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  1. 1. Description  Araceae is a family of monocotyledonous flowering plants  The family also goes by the name of Arum family and species in this family are often colloquially known as aroids  Many plants in this family are thermogenic (heat- producing). 1. to attract insects (usually beetles) to pollinate the plant 2. to prevent tissue damage in cold regions
  2. 2. 4.Kingdom: Plantae Order: Alismatales Family: Araceae Subfamily: Monsteroideae Tribe: Monstereae Genus: Epipremnum Species: E. aureum Binomial name : Epipremnum aureum Local Name : The Devil’s Ivy, Silver Vine, Money Plant, Centipede tongavine and Solomon Islands' Ivy
  3. 3. Malay name : Kelampayang Besar / Pokok Duit Size : 1000 cm  commonly known as Pothos (once classified under the genus Pothos), Silver Vine, and Devil's Ivy is an aroid native to southeastern Asia (Malaysia, Indonesia) and New Guinea. It is sometimes mistakenly called philodendron at plant stores.
  4. 4. Brief Description It is a liana growing to 20 m tall, with stems up to 4 cm diameter, climbing by means of aerial roots which hook over tree branches.  Leaves : evergreen, alternate, heart-shaped, entire on juvenile plants, but irregularly pinnatifid (comb like arrangement of parts ,arising from one side of an axis) Flowers : produced in a spathe up to 23 cm long. This plant produces trailing stems when it climbs up trees and these take root when they reach the ground and grow along it. The leaves on these trailing stems grow up to 10cm long and are the one normally seen is this plant when it is cultivated as a pot plant.
  5. 5. Continue..... A climbing plant that climbs with the help of aerial and clasping roots The plant can become large depending on growing conditions It can survive in low light conditions like florescent lights, and basements.
  6. 6. USES It is a popular houseplant with numerous cultivars selected for leaves with white, yellow, or light green variegation. It is often used in decorative displays in shopping centres, offices, and other public locations largely because it is a very hardy plant that requires little care and is also attractively leafy.  It is also efficient at removing indoor pollutants such as formaldehyde, xylene, and benzene. Other names include Centipede tongavine and Devil's Ivy. It is also popularly known as "money plant" in certain parts of the world (particularly in India).
  7. 7. 5.The red caladium Originated from the tropical regions of South America. All or parts of the caladium plant may be poisonous Contact with sap may irritate skin
  8. 8. Malay name : Keladi merah Scientific name : Caladium bicolour Size : 45cm Other Names : Red Caladium, elephant ear
  9. 9. Uses Several species are grown as ornamental plants for their large, arrowhead-shaped leaves marked in varying patterns in white, pink, and red and have been in cultivation in Europe since the late 1700s.  The two forms most widely cultivated are called "fancy-leaved" and "lance-leaved". Most Caladiums in cultivation grow to about 24 inches (60 cm) high and 24 inches (60 cm) wide, although dwarf varieties are now in cultivation All parts of the plant are poisonous. They should not be ingested and may irritate sensitive skin.
  10. 10. Caladiums are used in shady beds and borders. They often are planted along the north or east side of a building or wall. Caladiums are striking in dense plantings. They provide warm colour in areas too shady for most flowers. Use caladiums to provide some colour amongst lacy ferns and stately gingers. Caladium leaves will last for several days in fresh flower arrangements.
  11. 11. 6.Giant YamCan grow to be a two meter giant plant, common near limestone outcrops and abandoned grounds Often planted as a decorative leafy plant because of its beautiful heart shaped foliage.
  12. 12. Malay name : Keladi Gajah / Birah Scientific name : Colocasia gigantea / Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott Size : 200 cm Other name : Giant Yam / Ape Plant,Giant Elephant Ear
  13. 13. 7.Yam / Taro Tropical plant grown primarily as a vegetable food for its edible corm, and secondarily as a leaf vegetable. It is considered a staple in oceanic cultures It is sometimes loosely called elephant ear
  14. 14. Taro leaves are rich in vitamins and minerals. They are a good source of thiamine, riboflavin, iron, phosphorus, and zinc, and a very good source of vitamin B6, vitamin C, niacin, potassium, copper, and manganese. Taro corms are very high in starch, and are a good source of dietary fiber.
  15. 15. Malay name : (Pokok) Ubi Keladi Scientific name : Colocasia esculenta Size : 60cm Other names : Yam / Taro, eddo, and dasheen
  16. 16. Taro tubers for sale in market
  17. 17. Taro corms for sale
  18. 18. Taro stems for sale at a market
  19. 19. The Dumb CaneA large herbaceous plant that can reach the height of 1 meter. The sap of the plant is caustic. Temperatures below about 5˚C (40˚F) can kill the plant.
  20. 20. The cells of the plant contain needle- shaped calcium oxalate crystals called raphides If a leaf is chewed, these crystals can cause a temporary burning sensation and erythema. (may include temporary numbness of the tongue and vocal cords)
  21. 21. Malay name : Dieffenbachia Putih Kehijauan / Batang Bisu Scientific name : Dieffenbachia maculata Size : 100cm Other name : The Dumb Cane
  22. 22. Black Kris yamAn average size yam plant, and is from the Philippines The Kris plant is grown for the very attractive foliage. It needs warm, humid, shady conditions and plenty of water during the summer
  23. 23. Malay name : Keladi Keris Hitam / Pokok Senteh Keris Hitam Scientific name : Alocasia sanderiana Bull. Size : 50 cm Other name : Black Kris yam
  24. 24. Corpse Flower Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius (Campanulatum) The family is characterised by its inflorescence, consisting of a fleshy spike of small flowers (spadix) usually subtended by a large bract (spathe). Produces a single inflorescence followed by a solitary leaf. Only blooms when mature. Flowers last only about 5 days.
  25. 25. The fresh inflorescence emits a stink odour reminiscent of rotting flesh to attract pollinating The foul odour only last for a few hours after the flower opens. The corms of some varieties are edible and grown as food crops in several Asian countries, especially Indonesia. It grows in wild form in the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, and other Southeast Asian countries.
  26. 26. one of the ugliest flowers (inflorescence) in the world
  27. 27. Aglaonema commutatum Schott
  28. 28. HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS PLANTS Scientific name: Aglaonema commutatum Schott  Common name: Chinese evergreen Origin: Philippines, eastern Indonesia, Malaysia Classification:     Kingdom: Plantae     Subkingdom: Tracheobionta     Division: Magnoliophyta     Class: Liliopsidaa     Subclass: Arecidae     Order: Alismatales     Family: Araceae     Genus: Aglaonemaa     Species: Aglaonema commutatum Schott
  29. 29. Leaves •Simple, alternate; • Blade elliptic to lanceolate; • Usually 12-35 × 3-8cm; • Spotted,striped ,or blotched with light green. Leaves of Chinese Evergreen
  30. 30. Flowers •Creamy-white or slightly greenish spathes that come in summer; •Intermittently during the year; •Many flowers , tightly packed in one to six axillary spadices 2-6 cm long with a pale green ovate spathe attached at the base, 3.5-6 cm long. The Inflorescence
  31. 31. Fruits • Berries ellipsoidal, green but turning yellow and finally bright red. Fruits of Chinese Evergreen
  32. 32. Seeds •Every fruit contains only one seed. • Erect (having a vertical position) •Almost as large as the fruit, without endosperm Seed of Chinese Evergreen
  33. 33. Uses Popular as ornamental foliage plants (indoor plants) They are fleshy tropical Asian herbs of slow growth with leathery leaves often bearing silvery or colourful patterns. - Important products in plant industry.
  34. 34. EXAMPLES OF THE CHINESE EVERGREEN Emerald Beauty Silver Queen
  35. 35. BY Yangrae Cho and Jeffrey D. Palmer Department of Biology, Indiana University at Bloomington
  36. 36. A group I intron has recently been shown to have invaded mitochondrial cox1 genes by horizontal transfer many times during the broad course of angiosperm evolution. To investigate the frequency of acquisition of this intron within a more closely related group of plants, they determined its distribution and inferred its evolutionary history among 14 genera of the monocot family Araceae.