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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#5a).


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[Slideshare]tauhid course(#5a).

  1. 1. “ INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY OF TAU H EED” Intermediate Level Islamic course in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 16 weekly class started: 27 Nov 2010 Every Saturday night @ 8pm – 10pm Wisma Indah, 448 Changi Road, #02-00 next to Masjid Kassim INTRODUCING START OF A NEW COURSE [2] Using curriculum he has developed especially for English-speaking Muslim converts and young English-speaking Adult Muslims. طَلَبُ الْعِلْم فَرِيضَةٌ على كُلِّ مُسْلِم “ To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female)” For further information and registration contact Sameer Abdul Jalil (9669 8512) - or e-mail <> IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE. OPEN TO ALL IN THE NAME OF ALLAH MOST COMPASIONATE MOST MERCIFUL All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010 LESSON - #5a
  2. 2. PREVIOUS TOPIC All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  3. 3. <ul><li>From “Tau h eed al-khaliq-qiyyah” – (Oneness of God, Allah, as the Creator of all creations) ; the Existence of Allah is established. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet “Tau h eed al-khaliq-qiyyah” is still insufficient attestation of the Oneness of God (Allah) because the idolaters also are aware of this fact that the Creator is One. In spite of this, they only view God (Allah) only as the Initiator, but they imagine also that the whole created universe to be free of Allah’s control after was created. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  4. 4. “ If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will certainly say Allah: how then are they deluded away (from the Truth)? “ ( Qur’an: Zukhruf: 47: 89 )
  5. 5. <ul><li>Their ignorance of “ Tau h eed Ar-Rubbubiyyah ” and their absurd “ reasoning ”, lead them to believe that this Universe is sustained by pantheons of deities (malevolent forces regarded as gods i.e. having divine powers, or vested with divine powers etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>This is further aggravated by their tendencies to resort to imaginations and innovations, based on conjectures, guesswork and blind adherence to traditional thinking. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  6. 6. <ul><li>Over time, anthropomorphic notions were ascribed unto their concept of god - whom they imagine to behave like human. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus it is that they subscribe to notion regarding multiplicity of gods, whom they also likened like human kings - having wives, consorts and family; with ministers and courtiers; having feuds and rebellion in the heavenly kingdom etc. </li></ul><ul><li>They somewhat imagine and ‘ believe ’, that all this also affect man’s life and destiny on earth . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  7. 7. <ul><li>Myth and superstitions were regarded as ‘ Truth ’; conjectures and age-old belief accepted without question. Absurd notions e.g. God Incarnating as man, indwelling, and other pantheistic creed etc. are accepted blindly, even though self-evidently, they are contradictory or antithetical to reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, with so much uncertainty about ‘ Reality ,’ but fearful of the imagined effect from these malignant ‘forces’ (real or imagined), man is forever to appease the myriads of ‘ deities ’ and seek their respective protections. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  8. 8. <ul><li>Trees, stones, mountains, rivers, animals, man, spirits, grave and totems, even amulets and idols fashioned by their own hands are regarded as having divine ‘ powers ’ and somehow possessing God-like qualities. </li></ul><ul><li>This situation is described in the Holy Qur’an as being in “ Zulumat ” ( “ Darkness or Ignorance , and injustice ” ). </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  9. 9. <ul><li>Their ignorance of Who God is (i.e. the concept of the Divinity – uluhiyyah ), and compounded with their materialistic tendencies, led them towards SHIRK – which can be defined as: </li></ul><ul><li>شرك </li></ul><ul><li>“ falsely setting up or ascribing partners to God, from amongst the tangible objects or imaginary things in creation or mind, which they regard to be also ‘Divine’ and directing to it, as object of their worship ( ma’bud ).” </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  10. 10. <ul><li>They mistakenly assumed that the Supreme God (Allah) to be distant from man and totally removed from this terrestrial existence, or that His Power is somehow lacking in this terrestrial world. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, they are attributing falsehood to Allah by denying many of His Absolute power over all of creations and the entire universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Human arrogance and self-conceit occasionally surface to usurp the place of the Divine, by blasphemy in denying God’s Infinite Omnipotence. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  11. 11. “ And the Jews say: ‘Allah's hand is shackled! ‘ It is their own hands that are shackled; and rejected (by Allah and be they cursed) because of their assertion (blasphemy) they utter. He (Allah) dispenses (bounty) as He wills. “ ( Qur’an: Maa-idah: 5: 64 )
  12. 12. <ul><li>Thus according to their thinking, man must be subjected to other ‘ deities ’ here, whom they erroneously believe, to have powers independent of Allah, or as though sharing in the divinity of Allah. </li></ul><ul><li>Even the so called ‘ atheists ’, are in fact making themselves and their desires, to be the God – the entity that they are in fact ‘ serving ’ as religiously as any worshippers of God. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  13. 13. “ Have you ever considered (the kind of man) who makes his own desires as his deities ? Could you then (O Prophet) be held responsible for them?” ( Qur’an: Furqan: 25: 43 )
  14. 14. <ul><li>Some others may sense, that by directing their servitude or worship to other ‘ deities ’, this may in fact contradict monotheism. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet they try to ‘ rationalise ’ away this contradiction by claiming that they believe that these ‘ deities ’ are only as mediators or intercessors to the Supreme God (Allah) – sort of smaller ‘ gods ’ etc. but nevertheless they also regard as Divine. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  15. 15. “ Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take for protectors other than Allah (say): &quot;We only serve them in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah.” ( Qur’an: Zumar: 39: 3 ) All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  16. 16. <ul><li>Although they acknowledge the existence of the True God, the One Supreme Being (Allah), but God to them is only as the Creator, Initiator, the First Cause (but Whom they imagine to being totally distant from them) and detached from this world. </li></ul><ul><li>Actually Allah (God) cannot be regarded to only be transcendent, but must also be immanent - for our notion of space and time, near and far, cannot be applied to Allah (God) Who is the Creator of space and time – and cannot be bound by it. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  17. 17. <ul><li>Allah’s existence ( wujud ), cannot be liken like the existence of this creation – for He is Eternal and Absolute, Who has power over all things, the Irresistible, the Unfathomable yet All-Aware. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to this error, their object of worship is diverted towards other than the One true God (Allah) which they attribute as having Divine powers, managing the world independently of Allah. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  18. 18. <ul><li>Their understanding of Allah’s Existence and Divine Attributes, may be seriously flawed. </li></ul><ul><li>Although Allah’s existence cannot be grasp by any vision, but they can be correctly conceived through knowledge ( ma’rifat ). </li></ul><ul><li>Also, man’s materialistic tendencies further accentuated the misconception of Allah being absent or remote. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  19. 19. <ul><li>But because they sense the presence of other unseen power and order i.e. regarding how this Universe is being sustained, nurtured and controlled - thus they blindly subscribe to mythical and imaginings of frightened and ignorant humans, and believe in the many ‘ other gods ’ (lesser or equal to Allah). </li></ul><ul><li>Or, they may innovate with the absurd notion of ‘ incarnation ’ – i.e. God taking the form of creation. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  20. 20. <ul><li>Even the idolaters accept that there is only One Creator : “ Tau h eed Al-Kha-liqqiyyah ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Yet, this is incomplete attestation to Oneness of Allah, because Allah is also the Only One Who is Lord, Sustainer of the worlds – “ Robb-al-’aa-la-meen”. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  21. 21. <ul><li>Thus we Muslims are to attest to Oneness of Allah, also in His being the only Lord, Sustainer and Cherisher ( Rub-bubiyyah ). </li></ul><ul><li>Allah is not merely the Creator (Initiator) only, as the ‘ First Cause ’ asserted by the Greek philosopher (and Mu’tazilite ), who believed that Allah’s knowledge and power over what He has created, is limited (general, not detail etc.) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ Tau h eed Ar-Rubbubiyyah ”, the realisation that Allah is the Absolute One Who is Lord, the Sustainer and Nourisher of all the Worlds , we are to accept that Allah (God) transcends all others which are but His creations - because everything else in this Universe is dependent and ever-subservient to His Will. </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing can move nor has any ability without Allah, who Alone is the Irresistible, the Lord Supreme. Over all things Allah has Power, Whose knowledge encompasses all things. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  23. 23. <ul><li>And Allah being “ Robb ” (Lord, Sustainer), surely is never ‘ absent ’ yet no vision can encompass Him. </li></ul><ul><li>Although we know of the existence of ‘ cause and effect ’ within creation, yet these are merely relative potentials in creations accorded by Allah – not absolute and independent of Allah s.w.t. </li></ul><ul><li>Even those in the spiritual realms e.g. Angels, are but mere creations, having no divine power. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah is the Only Divine Being. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  24. 24. <ul><li>BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – WHO ALONE IS THE CREATOR DIVINE. </li></ul><ul><li>( al-khaliq-qiyyah ) </li></ul><ul><li>This is not unique to Muslims. Even pagan worshippers and idolaters acknowledge this. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  25. 25. <ul><li>BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – WHO ALONE IS THE CREATOR DIVINE. </li></ul><ul><li>( al-khaliq-qiyyah ) </li></ul><ul><li>This is not unique to Muslims. Even pagan worshippers and idolaters acknowledge this. </li></ul><ul><li>BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – WHO ALONE IS THE SUSTAINER DIVINE. </li></ul><ul><li>( ar-rub-bubiyyah ) </li></ul><ul><li>This is where Muslims differ with pagan worshippers, idolaters and unbelievers, because they erroneously ascribe to others besides Allah. similar ‘Divine’ roles in the Sustainment of this universe. </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  26. 26. <ul><li>It can be discern that people’s idea or knowledge that God exist, generally pertains to Him being the Creator. </li></ul><ul><li>But, when we further consider God’s role in the universe and man’s life, differences occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Those who deny Him as the only Absolute Sustainer, Cherisher of the universe, would inadvertently be ascribing to others this divine role. </li></ul><ul><li>BELIEVE IN THE ONE GOD – </li></ul><ul><li>WHO ALONE IS THE DIVINE. </li></ul><ul><li>( al-uluhiyyah ) </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  27. 27. <ul><li>Therefore, because some people’s knowledge of God may still be ambiguous, they need to have clear understanding of what we mean by “ Divinity and the concept of the Divine ” termed – Uluhiyyah . </li></ul><ul><li>That in regard to God being “Divine” ( ILAAH ) – there is only One, Who alone is the Divine, without associates or partners. </li></ul><ul><li>This is termed – TAU H EED AL-ULUHIYYAH . </li></ul>All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010
  28. 28. TO CONTINUE All Rights Reserved © Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail. 2010