130423 bioeuparks berlin 23042013_nei


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130423 bioeuparks berlin 23042013_nei

  1. 1. RED REQUIREMENTS FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOLIQUIDSSustainability CriteriaBerlin23.04.2013Christoph Neitzelnachwachsende-rohstoffe.de
  2. 2. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Contents• Introduction• Renewable Energy Directive• Sustainability Criteria• Monitoring, Reporting and Verification• Certification Systems• Mass Balance Method• “Recent” developments• Conclusions23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 2
  3. 3. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Sustainability• Forestry Sector since 300 yrs− Hans Carl von Carlowitz,German tax accountant andmining administrator in Freiberg,Saxony− Scarcity of timber due tointensive mining activities− Sylvicultura oeconomica in 171323.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 3• EU-Strategy on SD− “Sustainable Developmentstands for meeting the needs ofpresent generations withoutjeopardizing the ability offutures generations to meettheir own needs.”Source: AFZ, 1952
  4. 4. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC• The RED sets binding targets (in 2020):− 20% target renewable sources in final consumption(Art.3(1)) National targets (Annex I Part A): AT 34%, GR 18%, HU13%, IT 17%, SI 25% Progress (EUROSTAT, 2010): AT 30%, GR 9%, HU 9%,IT 10%, SI 20%− 10% target renewable sources in transport (Art.3(4))• Requires National Renewable Energy Action Plans(NREAPs) (Art.4)− Deadline for Member States (MSs) notification June, 30th2010 (Art.4(2))− National targets for renewable energy shares intransport, electricity, heating and cooling− Biofuels & bioliquids not fulfilling Sustainability Criteriaare excluded23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 4Note: values represent % and are rounded forprogress AT GR HU IT SITargets (Annex I Part A) 34 18 13 17 25Progress (EUROSTAT, 2010) 30 9 9 10 20
  5. 5. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Sustainability criteria in RED• Sustainability criteria for biofuels & bioliquids(Art.17)− Four main criteria (Art.17(2-6))− Importance of compliance, irrespective of whether theraw materials were cultivated inside or outside the EU,in order to be taken into account for: Fulfilling national/EU targets for renewable energy Fulfilling EU targets for reduced unit emissions from roadtransport fuels Eligibility for the main types of government support Eligibility for investment and operating aid under theenvironmental state aid guidelines23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 5
  6. 6. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. 23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 6Criterion 1: Greenhouse gas (GHG) savings• Minimum rate of GHG savings (Art. 17(2))− 35% immediately− 50% in 2017− 60% in 2018 (new installations only, on/after 2017)• Rules for the calculation of GHG savings (Art.19)− Default values provided− “Actual” values according to calculation method− Impact of actual land-use change in the productionchain must be taken into account
  7. 7. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. 23.04.2014RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 7Criterion 2: Biodiversity• No raw material from land with high biodiversityvalue (Art.17(3)):− Three broad land categories in/after 2008: Undisturbed “Primary forest and other wooded land“:• No human activity• Intact ecological processes ”Areas designated“:• Nature protection by law or competent authority• Protection of rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems, orspecies recognised by international agreements, or IUCN• Exception: unless evidence is provided about compatibility “Highly biodiverse grassland”:• Natural: remain in the absence of human activity• Non-natural: require human activity, species-rich and notdegraded; exception: unless evidence is provided aboutcompatibility
  8. 8. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Criterion 3: High carbon stock• No raw material from land with high carbon stock(Art.17(4-5)):− Three broad land categories in 2008, but no longer: “Wetlands“: covered/saturated permanently/mainly “Continuously forested areas”: area >1ha, height >5m,canopy cover >30%; or ability to reach those thresholds Open “forested areas”: area >1ha, height >5m, canopycover 10-30%; or ability to reach those thresholds;exception: unless evidence is provided about Criterion 1(Art.17(2)) Exception: unless at the time of harvest the statuscorresponds to 2008− One land category in 2008 “Peatland”: exception: unless cultivation/harvesting doesnot involve drainage of previously undrained soil23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 8
  9. 9. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Criterion 4: Cross compliance• Agricultural raw material cultivated (only) in theEU must also meet the EU agricultural crosscompliance rules applied under the EU CommonAgricultural Policy (EC No 73/2009) (Art.17(6)):− Requirements & standards (Annex II, part A, point 9);e.g. plant protection products− Minimum requirements (Art.6(1)); good agricultural andenvironmental conditions23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 9
  10. 10. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV)• MRV activities take place at three levels:− Economic Operators  MSs  The Commission• Economic Operators (Art.18):− Show fulfilment of the sustainability criteria (Art.18(1))− Track consignments with the mass balance method(Art.18(1))− Independent audit evaluate and verify provided information(Art.18(3)) MSs are primarily responsible for verification (Art.18(3)) The Commission recognises certification schemes orinternational agreements which comply with the criteria(Art.18(4)), and MSs must accept the evidence these schemesprovide (Art.18(7))• MSs (Art.22):− Report (in addition) every two years on, e.g., changes incommodity prices and land use• The Commission (Art.17(7),23)− Reports (in addition) every two years on, e.g., impact onsocial sustainability23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 10
  11. 11. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Certification schemes• 13 recognised schemes by the EC (April, 2013)• Examples of voluntary schemes:23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 11Netherlands Technical AgreementRoundtable of Sustainable Biofuels EU REDRound Table on Responsible Soy EU REDRoundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil RED
  12. 12. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Example: International Sustainability and CarbonCertification (ISCC), recognised since July, 2011• ISCC transforms the requirements of the EUDirective into a global certification system23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 12Source: ISCC, 2010
  13. 13. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.• Mixing of certified and non-certified product flows• % product sold as sustainable certified = %sustainable certified material entering the processMass Balance Method23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 13Source: ISCC, 2011
  14. 14. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.“Recent” Developments• Commission Proposal (COM(2012)595) tominimize the climate impacts of biofuel production(Oct/2012):− Suggests to limit conventional biofuels (with risk ofILUC) currently attainable for fulfilment of EU targets− Suggests to increase the minimum GHG savingthreshold for new (after July 2014) installations to 60%− Suggests to provide market incentives (contribute moreto RED targets) for biofuels with low ILUC emissions− Suggests the inclusion of indirect land-use change(ILUC) factors in reporting by fuel suppliers and MSs23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 14
  15. 15. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Conclusions• Sustainability criteria are a fundamental aspect forthe development of supply chains from renewableresources− Liquid biomass available (RED 2009/28/EC)− Solid biomass coming?• Certification systems are able to verify compliance23.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 15
  16. 16. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V.Thank you for your attention!Contact: Christoph Neitzelc.neitzel@fnr.de+49-3843-6930-17723.04.2013RED requirements for biofuels and bioliquids Seite: 16