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  1. 1. Chapter 4<br />Blue Azar, 4th Ed.<br />
  2. 2. 4-4: FUTURE time w/Present Progressive<br />Present Progressive<br />Bill Gates is speaking at UCI.<br />Bill Gates is speaking at UCI next week.<br />Use present progressive when we talk about a future plan that has already been arranged.<br />
  3. 3. 4-4: FUTURE time w/Simple Present<br />Simple Present<br />The shuttle leaves at 9:00 A.M.<br />The conference starts tomorrow morning.<br />Use simple present when we talk about a scheduled future event (programs, schedules, timetables).<br />
  4. 4. 4-4: Practicein the future, now, habitually<br />I am going to go to England during winter break.<br />in the future<br />The plane leaves at 5:30 P.M. today.<br />in the future<br />I am reading a travel book about England at the moment.<br />now<br />I go to England every winter.<br />habitually<br />
  5. 5. 4-1: Simple Future<br />WILL + base verb<br />I willtake the test tomorrow.<br />BE GOING TO + base verb<br />I am going totake the test tomorrow.<br />He is going totake the test tomorrow.<br />They are going totake the test tomorrow.<br />
  6. 6. 4-2: Will vs. Be Going To<br />WILL / BE GOING TO<br />Prediction: <br />It’s going torain tomorrow.<br />It’llrain tomorrow<br />BE GOING TO (not WILL )<br />Prior Plan: <br />A: Do you want to go to the movies with me?<br />B: Sorry, I can’t. I’m going togo shopping. There’s a huge sale this weekend.<br />
  7. 7. 4-2: Will vs. Be Going To<br />WILL (not BE GOING TO)<br />Willingness: <br />A: Oh no, I dropped my books!<br />B: It’s ok. I’llhelp you.<br />Decision is made at the moment of speaking<br />
  8. 8. 4-4: REVIEW in the future, now, habitually<br />Diane usually arrives on time.<br />habitually<br />I’m waiting for the elevator.<br />now<br />My biology class starts at 8:00 A.M.<br />in the future<br />The coffee shop closes in ten minutes.<br />in the future<br />That store charges too much for clothes!<br />habitually<br />
  9. 9. 4-2: REVIEWprediction, prior plan, willingness<br />Barry will probably be here soon. <br />prediction<br />The windows are really dirty. I will wash them today. <br />willingness<br />She has a beautiful voice. She is going to be a big star! <br />prediction<br />Pam will be late. She’s ALWAYS late! <br />prediction<br />I’mgoingtofinish this report by Friday. <br />prior plan<br />
  10. 10. 4-3: Future Time Clauses<br />Simple Future<br />Simple Present<br />Amber will open her business<br />Ben won’t quit<br />Jake will retire<br />They will sell their house<br />when she finishesschool.<br />until he finds another job.<br />as soon as he turns 60.<br />before they go back to their country.<br />
  11. 11. 4-3: Future Time Clauses<br />**SPECIAL**<br />Sometimes you can have PRESENT PERFECT instead of SIMPLE PRESENT:<br />After I sell my house, I will go back to my country.<br />After I have sold my house, I will go back to my country.<br />
  12. 12. 4-3: Future Time Clauses<br />Simple Future<br />Present Progressive<br />Amber will open her business<br />Ben and Stacy won’t visit their parents<br />while she is attending school next year.<br />while they are traveling in Ben’s hometown next month.<br />
  13. 13. 4-3: PRACTICE<br />Watch the video.<br />What do you think will happen next?<br />Write three sentences using the future time clause to predict the rest of the video.<br /><br />0:14 / 0:51<br />
  14. 14. 4-5: Future Progressive<br />Right now, I’msitting in class.<br />Yesterday at this time, I was sitting in class.<br />Tomorrow at this time, I will be sitting in class.<br />What do these verbs have in common?<br />The actions are in progress at a specific point in time.<br />
  15. 15. 4-5: Future Progressive<br />8 A.M.<br />7:30 A.M.<br />7 A.M.<br />Tomorrow, Tom is leaving his apartment at 7 A.M.<br />At 8 A.M., he will arrive at the airport.<br />At 7:30 A.M., Tom will be driving to the airport.<br />
  16. 16. 4-6: Future Perfect<br />2016<br />2017<br />today<br />Marco will finish his doctorate in 2016.<br />I will have a business meeting with Marco in 2017.<br />By the time I see Marco, he will have finishedhis doctorate.<br />
  17. 17. 4-6: Future Perfect Progressive<br />now<br />7 P.M.<br />9 P.M.<br />Bill will start studying at 7 P.M.<br />At 9 P.M., his roommate will return to the apartment. <br />Bill will have been studying for two hours by the time his roommate gets home.<br />