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how to teach reading


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useful tips on reading & vocabulary

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how to teach reading

  2. 2. READıNG ıN CLASS OR OUTSıDE CLASSReading activities that we do in class are usually‘intensive’. We may aim to* present and give practice in reading skills ss willfind useful for independent reading for later* introduce or give further practice.
  3. 3. SELECTED READıNG TıPS*Reading aloud*Ss don’t need to understand every singleword*Setting a time limit to speed up ss’ reading
  4. 4. HOW TO ıNTRODUCE A READıNG PASSAGE1- Do a speaking activiy.2-Have Ss preview the page or reading passage. Previewing steps: Read the title Look at any pictures Notice if the text is divided into parts and if there are subtitles Read the first sentence of each paragraph Read the last paragraph or at least the last sentence3- Have students predict what will be in the passage.
  5. 5. TRAıNıNG STUDENTS NOT TO READ EVERY WORD Cloze passages and Scanning exercises
  6. 6.  Sample exercise : Cloze passages Elise Butler doesn’t need to own a car. She is 28 years…………., single, and a school………….. She doesn’t earnmuch …………, she likes to ………….. She often …………. acar. She prefers ……………. rent a car on …………… becausethe prices are……….. . She also usually rents ………….. car forseveral weeks ………………the summer because she…………….. to take a vacation……………… Elise Butler is married. yes/no Elise likes to travel. yes/no Elise often rents a car. yes/no
  7. 7. POST READıNG ACTıVıTES Comprehension Check (Scanning ) game with white boards Group Summary Presentations Vocabulary study Debate Make a list of discussion questions Find a video clip that matches the topic
  8. 8. SPEAKıNG ACTıVıTıES FOR READıNG PASSAGES Read and Run Read, Think, Speak Off the Wall Reading Finish the sentence
  9. 9. TIPS ON TEACHING READING Explain the purpose of each reading activity. Make sure you teach the strategies they should use for reading. Show them how toread a text and answer the questions especially the first week (strategies like highlightingor underlining). Always plan pre-reading activities because they facilitate comprehension. Tell your students to answer the questions without looking at the text. This will helpthem learn paraphrasing. Asking a student to read a long text aloud will not help your students. This can causeword-for-word reading. However, reading short excerpts aloud can be beneficial.
  10. 10. PRESENTıNG VOCABULARY Visuals (flashcards, board drawıngs, photographs, realia:the real thingsthemselves) Mime, gesture, facial expression Synonyms, antonyms and defintions in simple English Illusrative mini-situations Examples of the type (pear, plum, peach, mango are all…fruits) Translation Dictionary Getting ss to guess the meaning from the context and word formation.
  11. 11. H O W WO U L D YO U T E A C H T H E S E WO R D S ? Target Give examples/explanations vocabulary of how you would do, what you would say,*Mime Leader*Picture Lift*Realia Mosquito*Simple example Mountain*Simple Petrolexplanation Teddy bear*Visuals To limp To stagger To stammer Vinegar Velvet
  12. 12. T I P S O N T E A C H I N G VO C A B U L A RY Explain the purpose of vocabulary activities. They should do their homework at home and speak in class. Create speakingactivities, so students can use the new vocabulary they learn. Emphasize the importance of using vocabulary acquisition strategies likecontext clues. Highlight the importance of reading more. To learn a new word, they need to beexposed to that word 5-16 times. Make sure they understand the importance of having a vocabulary notebook orcards. Repetition can be helpful in the lower levels.