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India smart city opportunity

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Zinnov Management Consulting takes a look at the potential for evolution of smart cities in the Indian geography trough the lens of critical parameters.

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India smart city opportunity

  1. 1. WORKING SESSION: RECRUITMENT BEST PRACTICES MAY 2014 100 Smart Cities in India : Taking a leap into the Future APRIL 2015
  2. 2. 2 By 2020, nearly 17% of total young population in the world will live in India 0.36 0.44 0.14 0.07 0.13 0.33 0.22 0.37 0.63 0.22 0.11 0.26 0.44 0.51 0.33 0.19 0.21 0.13 0.23 0.47 0.57 0.07 0.47 0.12 0.07 0.22 0.09 0.16 Africa Rest of Asia Latin America & Caribbean North America Europe India China 0-14 15-34 35-64 65 Years and above 1.81 2.24 2.25 0.53 1.69 2.56 2.1 1.2 2010 2020 6.83 Bn 7.55 Bn World Population: Breakup by Region in Billion (2020)
  3. 3. 3 Working population is the driving factor in growing urban population by more than 1.23 times by 2020 465 Million 20202014 377 Million 30% 35%Percent of Total Population Tremendous Growth in Urban Population of India >70%of country’s net GDP will be the contribution 40%to be the increase in urban disposable income 29average age, will have the largest youth workforce India’s Urbanization Opportunities by 2020
  4. 4. 4 Large scale urbanization is posing several problems which will be accelerated further Traffic Traffic congestion costs $10 Bn/year 3 Indian cities in the top 10 list of worst traffic conditions 1% of world’s cars in India amounts to 10% of world’s road accident deaths Power India loses $ 68Bn of its GDP due to electricity shortage India faces daily power outage of 30,000 MW Over 300 Mn citizens do not have access to electricity Water 40-50% water lost in the distribution system 22 of India's 32 big cities face water crisis 170 Mn people in urban areas have no access to safe water 1 doctor for every 1,700 people More than one in four newborn deaths occur in India Healthcare Only ~5% of Indians are covered by health insurance policies
  5. 5. 5 Smart City Attributes Government is trying to address these problems by investing in smart city initiatives Ministry of Urban Development under Central Government is the governing body for all smart city related work Smart Environment Smart Transportation SmartEnergy SmartHealth SmartEducation SmartBuildings Smart IT & Communication Smart Governance $165 Mn Central funding required per smart city over next 10 years, as estimated by the Government $350 Mn Budget set aside for smart cities in 2015-16, down from $ 1.2 Bn last year (2014-15) 13% Government spent on smart cities of the total budget allocated in 2014-15 Government Investments PPP Model to be followed by Government for the development of Smart Cities PPP Model About 80-85 per cent of the project cost will be borne by the private sector
  6. 6. 6 Smart concepts are been implemented across pan India Smart Environment Mumbai Palava Smart City to reuse ~80% of household and city waste Note: 1Takshila School, GT Aloha Vidya Mandir, Vidhya Sagar Global School, and SJT Surana Jain Vidyalaya & Junior College are private schools located in tier 2 cities and suburbs in Tamil Nadu; 2Electronics City Industries Association; 3Internet of Things Smart Governance Bhopal Bhopal Municipal Corporation partnered with SAP to automate public service offerings Smart Energy Ghaziabad Wave City installed light detectors to trigger street lights automatically Smart Health Chennai Sankara Nethralaya in collaboration with TCS has kept all electronic medical records Smart Education Tamil Nadu 4 schools1 using Windows tablet than can use NCERT application with cloud storage abilities Smart Transportation Visakhapatnam Setting up surveillance sensor cameras at 94 junctions to regulate traffic in the city Smart IT & Communication Bangalore Cisco has partnered with ELCIA2 to establish an IoT3 innovation hub Smart Building Gujarat GIFT smart city will monitor building functions such as lighting, heating, unit failures etc.
  7. 7. 7 Government will reap long term benefits by investing in smart cities Revenue Generation Building of smart cities with investor friendly policies of 100% FDI and easy norms will increase FDI investments Attract huge FDI Rise in tourism, expansion of industries/ corporates will lead to higher GDP contribution from smart cities. Example- Sagarmala project having at least 12 smart cities can lift India’s GDP growth by 2% Higher GDP Sustainability Smart education through distance learning will help in increasing the reach of education Wide-spread Education 10-15% rise in employment due to Smart Cities projects. More jobs to be created in the fields of IT professionals, data analytics, consulting, system integration, IoT1 Higher Employment Smart Environment, health, transportation, waste management and energy will contribute to better livings Sustainable Development Cost Saving Reduce cost including transportation, energy, water, security etc. by introducing smarter concepts. Example- Schneider Electric smart solutions results in: • 40% lower energy consumption due to LED-type signal lights • 15% reduction of water losses Technological Innovation Note: 1Internet of Things
  8. 8. 8 Population would be one of the key criteria to select 100 smart cities At least 2 Smart cities in majority of 29 states State Capitals, Heritage cities and cities nearby to metros will be preferred to be become smart cities Parameters like Urban Reforms, Revenue Collection, Sanitation Levels, Capacity of municipal bodies to select cities States with bigger urban population to have more smart cities such as Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Gujarat 10020Identifying Smart Cities 40 2015 40 2016 2017Year Cities State Governments to be consulted on cities eligible for participating and are responsible for some portion of funding, proposals, identifying cities within the state and taking initiatives Selection Criteria for Identifying Smart Cities Cities with Population >1 Mn will be the potential smart cities
  9. 9. 9 Potential list of 100 smart cities identified by Zinnov Cities (5 Mn+ population) Ahmedabad Hyderabad Bangalore Kolkata Chennai Mumbai Delhi Pune Cities (1 - 5 Mn+ population) Agra Coimbatore Jaipur Kozhikode Raipur Thrissur Allahabad Dhanbad Jamshedpur Lucknow Rajkot Tiruchirappalli Amritsar Faridabad Jodhpur Ludhiana Ranchi Vadodara Asansol Gwalior Kanpur Madurai Srinagar Varanasi Bhilai Haridwar Kochi Nagpur Surat Vijayawada Bhopal Indore Kollam Nashik Thane Visakhapatnam Chandigarh Jabalpur Kota Patna Thiruvananthapuram Agartala Cuttack Imphal Nellore Tumkur Aizawl Dehradun Itanagar Noida Udaipur Ajmer Dholera Jalandhar Panaji Ujjain Aurangabad Durgapur Jammu Port Blair Warangal Belgaum Faizabad Jhansi Puducherry Bhilai Gandhinagar Kohima Rourkela Bhubaneswar Gaya Kurnool Salem Bihar Sharif Guntur Malappuram Shillong Bikaner Gurgaon Mangalore Shimla Brahmapur Guwahati Mussorie Siliguri Burhanpur Haridwar Muzaffarpur Tirupati Cities (Less than 1 Mn+ population) Planned Smart Cities based on population 5 Mn+ 1 - 5 Mn <1 Mn 100 Identified Smart Cities in India North South East West Sources: Zinnov Analysis; Government Websites; Press Articles; 2011 Census Data
  10. 10. 10 Apart from the central/ state government which acts as a key bodies, various other entities are also working towards the development of smart cities Key Entities Tech Vendors Government owned bodies Industry Associations Real Estate Developers Foreign Countries External stakeholders are willing to invest in upcoming smart cities projects Building smart cities in a defined premise Taking initiatives to build platforms for pilot testing and encouraging/ inviting stakeholders to participate Partnering with government to execute smart city projects Integrators- Provides unified and integration of multiple components. E.g. IBM, Oracle, Accenture Network Service Providers: Offers collaborative networks and data analysis. E.g. Cisco, Verizon Product Vendors: Provides products that operate as main nodes of connectivity. E.g. Honeywell, Schenider Electric, Siemens Managed Service Providers: Provides monitoring, management and consulting. E.g. IBM, Infosys Type of vendors Government forms bodies such as Special Purpose Vehicle, local municipal corporations etc. to manage the implementation of smart city projects
  11. 11. 11 • Siemens plans to install intelligent transport management system in Delhi to monitor traffic situation • Schneider Electric has implemented a smart signaling project in Mumbai where it synchronized 250+ traffic signals • Wave city, situated in Ghaziabad is based on IBM Smart city concept using smart water management for efficient water usage • Cisco and IL&FS collaborated to utilize IoT to develop digital solutions for India's infrastructure and smart cities • Microsoft collaborated with Surat Municipal Corporation to implement E- governance solutions by using big data & internet • Vodafone is leveraging mobility platform to transform E- Governance to M- Governance Technology vendors are partnering with Government to assist the mission of smart cities Initiatives by Tech Vendors Delhi Mumbai Surat Pan India Pan India Ghaziabad Smart Transportation Smart Governance Smart IT & Communication Smart Environment Cities
  12. 12. 12 Infrastructure players are building private smart cities in India Palava Project Smart Initiatives Smart Governance Smart Environment Smart IT & Communication • 500 surveillance cameras captures real-time data and will support facial recognition for entry • Smart card given to all Palava citizens will allow cashless transactions at retail centers etc. Incorporated IBM's smarter city technology to integrate information from all operations into a single system Partnered with GE for treatment of waste water, to be re-used in flushing, landscaping, etc. Also, for automated water metering and billing Smart Transportation Efficient Parking, Traffic Management and Intelligent City Bus Service for Citizens Smart Health Utilizes telemedicine solution from CISCO, commissioned at Apollo Lavasa Hospital Lavasa Project Hindustan Construction Company Smart City Projects Real Estate Developers Mumbai Near Pune
  13. 13. 13 Various Government owned regional bodies are managing smart city projects Regional Government bodies/ Government undertakings / SPV1 Delhi Delhi Development Authority is building Delhi’s first flagship smart city project in East Delhi Haridwar SIIDCUL is implementing smart city based projects in Haridwar Bhubaneshwar Planning and Coordination department is overseeing the Smart City project in Bhubaneshwar Planning & Coordination Department Innovation Cell, Government of Odisha Across Cities DMICDC Trust was formed to oversee the Delhi Mumbai Corridor project which has plans to have 7 smart cities is headed by the Finance Secretary Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC) Delhi Development Authority Ahmedabad High tech city being constructed having infrastructure facilities like District Cooling System, Automated Waste Management System, Safety & Surveillance, Traffic management State Infrastructure & Industrial Development Corporation of Uttarakhand (SIIDCUL) Gujarat Urban Development Company Limited Smart city projects including multiple smart concepts Note: 1Special Purpose Vehicles; Request for Proposals
  14. 14. 14 Industry associations are taking initiatives to facilitate smart cities development Initiative Objective Policy Advocacy Thought Leadership Facilitator Under the agreement, the industry led consortia will lead the conceptualization and implementation of pilot projects in smart cities Hosted a consultation workshop on smart cities attended by various industry members presenting their perspective on the role of technology in smart cities and MoUD1 sharing the vision of smart cities Conducted the ‘Smart City India World Conference’ to provide a platform for discussion among key stakeholders to brainstorm on strategies and implementation plans of smart city projects Key Organizers Initiatives Details Note: 1Ministry of Urban Development
  15. 15. 15 Multiple foreign countries are looking forward to invest and participate in the development of smart cities in India Spain India, Spain to sign MoU to develop Delhi into smart city. Spanish agencies will provide technical support US India and the US agreed to develop Ajmer, Allahabad and Visakhapatnam as smart cities Japan India, Japan signed MoU to develop Varanasi into a smart city Germany Germany offering its assistance in developing three smart cities (names yet to be decided) 1 3 3 France France keen to invest in creation of smart cities in Nagpur and Himachal Pradesh in sectors like power and transport 2 1 Singapore Singapore building smart city in Andhra Pradesh India, 10 times bigger than itself along with providing training to officials of the state government 1 Number of smart cities
  16. 16. 16 Zinnov recommends strategies to Government to successfully fulfil the dream of “100 Smart Cities” in India Build Competency Benchmark with Best Practices Favourable Policies Allocate Appropriate Funds • Focus on building technological innovation capabilities- R&D centres, innovation hubs etc. • Provide training to people to develop the required skill set • Retrofit the existing technology as per the requirement • Study international smart cities developed in cities such as Hamburg, Seoul, Barcelona, Brazil etc. • Formulate investor friendly policies to attract investments • Lay down transparent partnership terms with foreign countries • Formulate local friendly policy to gain support in land acquisition etc. and encourage citizens participation • Allocate sufficient funds at centre/ state level for smart city initiatives
  17. 17. 17 Zinnov recommends strategies to Technology companies to tap the smart city opportunity in India Track upcoming smart city projects and identify suitable opportunity areas - Understand the required capabilities for a project - Build new capabilities and retrofit the existing ones Build a cross functional smart city specific team having all the capabilities to fulfil a project demand - Identify relevant partners by mapping synergies - Participate in relevant consortiums Work with state governments in designing plans and providing advisory services - Develop white papers showcasing upcoming technology in smart cities - Participate/ sponsor events and seminars Bring global expertise to India to fulfil the required capabilities of a project Solution Fitment Identify Potential Partners Build Dedicated Team Bring Global Capabilities Thought Leadership Identify Opportunity Areas Collaboration with State Governments
  18. 18. 18 Bangalore 69 "Prathiba Complex", 4th 'A' Cross, Koramangala 5th Block, Bangalore-560 095. Phone: +91-80-41127925/6 Singapore Level 42, Suntec Tower Three 8 Temasek Boulevard Singapore 038988 Phone:+65 6829 2123 Texas 21, Waterway Ave Suite 300 The Woodlands TX-77380 USA Phone:+1-281-362-2773 Beijing Meilifang Tower 4, Entrance 4, 10/F #1003, 11 Beiyuan Shuangying Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing China 100012 Thank You Gurgaon Office: First Floor, Plot no. 131, Sector 44, Gurgaon-122002, Phone: +91 124 4420100 California Office 3080 Olcott Street Suite A125, Santa Clara, CA 95054 Phone: +408-716-8432

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