Internet & Social Life Zineb Boukili

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2 lectures intéressantes sur Internet et son impact sur notre vie sociale.

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Internet & Social Life Zineb Boukili

  1. 1. http://mrk1000.fsa.ulaval.ca/sio6002/reading s/Bargh-2004.pdf Written By : John A. Bargh and Katelyn Y. A. McKenna. Prepared by : Zineb Boukili 1
  2. 2.  Internet is an important tool of interpersonal communication, that increases connectivity.  It allows to connect people, despite great distances and to reach a mass audience.  But, it is criticized because of the anonymity it offers to its users, which hides pornography, crime, prostitution, pedophilia and others vices of the society.  The impact of internet on our social life: It is an impoverished and sterile form of social exchange: Individual impact : Break up home life and causes loneliness and exclusion of its users. Relation with others : Weakens the community links. 2
  3. 3.  Internet has not a face-to-face use: The absence of non verbal communication (tone of voice, facial expressions…) and interpersonal features (physical attractiveness) affects the social interaction.  Effects on the Workplace :  E-mail increases aggressive and hostile exchanges between communication partners and reduces the usual inhibitions that operate when interacting with one’s superiors.  E-mail is considered as useful as face-to-face interactions for getting work done and building school-related relationships 3
  4. 4.  Effects on Personal (Close) Relationships  Effects of Internet use on existing relationships:  Internet’s use leads to negative outcomes for the individual user: increases in depression and loneliness, and neglect of existing close relationships.  Internet allows people to keep in touch with family and friends and, in many cases, extends their social networks.  Relationship formation on the Internet:  On-line relationships are highly similar to those developed in personally  People are more able to express their “true” selves.  Tendencies to idealize partners cause disappointment in reality.  Anonymity of Internet facilitates relationship formation. 4
  5. 5.  Wide variety of special interest newsgroups available.  Virtual groups can be fertile territory for the formation of friendships and even close relationships because of interests and values sharing.  People with stigmatized identities (homosexuality or fringe political beliefs, ethnic minority) are motivated to participate in Internet groups devoted to that identity because of the relative anonymity, safety and social support they can have through them. 5
  6. 6.  People trust in Internet for purchasing and communicating their feelings and dreams.  Trust turns out even to moderate differences in the rate of Internet adoption across countries.  Spam (half of all e-mail traffic) is a real threat to the social life of Internet, it threatens to undermine that important sense of trust for many people. Internet has unique, even transformational qualities as a communication channel, including relative anonymity and the ability to ease link with other people who have similar interests, values, and beliefs. 6
  7. 7. http://faculty.washington.edu/thurlow/com4 82/tyler%282002%29.pdf Written By : Tom R. Tyler 7
  8. 8.  Internet has created a new way of doing old things, rather than being a technology that changes people way of life.  Electronic communication may lead to weaker social ties.  The impact of Internet is likely to remove the elements of reactions that is keyed to specific others.  Anxious people use Internet to deal with specific social deficits and they incorporate its into complex interaction sequences . 8
  9. 9.  People change their use of technology to facilitate their creation of desired social and psychological reality.  Difficulty to negotiate : There are many problems when strangers negotiate with each others electronically ( biases communication, temporal synchrony) .  Internet as a social equalizer: People use Internet to compensate their weaknesses (relative anonymity).  Internet is a way of hiding from real life, anxious people use it as a mean of creating close and meaningful relationships with others. 9
  10. 10.  Equalization of access to resources and information via Internet: It gives people in remote areas access to their community, thus reducing inequalities.  People can be involved in discussions and can influence others ( minimize the impact of geography).  Internet as a facilitator of pathology: Internet provides access, affordability and anonymity. These factors contribute to the development of pathological control problems.  The expression of taboo perspective: The anonymous and impersonal elements of Internet communication encourage people, who have some taboo aspect in their identity , to live a secret life. 10

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