Language Flashcards

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Language Flashcards

  1. 1. Add punctuation and capitalization.<br />1. she shouted smokey come here<br />2. the dog a black terrier came dashing toward her<br />3. good boy she said come inside now smokey<br />2<br />
  2. 2. 1. She shouted, “Smokey, come here!”<br />2. The dog, a black terrier, came dashing toward her.<br />3. “Good boy,” she said. “Come inside now, Smokey.”<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Correct each sentence.<br />1. I am going shopping, to the skating rink and bicycling this weekend.<br />2. Shelby asked him to bring the truck and moving the refrigerator.<br />3. Mom invited the guests, baked a cake and decorates the house to get ready for the birthday party.<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 1. I am going shopping, skating and bicycling this weekend.<br />2. Shelby asked him to bring the truck and move the refrigerator.<br />3. Mom invited the guests, baked a cake and decorated the house to get ready for the birthday party.<br />3<br />
  5. 5. Correct each sentence.<br />The first time a user places an order, they must provide a credit card number.<br />Someone parked their car in my parking place.<br />An honor roll student should be happy with their progress.<br />What is the rule for correcting these sentences?<br />5<br />
  6. 6. The first time a user places an order, he or she must provide a credit card number.<br />Someone parked his or her car in my parking place.<br />An honor roll student should be happy with his or her progress.<br />Use a singular pronoun to agree with a singular antecedent.<br />5<br />
  7. 7. Correct each sentence.<br />1. Under the bed Tiffany was happy to find her notebook.<br />2. Under the car with the new wheels speed down the road.<br />3. Last week Jason found a dog in his best jacket.<br />Although the snow is deep the children with the new sled slides rapidly downhill. <br />6<br />
  8. 8. 1. Tiffany was happy to find her notebook under the bed.<br />2. The car with the new wheels speeds down the road.<br />3. Jason was in his best jacket last week when he found the dog.<br />4. Although the snow is deep, the children with the new sled slides rapidly downhill.<br />6<br />
  9. 9. Use a semicolon to join these sentences in two different ways.<br />The heat was unbearable. I went swimming.<br />9<br />
  10. 10. The heat was unbearable; I went swimming.<br />The heat was unbearable; therefore, I went swimming.<br />9<br />
  11. 11. Correct this sentence in four different ways.<br />The speakers in that car were very loud, I wanted to get some for my car.<br />10<br />
  12. 12. Sample answers:<br />The speakers in that car were very loud. I wanted to get some for my car.<br />The speakers in that car were very loud, and I wanted to get some for my car.<br />Because the speakers in the car were very loud, I wanted to get some fro my car.<br />The speakers in that car were very loud; therefore, I wanted to get some for my car.<br />10<br />
  13. 13. Read these model sentences aloud.<br />He is taller than I am.<br />He is taller then I.<br />Use the model above to complete each sentence. Use a pronoun to stand for the noun in parentheses.<br />Irene is older than _________. (Helen)<br />Scott shoots better than _________. (Bill)<br />We are here earlier than _________.(Laura and Logan)<br />12<br />
  14. 14. Irene is older than she is.<br />Irene is older than she.<br />Scott shoots better than he does.<br />Scott shoots better than he.<br />We are here earlier than they are.<br />We are here earlier than they.<br />12<br />
  15. 15. Which underlined section of these sentences requires a change?<br />The flowers of spring are my favorites.<br />A<br />Crocuses daffodils and tulips herald spring and<br />BC<br />affect my mood every year.<br />D<br />24<br />
  16. 16. B- a comma is needed<br />24<br />
  17. 17. Which underlined section of the sentence requires a change?<br />My mom wanted me to help her however <br />ABC<br />I had to hurry to get to work.<br />D<br />25<br />
  18. 18. C- a semicolon and comma are needed<br />My mom wanted me to help her; however, I had to hurry to get to work.<br />25<br />
  19. 19. Which sentence is correct? What must be corrected in each of the other three sentences?<br />1. We were going to the movies, but mom said that we had to wait.<br />2. Dad needed the car to run an errand, and he don’t know when he will be back.<br />Leanna and me played cards for a few minutes.<br />4. We left for the movies as soon as Dad returned, and we were there in time for the previews.<br />26<br />
  20. 20. Sentence 4 is correct.<br />Sentence 1 has a capitalization error (Mom)<br />Sentence 2 has a error in subject-verb agreement (he doesn’t or didn’t)<br />Sentence 3 has a pronoun error (Leanna and I)<br />26<br />
  21. 21. Punctuate each sentence.<br />1. Because the hard drive crashed my paper was not completed on time<br />2. My paper was not completed on time because the hard drive crashed<br />3. My hard drive crashed therefore my paper was not completed on time<br />Remove one word and create two separate sentences.<br />31<br />
  22. 22. 1. Because the hard drive crashed, my paper was not completed on time.<br />2. My paper was not completed on time because the hard drive crashed.<br />My hard drive crashed; therefore, my paper was not completed on time.<br />My hard drive crashed. My paper was not completed on time.<br />31<br />
  23. 23. Say the meaning of each word and use it in a sentence:<br />accept/ except<br />capitol/ capital<br />affect/ effect<br />all ready/ already<br />33<br />
  24. 24. Accept- verb; to receive<br />Except- but<br />Capitol- a legislature’s building<br />Capital- a legislature’s city<br />Affect- verb; to influence<br />Effect- noun; a result<br />All ready- pronoun plus adjective; everyone ready<br />Already- adverb; previously<br />33<br />
  25. 25. You’re It’s They’re Hers Ours<br />1. What is the purpose of each apostrophe in three of the words above?<br />2. Why don’t hers and ours have an apostrophe?<br />3. What does each contraction mean?<br />4. Use each contraction in a sentence.<br />34<br />
  26. 26. 1. Each apostrophe shows where a letter is missing and creates a contraction.<br />2. Possessive personal pronouns do not require an apostrophe.<br />3. you’re=you are<br /> it’s= it is or it has<br /> they’re=they are<br />34<br />
  27. 27. What is the spelling rule to make compound nouns plural?<br />What are the plural forms of the following nouns?<br />daughter-in-law<br />attorney-at-law<br />editor-in-chief<br />38<br />
  28. 28. The plural of compound nouns consisting of a noun plus a modifier is formed by making the noun plural.<br />daughters-in-law<br />attorneys-at-law<br />editors-in-chief<br />38<br />
  29. 29. What is the rule for making words ending in “o” plural?<br />Make these words plural.<br />potato<br />hero<br />volcano<br />radio<br />piano<br />alto<br />solo<br />rodeo<br />39<br />
  30. 30. The plural of nouns ending in “o” preceded by a vowel is formed by adding “s”; the plural of nouns ending in “o” preceded by a consonant is formed by adding “es”. The exception is nouns ending in “o” preceded by a consonant and referring to music form the plural by adding “s”.<br />potatoes<br />heroes<br />volcanoes<br />radios<br />pianos<br />altos<br />solos<br />rodeos<br />39<br />
  31. 31. Correct the underlined verb in each sentence.<br />1. Annabelthrowedthe ball quickly to first base.<br />2. I wonder if my father seen my mother right after the movie ended.<br />3. Last Tuesday, my three best friends and I swimmed in the pond before school started.<br />40<br />
  32. 32. 1. threw<br />2. saw<br />3. swam<br />40<br />
  33. 33. Choose the correct verb in the parentheses:<br />1. Many (arrives, arrive) early at school each day.<br />2. The confusion among his students (is, are) understandable.<br />3. Neither of the girls (wants, want) to visit the art museum.<br />4. It (don’t, doesn’t) matter to me if you eat all of the pizza.<br />41<br />
  34. 34. 1. Many arrive early at school each day.<br />2. The confusion among his students is understandable.<br />3. Neither of the girls wants to visit the art museum.<br />4. It doesn’t matter to me if you eat all of the pizza.<br />41<br />
  35. 35. Correct the tense shifts in the following sentences:<br />1. When my friend Sally cries, she won the argument.<br />2. I am in my room, and I planned to read for an hour.<br />3. Lee dashes into the house, slammed the door behind him, and yells for me.<br />42<br />
  36. 36. 1. When my friend sally cries, she wins the argument.<br /> or<br />1. When my friend Sally cried, she won the argument.<br />2. I was in my room, and I had planned to read for an hour.<br />or<br />2. I am in my room, and I plan to read for an hour.<br />3. Lee dashed into the house, slammed the door behind him, and yelled for me.<br />or<br />3. Lee dashes into the house, slams the door behind him, and yells for me.<br />42<br />
  37. 37. Which sentences use the correct pronoun? Fix the incorrect sentences.<br />1. Us girls built a very sturdy fort out of pillows.<br />2. Jack and me knew that our football team would win the tournament.<br />3. He and I went to Cathedral Caverns State Park to hike.<br />4. Tell Samantha and me what you told your parents.<br />43<br />
  38. 38. Sentences 3 and 4 are correct.<br />1. We girls built a very sturdy fort out of pillows.<br />2. Jack and I knew that our football team would win the tournament.<br />43<br />
  39. 39. When is a verb in the active voice?<br />When is a verb in the passive voice?<br />Give an example of the same sentence in the active voice and in the passive voice.<br />44<br />
  40. 40. A verb is in the active voice when it expresses an action performed by its subject.<br />A verb is in the passive voice when the action it expresses is performed upon its subject.<br />Example:<br />Active voice: I threw the ball.<br />Passive voice: The ball was thrown by me.<br />44<br />
  41. 41. Choose the word in parentheses to correctly complete the sentence:<br />1. Montgomery is the (capital, capitol) of Alabama.<br />2. Morrie is three minutes older (then, than) his twin brother Mike.<br />3. Alisha had (to, two, too) much homework.<br />4. Jackson quickly ran past the (principal, principle) of the school just as the bell rang.<br />45<br />
  42. 42. 1. Montgomery is the capital of Alabama.<br />2. Morrie is three minutes older than his twin brother Mike.<br />3. Alisha had too much homework.<br />4. Jackson quickly ran past the principal of the school just as the bell rang.<br />45<br />
  43. 43. What is a run-on sentence? What is a sentence fragment? <br />Label each sentence as a run-on or a sentence fragment. Correct the sentence.<br />1. Sheila played the trumpet in marching band they went to the national competition in October.<br />2. Wrote a beautiful poem for the homework assignment.<br />3. Keri, the new girl in my English class from England.<br />4. Max was leaning back in his chair, the chair slipped out from underneath him.<br />46<br />
  44. 44. A run-on sentence consists of two or more sentences separated by only a comma or by no mark of punctuation. <br />1. Run-on: Sheila played the trumpet in marching band. They went to the national competition in October.<br />2. Fragment: Jacob wrote a beautiful poem for the homework assignment.<br />3. Fragment: Keri, the new girl in my English class, is from England.<br />4. Run-on: Max was leaning back in his chair, and the chair slipped out from underneath him.<br />46<br />
  45. 45. What is wrong with the following sentences? Write them correctly.<br />1. “I wish the dogs would stop barking long enough for me to get a bit of sleep” Moaned my tired mother<br />2. “Vanessa” her best friend pleaded “are you still angry at me for the trick I played on you”<br />3. I wish the cafeteria at kashwee high school served chinese food once in awhile.<br />4. my english class just finished reading the poem entitled the raven by edgarallanpoe and the novel to kill a mockingbird by harper lee.<br />47<br />
  46. 46. 1. “I wish the dogs would stop barking long enough for me to get a little sleep,” moaned my tired mother.<br />2. “Vanessa,” her best friend pleaded, “are you still angry at me for the trick I played on you?”<br />3. I wish the cafeteria at Kashwee High School served Chinese food once in awhile.<br />4. My English class just finished reading the poem entitled “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe and the novel called To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee.<br />47<br />
  47. 47. When are colons used? Which sentences use the colon correctly?<br />1. Tennis, reading, and swimming: are three of my favorite hobbies.<br />2. Next summer we will travel through the following states: South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia.<br />3. At the airport I listen to the many noises: engines roaring, people laughing, luggage rolling, and feet running.<br />48<br />
  48. 48. Generally, the colon is used to call the reader’s attention to what comes next. Some examples of when to use a colon include:<br />Before a list of items, especially after words like “as follows” and “the following”<br />Before a long, formal statement or quotation<br />After the salutation of a business letter<br />Sentences 2 and 3 are correct.<br />48<br />
  49. 49. Choose the form of the word that correctly completes the sentence.<br />1. (Its, It’s) too bad you blurted out the wrong answer before checking with your team.<br />2. The (winds, wind’s) from the hurricane caused severe damage to the Mobile area.<br />3. Many (workers’, worker’s) payroll records were destroyed in the fire that occurred in the main office of the factory.<br />49<br />
  50. 50. 1. It’s (the apostrophe shows where a letter is missing and creates a contraction for “it is”)<br />2. winds (no apostrophe needed as this is the plural form of wind)<br />3. workers’ (the apostrophe indicates the plural possessive of worker)<br />49<br />

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