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Promote Education Distance Education

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Promote Education Distance Education

  1. 1. Distance Education Zoaib Mirza Promote Education www.promoteeducation.com Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 1
  2. 2. Topic of Discussions • What is Distance Education? • Levels of Distance Education • Why Distance Education? • Components of a Working Distance Education System • A Student at the Center of the System • Five Generations of Distance Education • Technologies and Media • Design and Development of Web-Based Courses Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 2
  3. 3. What is Distance Education? • Distance education is planned learning that normally occurs in a different place from teaching, requiring special course design and instruction techniques, communication through various technologies, and special organizational and administrative arrangement • Distance education is the study of: – Learning and teaching – Learning that is planned and not accidental – Learning that is normally in a different place from teaching – Communication through various technologies Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 3
  4. 4. Levels of Distance Education • Single Mode Institutes – Distance education is the sole activity of the single mode institution – All faculty and staff of the institution are exclusively devoted to distance education – Example Athabasca (http://www.athabascau.ca) is Canada leading singe mode distance-education university • Dual Mode Institutes – On campus and online – Sets up a special unit alongside the recourses dedicated to conventional teaching – Example: public agencies, voluntary organizations and businesses that are not primarily educational institutions • U.S National Part Services (http://www.telnps.net) • Pennsylvania State University (http://www.worldcampus.psu.edu) Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 4
  5. 5. Levels of Distance Education • Individual Teachers – Conventional institutions distrusting their teaching by distance education methods do so without a especial unit – Lead individual teachers design and delver their own courses – No special unit • Virtual Universities and Consortia – The term “virtual” is used very loosely and applied at times to all three types of organizations • National Technological University (http://www.ntu.edu) , consortium of 50 universties Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 5
  6. 6. Why Distance Education? • Increasing access to learning and training opportunities • Providing opportunities for updating skills • Improving the cost effectiveness of education resources • Supporting the quality of exiting educational structures • Enhancing the capacity of the education system • Balancing inequalities between age groups • Delivering educational campaign to specific target audience • Providing emergency training for key target groups • Expanding the capacity for education in new subject areas Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 6
  7. 7. Why Distance Education? • Offering combination of education with work and family life • Adding an international dimension to the educational experience Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 7
  8. 8. Components of a Working Distance Education System • A source of knowledge that is to be taught and learned • A subsystem to structure this into material and actives for students hat we will call courses • Another subsystem that delivers the courses to learners • Teachers who interact with learners as they use these material in making their knowledge • Learners in their different environments • A subsystem that monitors and evaluates outcomes so that interventions are possible where failure occurs • An organization with a policy and a management structure to link these different pieces Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 8
  9. 9. A Student at the Center of the System Administration Instructor Course Design Team Communication technologies Distance learner Virtual Library Support Services Other students Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 9
  10. 10. Five Generations of Distance Education • 1st – Correspondence – Instructions delivered by mail • 2nd – Broadcast radio and television – Radio – Television • 3rd – Open Universities – Open University in UK • 4th – Teleconferencing – Satellite and Interactive Video-Conferencing • 5th - Internet/Web – Computer Networks • Mainframes • Computer Based Instructions – Arrival of the Internet and Web-Based Education Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 10
  11. 11. Technologies and Media • Print • Audio and Video Media • Radio and Television • Teleconferencing • Computer and Web-based learning Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 11
  12. 12. Design and Development of Web- Based Courses • Authoring Tool – Tools for designing instructions – Example: Flash, Author ware and Director • Web Documents – Use of programming languages – Example: HTML, Java etc • Integrated Learning Systems – Blackboard or WebCT • Web Design Principles Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 12
  13. 13. Design and Development of Web- Based Courses • Lets view an example – http://oll.depaul.edu Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 13
  14. 14. Bibliography and Reference • Distance Education – A System View, 2nd edition by Micheal Moore and Grey Kearsley • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_education Zoaib Mirza Promote Education 14

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