Private spherepublicprivatenca

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Private spherepublicprivatenca

  1. 1. Contemporary  Democracies,  Convergence  and  Civic  Engagement   Zizi  Papacharissi,  PhD   Professor  and  Head   Communication,  U  of  Illinois-­‐Chicago  
  2. 2.   The  mythology  of  the  new     Technology  and  space     Public  and  private            fantasies  of  control  and  autonomy   A control is not a discipline. In making highways, for example, you don’t enclose people but instead multiply the means of control. I am not saying that this is the highway’s exclusive purpose, but that people can drive infinitely and ‘freely’ without being confined yet while still being perfectly controlled. This is our future. (Deleuze, 1998, p. 18)
  3. 3.   Nostalgia  for  past  forms  of  civic  engagement     Limitations  to  civic  involvement  presented  by  the   representative  democracy  model     Aggregation  of  public  opinion     Declining  civic  participation  through  formal   channels  of  political  involvement     A  cynical  public  
  4. 4. Parliament  of  Reality  at  night  -­‐  Image  provided  courtesy  Studio  Olafur  Eliasson    
  5. 5.   Developing  across  spaces  publicly  private  and   privately  public     Resting  upon  convergent  media,  spaces  and   practices     Suggesting  newer  modes  of  citizenship     Reforming  metaphors  of  the  past     A  private  sphere  
  6. 6.   Private  expressions  of  citizenship     Retrofitting  old  habits  into  new  media     Hybrid  spaces  and  privée  sociality     Retreating  to  private  space  to  go   public     Private  and  self-­‐enclosed  individuals,   mobile  privatization     Personal  fantasies  of  autonomy,   expression  and  control     Alone,  connected  
  7. 7.   Historically  sensitive     Expresses  economic,  social,  cultural,  political   balances  and  imbalances  of  power   Examples:     Public  life,  private  life  and  democracy  in  Ancient  Greece     Gender  relations  and  the  domestic  sphere     Religion  and  public  vs.  private     Denotes  visibility  and  collectivity    
  8. 8.   At  present:     The  privatization  of  public  space  and  the  return  to   the  home  as  political  space     Privacy  as  commodity     A  trichotomy:  The  social   ▪  A  convergence  of  public  and  private,  augmented  by  the   affordances  of  technologies  of  convergence  
  9. 9.   Public  space,  not  Public  Sphere     Access     Reciprocity     Commercialization     On  the  importance  of  public  space  for  change   ‘Change life!’ ‘Change society!’ These precepts mean nothing without the production of an appropriate space . . . new social relationships call for a new space, and vice versa. – Lefebvre (1974/1991, p. 59)
  10. 10. Reflective  of  a  Private  Sphere  at  Work   1. The networked self and the culture of remote connectivity 2. A New Narcissism: Blogging 3. The Rebirth of Satire and Subversion: YouTube 4. Social Media News Aggregators and the Plurality of Collaborative Filtering 5. The Agonistic Pluralism of Online Activism
  11. 11.   The  self-­‐reflective  activity  of  an  autonomous  society   depends  essentially  upon  the  self-­‐reflective  activity  of   the  humans  who  form  that  society”  (Castoriadis,  2007   (trans.)  p.  151).       Narcissism,  in  moderation     Atomization  of  political  expression  and  pluralization  of   political  agenda     Deinstitutionalize  political  power,  make  democracy   more  porous,  blogging  an  act  of  dissent,  a  political  act,   not  journalism  
  12. 12.   Architectures  of  distance  and  proximity   enable  private  spheres  of  sociality     Social  network  sites  and  the  plurality  of   activities    they  afford:     Multiply  potential  audiences     Sustain  familiarity  of  private  and  enable  reach  of   public     Host  self-­‐performances  on  hybrid  spaces  that   serve  the  values  of  autonomy,  expression,  control  
  13. 13.   Blogging  provides  the  pulpit,  YouTube  the   irreverence  and  humor  democracy  needs     Expands  the  spectrum  of  political  activity     Enables  direct  communication  within   representative  system  
  14. 14.   Traditional  habits  of  passive  spectatorship   attain  political  weight     The  act  of  reading  (returns  as)  a  political  act     The  wisdom  of  the  collaborative  hive  mind  
  15. 15.   Fluidly  exercized  activism     Citizen  chooses  from  activism  menu,  to   engage  in  activities  of  variable  duration,   involvement,  impact     Micro-­‐agonism  at  work-­‐  is  that  bad?  
  16. 16.   Autonomy,  expression,  control     Defined  by  a  plasticity  of  public  and  private   boundaries     Political  and  other  expression  emanates   within  this  civic,  privée,  and  networked   cocoon     Emphasis  on  connection  over  struggle     All  develop  within  private  terrains     The  private  sphere,  as  metaphor,  describes   and  explains  the  mechanisms  for  civic   connections  in  contemporary  democracies.  

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