BIOCHIPUNI OF WAHPresented By:WAJEEHA MUSHTAQROLL NO: 012
CONTENTS• What is biochip?• Biochip history.• Biochip Technology.• Implant System Of Biochip• Size• Insertion Of Biochip• Application Of Biochip• Medical Implementation Of Biochip
What is bio-chip??• Bio-chip is a microprocessorchip ,an outcome of the fieldof computer sciences,electronics and biology.• It is collection of microarraysarrange on a solid substrateand permit many test.
BIOCHIPHISTORY• Developed in 1983 formonitoring fisheries.• A large scale biochips startdeveloping in 1990.• The major biochipcompanies are A.V.I.D and
BIOCHIPTechnology• It is a micro computer chip,inserted under skin (dermis) foridentification purposes.• The biochip system is a radiofrequency identification (RFID)system, using low-frequencyradio signals to communicate
IMPLANT SYSTEMOF BIOCHIPImplant system of biochip isconsist of two component:• The transponder• The reader
THETRANSPONDER• The transponder is the actual biochipimplant also known as passivetransponder and active transponder.• It is inactive until the readeractivate it by sending a lowpower electrical charge.• The communication betweenthe biochip and reader is
The TransponderThe transponder consist of 4parts• Computer Microchip• Antenna Coil• Tuning Capacitor• Glass Capsule
ComputerMicrochip• Computer microchip stores aunique identification numberfrom 10 to 15 digits long.• The storage capacity ofcomputer microchip islimited, capable of storingonly a single ID number.
Tuning Capacitor• The capacitor store the smallelectrical charge send by thereader which activates thetransponder. This activationallows the transponder tosend back the ID numberencoded by the computer
• Because radio waves areutilize to communicatebetween the transponderand reader, the capacitor istuned at the same frequencyas the reader.
Glass Capsule• It houses the computer chip,antenna coil and capacitor.• Capsule is made up ofbiocompatible material i-esoda lime glass.
READER• Reader consist of an “excitercoil ,which reads anelectromagnetic fieldthat,throuth radio signalsprovide a necessary energy,to excite or “activate” theimplanted biochip.
• The reader also carry thereceiving coil that receive theID number that is sent backfrom the activated“implanted” biochip.• Also carry the software thatdecode the received codeand display the result in an
Size OfBiochipIts size ranges from2 to 12 inches like
Biochip AsOxygen sensor• The biochip can also beintegrated with an oxygensensor .The oxygen sensorwill be useful to monitorbreathing rate.
Principal Of OxygenSensor In Biochip• The oxygen sensor chipsends light pulses out in tothe body. The light absorbedto varying extent, dependingon how much oxygen isbeing carried in the blood,and the chip detect the light
Biochip as an BloodPressure sensor:• A sensors is available to detect theflow of fluid. It’s always possible toembed this type of sensors into abiochip. Blood Flow detectingcircuits with the Biochip can makethe chip to continuously monitor theblood flow rate & when thepressure is in its low or high
Adding sound tolife:• The cochlear implant deliverselectrical pulses directly to thenerve cells in the cochlea, thespiral-shaped structure thattranslates sound in to nerve pulses.• In normal hearing individuals,sound waves set up vibrations inthe walls of the cochlea, and hair
• To rescue the sick• To find lost people.• To identify person uniquely.• They can perform thousands ofbiological reactions operationsin few seconds.• In monitoring health condition ofindividuals in which they arespecifically employed.
Disadvantages OfBiochip• They raise critical issues ofpersonal privacy.• They mark the end of humanfreedom and dignity.• They may not be supported bylarge % of people.• There is a danger of turningevery man ,women, and