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Philippinehistory 120211033202-phpapp02


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Philippinehistory 120211033202-phpapp02

  1. 1.  Portuguese and Dutch Threats  During the Spanish colonial period in the Philippines, the Filipinos dreamed to achieve independence from the harsh Spanish rule at that time.  The Filipinos began to fight the Spaniards the moment they settled permanently in 1565 and continued this resistance to the end of their rule in 1898.  The Philippine Revolt patterns must be treated holistically and not separately.
  2. 2.  General Gonzalo Pereira in 1566 & 1568 asked Legazpi to leave.  The Portuguese blockaded Cebu and bombarded the Spanish settlement (1570)  They failed to dislodged their rivals.  The incursions ceased only when Portugal became part of the Spanish Empire. (1580)
  3. 3.  They revolted against Spain and proclaimed independence in 1579. Spain refused to recognize Dutch independence.  Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 – led to the recognition of the Dutch independence.  1597– First Battle of Mariveles  1610- Second battle of Mariveles  1617- Battle of Playa Honda  1647- Dutch’s last attack against the Spanish. - They were finally driven off.
  4. 4. › Desire to regain the lost freedom of their ancestors › ( Political ) › Religious intolerance of Spanish authorities ( Religious ) › Abuses of the Spaniards ( Personal ) › The hated tribute and oppressive forced labor › Loss of ancestral lands
  5. 5. Revolts are categorized into three Personal Motives Political Motives Religious Motives
  6. 6. Uprising/ Revolt DATE PLACE CAUSE LEADER RESULT Lakandula 1574 Tondo, Navotas Failure of Gov. Lavezares to fulfill Legazpi’s promise to Lakandula Lakandula Failed Pampanga 1585 Pampanga Abuse of Spanish Encomien- deros Failed. A woman betrayed a revolt. Tondo 1587-1588 Tondo, Cuyo, Calamianes Desire for indepen- dence Magat Salamat, Agustin de Legazpi, Juan Banal & Pedro Balingit Failed a spy reported to Spanish authorities about the their plan. Leaders were executed.
  7. 7. Uprising/ Revolt DATE PLACE CAUSE LEADER RESULT Magalat 1596 Cagayan Abuses of the Tribute Collectors Failed ( Hired assassins killed the Magalat. ) Ladia 1643 Malolos, Bulacan and Southern Luzon Weariness from Spanish oppression Pedro Ladia Failed (leader was captured) Pangasinan / Malong 1660- 1661 Binalato- ngan, Pangasinan Quarrel between Fr. Gorospe and Malong Andres Malong and Pedro Gumpaos Failed
  8. 8. Uprising/ Revolt DATE PLACE CAUSE LEADER RESULT Visayan/ Sumuroy 1649- 1650 Eastern Visayas, Northern Mindanao, Zamboanga Caused by Gov. Fajardo’s order to send Visayan laborers to Cavite for shipbuilding Juan Ponce SumoUroy and Pedro Caamug Failed ( Leaders were captured and were beheaded. ) Pampanga 1585 Pampanga Abuses of Spanish Encomiender os Failed ( A woman betrayed the revolt. ) Cagayan- Ilocos 1589 Cagayan, Ilocos Norte Refusal to pay tributes, tyranny of tribute collectors Failed ( easily suppressed )
  9. 9. Uprising/ Revolt DATE PLACE CAUSE LEADER RESULT Igorot 1601 Northern Luzon Desire to maintain their old religion Failed Caraga 1629- 1631 Caraga, Northern Mindanao Dissatisfac-tion of townspeople to Spanish rule Failed Dagohoy 1744-1828 Bohol Refusal of Fr. Morales to give Dagohoy’s brother a Christian burial Silang 1762- 1763 Ilocos Desire to expel the Spaniards from Ilocos Diego silang and Gabriela Silang Failed ( Diego was assasinated )
  10. 10.  The Spaniards possessed superior weapons and were able to employ native volunteers and mercenary soldiers.  Lack of unity  Lukewarm spirit of nationalism among Filipinos  Inadequate training and preparation for warfare  The absence of a national leader
  11. 11. “MORO“ – name given by the Spanish to the Muslims of the South. Most united groups were the Muslims. Continuous military expeditions by the Spaniards failed to subdue them. They fought back by raiding the coastal towns under Spain. Moro Wars in the South is the longest, bloodiest, most frustrating attempt by the Spaniards to colonize the Southern Islands of Mindanao It remained unconquered & unconverted until the end of Spanish rule.
  12. 12.  Fierce resistance of the people of the mountain or the “taong bundok” PROCESS: Expensive and frustrating for the Spaniards but also very dangerous. Ancient beliefs and way of life are less exposed to the outside world which made them more resistant to the colonization whether Spanish or even later incursions of other colonizers.