Animal testing pp


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Animal testing pp

  1. 1. Animal Testing Is Animal Experimentation Considered Inhumane? zina jassim ESL 106
  2. 2. What is Animal Testing <ul><li>Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research, and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments, particularly model organisms such as cows, fruit flies, zebrafish, and mice. ... </li></ul>
  3. 3. History/Background of animal testing <ul><li>In 1817, Russian zoologist Christian Pander discovers there are three steps in the development of embryos, and this lead to the same discovery in human embryos (Sherry). In 1912, French surgeon Alex Carrel used dogs to study how to rejoin severed nerves. This was the first step in organ’s transplantation (Clayman). </li></ul>
  4. 4. History of animal research <ul><li>71 of the noble prizes for medicines won in the last few years are awarded to scientists who used animals in their research. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples: <ul><li>The strongest example that supports animal testing is the discovery of the polio vaccine. This vaccine was first injected in mice and then into monkeys. (“History of Animal “) </li></ul><ul><li>The most significant contribution that supports animal experimentation is with insulin. Insulin has been able to control diabetes due to testing on dogs and fish (“Insulin Basics.” ). </li></ul>
  6. 6. The other side <ul><li>People who are against animal testing state that animals suffer and die due to the use of cruel chemicals, drugs, and medical training exercises that are considered to be unethical behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>But the other side of this controversy topic has not yet provided any proof or reasonable fact of what the alternative would be </li></ul>
  7. 7. Conclusion: <ul><li>Testing on animals helps find treatments to difficult and dangerous diseases, discovers the side effects, and establishes the toxicity of some medications. Life would be hard, if the scientific researchers stopped all proceedings on animal testing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Works Cited: <ul><li>Clayman, M.D., Charles B. ed. &quot;Small Pox.&quot; medical encyclopedia </li></ul><ul><li>The American medical association home. , new York, 1994. Web. May 7, 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>“ History of Animals.” “N.P.” ”n.d.”. Web. May 7, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Insulin Basics.” American Diabetes Association “.N.P.”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 29, 2010. Web. May 7, 2011. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prater, Alicia.“ Should animals be used for experimentations?” </li></ul><ul><li>N.P.” Nov. 09, 2007. Web. May 9, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Sherry, Clifford J. ”Animal rights.” Contemporary, World Issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Santa Barbra, Ca1994. Web. May 7, 2011. </li></ul>