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SA HIV Timeline
Socio-political context for the prolonged delay in initiating a phased
ART rollout in a country where 18% ...
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Abbreviated timeline of South Africa's response to HIV

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In my debut novel, The Heroine Next Door, I allude to the HIV/AIDS crisis. Possible reasons for the initial delayed response to the crisis are outlined in this infographic. The reinvigorated response, spurred by a national ART rollout campaign, is a matter of public record. Other challenges in optimally managing HIV/AIDS in resource-poor settings such as South Africa are described in my upcoming non-fiction book: HIV/TB/Diabetes resource kit (available on Amazon).

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Abbreviated timeline of South Africa's response to HIV

  1. 1. SA HIV Timeline Socio-political context for the prolonged delay in initiating a phased ART rollout in a country where 18% of the people are estimated to be HIV+ and the proportion of new infections ~16%, based on 2013 estimates (UNAIDS) 1984-1986 1987-1988 1989-1991 1992-1993 1995 1996-1997 1998 1999  Chris Hani, (28 June 1942 – 10 April 1993) , was a chief of staff of the ANC’s armed wing; *among South African adults Sources: Wikipedia; UNAIDS GAP report. 2014; Nackerdien Z: The Heroine Next Door (& references therein). 2015; van der Vliet V. AIDS: Losing "The New Struggle"? Daedalus. 2001;130(1):151-84. 2000 2001-2015 • 300 children killed; 1,000 wounded; 11,000 detained; 18,000 arrested • Country “ungovernable” We don’t need no education • R1 million • Sechaba, an ANC publication, questions African origin of virus • Some US academics refute the notion that HIV causes AIDS Paltry budget & mistrust • HIV prevalence* ~ 1.74% • “…we cannot afford to allow the AIDS epidemic to ruin the realization of our dreams” Hani’s speech & aftermath • Comprehensive draft of national AIDS strategy • Hani assassination • AIDS =“Afrikaner Intervention to Deprive us of Sex” Plans & bias • Sarafina II, a government- sponsored AIDS musical, fails • Cost ~ R14.2 million Campaign fails • AIDS plan falters • An industrial solvent, Virodene PO58, touted as anti-HIV drug Pseudo-science • “Ten minutes to save the Nation” speech ineffective • AIDS crisis summit • AZT use discontinued Talk & AZT • HIV prevalence*~22.4% • Western Cape province treats patients with AZT ↑HIV & ignoring AZT ban • Criticism of AIDS denialism gains momentum in SA • Mbeki withdraws from the public debate on HIV & AIDS Turning the tide • Law upheld for generic ART production in SA • R5 billion spent in 2012 on HIV mgmt. • Epidemic stabilized thanks to phased ART rollout Moving forward : $

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