Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Learning To Think


Published on


Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Learning To Think

  1. 1. Learning to think What is Self? Self management skills What is thinking? Types of thinking Learning to think Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  2. 2. Define your self <ul><li>Describe your self with the help of letters in your name, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>NAJAM </li></ul><ul><li>N_nice </li></ul><ul><li>A- active </li></ul><ul><li>J- jaunty </li></ul><ul><li>A- adorable </li></ul><ul><li>M- multi dimensional task </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  3. 3. What is Self? <ul><li>It is the understanding or determination of one's own nature or basic qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>your consciousness of your own identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Defining ourselves is a life long process, one that is ever changing. We learn more, see more and experience more as we grow, and in doing so, we should always be defining ourselves. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  4. 4. Self Management <ul><li>Being able to manage your own emotions and be flexible in a range of complex and demanding situations. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-management is a psychological term used to describe the process of achieving personal autonomy. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  5. 5. Self management skills <ul><li>Ability to choose, </li></ul><ul><li>or make a decision </li></ul><ul><li>Adventuresome </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Alertness </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Assertiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Initiative, </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Attention to details </li></ul><ul><li>Authenticity </li></ul><ul><li>Optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Aware </li></ul><ul><li>Open-minded </li></ul><ul><li>Patience </li></ul><ul><li>Performing well under stress </li></ul><ul><li>Polite& Punctual </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Resourcefulness, Risk taking </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence, Self-control </li></ul><ul><li>Self-reliance ,Self-respect </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of humor, Sincerity </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneity ,Tactfulness Versatility </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  6. 6. Learning to think <ul><li>What is thinking? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Process of thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking skills </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of thinking </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  7. 7. Brain Teaser <ul><li>Exercise 1 - CABLE CAR Pretend for a moment that you are a streetcar conductor on a cable car in San Francisco, going up and down the city's hills. As you start your first run one morning, five people are waiting for you. It is a busy morning, for at the next stop 17 people board your car. At the third stop six people get off, and 11 get on. At your fourth stop, 20 people get on, and seven people get off. </li></ul><ul><li>How old is the conductor of the cable car? </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  8. 8. Exercise 2 - MATCHSTICKS This diagram represents twelve matchsticks positioned to represent a square made up of four equal squares. Now ask: &quot;Can you, by moving only three of these sides (matchsticks), make three equal-sized squares?&quot; Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  9. 9. <ul><li>......psychologycar_puzzle.pps </li></ul><ul><li>......psychologyfrog_leap.xls </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  10. 10. What is thinking? <ul><li>Thinking is a purposeful mental activity. Most part of thinking is a conscious activity. At times when you are in deep thinking ,even in your unconscious mind can also continue thinking even after the conscious activity stops. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  11. 11. Contd….. <ul><li>Thinking is the manipulation of mental representations in the form of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A visual image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  12. 12. The Mental Filing Cabinet: <ul><li>Your brain works as an organizing tool, or mental filing cabinet, & it has the amazing ability to cross reference the information. </li></ul><ul><li>The important thing is how to use that filing cabinet in such a way that it enhances the creativity of a person. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  13. 13. Types of thinking Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa Thinking Convergent Critical Divergent Creative Inductive thinking Deductive thinking
  14. 14. What is Convergent Thinking <ul><li>Convergent thinking is evaluating the possible solutions to come up with the best answer to the question at hand. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  15. 15. Contd…. <ul><li>This type of thinking is cognitive processing of information around a common point, an attempt to bring thoughts from different directions into a union or common conclusion. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  16. 16. Critical thinking <ul><li>This is convergent thinking. It assesses the worth and validity of something existent. It involves precise, persistent, objective analysis. When teachers try to get several learners to think convergent, they try to help them develop common understanding. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  17. 17. Contd….. <ul><li>Convergent thinking focuses on background knowledge, gathering information, applying conventional and logical techniques, and using decision-making strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Convergent thinking generates established ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Convergent thinking can be thought of as the knowledge base of creativity. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  18. 18. Divergent thinking <ul><li>Divergent thinking, in contrast to convergent thinking, requires one to look for alternative answers from the available knowledge. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  19. 19. Contd… <ul><li>This type of thinking starts from a common point and moves outward into a variety of perspectives. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a process whereby unexpected combinations are made, recognition of abstract associations takes place, and information is transformed into unanticipated or new forms. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  20. 20. Examples of convergent and divergent thinking processes . <ul><li>Convergent </li></ul><ul><li>Using logic </li></ul><ul><li>Combining what normally “belongs” together </li></ul><ul><li>Being accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Finding the best answer </li></ul><ul><li>Playing by the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Divergent </li></ul><ul><li>Taking risks </li></ul><ul><li>Generating multiple answers </li></ul><ul><li>Looking from a new perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Combining what does not “normally” belong together </li></ul><ul><li>Changing what is known </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  21. 21. Creative Thinking <ul><li>Creativity requires both divergent and convergent thinking. </li></ul><ul><li>This is mostly based on divergent thinking. It generates something new or different. It involves having a different idea that works as well or better than previous ideas. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  22. 22. Contd.. <ul><li>Once a person has a knowledge base, (part of convergent thinking) divergent thinking can take place. The knowledge base also makes it possible for a person to vary their thoughts from the norm and to identify a solution that may be effective. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  23. 23. Exercise in Divergent Thinking: <ul><ul><li>Write down the different & novel uses of the following objects ( as many as you can think of) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a brick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A bar of soap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A pen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A rope </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  24. 24.
  25. 25. Example <ul><li>John: I've noticed previously that every time I throw a ball up, it comes back down, so I guess this next time when I throw it up, it will come back down, too. Mary: That's Newton's Law. Everything that goes up must come down. And so, if you throw the ball up, it must come down. (Generalization) </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  26. 26. Explaination <ul><li>John is using inductive reasoning, debating from observation, while Mary is using deductive reasoning, debating from the law of gravity. John's debate is clearly from the general (the law of gravity) to the specific (this throw); </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  27. 27. Uses of thinking <ul><li>thinking is what people do when they pursue their goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone focuses their thinking in order to satisfy wants and needs regarding a particular situation. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  28. 28. Thinking Process <ul><li>They recognize and define information relevant to their purpose, consider alternatives , decide what to do, do it, determine if they are satisfied with the results, and if not, revise their approach until they are successful, all while learning through the experience. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  29. 29. Increase Your Experience: <ul><li>Making a commitment to seek fresh experiences not only makes you a more interesting person, it also enhances your creative potential. </li></ul><ul><li>An active brain is continually restructuring itself, becoming increasingly complex & efficient. </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  30. 30. What is Learning? <ul><li>Learning is an adaptive 1 permanent change 2 in behavior or behavior potential 3 that is produced as a result of prior experience 4 </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  31. 31. What is learning? <ul><ul><li>Learning is defined as acquiring a new skill or knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to ride a bike </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning a foreign language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to play a sport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning to communicate better </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning a new technology </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  32. 32. How do we learn? <ul><li>Taking a class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading a book or magazine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watching a movie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Playing a game </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Socializing with other people </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  33. 33. Learning how to learn <ul><li>Build good habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Success comes from good habits. Habits come from skill and lifestyle. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop the habit of mental self-management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan, monitor and evaluate your learning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify your best learning styles </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  34. 34. Learning how to learn contd… <ul><li>Monitor and improve your learning skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading, writing, listening, time management etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use different learning environments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture, labs, study groups, etc. </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  35. 35. Learning how to learn contd… <ul><li>Develop the habit of positive thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing confidence and self esteem. Setting goals etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop the habit of hierarchical thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set priorities and manage time. Summarize ideas and organize information. </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  36. 36. Learning how to learn contd. . . <ul><li>Develop the habit of creative and critical thinking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make decisions and solve problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop the habit of asking questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify main ideas and support evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate interest and motivation. Focus concentration and improve memory. </li></ul></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  37. 37. The Candle-Mounting Problem <ul><li>Using these materials, how would you mount the candle on a bulletin board? </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  38. 38. The Matchstick Problem <ul><li>How would you arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles? </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa
  39. 39. <ul><li> </li></ul>Mrs.Najam-un-Nissa