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Complete Guide to the IELTS Listening Test.pptx

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LISTENING GUIDE

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Complete Guide to the IELTS
Listening Test
BY ZARISH KHAN
An Overview
 The IELTS listening exam is the same for both the general and academic
IELTS tests. It requires no specialist knowledge in order to pass, and is a
good test of your overall English ability. Sections one and two are in a
social context but the third and fourth sections are usually located in an
educational facility, and have an academic context. I shall explain more
about this, in detail, later.
Purpose of the IELTS Listening Exam
 The purpose of the IELTS listening exam is to test your ability to do the following:
• understand main ideas
• follow logical arguments
• find specific information (i.e numbers, addresses)
• recognize opinions or attitudes
 Importantly, you will only have one chance to hear the recording and choose a correct answer.
TIMING
 You will listen to approximately thirty minutes of recordings, including time for
reading the questions. The instructions are clear, and you will be told “you now
have x minutes” to check your answers or read the next set of questions. At the end of
this time, you have ten minutes to transfer your answers from the question paper to
the answer paper, which looks like this:
 You will be given some time to read the questions prior to actually listening to the
recording. You should note your answers on the question paper, and then transfer
them during the final ten minutes to the answer sheet. Copy the answers carefully,
paying attention to spelling. Make sure that you enter the right answer for the right
question number.
 Hint: Use your time wisely. When you are given time before a new section starts, don’t
check answers from the previous section. Instead, read ahead and predict the sort of
material you will hear next. For example, if there is a $ before the blank space, you
will be listening for a number. Think about themes and content, as well as the specific
answers you should listen for. You can use the time at the end to check spelling and
review your answers.
STRUCTURE
 There are four sections to the exam, and each is little
more difficult than the one before it. This means that
the first section is the easiest and the last is the most
difficult.
 The first thing that you will hear is a set of instructions
and an example answer, which is also marked on your
question paper. After that, you will soon begin section
one.
TYPES OF QUESTIONS IN IELTS LISTENING
TEST
• Matching
• Multiple choice
• Note completion
• Form completion
• Table completion
• Sentence completion
• Summary completion
• Short answer questions
• Map & plan labelling
• Diagram & flowchart completion

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Complete Guide to the IELTS Listening Test.pptx

  • 1. Complete Guide to the IELTS Listening Test BY ZARISH KHAN
  • 2. An Overview  The IELTS listening exam is the same for both the general and academic IELTS tests. It requires no specialist knowledge in order to pass, and is a good test of your overall English ability. Sections one and two are in a social context but the third and fourth sections are usually located in an educational facility, and have an academic context. I shall explain more about this, in detail, later.
  • 3. Purpose of the IELTS Listening Exam  The purpose of the IELTS listening exam is to test your ability to do the following: • understand main ideas • follow logical arguments • find specific information (i.e numbers, addresses) • recognize opinions or attitudes  Importantly, you will only have one chance to hear the recording and choose a correct answer.
  • 4. TIMING  You will listen to approximately thirty minutes of recordings, including time for reading the questions. The instructions are clear, and you will be told “you now have x minutes” to check your answers or read the next set of questions. At the end of this time, you have ten minutes to transfer your answers from the question paper to the answer paper, which looks like this:  You will be given some time to read the questions prior to actually listening to the recording. You should note your answers on the question paper, and then transfer them during the final ten minutes to the answer sheet. Copy the answers carefully, paying attention to spelling. Make sure that you enter the right answer for the right question number.  Hint: Use your time wisely. When you are given time before a new section starts, don’t check answers from the previous section. Instead, read ahead and predict the sort of material you will hear next. For example, if there is a $ before the blank space, you will be listening for a number. Think about themes and content, as well as the specific answers you should listen for. You can use the time at the end to check spelling and review your answers.
  • 5. STRUCTURE  There are four sections to the exam, and each is little more difficult than the one before it. This means that the first section is the easiest and the last is the most difficult.  The first thing that you will hear is a set of instructions and an example answer, which is also marked on your question paper. After that, you will soon begin section one.
  • 6. TYPES OF QUESTIONS IN IELTS LISTENING TEST • Matching • Multiple choice • Note completion • Form completion • Table completion • Sentence completion • Summary completion • Short answer questions • Map & plan labelling • Diagram & flowchart completion
  • 7. Follow Instructions  Ensure sure to read the instructions given in the section carefully. Do you need to write one word, two words, or a number? Remember, the listening test is not just checking your listening skills but also your ability to comprehend. When you transfer the answers into the answer sheet, make sure you have double-checked the instructions for each section and followed them. A fundamentally correct answer not meeting the word count (mentioned in the instructions) will be marked incorrect.
  • 8. Read the question carefully  Before you hear the audio, you will get some time to read the questions. Ensure that you use the time to read the questions and decide what exactly you need to listen for in the audio. There are approximately 10 different types of questions ranging from sentence completion, true-false-not given, matching headings, etc., while some are tougher than the others. Once you identify the questions in which you need extra practice, you could focus your preparation accordingly.
  • 9. Listen for the gist and specific information  The listening test aims to test your ability to use various listening sub-skills such as listening for gist, specific information, details, or inferring meaning. For example, the first two sections, where there are two and then one person speaking in a social setting, are usually aimed at checking the ability to listen for specific information. It could be a phone number, part of an address, or the price of an item. Understanding the gist or the general idea behind a speaker’s words is trickier. Here you need to pick up the cues from the voice tone, intonation and generally learn to listen between the lines. Practicing these two skills with preparation materials as well as with live examples around you will be very useful.
  • 10. Listen for synonyms and paraphrases  One way the IELTS listening test assesses the candidate's English level is through the use of synonyms in the listening test. For example, the speaker may say, ‘there was a riot’ in the audio, and in the question, the synonym ‘rampage’ may be used. You should underline or note important words in the question that they need to listen for and be ready to hear the synonyms or even paraphrased sentences used in place of that word.
  • 11. Pick up on distraction cues  Imagine a conversation at a market, “I’ll take the blue one. oh! Wait a minute, maybe the yellow…Umm come to think of it, I look terrible in that colour, blue it is!” This is a distraction. Most questions will require you to listen carefully to decipher what the speaker is actually saying. They may start off by saying something and then change their answer later. Pay special attention to these and don’t get distracted.
  • 12. Accents  During the test, you will be listening to speakers from various English-speaking countries such as the United Kingdom, USA, New Zealand, etc. The United Kingdom itself has numerous accents across different regions. While you prepare and attempt the mock tests, note the accents you find more difficult. Once identified, it will be useful to focus on listening to this accent on podcasts, live news or even follow a popular artist!
  • 13. Focus  The test gets tougher with each section. The speed of speech increases at a rapid rate during the last 2 sections. Here the speaker(s) are discussing topics of an academic nature. You need to be alert and awake - for the entire test - but more so for these sections.
  • 14. SECTION 1  In this section, you will hear a conversation between two people.  The situation will be a normal, everyday social setting.  For example, a phone call to a travel agency or realtor.  You are typically expected to listen for specific details like the person’s name, address, and phone number. It may look like this:
  • 15. SECTION 2  Next is a monologue, which means just one person speaks. This is again a social setting and typical examples include someone giving details about services, arrangements, or facilities.
  • 16. SECTION 3  In section 3, you will hear a conversation between two or more people talking about something related to education – maybe a college assignment or a post-lecture discussion. There can be up to four people talking, and you will most likely have to track their attitudes and opinions. You should also be aware that you may need to record factual information as well.  Here is an example question: 
  • 17. SECTION 4  The final section is the most difficult one, and is a monologue set in an academic context. It may consist of a lecturer or other speaker giving an informative talk on a set topic. You will not need to know anything about the topic in advance in order to get the questions right. You will, however, need to gather factual information and identify attitudes and opinions.