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How to avoid a web 3.0 babele transclusions and folksonomies in a content-addressed and block-chained world

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Web 3.0 decentralised apps and services are igniting the third revolution of the web. Will we be able to avoid the mistakes of the previous Web revolutions and finally make the internet what visionaries like Vannevar Bush and Theodor Nelson envisioned in the late thirties and sixties of past century? In this talk, we will go through the benefits of content-addressed URLs and talk about what missing to build the web as a permanent and censorship-resistant net of knowledge with the help of transclusions and folksonomies.

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How to avoid a web 3.0 babele transclusions and folksonomies in a content-addressed and block-chained world

  1. 1. HOW TO AVOID A WEB 3.0 BABEL: TRANSCLUSIONS AND FOLKSONOMIES IN A CONTENT-ADDRESSES AND BLOCK-CHAINED WORLD November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin A l e s s a n d r o C o n f e t t i
  2. 2. 2 Matteo Gianpietro Zago - Why the net giants are worried about the Web 3.0Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  3. 3. 3 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  4. 4. 4 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  5. 5. The5ParadoxesofDigitalContent 5 1 centralized 
 data silos Available everywhere but stored in very few places 2 permanent & distributed web Easy to find only if it remains in the same place 3 metadata & semantic web Easy to search but hard to catalog 4 digital rights management Cheap to duplicate but costly to attribute 5 sw & hw obsolescence Storage & access are both encoded Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  6. 6. TRANSCLUSIONS? 6 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  7. 7. 7 Vannevar Bush [1890-1974]
 (This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3a37339.) Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  8. 8. There is a growing mountain of research. But there is increased evidence that we are being bogged down today as specialization extends. The investigator is staggered by the findings and conclusions of thousands of other workers— conclusions which he cannot find time to grasp, much less to remember, as they appear. Yet specialization becomes increasingly necessary for progress, and the effort to bridge between disciplines is correspondingly superficial. 8 Vannevar Bush, As we may think [The Atlantic 1945] Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  9. 9. MEMEX 9 (Original illustration of the Memex from the Life reprint of "As We May Think") Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  10. 10. 10 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  11. 11. MEMEX’s trails 
 were supposed to “print” and preserve 
 for future generations
 the associative thinking of scientists 11 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  12. 12. 12 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  13. 13. 13 Ted Nelson [1937-present]
 (The Tech Museum of Innovation on February 19th, 2011.) Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  14. 14. PROJECT XANADU 14 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin The curse of Xanadu [WIRED 1995]
  15. 15. 15 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  16. 16. 16 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  17. 17. TUMBLERS 17 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin type address description Node 1.2368.792.6 This is the computer with the number 2368.792.6 User 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352 This is user 6974.383.1988.352 on the above computer. Document 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75 The user's document number 75. Document Revision 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2 Version 2 of the document. Document Fragment 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2.0.1.15 Byte 15 of document 75 v2 Link 1.2368.792.6.0.6974.383.1988.352.0.75.2.0.2.15 Link number 15 belonging to document 75 v2
  18. 18. Xanadu’s transclusions 
 were supposed to be bi-directional persistent links between portions of content and authors, 
 making the associative mind of people accessible from the network 18 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  19. 19. 19 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  20. 20. The original idea was to make the internet just super bare bones. So the initial internet had no representation of people. There was no membership concept. There was no identity concept. There was no sense of authentication. There was certainly no implementation of commerce solutions. There was nothing. It was just very, very raw. And in that spirit of keeping everything as minimal as possible, the web protocol committed a primal sin of not having backlinks. 20 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin Jaron Lanier - We need to have an honest talk about our data [Wired 2018]
  21. 21. ipfs://QmYwAPJzv5CZsnA625s3Xf2nemtYgPpHdWEz79ojWnPbdG 21 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  22. 22. 22 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  23. 23. dat://778f8d955175c92e4ced5e4f5563f69bfec0c86cc6f670352c457943666fe639 23 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  24. 24. 24 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  25. 25. 25Courtesy of blockchainhub.net Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  26. 26. 26 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  27. 27. 27 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  28. 28. Are we building a Web 3.0 
 for future generations? 28 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  29. 29. FOLKSONOMIES? 29 Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  30. 30. 30 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, RomeAlessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  31. 31. 31 Alessandro Confetti - April 13th 2018 – Codemotion, Rome Folksonomies ML classification Ontologies Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  32. 32. 32LEXX Editor for the OED (1985/1986), sample entry (segment of) Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  33. 33. THE 4WS TAGS FOLKSONOMY 33 01WHO 03WHERE 04WHEN . 02WHAT Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  34. 34. The human mind […] operates by association. With one item in its grasp, it snaps instantly to the next that is suggested by the association of thoughts, in accordance with some intricate web of trails carried by the cells of the brain. […]
 One cannot hope thus to equal the speed and flexibility with which the mind follows an associative trail, but it should be possible to beat the mind decisively in regard to the permanence and clarity of the items resurrected from storage. 34 Vannevar Bush, As we may think [The Atlantic 1945] Alessandro Confetti - November 20th 2018 – Codemotion, Berlin
  35. 35. $ tail -f questions 35 Alessandro Confetti aconfet@thoughtworks.com twitter @zigolab 
 blog http://blog.zigolab.it
  36. 36. WE ARE HIRING IN ITALY! i n f o - i t @ t h o u g h t w o r k s . c o m TECNOLOGY RADAR VOL19 https://info.thoughtworks.com/technology-radar-subscription.html

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