697 Genocide Terrorism And Hate

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697 Genocide Terrorism And Hate

  1. 1. Genocide, Terrorism, and Hate Sternberg’s Theory of Hate
  2. 2. History of Genocide <ul><li>Long and illustrious, unfortunately. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60 of 80,000 Hereros killed by German Army in 1906 (Southwest Africa) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire’s virtual extermination of the Armenian population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1932-33 starvation of millions of Ukrainians by Joseph Stalin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1971 slaughter of 3 million Bangladeshis by Pakistani forces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>800,000 Hutus killed in Rwanda in late 1990’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current crisis in Sudan, final death toll unclear. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Theories of Hate <ul><li>Freud and the death instinct (Thanatos). </li></ul><ul><li>Evil: may be a component of all humans (see Jung). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The banality of evil – Eichmann was not a monster but rather a “normal” human. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The power of the situation (Milgram). </li></ul><ul><li>The role of evolution – aggression as a survival strategy. </li></ul><ul><li>The Moral Imperative – genocide is seen as a moral duty (e.g., ethnic cleansing). </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumental aggression – political control, land accumulation. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three Components of Hate <ul><li>(1) Negation of Intimacy: Repulsion and disgust. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek distance from target. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think of propaganda against Jews in Germany leading up to and during the Holocaust. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Three Components <ul><li>(2) Passion in hate: Anger/fear </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intense anger or fear in response to threat. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be a part of the fight or flight response. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(3) Decision/commitment to hate: Devaluation through contempt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Devalue group so that they become “less than human.” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Taxonomy of Hate <ul><li>Three components lead to seven different types of hate. </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Cool hate: Disgust (negation of intimacy alone). Hater wishes to have nothing to do with the target. They are garbage. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Hot hate: Anger/fear (passion alone). Hot, reactive violence. E.g., road rage, gang behavior and honor. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Taxonomy of Hate <ul><li>(3) Cold hate: Devaluation (decision/commitment alone). Thoughts of unworthiness directed to the other group. Referring to the Soviet Union as the Evil Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>(4) Boiling Hate: Revulsion (negation of intimacy + anger/fear, but without commitment). Target is inhuman and something must be done to reduce the threat but the target may change from time to time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, our shifting opinions of the Soviet Union before, during, and after WWII. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Taxonomy of Hate <ul><li>(5) Simmering Hate: Loathing. Negation of intimacy + devaluation and commitment. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No passion, just long simmering hate. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(6) Seething hate: Revilement. Anger/passion + Devaluation and commitment. Hatred directed at those who pose a threat (and always will). Militias demonstrate this variant. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Taxonomy <ul><li>Burning hate – need for annihilation. All three components. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hated targets are subhuman and will always be. Desire to eradicate them from planet. </li></ul></ul>

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