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Panparks missoula


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Panparks missoula

  1. 1. Soomaa NP © Arne Ader
  2. 2. Paanajärvi NP © Viktor Gritsuk CHALLENGES, EXAMPLES and many more, Payments for Ecosystem Services in Europe’s wilderness areas Zoltán Kun, Executive Director PAN Parks Foundation
  3. 3. Oulanka NP © Kimmo Salminen Presentation outline <ul><li>introduction to PAN Parks Foundation + personal intro </li></ul><ul><li>situation and tendencies in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>the European case of Ecosystem Services linked to wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>questions about how to go forward </li></ul><ul><li>ALL IMAGES from EUROPE </li></ul>
  4. 4. Wilderness is closer than you think ...
  5. 5. Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze „ ...about 1% of Europe’s territory ...can be called wilderness area” Ladislav Miko, EC DG Environment Wilderness is a scarce resource in Europe! W ilderness in Europe
  6. 6. Paanajärvi NP ©Viktor Gritsuk What is PAN Parks? PAN Parks works to protect Europe’s wilderness , the continent’s most undisturbed areas of natur e
  7. 7. ©iStock/Graeme Purdy <ul><li>237 000 ha of wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness momentum </li></ul><ul><li>European Parliament’s special report on wilderness </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission- ‘Agenda for Wilderness’ </li></ul><ul><li>Wilderness in Biodiversity Strategy </li></ul>W hat we have achieved so far
  8. 8. Network of certified PAN Parks
  9. 9. Archipelago NP © Seppo Keränen The Million Project To e nsure guaranteed protection of 1 million hectares of wilderness in Europe by 2015
  10. 10. W hat is w ilderness? <ul><li>nature is left to develop on its own </li></ul><ul><li>native species, animals roam free </li></ul><ul><li>no human intervention </li></ul>Oulanka NP ©Hannu Hautala
  11. 11. Fulufjallet NP © Vitantonio Dell’Orto What is PAN Parks Wilderness? <ul><li>NO extractive use </li></ul><ul><li>such as </li></ul><ul><li>hunting </li></ul><ul><li>fishing </li></ul><ul><li>mining </li></ul><ul><li>l ogging </li></ul><ul><li>grazing </li></ul><ul><li>grass cutting </li></ul><ul><li>road and building construction </li></ul><ul><li>is allowed in PAN Parks wilderness </li></ul>
  12. 12. W hat is PAN Parks Wilderness? ...but v isitors have the opportunity to enjoy PAN Parks Wilderness! Paanajärvi NP ©Minna Koramo
  13. 14. Peneda-Geres NP © Marcos Veiga Europe’s perceptive wilderness
  14. 15. Archipelago NP © Janne Gröning European tendencies <ul><li>Threats and Opportunities exist parallel </li></ul><ul><li>wilderness comes up on the agenda (catch phrase?) </li></ul><ul><li>land abandonment provides opportunity to restore </li></ul><ul><li>wilderness disappears </li></ul><ul><li>restoration is more attractive than protection of existing areas! </li></ul>
  15. 16. European Wilderness Research Agenda initiated by PAN Parks
  16. 17. Central Balkan NP © Evgeni Diniev Research database <ul><li>Setting up a searchable, public Wilderness Resource Bank (analogy to Aldo Leopold Wilderness Research Institute website) </li></ul><ul><li>top 3: PA management, ecosystems, species conservation </li></ul><ul><li>down 3: climate change, ecosystem services, financing wilderness protection </li></ul>
  17. 18. Payments for Ecosystem Services Majella NP ©MNP <ul><li>TEEB report </li></ul><ul><li>introduces the PES term </li></ul><ul><li>PES can be an opportunity to raise additional resources and explain the real values of wilderness beyond biodiversity </li></ul>
  18. 19. Archipelago NP © Heidi Arponen Challenge 1 <ul><li>How the definition of wilderness applies to the case of indigenous / local needs (is it an excuse in Europe?) </li></ul><ul><li>Example 1: Nordic countries </li></ul><ul><li>Example 2: Peneda-Geres, Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Example 3: Retezat, Romania </li></ul>
  19. 20. Paanajärvi NP © PNP Archives Challenge 2 We are still in a stage in Europe when we need to explain the biodiversity benefits of wilderness
  20. 21. Hunter/ Gatherers Pre-1900 Utilitarian Natural Regulation Ecological Integrity 1900s-1950s 1950s-1990s Post 1990s PROTECTED AREA ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT PHILOSOPHY
  21. 22. Challenge 3 Majella NP © Bruno D’Amicis <ul><li>How to apply the PES under the current economic structure </li></ul><ul><li>Example of shorting on biodiversity loss! </li></ul>
  22. 23. Conflict between indirect (ecocentric) and direct (anthropocentric) interpretation of Ecosystem Services
  23. 24. Retezat NP © Mihai Moiceanu <ul><li>Based on our current definition </li></ul><ul><li>they are linked to non-use / existence / bequest values </li></ul><ul><li>re: challenge with the definition! How much are we willing to make a compromise? </li></ul>Classification of Ecosystem Services
  24. 25. Retezat NP © Mihai Moiceanu Challenge 4 <ul><li>Plenty of examples in Europe linked to direct use values but significant lack of role models for paying for indirect or non-extrective values </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: 1. economic valuation of Tatra and Slovensky raj National Parks 2. our Tourism Model </li></ul>
  25. 26. © Gunther Desmedt
  26. 27. © Eki Ollila
  27. 28. Climate Change and Resource Efficiency © Basecamp Oulanka
  28. 29. A short introduction… <ul><li>PAN Village is founded as an initiative from WWF and Molecaten. </li></ul><ul><li>Mission: </li></ul><ul><li>Creating a balance between wilderness conservation and tourism in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Offering tourist accommodations and nature activities in or close to wilderness areas </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulating local economy </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting the PAN Parks Foundation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(joint) promotion of wilderness areas in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>financial support for wilderness conservation </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. <ul><li>We need to test and apply various valuation tools </li></ul><ul><li>assessing trade-offs between competing uses of ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>restoration vs cost of in-action </li></ul><ul><li>transboundary services </li></ul>Central Balkan NP ©CBNP Challenge 5
  30. 31. <ul><li>Biodiversity haven and beyond.... </li></ul><ul><li>good examples are needed for biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li> benefits </li></ul><ul><li>...economic benefits </li></ul>Oulanka NP ©Michael Hennemann Defining the role of wilderness
  31. 32. Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze <ul><li>Looking for good examples </li></ul><ul><li>social benefits: youth at risk projects </li></ul><ul><li>economic benefits: failure to mobilise the corporate sector </li></ul><ul><li>tax pressure in Europe! </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Nokia in Finland </li></ul><ul><li>Example: pasta factory in Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Sofia vs Rila NP </li></ul>Challenge 6 (re. challenge 2 biodiversity)
  32. 33. Challenge 7 Retezat NP ©iStock/Falk Kienas <ul><li>mainstreaming ecosystem accounting in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>corporate projects to enhance biodiversity protection (how relevant they are for wilderness?) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Audi in Györ </li></ul>
  33. 34. Challenge 8 Borjomi-Kharagauli NP © Kote Gabrichidze Promoting good European examples as role models (after finding them)!
  34. 35. Oulanka NP © Kimmo Salminen Case studies <ul><li>A study to be finalised by 15 December </li></ul><ul><li>PAN Parks Tourism Model </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>Flood mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon market </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity market </li></ul>
  35. 36. Retezat NP ©iStock/Falk Kienas Oulanka NP ©Hannu Hautala Communication <ul><li>More understanding is needed in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>different target groups (youth!) </li></ul><ul><li>evidences needed </li></ul>
  36. 37. Rila NP © Nicolas Cegalerba How to communicate?
  37. 38. Whom to talk to?
  38. 39. How people interact with nature? Wilderness helps to re-establish the lost relation
  39. 40. Show (and not tell) a story!
  40. 41. PAN Parks works to protect Europe’s wilderness, the continent’s most undisturbed areas of nature [email_address]
  41. 42. Be part of it!...