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Teaching comprehension


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Teaching comprehension strategies and skills is needed for learners to become successful readers. While it is important to teach them to all emergent readers, it's extremely important to teach them explicitly to English language learners and struggling readers.

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Teaching comprehension

  1. 1. Teaching Comprehension <br />Zoila P. Carrion<br />M. Ed<br />M.A. Linguistics<br />Reading Specialist<br />
  2. 2. For students to be able to understand what they read, they need to be taught comprehension strategies and skills.<br />While all learners benefit from them, English language learners (ELLs) and struggling readers profit the most from being taught these strategies explicitly.<br /><br />
  3. 3. 7 steps to success<br />Introduce the strategy.<br />Define and explain it.<br />Model it!<br /> Do it with your students.<br /> Ask them to use the strategy with a partner or in a small group.<br /> Ask them to use the strategy on their own.<br />Repeat these steps as often as needed.<br /><br />
  4. 4. The following are the most important metacognitive strategies and skills that all learners need to master in order to become successful readers.<br />Teach them relentlessly!<br />Teach them even if learners don’t have enough language or decoding skills. <br /><br />
  5. 5. Cause and Effect<br />why it happens<br />what happens<br /><br />
  6. 6.<br />Problem and Solution <br />
  7. 7.<br />Characters and Setting<br />
  8. 8.<br />Story Structure<br />End<br />Middle<br />Beginning<br />
  9. 9.<br />Sequence of Events<br />Next<br />First<br />Then<br />Last<br />
  10. 10.<br />Camping<br />Author’s Purpose<br />inform<br />entertain<br />persuade<br />
  11. 11.<br />Main Idea and Details<br />
  12. 12.<br />Make Predictions<br />?<br />
  13. 13.<br />Compare and Contrast<br />same<br />different<br />
  14. 14.<br />Inference<br />
  15. 15.<br />Drawing Conclusions<br />
  16. 16. Fantasy and Reality<br /><br />
  17. 17. Classify and Categorize<br /><br />
  18. 18. Use Illustrations<br /><br />
  19. 19. Story Structure<br /><br />character<br />setting<br />plot<br />
  20. 20. Sequence <br /><br />Events happen in a certain order.<br />Last<br />First<br />Next<br />
  21. 21. Text Structure<br /><br />Information is organized in a way that readers can understand and learn from the reading.<br />compare <br />and contrast<br />describe<br />
  22. 22. Summarize<br /><br />Tell in your own words the most important parts of what you read.<br />
  23. 23. Retell<br /><br />Give lots of details about what you read.<br />Setting<br />Sequence of Events<br />Characters<br />
  24. 24. Visualize<br /><br />Create pictures in your mind about what you are reading. Use the text and your own knowledge about the topic to visualize the text.<br />
  25. 25. Generate Questions<br /><br />Ask questions about what you just read.<br />Who?<br />When?<br />What?<br />How?<br />Where?<br />Why?<br />
  26. 26. Monitor Comprehension<br /><br />Ask yourself if what you are reading makes sense. If it does not make sense, re-read it. Use illustrations and other graphics to help you.<br />Oh, I see!<br />
  27. 27. Analyze the Text/Plot<br /><br />Is there a problem? A hypothesis?<br />What is the problem/ hypothesis? <br />How did it happen? Why?<br />Who is doing it?<br />How will they solve the problem?<br />