best fortheir people their people• More is MORE • Less is MORETendency toward sugar-coating Tendency toward down-to-earthand packaging • Make a point directly • Less sugar-coating
    13. 13. Impact on our lives Results in relatively strong and unchallenged levels of obedience among the populace Useful in difficult times or circumstances, such as economic downturn and wartime Boosts the effectiveness of leadership Inspired by rhetorical ability
    14. 14. References 12manage. “Charismatic Leadership (Weber).” Accessed November 4, 2011. http://www.12manage.com/methods_weber_charismatic_leadership.h tml. New Mexico State University, College of Business. “Charisma.” Accessed November 1, 2011. http://cbae.nmsu.edu/~dboje/teaching/338/charisma.htm. TIME. “Full List – Top 25 Political Icons.” Accessed November 2, 2011. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569,20 46285,00.html. Zernike, Kate. “The Charisma Mandate.” The New York Times. February 17, 2008. Accessed November 2, 2011. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/17/weekinreview/17zernike.html?pa gewanted=all. 鞠德風. 魅力領導的形成理論、作用和影響 - 一個整合性觀點. 復興崗 學報 (2007), 民97, 92 期, 439-458. Accessed November 3, 2011. http://www.mnd.gov.tw/Upload/200901/9218.pdf.

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