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UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

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Power pointofsuestubbscrc

  1. 1. UN Convention on the Rights of the Child Lessons to be learned for the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
  2. 2. Goal of Workshop  UNCRC – what was successful and why?  UNCRC – what was unsuccessful and why?  What are the recommendations for the implementation of the UNCRPD?  What is one thing you would change if you could, relating to implementation?
  3. 3. UNCRC – Key Facts  Origins:Declaration on the Rights of the Child drafted 1923 by Eglantyne Jebb, founder of Save the Children  1979 International year of the child  1989: UNCRC adopted by UN  NGO involvement strong , but not DPO  1991: monitoring Committee on the Rights of the Child established
  4. 4. UNCRC - content  Covers whole spectrum of rights: civil, political, economic, social and cultural  First human rights treaty to specifically mention disability, Articles 2 and 23  General principles:  Article 3: Best Interests of the Child  Article 12: Participation  Article 2: Non-discrimination  Article 6: Survival and Development
  5. 5. UNCRC: Disabled Children  Article 23: good that it drew attention to disabled children, and obligates Committee and States  Article 23: bad in that it  reinforced disability and medical/health issue  Refers to special needs but not basic needs  Talks of provisions being subject to available resources  Seems to assume special provision rather than inclusion
  6. 6. UNCRC:1997 CRC theme day  Shifted agenda from Article 23 to the general principles (Articles 2,3, 6,12.)  Creation of Working Group: Rights for Disabled Children. Consisting of DPOs and Child Rights agencies  Disabled children’s self advocacy: two disabled young persons from South Africa made the opening address
  7. 7. CRC Disability Day: what then?  Analysis of Government reports and feedback to Committee (CRC)  Improved scrutiny by CRC  Recommendation to draft a General Comment (realised in 2006)  Research into violations and good practice by SC Alliance and DAA  Increased self-advocacy of disabled children
  8. 8. Publications on Disabled Children’sRights – good practice and abusesIt is Our World Too! A Disabled Children’sReport on the Lives Rights – A Practicalof Disabled Children Guide. Save the Children AllianceRights for Disabled 2001Children2001
  9. 9. UNCRC: Issues related to Violations  Major gaps in evidence: Disabled children and sexual abuse, child labour, conflict situations, juvenile justice, drug abuse, family reunification.  Invisibility: violations not noticed/seen as important or relevant to disabled children  Indivisibility of rights: some examples of ‘good practice’ violate other rights  Some impairment groups more invisible than others
  10. 10. UNCRC Violations: examples  Discrimination (Art 2):  Direct: different laws for disabled children.  In-direct discrimination; neglect, inaction  Absence or non-implementation of policy  Multiple discrimination – disabled+refugee – slip between both nets  Equal rights does not mean equal treatment. Art 23 should be to enable other rights to be accessed.
  11. 11. Violations: continued  Survival and Development (Art 6): belief that disabled children do not have same right to life – kinder to ‘let them die’. Poverty = more threatening to life/development of DC  Best Interests (Art 3): different standards for DCs; ‘OK’ to send them away from families, ‘OK’ to subject them to painful treatment  Participation (Art 12):  DCs not seen as actors in their own lives.  Children who need alternative communication methods  Discrimination against children with learning disability
  12. 12. UNCRC: Violations summary  Neglect, abuse, abandonment and killing tolerated  Institutional, parental, professional and peer abuse tolerated  Forced segregation, exclusion and marginalisation in education  Higher rates of sexual abuse  Increased vulnerability in conflict, emergency, refugee situations and in relation to HIV/AIDs
  13. 13. UNCRC: Good practice  Disaggregation of data: gender, age and disability  Non-discrimination policy and practice  Shift from charity/medical to rights based  Participation: need for self-advocacy  Comprehensive, rights- based programmes
  14. 14. Good Practice (cont)  Self-advocacy and listening to disabled children  Support, information for families/communities  Inclusive education  Accessible environments and communication  De-institutionalisation  Collaboration between DPS and NGOs
  15. 15. Things to change:  Article 23: wording and exclusive focus  Collaboration between Child Rights NGOs and Disabled Peoples Organisations (all impairments)  Disabled Child Self Advocacy  Disaggregated data collection  Pro-active addressing gaps in information
  16. 16. General Comment 2006 CRC/C/GC/9 Poverty and disability highlighted Serious barriers to full enjoyment of rights not the disability itself but social, cultural, attitudinal and physical barriers Specific recommendations to States to combat discrimination Promotes inclusion into society (16) Highlights importance of allocating resources (22) Highlights violations of right to life
  17. 17. General Comment (cont)  Views of the child: highlights involvement in decision making and full participation  Civil rights spelt out – birth registration, access to communication technologies, accessible transport  Concerns around abuse and institutionalisation  Sites Inclusive Education as the ultimate goal
  18. 18. Disabled Children lobbying in New York January 2006Representatives from Bangladesh, China and UK
  19. 19. Lobbying in the UN, January 2006 I am very happy to raise issues related to the disable children. It is nice for me to say some thing in front of global community. Nazma (Bangladesh